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Ifaac Johnfon, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon, and George Foxcroft, and for us, our heires and fucceffours, wee will and ordaine: That the faid Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcomb, Ifaac Johnfon, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniell Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon, and George Foxcroft, and all fuch others as shall hereafter be admitted and made free of the companie and fociety hereafter mentioned, fhall, from time to time, and at all times forever hereafter, be, by virtue of these prefents, one body corporate and politique in Name of the fact and name, by the name of the Governor and ComCorpora panie of the Maffachusetts Bay in New-England: And them by the name of the Governor and Companie of the Maffachusetts Bay iu New-England, one body politique and corporate in deed, fact, and name, wee doe, for us, our heirs, and fucceffours, make, ordaine, Perpetual conftitute, and confirme by these presents; and that by that name they shall have perpetuall fucceffion;

tion.

succession.

and that by the fame name they and their fucceffors Capacity to fhall and may be capable and enabled, as well to imimpleade pleade and to be impleaded, and to prosecute, demand, and to be impleaded. and answer, and be answered-unto, in all and fingular

fuites,

2

purchase

goods; and

sell them.

fuites, caufes, quarrels, and actions, of what kind and nature foever; And alfo to have, take, poffeffe, acquire Capacity to and purchase any lands, tenements, and hereditaments, lands or or any goods, or chattells, and the fame to leafe, grant, to grant or demife, alien, bargain, fell, and difpofe of, as other our leige people of this our realme of England, or any other corporation or body politique of the fame, may lawfully doe. And further that the faid Governor and companie and their fucceffors may have forever one common feale to be used in all caufes and occa- A common Seal. fions of the faid Companie, and the fame feale may alter, change, break and new-make from time to time at their pleasures.

vernment

of the said

And our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby, for The gous, our heirs, and fucceffors, ordaine and grant, that from henceforth for ever there fhall be one Governor, corporation. one deputy-Governor, and eighteen Affiftants, of the faid Companie to be from time to time conftituted, elected and chofen out of the freemen of the faid Companie for the time beinge, in fuch manner and forme and eighteen as hereafter in these presents is expreffed. Which faid officers shall apply themselves to take care for the best Their power difpofing and ordering of the generall business and affaires of, for, and concerning, the faid lands and premiffes hereby mentioned to be granted, and the plantation thereof, and the government of the people there.

Assistants.

and duty.

of the first

Governor &

And for the better execution of our royall pleasure and grant in this behalfe, we do by thefe prefents, for us, our Nomination heires, and fucceffors, nominate, ordain, make, and constitute our well-beloved, the faid Matthew Craddock, to Assistants. be the first and prefent Governor of the faid Companie, and the faid Thomas Goffe to be deputy-Governor of the faid Companie, and the faid Sir Richard Saltonftall, Ifaac Johnson, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, John Humfrey,

John

John Endecott, Symon Whetcombe, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Adams, Thomas Hutchins, John Browne, George Foxcroft, William Vaffall, and William Pinchon, to be the prefent Affiftants of the faid Companie, to continue in the faid feveral offices respectively for fuch time and in fuch manner as in and by these presents is hereafter declared and appointed. And further we will, and, by thefe prefents, for us, said compa- our heires, and fucceffors, do ordaine and grant that the

Power to assemble the

ny.

Governor of the faid Companie for the time being, or in his abfence, by occafion of fickness or otherwise, the deputy-Governor for the time being, fhall have authority from time to time upon all occafions to give order for the affembling of the said Companie, and calling them together to confult and advife of the business and affaires of the faid Companie.

