Rules for the Direction of the Mind: Discourse on the Method : Meditations on First Philosophy : Objections Against the Meditations and Replies : The Geometry
Is it possible to be certain of anything? If so, how? The father of modern philosophy and the founder of rational method in philosophical thought, René Descartes (1596–1650) sought the answers to these questions and in doing so, addressed the most important of methods of thinking and understanding truth. In Discourse on Method, he applies a scientific approach to philosophy that comprises four principles: to accept only what reason recognizes as "clear and distinct"; to analyze complex ideas by dividing them into smaller elements; to reconstruct the ideas; and to make accurate and complete enumerations of the data. His Meditations proceed according to this method, exploring the mind/body distinction, the nature of truth and error, the existence of God, and the essence of material things.
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That the ex- But since thought is supposed to be an attriistence of God , like His essence , is an eternal bute of God , it must exist both necessarily and truth . unchangeably ( Prop . 11 , and Corol . 2 , Prop . Corol . 2.
Again and conceive it to possess , and therefore the being again I ask the reader to consider and reconwhich can think an infinitude of things in in- sider what is said upon this subject in the first finite ways is necessarily infinite ...
4 ) , and therefore men , in so far as they are agitated by because that which from the dictates of reason affects which are passions , can be contrary to we judge to be good or evil is necessarily good one another .
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