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P. 17, 1. 21. Thus kindred objects kindred thoughts inspire, To an accidental association may be ascribed some of the noblest efforts of human genius. The Historian of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire first conceived his design among the ruins of the Capitol ; and to the tones of a Welsh harp are we indebted for the Bard of Gray.
P. 17, 1. 25. Hence home-felt pleasure, &c. Who can enough admire the affectionate attachment of Plutarch, who thus concludes his enumeration of the advantages of a great city to men of letters ?
« As to myself, I live in a little town ; and I chuse to live there, lest it should become still less."
Vit. Demosth. P. 17, 1. 27. For this young Foscari, fc. He was suspected of murder, and at Venice suspicion was good evidence. Neither the interest of the Doge, his father, nor the intrepidity of conscious innocence, which he exhibited in the dungeon and on the rack, could procure his acquittal. He was banished to the island of Candia for life.
But here his resolution failed him. At such a distance from home he could not live; and, as it was a criminal offence to solicit the intercession of
foreign prince, in a fit of despair he addressed a letter to the Duke of Milan, and intrusted it to a wretch whose perfidy, he knew, would occasion his being remanded a prisoner to Venice.
P. 18, 1. 7. And hence the charm historic scenes impart ; Whatever withdraws us from the power of our senses; whatever makes the past, the distant, or the future predominate over the present, advances us in the dignity of thinking beings. Far from me and from my friends be such frigid philosophy as may conduct us indifferent and unmoved over any ground which has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue. That man is little to be envied, whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plain of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer among the ruins of Iona.
JOHNSON. P. 18, 1. 12. And watch and weep in Eloisa's cell. The Paraclete, founded by Abelard, in Champagne.
P. 18, l. 13. 'Twas ever thus. Young AMMON, when he sought
Alexander, when he crossed the Hellespont, was in the twenty-second year of his age; and with what feelings must the Scholar of Aristotle have approached the ground described by Homer in that Poem which had been his delight from his childhood, and which records the achievements of Him from whom he claimed his descent!
It was his fancy, if we may believe tradition, to take the tiller from Menoetius, and be himself the steersman during the passage. It was his fancy also to be the first to land, and to land full-armed.
ARRIAN, i. 11.
P. 18, 1. 19.
As now at VIRGIL's tomb Vows and pilgrimages are not peculiar to the religious enthusiast. Silius Italicus performed annual ceremonies on the mountain of Posilipo; and it was there that Boccaccio, quasi da un divino estro inspirato, resolved to dedicate his life to the Muses.
P. 18, 1. 21. So Tully paused, amid the wrecks of Time, When Cicero was quæstor in Sicily, he discovered the tomb of Archimedes by its mathematical inscription.
Tusc. Quæst. v. 3.
P. 19, 1. 7. Say why the pensive widow loves to weep, The influence of the associating principle is finely exemplified in the faithful Penelope, when she sheds tears over the bow of Ulysses.
Od. xxi. 55. P. 19, 1. 23. If chance he hears the song so sweetly wild The celebrated Ranz des Vaches ; cet air si chéri des Suisses qu'il fut défendu sous peine de mort de la jouer dans leurs troupes, parce qu'il faisoit fondre en larmes, déserter ou mourir ceux qui l'entendoient, tant il excitoit en eux l'ardent désir de revoir leur pays.
ROUSSEAU. The maladie de
is old as the human heart. JUVENAL's little cup-bearer
Suspirat longo non visam tempore matrem,
Et casulam, et notos tristis desiderat hædos. And the Argive, in the heat of battle,
Dulces moriens reminiscitur Argos.
P. 19, 1. 28. Say why VESPASIAN loved his Sabine farm; This emperor, according to Suetonius, constantly passed the summer in a small villa near Reate, where he was born, and to which he would never add any embellishment; ne quid scilicet oculorum consuetudini deperiret.
Suet. in Vit. Vesp. cap. ii. A similar instance occurs in the life of the venerable Pertinax, as related by J. Capitolinus. Posteaquam in Liguriam venit, multis agris coemptis, tabernam paternam, manente formå priore, infinitis ædificiis circundedit.
Hist. August. 54. And it is said of Cardinal Richelieu, that, when he built his magnificent palace on the site of the old family chateau at Richelieu, he sacrificed its symmetry to preserve the room in which he was born.
Mém. de Mlle. de Montpensier, i. 27. An attachment of this nature is generally the characteristic of a benevolent mind; and a long acquaintance with the world cannot always extinguish it.
“ To a friend,” says John Duke of Buckingham, “ I will expose my weakness: I am oftener missing a pretty gallery in the old house I pulled down, than pleased with a saloon which I built in its stead, though a thousand times better in all respects.”
See his Letter to the D. of Sh. This is the language of the heart ; and will remind the reader of that good-humoured remark in one of Pope's letters" I should hardly care to have an old post pulled up, that I remembered ever since I was a child.”
The Author of Telemachus has illustrated this subject, with equal fancy and feeling, in the story of Alibée, Persan.
P. 20, 1. 1.
Why great NAVARRE, &c. That amiable and accomplished monarch, Henry the Fourth of France, made an excursion from his camp, during the long siege of Laon, to dine at a house in the forest of Folambray; where he had often been regaled, when a boy, with fruit, milk, and new cheese ; and in revisiting which he promised himself great pleasure.
Mém. de Sully. P. 20, 1. 3. When DIOCLETIAN's self-corrected mind Diocletian retired into his native province, and there amused himself with building, planting, and gardening. His answer to Maximian is deservedly celebrated. “ If,” said he, “ I could shew him the cabbages which I have planted with my own hands at Salona, he would no longer solicit me to return to a throne.”
P. 20, 1. 7. Say, when contentious CHARLES, &c. When the Emperor Charles the Fifth had executed his memorable resolution, and had set out for the monastery of Justé, he stopped a few days at Ghent to indulge that tender and pleasant melancholy, which arises in the mind of every man in the decline of life, on visiting the place of his birth, and the objects familiar to him in his early youth.