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inundated country (tierras anegadas); and it was the general expectation that they should end their lives there, as others had done in the frozen sea, “ where St. Amaro suffers no ship to stir backward or forward.”

Hist. del Almirante, c. 19.

P. 231, 1. 16. And (whence or why from many an age withheld)

The author seems to have anticipated his long slumber in the library of the Fathers.

P. 232, 1. 21. From world to world their steady course they keep,

As St. Christopher carried Christ over the deep waters, so Columbus went over safe, himself and his company.-Hist. c. 1.

P. 233, 1. 2.
And, rising, shoot in columns to the skies,
Water-spouts. See Edwards's History of the West
Indies, I. 12. Note.

P. 234, 1. 1.
Tho' changed my cloth of gold for amice grey-

Many of the first discoverers ended their days in a hermitage or a cloister.

P. 234, 1. 15 & 16.
'Twas in the deep, immeasurable cave

Of ANDES, Vast indeed must be those dismal regions, if it be true, as conjectured (Kircher. Mund. Subt. I. 202), that Etna, in her eruptions, has discharged twenty

times her original bulk. Well might she be called by Euripides (Troades, v. 222) the Mother of Mountains; yet Etna herself is but "a mere firework, when compared to the burning summits of the Andes."

P. 235, 1. 6. One half the globe ; from pole to pole confessed!

Gods, yet confessed later.—Milton.-Ils ne laissent pas d'en être les esclaves, & de les honorer plus que le grand Esprit, qui de sa nature est bon.Lafitau.

P. 235, 1. 10. Where PLATA and MARAGNON meet the Main. Rivers of South America. Their collision with the tide has the effect of a tempest.

P. 235, l. 15. Of Huron or Ontario, inland seas, Lakes of North America. Huron is above a thousand miles in circumference. Ontario receives the waters of the Niagara, so famous for its falls; and discharges itself into the Atlantic by the river St. Lawrence.

P. 235, 1. 28.
By Ocean severed from a world of shade.
La plớpart de ces îsles ne sont en effet que

des pointes de montagnes : et la mer, qui est au-delà, est une vraie mer Méditerranée. Buffon.

P. 236, 1. 8. Hung in the tempest o'er the troubled main; The dominion of a bad angel over an unknown sea, infestandole con sus torbellinos y tempestades, and his flight before a Christian hero, are described in glowing language by Ovalle. Hist. de Chile. IV. 8.


P. 236, l. 13. No voice, as erst, shall in the desert rise; Alluding to the oracles of the Islanders, so soon to become silent: and particularly to a prophecy, delivered down from their ancestors, and sung

with loud lamentations (Petr. Martyr. dec. 3. lib. 7) at their solemn festivals (Herrera. I. iii. 4) that the country would be laid waste the arrival of strangers, completely clad, from a region near the rising of the sun. Ibid. II. 5. 2. It is said that Cazziva, a great Cacique, after long fasting and many ablutions, had an interview with one of the Zemi, who announced to him this terrible event (Hist. c. 62), as the oracles of Latona, according to Herodotus (II. 152) predicted the overthrow of eleven kings in Egypt, on the appearance of men of brass, risen out of

the sea.

Nor did this prophecy exist among the Islanders alone. It influenced the councils of Montezuma, and extended almost universally over the forests of America. Cortes. Herrera. Gomara. “ The demons, whom they worshipped,” says Acosta, “ in this instance told them the truth.”

P. 236, l. 19.
He spoke; and all was silence, all was night!

These scattered fragments may be compared to shreds of old arras, or reflections from a river broken and confused by the oar; and now and then perhaps the imagination of the reader may supply more than is lost. Si qua latent, meliora putat. “ It is remarkable," says the elder Pliny, “that the Iris of Aristides, the Tyndarides of Nicomachus, and the Venus of Apelles, are held in higher admiration than their finished works.” And is it not so thing?

Call up him that left half-told
The story of Cambuscan bold-

almost every

P. 238, 1. 5.

The soldier, Sc. In the Lusiad, to beguile the heavy hours at sea, Veloso relates to his companions of the second watch the story of the Twelve Knights L. vi.

P. 238, 1. 8. So Fortune smiled, careless of sea or land ! Among those, who went with Columbus, were many adventurers, and gentlemen of the court. Primero was the game then in fashion. See Vega, p. 2, lib. iii. c. 9.

P. 238, 1. 22. LERMAthe generous,' AVILA 'the proud ;' Many such appellations occur in Bernal Diaz. c. 204.

P. 239, 1. 1. Yet who but He undaunted could explore Many sighed and wept; and every hour seemed a year, says Herrera. I. i. 9 and 10.

P. 240, 1. 13. While his dear boysah, on his neck they hung,

“ But I was most afflicted, when I thought of my two sons, whom I had left behind me in a strange country before I had done, or at least could be known to have done, any thing which might incline your highnesses to remember them. And though I comforted myself with the reflection that our Lord would not suffer so earnest an endeavour for the exaltation of his church to come to nothing, yet I considered that, on account of my unworthiness,” &c.

Hist. c. 37. P. 240, I. 21.

The great GONZALO Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordova, already known by the name of The Great Captain. Granada surrendered on the 2d of January, 1492. Columbus set sail on the 3d of August following.

P. 241, 1. 25.

Tho' ROLDAN, &c. Probably a soldier of fortune. There were more than one of the name on board.

P. 242, 1. 1. War and the Great in War let others sing, Not but that in the profession of Arms there are at all times many noble natures. Let a soldier of

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