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A BRIEF IIISTORY OF PROPOSED ENACT
MENTS RELATIVE TO THE OBSERVANCE
meetings, it may be proper, first, to re. it has been our happiness to experience mark on the attendance. It was sup- them, it is my sincere desire, that all posed by many, that it would be impos- | the glory may be given to Him to whom sible to raise congregations for so many
it is due.
J. CRAPs. services in immediate succession; the
Lincoln. result, however, proved that this fear was not well founded. The congregations were larger than any bad ventured to anticipate. Each service was more numerously attended than that of the same hour on the preceding day. The last morning prayer-meeting was, at The motion of Sir Andrew Agnew, least, six times as large as the first, Bart., supported by Mr. Evans, "That a although the first was held on the Sab- select Committee be appointed” to in. bath morning, and the last on the morn- quire into the laws and practices relating of the market-day. And the general ing to the observance of the Lord's opinion is, that the meetings might have day,” was introduced into the House been protracted for several more days, of Commons and passed July 3rd, 1832. without any fear of diminution, could The Report which resulted from this inthe ministers bave continued with us. quiry ought to be carefully perused by
One result of our meetings was, an every minister of the gospel, and every unusual degree of spiritual enjoyment influential Christian throughout the amongst the people of God. Several British Empire. Nor will it be possible, Christians, of different denominations,
we apprehend, to rise from the perusal and of considerable standing in the without the painful conviction, that in this church, have, with tears in their eyes, nominally Christian country the desedeclared to me, that they never before cration of the sacred day has alarmingly experienced so much delight in the ser- increased. When it is considered the vice of God. One of our members said connexion which subsists between the to me, “I have been a professor of profanation of the Sabbath, and the moral religion for twenty-four years, but I character of a nation ; between contempt never experienced any enjoyment in the for the divine authority and claims, and ways of God equal to that I have felt
a disregard of all the rights and obligaduring these meetings.” And in this tions of social and civilized life; the evil feeling our brother Stovel appeared fully must be regarded as of an awfully portento participate, for in his last address he tous character. Without involving the very pathetically and devoutly expressed question, as to the adaptation or safety of his gratitude to God, for having afforded legislative interference in such matters; bim the unanticipated pleasure of at- or of determining, in an article simply tending the meetings. Indeed, the un- historical, what other mode would be usual seriousness of the meetings, the best adapted to stem the course of this fixedness of the attention, and the pro- evil; it is impossible that any friend to fusion of tears, bespoke the presence of his country, and to the souls of his God, and the delight of his people. fellow-men, can witness it, without tlie
Another important result of the meet- most painful solicitude, and a determinaings is, a very visible improvement in tion to employ every legitimate means the professors of religion--in their ten- within his power to counteract its proder regard for the welfare of immortal gress. souls-in the spirituality, fervour, and March 19th, 1833. The above Report appropriateness of their prayers—and in was brought under the notice of the their desire to promote the glory of God, new parliament, and subsequently Sir by their individual efforts to extend the Andrew obtained leave to bring in kingdom of the Redeemer.
bill “to amend the laws relating to Another important result is, that deep the Sabbath-day.” This bill was inimpressions have been made on the tended to prohibit all the labour of minds of many who were living in the artisans and manufacturers, all engagetotal neglect of religion ; several in- ments in secular concerns that were at stances of which might be mentioned, all avoidable, and all buying and selling were it expedient.