Monthly

And that the faid Governor, deputy-Governor, and semblies of Affiftants of the faid Companie for the time being shall,

courts or as

the Gover

nour and or may, once every month, or oftener at their pleasures, Assistants. affemble and hould and keep a court, or affembly of

themselves, for the better ordering and directing of their affairs. And that any feven, or more, perfons of the Affiftants, together with the Governor, or deputy-Governor, fo affembled fhall be faid, taken, held, and reputed to be, and shall be, a full and fufficient court or affembly of the faid Company, for the handling, ordering, and difpatching of all fuch bufineffes and occurrents, as shall from time to time happen, touching or concerning Four gene- the faid Companie or plantation. And that there ral courts of fhall, or may, be held and kept by the Governor or company in deputy-Governor of the said Companie, and seven, or

the said

a year.

more, of the faid Affiftants for the time being, upon every last Wednesday in Hillary, Eafter, Trinity and

Michael

elect free

Michaelmas Terms refpectively for ever, one great, generall and folemn affembly; which four generall affemblies fhall be ftyled and called the foure greate and generall courts of the faid Company: In all or any of which faid greate and generall courts fo affembled, We do, for us, our heires and fucceffours, give and grant to the said Governour and Companie and theire fucceffours, that the Governour, or in his absence the deputy-Governour, of the faid Companie for the time being, and fuch of the Affiftants and freemen of the faid Companie as fhall be prefent, or the greater number of them fo affembled, (whereof the Governour or deputy-Governour, and fix of the Affiftants at the leaft, to be feven,) fhall have full power and authority Power to to choose, nominate, and appoint fuch and fo many men of the others as they fhall thinke fitt, and that fhall be willing said com10 accept the fame, to be free of the faid Company and Body, and them into the fame to admit: and to elect And to elect and conftitute fuch officers as they fhall thinke fitt and the same. requifite for the ordering, managing, and dispatching of the affaires of the faid Governor and Companie and theire fucceffours: and to make lawes and ordinances And to for the good and welfare of the faid Companie, and and ordifor the government and ordering of the faid lands and nances for plantation, and the people inhabiteing and to inhabite the said the fame, as to them from time to time fhall be thought ing repugmeete: So as fuch lawes and ordinances be not con- laws of trary or repugnant to the laws and ftatutes of this our England. realme of England.

pany.

officers of

make laws

the same:

laws not be

nant to the

nour,

And our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby The Goverfor us, our heirs and fucceffours, establish and or- deputydaine; That yearely once in the yeare forever here- governour, after, namely, the last Wednesday in Eafter yearely, the Governour, deputy-Governour and

and assist

terme ants, shall

be chosen

Affift- every year at

Easter.

ants

ants of the said Companie, and all other officers of the faid Companie shall be, in the generall court, or affemblie, to be held for that day or time, newly chofen for the yeare infueing by such greater part of the faid Companie for the time being, then and there prefent, as is aforefaid.

Manner of supplying

And if it shall happen that the prefent Governour, devacancies in puty-Governour and Affistants by these presents appointthe offices ed, or fuch as fhall hereafter be newly chosen into their rooms, or any of them, or any other of the officers to be by deaths or appointed for the faid Companie, fhall die, or be removed

of the said

company occasioned

removals.

from his or their feverall offices or places before the faid generall day of election, (whom we do hereby declare for

Power given any misdemeanor, or defect, to be removable by the Go

to the com

move their

pany to re- vernour, deputy-Governor, Affiftants, and Companie, officers for or fuch greater part of them in any of the publick misbehavi- courts to be affembled as is aforefaid) that then, and

our.

in every fuch case it shall and may be lawfull to and for the Governor, deputy-Governor, Affiftants, and Companie, aforefaid, or fuch greater part of them fo to be affembled as is aforefaid, in any of their affemblies, to proceed to a new election of one or more others of their company, in the rooms or places of fuch officer or officers fo dyeing or removed, according to their difcretions. And immediately upon and after fuch election and elections made of fuch Governour, deputy-Governour, Affiftant, or Affiftants, or any other officer of the faid Companie, in manner and forme aforefaid, the authority, office, and power before given to the former Governour, deputy-Governour, or other officer and officers, fo removed, in whose stead and place new officers shall be so chofen, fhall, as to him and them, and every of them, ceafe and determine.

Provided

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