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they live together if they do not help one another?
Mr. St. They probably receive pleasure from the company of their own kind, as men and various other creatures do. Then, though they do not assist one another in building, they are mutually serviceable in many ways. If a large bird of prey hovers about a Rookery for the purpose of carrying off any of the young ones, they all unite to drive him away. When they are feeding in a flock, several are placed as centinels upon the trees all round, who give the alarm if any danger approaches. They often go a long way from hoine to feed; but every evening the whole flock returns, making a loud cawing as they fly, as if to direct and call in the stragglers. The older Rooks take the lead : you may distinguish them by the whiteness of their bills, occasioned by their frequent digging in the ground, by which the black feathers at the root of the bill are worn off.
Fr. Do Rooks always keep to the same trees ?
Mr. St. Yes--they are much attached to them, and when the trees happen to be cut down, they seem greatly distressed, and keep hovering about them as they are falling, and will scarcely desert them when they lie on the ground.
Fr. Poor things ! I suppose they feel as we should if our town was burned down or overthrown by an earthquake.
Mr. St. No doubt! The societies of animals greatly resemble those of men; and that of Rooks is like those of men in a savage state, such as the communities of the North American Indians. It is a sort of league for mutual aid and defence, but in which every one is left to do as he pleases, without any obligation to employ himself for the whole body. Others unite in a manner resembling more civilized societies of men. This
is the case with the beavers. They pérform great public works by the united efforts of the whole community, such as damming up streams, and constructing mounds for their habitations. As these are works of great art and labour some of them must probably act under the direction of others, and be compelled to work whether they will or not. Many curious stories are told to this purpose by those who have observed them in their remotest haunts, where they exercise their full sagacity.
Fr. But are they all true ?
Mr. St. That is more than I can answer for ; yet what we certainly know of the economy of bees may justify us in believing extraordinary things of the sagacity of animals. The society of bees goes farther than that of beavers, and, in some respects, beyond most among men themselves. They not only inhabita common dwelling, and perform great works in common, but they lay up a store of provision, which is the property of the whole community, and is not used except at certain seasons, and under certain regulations. A bee-hive is a true image of a commonwealth, where no member acts for himself alone, but for the whole body.
Fr. But there are drones among them, who do not work at all.
Mr. St. Yes--and at the approach of winter they are driven out of the hive, and left to perish with cold and hunger. But I have not leisure at present to tell you more about bees. You shall one day see them at work in a glass hive. In the mean time, remember one thing, which applies to all the societies of animals ; and I wish it did as well to all those of men likewise.
Fr. What is that ?
Mr. St. The principle upon which they all associate, is to obtain some benefit for the whole body, not to give particular advantages to a few.
ON THINGS TO BE LEARNED,
BETWEEN MAMMA AND KITTY.
Kitty. Pray, mamma, may I leave off working? I am tired.
Mamma. You have done very little, my dear; you know you were to finish all that hem.
K. But I had rather write now, mamma, or read, or get my French grammar.
M. I know very well what that means, Kitty; you had rather do any thing than what I set you about. K. No, mamma; but you know I I
very well already, and I have a great many more things to learn. There's Miss Rich that cannot sew half so well as I, and she is learning music and drawing already, besides dancing,