on the Sabbath ; and to manage the A fear of extending this report to too payment of workmen so, beforehand, great a length for your pages, has led that traffic on the Lord's day might be me to be as brief as possible. Should rendered quite unnecessary, and the inany of our churches be induced, from
temperance and lewdness inseparable this very scanty report, to adopt similar from the present system, thereby premeetings, and find them as profitable as vented. The provisions of this bill were
also extended to the prevention of all For the amendment
77 sorts of public amusements. Travelling, For the original motion 45 except in cases of absolute necessity, driving cattle, plying barges, lading and Rejected by a majority of . 32 unlading vessels, holding vestries or On the same evening, May 21st, Mr. public meetings, corporation, political, Poulton's Sabbath Observance bill was or commercial, on the Lord's day. In read a second time. It had been introthe preamble to this bill, which was duced into the House, and read a first partly taken from the act of Charles I.it time on the 14th. It was a surt of is said that “it recognizes clearly and abridgment of Sir Andrew's; and, being strongly the duty of observing the Lord's more limited in its provisions as well as day, as the principle on which the mea- more lax in its principles, it was not sure is proposed ; and proceeds to state quite so obnoxious to the anti-religious that it is the bounden duty of the legis. party.* It did not pass into Committee, lature to protect every class of society however, without opposition. Sir W. against being impelled to sacrifice their Molesworth divided the house on this comfort, health, religious privileges, occasion, when there appeared, and conscience, for the convenience and For the second reading. 52 enjoyment, or supposed advantage of Against it
12 other persons. This bill, as was generally anticipated, Majority
40 was lost on the second reading, May 16, This bill was greatly neutralized in its 1833, the number of voters being, progress through the Committee. On
For going into a Committee 73 the 26th June, the chairman brought up
79 the report, and moved “that it be read on
Monday next,” when Mr. O'Connell Rejected by a majority of . 6 proposed, as an amendment, “ that it be
June 10th, 1833, Mr. Peter 'ob- read that day six months.” tained leave to bring in a bill “ to amend Against Mr. O'Connell's and consolidate the several acts relating
71 to the observance of the Lord's day," In its favour
26 which shared the fate of its predecessor, and was lost on the second reading.
45 March 11th, 1834. Sir Andrew Agnew Other divisions took place in the opagain obtained leave to introduce a bill, position which the bill had to encounter, which with a few alterations was similar ere it reached the third reading. This to the one rejected in May last. It was pro- occurred on Friday, July 12th, when posed to be read a second time on the Mr. Potter moved" that the bill be 30th of April, when it was brought un- read a third time that day six months.” der the discussion of the House, if that | The House then divided, and the result was which consisted more in ridicule than in For the third reading .
57 reasoning can be so denominated. The For the amendment
24 result, however,
fatal to Sir Andrew's pious but ill-judged efforts. Majority Against the measure
Mr. Čayley then proposed a clause by In its favour
125 way of rider : “ That nothing in the
Act should extend to prevent any games Lost by a majority of . 36 or exercises in the open air, such May 5th. Mr. Hesketh Fleetwood pro- games not being played in the time of posed to the House a bills to facilitate Divine service, and not being played and promote the better observance of the for money, or on the premises of ale Lord's day,” which was read a second or beer-houses." time on the 21st. The three principal Mr. O'Connell, and several other features of this hill were, to prevent all members, spoke decidedly in favour of process of manufacture on the Sabbath, | the clause, and on a division the numthe opening of public houses during cer
bers were, tain hours of that day, and to put a stop
37 to all Sunday trading. In his address Noes
31 Mr. F. stated that the solicitude of the public for legislative interference on this Majority .
6 subject had been fully evinced by the presentation of 1273 petitions, bearing * Mr. Poulter opposed the second reading 277,000 signatures. Mr. O'Connell pro
of Sir Andrew's bill, and observed that “he posed, as an amendment,“ that the bill be
saw no harm in playing at cricket, after even
ing church, and he did not regard the decalogue read a second time that day six months.” as a law to Christians.”
DISSOLUTION OF THE ADMINISTRATION.
