Rules for the Direction of the Mind: Discourse on the Method : Meditations on First Philosophy : Objections Against the Meditations and Replies : The Geometry
Is it possible to be certain of anything? If so, how? The father of modern philosophy and the founder of rational method in philosophical thought, René Descartes (1596–1650) sought the answers to these questions and in doing so, addressed the most important of methods of thinking and understanding truth. In Discourse on Method, he applies a scientific approach to philosophy that comprises four principles: to accept only what reason recognizes as "clear and distinct"; to analyze complex ideas by dividing them into smaller elements; to reconstruct the ideas; and to make accurate and complete enumerations of the data. His Meditations proceed according to this method, exploring the mind/body distinction, the nature of truth and error, the existence of God, and the essence of material things.
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The simple resolve to strip oneself of much more likely to have been discovered by all opinions and beliefs formerly received is one man than by a nation . I could not , hownot to be regarded as an example that each ever , put my finger ...
... but by clear with accepting the opinions held by others and assured reasonings , I encountered nothing unless I had ... the inference that it conscruple in following such opinions , if never- tained in it nothing that was certain .
And just as a captive who in ought not the less carefully to refrain from giv- sleep enjoys an imaginary liberty , when he being credence to these opinions than to that gins to suspect that his liberty is but a dream , which is ...
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12/22/20 I own the complete set (vol 1-54) and keep them at home on the top west shelf of my office; this includes The Great Conversation (which is volume 1) and The Great Ideas (volumes 2-3, the ... Read full review
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This classic series represents the Western canon not without academic controversy. The latest volumes of the Great Books include some women writers, but they are still definitely underrepresented ... Read full review