Rules for the Direction of the Mind: Discourse on the Method : Meditations on First Philosophy : Objections Against the Meditations and Replies : The Geometry
Is it possible to be certain of anything? If so, how? The father of modern philosophy and the founder of rational method in philosophical thought, René Descartes (1596–1650) sought the answers to these questions and in doing so, addressed the most important of methods of thinking and understanding truth. In Discourse on Method, he applies a scientific approach to philosophy that comprises four principles: to accept only what reason recognizes as "clear and distinct"; to analyze complex ideas by dividing them into smaller elements; to reconstruct the ideas; and to make accurate and complete enumerations of the data. His Meditations proceed according to this method, exploring the mind/body distinction, the nature of truth and error, the existence of God, and the essence of material things.
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16 ) , with the utmost clearness , that is to say , the and from the necessity of His nature have been understanding itself , which we perceive as determined to existence and action in a certain clearly as we perceive anything .
Q.E.D. knowledge , as often as it perceives things in Corol . Hence it follows that all individual the common order of nature , that is to say , as things are contingent and corruptible , for we often as it is determined to the ...
I will only add that determined by an affect which is a passion we pity , like shame , although it is not a virtue , is may without the affect be determined by nevertheless good , in so far as it shows that a reason alone .
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