The House then divided
"On Saturday, the 15th, the astounding question " that the bill do now pass,” intelligence fell upon the metropolis like when there appeared,
a thunder-bolt, that the King had turned Ayes
31 out the Ministry ; and we have now to Noes
35 announce that his « Highness the and the bill was thrown out by a ma- Field Marshal Chancellor Duke of Wel. jority of four votes,
lington has acceded to the military dicOn a general view of the progress tatorship of these realms. No resignaand results of these parliamentary efforts, tion had been tendered by Lord Mel. it is obvious, that a conviction of the bourne; no schism existed in the Cabi. necessity of legislative interference, in net; no dissatisfaction had been exsome way at least, has been gaining pressed in the bighest quarter at the strength; and had the talent within course which the Government was purthe House, been equal to the support suing ; there was no ominous note of derived from petitions out of it, the warning. Although the mine had been issue would have been less doubtful : as long prepared, and the train laid, the it is, the object, for the present at least, firing of it had been left to be deterhas failed; and neither the friends nor the mined by occasion or cccident, so that enemies of legislative interference have the explosion, when it actually came, gained reputation by the contest, or ex. was a surprise even to the engineer. hibited themselves to advantage in the
“It has the suddenness of an act eyes of an enlightened nation. In without adviser, without motive. Lord Sir Andrew and his supporters, piety Althorp becomes a peer, and a new has unhappily been dissociated from Chancellor of the Exchequer must be wisdom; wbile of their most appointed. Ergo, there must be a prominent opponents, by the irreligious violent transition to an opposite system Hippancy with which they treated the of government! Earl Spencer's death subject, have evinced a lamentable thus becomes the alleged cause, the destitution of both.
actual pretext, of a revolution, -of that worst species of revolution, a restoration,-of that worst species of
restoration,—the recal of an anti-liberal, Our readers well know that it is not inveterate, incurable faction to the helm usual with us to divert their attention from which they had retired in despair from religious topics to those of a po. before the indignant voice of the people. litical character. In proportion, how- | Here is what metaphysicians would call ever, as any event has a prospective sequence without causation. There is bearing on our sacred, as well as our no rational link between the royal detercivil and social rights, it ceases to be mination and the alleged cause. But merely political. The church has, an the more unadvised, and sudden,and irrainterest in the movements of the Go- tional the act of the Royal Prerogative vernment as well as the world ; and can- may seem, viewed merely in connexion not regard with indifference any change with the occasion, the more obvious and in its administration, which may be certain is it, that it was the result of likely to impede the free and unfettered advice sedulously instilled, and of a depropagation of evangelical truth. With- termination which only slumbered. The out pretending to discover the motive King has been deceived. Who are the which induced the change, or the mode deceivers, may be inferred from the by which it has been effected, there is representation of the Tories, that the a suddenness and a mysteriousness in people have dismissed the Reform Gothe affair which cannot fail to impart to vernment. It is for the people to disit an ominous and suspicious appearance. prove this assertion. The faults of the The policy of a government is suffi- Grey Cabinet, which occasioned the ciently indicated by the character of its delays of last session,—the dissensions agents; and, in this respect, coming between the great leaders of Reform, events sometimes cast their shadows such as Durham and Brougham, wbich before them. We doubt not but infinite have encouraged the Tories in their mawisdom will overrule it for good; but, næuvres by giving the appearance of so far as human agency is concerned, its division to the liberal camp ;--all these origin at present is not to be traced things will be forgotten in the great and while, with regard to its issues, it is all-absorbing question, whether this a cloud of impenetrable darkness. great country is to be governed upon
We will proceed however to record the principles which have secured our the event in the language in which the civil and religious liberties, the princi. Patriot has announced it to its readers. ples which have given birth to all that
is valuable in our institutions, and which , relies also on all classes of Dissenters, were working the reform of all that, for the immediate adoption of measures through lapse of time or corruption, best calculated to insure the return, as requires modification ;-or upon the prin- representatives to Parliament, of men ciples of an aulic council or a military liberal and enlightened in their views, camp
the tried friends of religious liberty, " If to be forewarned is to be fore. national improvement, and universal armed, the result depends, under Divine freedom. Providence, upon the sound-hearted, “ That this Committee pledges itself religious, and enlightened portion of to persevere in seeking the full and imthe British community. We have no mediate relief of the practical grievfears as to the ultimate issue. We pray ances of Protestant Dissenters upon the to God that we may not have to attain principles they have repeatedly avowed. it through scenes of popular commotion “ That these Resolutions be published and party conflict, which will strain the in the usual public journals.” whole fábric of our social system, and shake the pillars of the state.”
