Rules for the Direction of the Mind: Discourse on the Method : Meditations on First Philosophy : Objections Against the Meditations and Replies : The Geometry
Is it possible to be certain of anything? If so, how? The father of modern philosophy and the founder of rational method in philosophical thought, René Descartes (1596–1650) sought the answers to these questions and in doing so, addressed the most important of methods of thinking and understanding truth. In Discourse on Method, he applies a scientific approach to philosophy that comprises four principles: to accept only what reason recognizes as "clear and distinct"; to analyze complex ideas by dividing them into smaller elements; to reconstruct the ideas; and to make accurate and complete enumerations of the data. His Meditations proceed according to this method, exploring the mind/body distinction, the nature of truth and error, the existence of God, and the essence of material things.
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This effort , when it is related to the but , on the contrary , it is opposed to every- mind alone , is called will , but when it is related thing which could negate its existence ( Prop . at the same time both to the mind and the 5 ...
By evil , on the contrary , I understand that which we certainly know hinders us from There is no individual thing in nature which possessing anything that is good . is not surpassed in strength and power by some With regard to these ...
3 ) , not in far as a thing is evil to us is it contrary to us . passion , and therefore men , in so far as they Demonst . We call that thing evil which is are subject to passion , cannot be said to agree the cause of sorrow ( Prop .
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