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to see Jowett one afternoon, very keen about a fanciful rendering he had imagined for aúxunpòv oudas in the Alcestis. A few evenings later we met him and his son at dinner at Altaine House, by the foot of Loch Tummel. You may be sure that where Jowett and Browning and Swinburne (who was staying at Tummel Bridge) met, the conversation was animated and interesting. But I have clean forgotten it, and only remember that the salmon was a present from Swinburne, and that we drove home in the starlight.'

While at Tummel Bridge he occupied himself with revising The School and Children's Bible, a project set on foot by his friend Rogers, of which we shall hear more, and with writing an Essay on the Religions of the World, over which he spent much time and thought, without bringing it to an end. It was originally intended to form part of a second volume of Essays and Reviews 1 To a friend he writes :


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'I shall send you some of the Children's Bible, as you are kind enough to run your eye over it, and should like to know what you have to say about it. I have laid it aside for a few days, being at work upon my essay and having to go to Glasgow on Wednesday and, I fear, to make a speech there on behalf of the Scott Bursaries, which may be useful if I can stir the liberality of the Scotch, but is not pleasant to me. Owing to the connexion of the College with Glasgow I did not like to refuse.

'Here I am fairly embarked on a three months' study of the religions of the world. What have you to say about that? I have read Max Müller's first volume of Chips, and also his Sanskrit Literature. I shall embark on Colebrooke's essays on Monday.

'I mean to give a condensed sketch of each of the great religions, and then make applications of them to ourselves. I intend also at the beginning to say something against Darwin, and to show what appears to me to be the bearing of the antiquity of man on Theology.'

1 See vol. i. p. 404.


At the Scott Centenary he was called on to propose The University of Glasgow, and success to the Scott Bursaries.' He naturally dwelt on the old connexion between Glasgow and Balliol, to which the College has been indebted for some of the most eminent of her sons.

'Forty years ago, or a little more, two young students came up from Glasgow University to Oxford as Snell Exhibitioners

one of them is the Lord President Inglis, and the other the Archbishop of Canterbury. And ever since then there has not been wanting a succession of distinguished students who have taken the same road. I hope that if I mention the names of some of them I may call up pleasant recollections in the minds of some persons here present—such as my friend Mr. Monro of Oriel College, one of the best Homeric scholars of the day; or Professor Campbell, the learned editor of Sophocles and Plato ; or Mr. Harvey, the able Head Master of the Edinburgh Academy; or Principal Shairp, or Professor Sellar; and I must not forget to mention two others

- Professor Edward Caird and Professor Nichol, teachers who would do honour to any University. And, if you will allow me, there is one other person whom I would like to mention, who was taken from us by an early death, and who, I think, did more for the University of Oxford than any one of his age and standing-Mr. George Rankine Luke. I hardly know how far, in an assembly like this, I can suppose his name to be known-though you have a Luke Fellowship among you-for the reputation of young men who have not had an opportunity of distinguishing themselves in life very soon passes away; but I think that on occasions like the present a word or two may be said about them. He was the most devoted man I ever knew, in whom the moral and intellectual qualities most entirely interpenetrated.

... My Lord Provost, I think that Glasgow University has reason to be proud of her sons, and that Scotland has reason to be proud of her Universities.

... There is one point above others in which I think they have a claim to honour and gratitude-I mean in the manner in which they have assisted young men of merit, bringing them


forward out of obscurity into the light of day. That I hold to be the greatest glory of the Scottish Universities. I think it is a great advantage to a nation when its youth, deserting the more usual paths of trade and commerce—though, indeed, a great moralist has told us that “there are few things in which a man can be more innocently employed than in making money"-but still I venture to say that it is a great advantage to a country when that other ambition takes possession of the mind of youth, and they feel a desire for the higher education which they attain through the University. Why is it we are always complaining of the dearth of talent in politics, in literature, in the professions? Is it not because we do not draw from a sufficiently large area ? Education and natural talent are not always made to meet. The precious seed is allowed to be wasted. And I think that a University can hardly claim the praise of being truly national until it has not only opened its doors to all classes, but has made the way easy and cut the steps of the ascent for them.'

From Glasgow Jowett returned to Tummel Bridge to entertain his friends and work at his essay.

On September 11 he writes from Glen Isla, Alyth :

'I have finished my "party" with satisfaction upon the whole. But I have only written thirty pages upon the “Religions of the World,” and I begin to perceive (as I always do) that my essay will take six or eight months instead of six or eight weeks, and the second essay nearly as long. Still I am quite satisfied (though not with myself) that I could not have chosen two more important or interesting subjects than the “Religions of the World” and the “Reign of Law.” ?

LETTERS, 1870-1871.

To R. B. D. MORIER, C.B.


September 12, 1870. It is with great regret that I am obliged to give up the idea of coming to you at this time. The reason is that I have so much to do which I did not anticipate: (1) to complete Plato, which must be finished before the beginning of Term; (2) to furnish a house and find servants ; (3) (which is much more important) to find a cook for the College ; and (4) to find a Bursar, or rather a man of business for the College in the place of Wall. Also I have about 100 letters to write, arrangements for matriculation to make, &c. Some of these things must go wrong if I go away now. But I will come to you at Christmas.

I may tell you, as an old friend, that I have been quite delighted with the affection and enthusiasm that the event of last week has called out. I hope I shall not rust or let the grass grow under my feet as I get older. I certainly intend to lose no time as years begin to be fewer.

I am busy moving. One of the things which I look forward to is having you and your wife and ‘kinder' to stay with me.



Address BALLIOL,

September 16, 1870. God bless A., E., H., L.' I wish I could believe that they would come and see me at Oxford, now that I have

•A handsome house to lodge a friend,' but I have almost given up hopes of this.

· Alfred, Emily, Hallam, Lionel.

Dear Mrs. Tennyson, I hope you know that any sixth cousin of yours will be looked after at Balliol College for your sake: only I cannot get him through the matriculation examination unless he is up to the mark.

I am at Malvern, having gone to take an oath before the Bishop of London, who is staying there. So the business of the Mastership is finally concluded, and I have only now to consider how I can make the utmost use of the new position. I am in, and I do not think any one can get me out unless, like my great predecessor John Wycliffe, I go away and take a country living.

I have got into my house, which, though too large for me, is certainly extremely comfortable. I have only furnished three rooms, and shall only furnish two more at present. I must have a serious deliberation with you before I venture on the drawing-room.

I hope that you enjoy your house at Aldworth, which I think is one of the nicest houses that I know.



September 20, 1870. Let me thank you in a word for your kind note, which gave me great pleasure. I should have answered sooner but I have been very much occupied, partly in an attempt to finish Plato when I am not quite well.

I often think of the many happy visits which I have paid to Alderley, and the unmixed kindness which was shown me

The friendship of you and your family has really been one of the bright spots of my life. You will find me, I hope, not ungrateful or forgetful. I want you to come and see me here some day. I wish that Lyulph were still a Fellow here, and then I should consider you a kind of relative of the College. But I am glad that you still take an interest about us.

Certainly I could have had no position which would have suited me so well, or in which I might hope to do so much. Oxford is in a very changing state, and this greatly increases VOL. II.


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