CHAPELS OPENED With a promptitude and decision befitting the occasion, the United Commit. tee of the Metropolitan Dissenters as- On Wednesday, Sept. 10th, a neat sembled at Dr. Williams's Library, Red- and commodious Baptist chapel was cross-street, on Tuesday the 18th, and opened at Halifax. At half-past ten the passed the following Resolutions :- Rev. J. Pridie (Indep.) commenced HENRY WAYMOUTH, Esq., in the Chair. the services by reading and prayer; and “ Resolved,
Rev. S. Saunders, of Liverpool, preach"That, while this Committee bows to ed from Ps. Ixv. 4. The afternoon serthe exercise of the Royal Prerogative, vice was commenced at half-past two, by they have learned with feelings of un- the Rev. J. Yeadon, of Horsforth; and feigned and profound regret, the sudden the Rev. J. Acworth, A. M., of Leeds, dismissal from His Majesty's councils preached from Ps. cxxxii. 1–5. At of his late confidential advisers; enter- half-past six in the evening, the Rev. taining, as they do, a cordial approba- | A. Ewing, A. M. (Indep.), read and tion of the general measures of their prayed; and the Rev. R. Fletcher, of administration, and confiding in their Manchester (Indep.), preached from principles as the sincere friends of civil Numb. x. 29. The day was exceedingly and religious freedom,
unfavourable, but the congregations were “ That, while this Committee cannot good, and the collections amounted to £94. but express their disappointment and On the following Lord's-day, Sept. sorrow that the just claims of Pro- 14th, three sermons were delivered in testant Dissenters have hitherto been the above chapel. The Rev.S. Saunders postponed, they are convinced that such preached in the morning, from Rev. delay, on the part of His Majesty's late xxi, 1; and in the evening, from John Government, arose chiefly from the ob- xxi. 15–17. In the afternoon, the structions to which they were subject, Rev. Dr. Steadman preached from John both from ecclesiastical and political ii. 30. The collections on Lord's-day opponents. The regret which this Com- amounted to £ 106, making, with the mittee feels at the dismissal of the late amount collected on the day of opening, Administration is also greatly aggra- £ 200. The erection of this building, vated by the assurance, that it has which will accommodate about 700 occurred at a moment when its members
persons, besides room for a considerable were preparing the means of Redress Sunday-school, it is expected will cost for the chief practical Grievances of nearly £1,600 ; towards which, the which Dissenters complain.
friends of the interest have contributed “That, in the probable event of a ge- upwards of £900. Since the opening neral election, thisCommittee confidently of the chapel the congregations have anticipates, from the Protestant Dissen- far exceeded the most sanguine expecters throughout the empire, the most tations of its friends. decided and uncompromising opposition to that political party, who have avowed
LYDNEY, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. themselves the unflinching opponents of A neat and convenient meeting-house, their interests, and whose speeches and erected at Lydney, Gloucestershire, for votes, on the Bill for the admission of the use of the Baptist congregation in Dissenters to the Universities, ought that village, was opened for divine wornever to be forgotten. And, in the ship on Wednesday, October 22, 1834, event of such election, this Committee The morning service was commenced by the Rev. John Fry, of Coleford, who
ORDINATIONS. read the Scriptures and prayed; the Rev. Samuel Nicholson, of Plymouth,
ROMNEY STREET, WESTMINSTER. preached from Ps. lxxxvii. 5, 6; and the Rev. John Davis, of Bristol (In
On Tuesday, the 7th of October, dep.), concluded with prayer. In the
the public settlement of Mr. Samuel afternoon, the Rev. J. H. Thomas, of Hewlett, late of Reading, as the pastor
of the church of Christ meeting in Trowbridge, preached from James i. 5, 6. Prayer was offered at the commence
Romney-street, Westminster, took place. ment of this service by the Rev. J.
