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ARTICLE X. The best theme, or essay, on any subject, that any young lady or gentleman, under 16 years old, may think proper to write upon, will be entitled to a silver

MEDAL.

ARTICLE XI. The best copy of verses, in English, on any subject, by young ladies or gentlemen, not 16 years old, will be entitled to a siLVER MEDAL.

The Editors of the Enquirer wish particularly to call the attention of their young friends to ENGLISH PROSE COMPOSITION, being well aware that no part of educa. tion is of more importance than the formation of a clear and perspicuous style of writing. In whatever situation of life it may be the future fortune of the juvenile Correspondents of the Enquirer to be placed, they will find that this acquisition is of the utmost consequence, and equally serviceable and necessary to the Tradesman, the Merchant, and the Country Gentleman,

ARTICLE XII. The best solutions of the following questions, by any young lady or gentleman not 16 years old, will be entitled to a silVER MEDAL. QUESTION 1. By Master S. Stead, Farnley Academy.

Find the area of a triangle whose base is 40, one side 30, and the line drawn from the vertex to bisect the base, 25 chains. QUESTION 2. By Miss E. Holland, Spalding

Seminary. What proportion does a square incribed within any circle, bear to one circumscribed about the same circle? Question 3. By Master W. Harrison, Burton

Pidsea. Required the least whole number, which, being divided by 2, 3 and 4 respectively, will leave 1, 2 and 3 for remainders.

QUESTION 4. By the same. Find x, when -6x4-24x-27=0.

99 iscellaneous Correspondence,

&c.

A SURVEY OF ROMAN ANTIQUITIES

IN THE

COUNTY OF LINCOLN.

(Continued from vol. ii. p. 28.) It was my intention in the present communication to have attempted to fix the scites of Roman station north of the Witham ; but in consequence of being disap. pointed in not receiving a promised communication of interesting matter from a correspondent, I have been induced to alter my plan, and to proceed with the account of antiquities discovered in and near LINDUM-COLONIA.

The Roman remains which have at various periods been discovered in Lindum may be classed under the following heads, viz. sudatories, hypocausts, sepulchres, coins, pavements, and aqueducts.

Sudatories and hypocausts.—“In 1793, some labourers digging a cellar belonging to the chanter's house, at the south-west corner of the close, adjoining to the Chequergate, found two or three stone coffins, which probably had lain there ever since the demolition of the ancient parish church of St. Mary Magdalen, which had heen erected near the spot since the Roman times, but was probably taken down to make way for the cathedral and its appendages. On going to the depth of about thirteen feet, they broke through a tesselated floor into a vault, which afterwards proved a Roman hypocaust. The præfurnium, covered with a large flat stone at the entrance, was three feet six inches square ; height uncertain from rubbish. The formax a brick vault three feet six inches long; from three to four feet high; and from two feet to nineteen inches wide. This had been much impaired by the violence of the fire, but might be taken down and rebuilt as often as necessary, being only built against the mouth of the alveus, and not united with it in building; bits of burnt wood were thrown out of it. The alveus, or body of the flue, was twenty-one feet four inches long; eight feet four inches broad; and two feet six inches high ; its top turned with a semicircular brick arch. On the floor, of strong cement, composed of lime, ashes, and brickdust, commonly called terrace-mortar, stood two rows of pillars, two feet high, made of brick, eleven in a row, in all forty-four, besides two half pillars; the two outer rows eleven inches diameter, joined with mortar; the two inner rows eight inches square, each standing on a brick eleven inches square, and two thick, and covered with another of the same thickness, but from seventeen to nineteen inches square. The round composed of ten courses of seni-circular bricks laid by pairs, the joint of every course crossing that of the former at right angles, with so much mortar between, that the two semi-circles rather form an oval, making the pillars look, at first sight, as if they were wreathed; the square pillars, composed of thirteen courses of bricks, eight inches square, thinner than those of the round ones.”

“The floor of the sudatory, resting on these pillars, is composed of large bricks, twenty-three by twentyone inches, which lie over the square bricks on the pillars, the four corners of each reaching the centres of the four adjoining pillars. On this course of bricks is a covering of cement six inches thick, inlaid with a pavement, composed of white tesselæ; at the side were two tubuli or flues, twelve inches wide, and fourteen inches deep, for carrying off the smoke; their bottoms even with that of the alveus, and they are carried upon the level about fifteen feet under the room, by the side of the hypocaust, and then it is presumed they turn upwards. The walls of this room were plastered, and the plaster painted red, blue, and other colours, and its floor set with white tesselæ, but no figure discernible in either pointing or pavement. This pavement, which is on a level with the testudo of the hypocaust, is about thirteen feet below the present surface of the ground; so deep is old Lindum buried in its ruins. In digging up the pavement, the workmen struck into another flue, three feet from the north-east corner of the hypocaust, and before they reached the pavement they dug up the wall by pieces, to the depth of five or six feet, with the rubbish of a room, under which the tubuli ran on the east side of the alveus. It was found before Feb. 16, and closed before April 7, 1740.” M.

(To be continued.)

TO THE EDITORS OF THE ENQUIRER. Perhaps some of the antiquarian readers of the Enquirer, will favour the public by giving a modern dress to the following Charter, granted by king Athelstan nearly 900 years ago. Should any young friend attempt this, the notes at the foot may be of service,

SPALDINENSIS.

CHARTA ADELSTANI REGIS, SANCTO WIL

FRIDO DE RIPPON CONCESSA.

WYT all that es and es gan,
Yat ik king Adelstan
As given als frelith as I may,
And to ye Capitel of Seint Wilfrai,
Of
my

free devotion
Yair pees at Rippon ;
On ilke side the kyrke a mile,
For all ilk deeds and ylke agyle ;
And within yair kyrke yate
At ve stan yat Grithstole * hate.
Within ye kyrke dore and ya quare,
Yair have pees for les and mare.
Ilkan of yis stedes sal have pees
Of Frodmortel + and ils deeds
Yat yair don is, Tol, Tem,
With iron and with water deme,
And yat ye Land of Seint Wilfrai
Of alkyn geld § free sal ay.
At nai nan at langes me to
In yair Herpsac || sal have at do ;
And for ik will at yai be save
I will at yai alkyn freedome have :
And in all thinges be als free
As hert may thinke, or eygh may see:
At te power of a kinge
Masts make free any thynge.
And my seale have I sat yerto
For I will at no man it undo,

* Grithstole (Sax.) sedes pacis. A sanctuary.

+ Frodmortel or freodmartel, freedom or immunity granted for committing manslaughter.

Fire and water ordeal.

Geld or gild, according to Camden, signifies a tribute or tax; it also means a mulct for a fault, hence weregeld is the price of a man, and orfgeld of a beast.

|| Herpsac I believe is of nearly the same import as Frithsocne or Frithsoke i. e, a place of immunity.

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