Mirabeau's Foreign Policy

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University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1921 - 86 pages

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Page 16 - Dans le cas d'hostilités imminentes ou commencées, d'un allié à soutenir, d'un droit à conserver par la force des armes, le roi sera tenu d'en donner, sans aucun délai, la notification au corps législatif, d'en faire connaître les causes et les motifs, et de demander les fonds qu'il croira nécessaires ; et si le corps législatif est en vacance, il se rassemblera sur-le-champ.
Page 16 - Sur la même notification , si le corps législatif décide que la guerre ne doit pas être faite , le pouvoir exécutif sera tenu de prendre sur-le-champ des mesures pour faire cesser ou prévenir toute hostilité , les ministres demeurant responsables des délais.
Page 16 - Le droit de la paix et de la guerre appartient à la nation. La guerre ne pourra être décidée que par un décret du Corps Législatif, qui sera rendu sur la proposition formelle et nécessaire du Roi, et ensuite sanctionné par Sa Majesté.
Page 16 - ... faire des préparatifs de guerre proportionnés à ceux des Etats voisins, distribuer les forces de terre et de mer ainsi qu'il le jugera convenable, et en régler la direction en cas de guerre.
Page 16 - Sur cette notification , si le corps législatif juge que les hostilités commencées sont une agression coupable de la part des ministres ou de quelque autre agent du pouvoir exécutif, l'auteur de cette agression sera poursuivi comme criminel de lèse-nation ; l'assemblée nationale déclarant à cet effet que la nation française renonce à toute espèce de conquête, et qu'elle n'emploiera jamais ses forces contre la liberté d'aucun peuple.
Page 15 - ... declared that while winning an apparent victory, he had suffered a real defeat. In reply to these accusations, Mirabeau published his speeches of the 2Oth and 22d of May, and sent copies to the various departments of France. It was immediately noised abroad by the Lameths that the speech of the 2oth had been systematically tampered with, certain expressions changed, others omitted, and still others added to render it harmonious with the decree passed by the Assembly; they charged Mirabeau with...
Page 2 - I, 176-7. be made to dissolve the Family Compact, provided that France can reckon upon the friendship of England in exchange. Mr. Pitt may count to a certainty on the concurrence of the people with this his favourite object. Mirabeau, Barnave, Lafayette, Frochot, and several other members of the National Assembly, are well disposed to dissolve the compact, but they require, if not an equivalent for the loss of Spain, a something to substitute in its place, so as to fill the vacuum in the foreign...
Page 16 - This entire sentence is omitted from the copy ; and in all places in the original where the assembly was allowed to approve the war, in the copy it is allowed also to disapprove it. In the copy, he stated clearly that " there can be no declaration of war without the concourse of the legislative body " ; the original contains no such declaration. The changes thus made, together with the corresponding expressions from the original, arranged in parallel columns, fill nineteen written quarto pages. After...
Page 15 - Under these circumstances, it would have been madness for Mirabeau to have attempted to maintain the ground taken on the 2Oth. The question was no longer one of royal prerogative ; it was a matter of saving his own public reputation upon which so much depended. This called for a change of base, and here circumstances favored him. Mirabeau seldom wrote his own speeches ; that of the 2oth had formed no exception to the rule. Fortunately for him, it had been composed in such ambiguous language that...
Page 15 - ... decree of the assembly. Mirabeau had apparently won the greatest public triumph of his life. The historians of this period represent him as coming forth victoriously from the struggle. This is not the truth. The discussion did not end with the close of the debate in the assembly. Mirabeau's opponents affirmed that in his second speech he had abandoned his original position and had taken practically the same ground that they took ; that the amendment to his project had changed the entire character...

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