The service was commenced at two Glanville, of Dursley, (Indep.); and o'clock, with reading and prayer, by at its close by the Rev. E. A. Claypole, Mr. Stenson, of Chelsea ; Mr. Cox, of Ross. In the evening, after reading of Woolwich, stated the nature of a and prayer by the Rev. W. Williams, Gospel church, and asked the usual of Ryeford, 'the Rev. John Davies questions. One of the deacons gave an preached from John xxi. 17: “Lovest
account of the leadings of Providence thou me?” and the service was closed
in reference to the connexion between with prayer by the Rev. John Jones, of Mr. Hewlett and the church. Mr. H.
gave an outline of his experience The congregation, in the evening, be
and call to the ministry, with his coning much larger than could be accom
fession of faith. Mr. Peacock, of Gosmodated in the new place, an additional well-street, offered the ordination prayer; service was held in the old meeting delivered a most solemn charge to the
and Mr. Pritchard, of Keppell-street, house, where the Rev. Evan Probert, of Eastcoombs, read the Scriptures and pastor, from Ezek. xl. 4. In the evening prayed ; and the Rev. Samuel Nichol
an appropriate sermon was preached to
the people, from Eph. V. 1, 2, by son preached from Luke xv, 17—19, and concluded in prayer. The hymns Denham, of Unicorn-yard ; Broad, of
Mr. Comb, of Oxford-street. Messrs. were read by Messrs. Thos. Nicholson, Kensington ; Dovey, of Bermondsey; of Lydney, Williams, Wright, of Lyd- and Hamblin, of Walworth ; took parts brook, Probert, Jones, of Newent, s. Nicholson, Fry, Thomas, and S. Taylor.
in the services of the day, which were
well attended, A numerous and respectable company dined together at the Lydney Inn. After dinner, contributions were announced from the Rev. Isaiah Birt and many
On Thursday, the 30th of October, other friends, amounting to upwards of
Mr. R. Thomson, formerly Home Miseighty pounds, and fifty pounds were
sionary at Walsingham, Durham, and collected at the close of the services.
pastor of the Baptist church assembling The circumstances of the Lydney there, was publicly recognized as pastor congregation rendering it impracticable of the Baptist church assembling in for them to adopt the usual plan of South-street, Perth. A meeting for fastmaking personal application for assist- | ing and prayer, was held in the foreance, their case has been presented by
noon, at which Mr. M‘Millan, of Stirletter in various quarters, but hitherto ling presided, and the recognition of the only three donations have been received. pastor took place. In the afternoon Mr. More than three-fourths of the whole sum
D. M. Thompson, of Grenock, preached expended having been raised in the imme
from Rev. ii. 23, (middle clause), and in diate neighbourhood, it is hoped friends
the evening Mr. M'Ewen, of Tulat a distance will aid in the liquidation of limet, delivered a sermon appropriate to the remaining debt; and it is the more
the occasion, from Exod. xxxii, 16. necessary that this should be effected speedily, from the circumstance that the
TULLIMET, NEAR DUNKELD. new place is already so thronged that it On Thursday, the 23rd of October, is probable further accommodation must Mr. John M Ewen was publicly orshortly be provided, by the erection of a dained pastor of the Baptist church asvestry and gallery.
sembling at Tullimet, near Dunkeld. Contributions may be forwarded to Mr. Thomson, Baptist minister of Perth, Mr. T. Nicholson, Lydney ; or to either asked the usual questions, offered the orof the following ministers, by whom dination prayer, and delivered an adthis case is cordially recommended :the Rev. John Jones, Blakeney; the
dress to the pastor, from 1 Tim. iii. 1.
Mr. M.Lean, (Indep.,) of Aberfeldy, Rev. Isaiah Birt, Hackney; the Rev. preached to the church, from 1 Thess. John Fry, Coleford; and the Rev. S. v. 12, 13, and concluded the interesting Nicholson, Plymouth.
services of the day.