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within all the breadth aforesaid throughout the maine lands from sea to sea, together alfo with all the firme lands, soyles, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fishings, mines, and mineralls, as well royall mines of gould and silver, as other mines and mineralls, precious stones, quarries, and all and fingular other commodities, jurisdictions, privileges, franchises and preheminences,

both within the said tract of land upon the maine, and Provisoc. also within the islands and seas adjoining. Provided

always that the said iNands, or any the premisses by the said letters patent intended and meant to be granted were not then actually possessed or inhabited by any other christian prince, or state, nor within the bounds, limits, or territories of the southern colonies, then before granted by our faid deare father to be planted

by divers of his loving subjects in the southern parts. Habendum. To have, and to hold, poflefs, and enjoy all and fingu

lar the aforesaid continent, lands, territories, islands, hereditaments, and precincts, seas, waters, fishings, with all avd all manner their commodities, royalties, liberties, freheminences, and profits that fhould from thenceforth arise from thence, with all and fingular their appurtenances, and every part and pareel thereof, unto the said Councel, and their successors and assignes for ever, to the fole and proper use, benefit, and behoof

of them, the said Councel, and their fucceffors and Tenure.

allignes, forever: To be houlden of our faid most dear and royal Father, his heirs and successors, as of his manor of East-Greenwich in the county of Kent, in free and common soccage, and not in Capite nor by knights' service. Yielding and paying therefore to the said late King, his heirs and successors, the fifth part of the oare of gould and silver, which should from time to time, and at all times thenafter happen to be found, gotten,

had,

before men

had, and obtained, in, at, or within, any of the said lands, limits, territories, and precincts, or in or within any part or parcel thereof, for, or in respect of, all and all manner of duties, demands, and services whatsoever, to be done, made, or paid, to our faid dear Father the late King, his heirs and successors; as in and by the faid letters patent (amongst fundry other clauses, pow. ers, privileges, and grants therein contained) more at large appeareth.

And whereas che laid Councel established at Plymouth Recital of in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, order the province

a grant of ing and governing, of New-England in America, have, cachusets by their deed indented under their common seal, bearing bay, being

part of the date the nineteenth day of March last past, in the third

premisses year of our reign, given, granted, bargained, fold, enfe- bicforce.

tioned,) by offed, aliened and confirmed, to Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir the council John Young, knights, Thomas Southcott, John Hum- mouth, to frey, John Endicott and Symon Whetcomb, their heirs Rosewell and associates forever, all that part of New-England in and others. America aforesaid which lieth and extendeth between a 3 Car. 1. great river there commonly called Monomack, alias Merrimack, and a certain other river there called Charles river, being the bottom of a certain bay there commonly called Massachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Massatusetts, bay, and also all and fingular those lands and hereditaments whatsoever lying and being within the space of three English miles on the south part of the said Charles river, or of any or every part thereof, and also all and fingular the lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the space of three Englich miles to the southward of the southernmost part of the said bay called Mafsachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Mafsatufetts, bay, and also all those lands and hereditaments which lye and be within the space of P&

three

,

three English miles to the northward of the said river called Monomack, alias Merrimack, or to the northward of any and every part thereof, and all lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the limits aforefaid, north and fouth, in latitude and breadth, and in length and longitude, of and within all the breadth aforefaid, throughout the main lands there, from the Atlantic and western sea and ocean on the east part to the south sea on the west part, and all lands and grounds, place and places, foils, wood and wood grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fifbings, and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the faid bounds and limits, and every part and parcel thereof, and also all i lands lying in America aforesaid in the said seas, or either of them, on the westerne or eafterne coafts or parts of the faid tracts of lands by the said indenture mentioned to be given, granted, bargained, fold, enfeoffed, aliened and confirmed, or any of them : And also all mines and mineralls, as well royall mines of gould and filver, as other mines and mineralls whatsoever, in the said lands and premiffes or any part thereof: And all jurisdi&ions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, priviledges, francbifes, preheminences, and commodities whatfoever, which they the faid Councel established at Plymouth in the county of Devon for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing; of New-England in America, then had, or might use, exercise, or enjoy, in and within the said lands and premisses by the said indenture mentioned to be given, granted, bargained, fould,

enfeoffed and confirmed, or in, or within, any part or Ilibendum. parcel thereof. To have and to hould the faid part of

New-England in America which lyeth and extends and is abutted as aforesaid, and every part and parcel thereof; And all the said iflands, rivers, ports, havens, waters, fifiings, mines and minerals, jurisdi&tions, franchises, royalties, liberties, priviledges, commodities, hereditaments and premisses whatsoever, with the appurtenances, unto the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Hunfrey, John Endicott and Symon Whetcomb, their heirs and aflignes, and their associates, to the only proper and absolute use and behoof of the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Symon Whetcomb, their heires and aflignes, and associates forevermore. To be houlden Tenure. of us, our heirs and successors, as of our mannor of East Greenwich in the county of Kent, in free and common foccage and not in Capite, nor by knights service; yielding and paying therefore unto us our Rent heirs and successors, the fifth part of the oare of gould and filver which shall from time to time and at all limes hereafter happen to be found, gotten, had and obtained, in any of the said lands within the said limits, or in or within any part thereof, for and in satisfaction of all manner of duties, demands and services whatsoever, to be done, made or paid to us, our heirs or fucceffors, as in and by the faid recited indenture more at large may appear.

waters,

Now know ye, that we at the humble suite and petition of the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Symon Whetcomb, and of others whom they have alsociated unto them, Have, for divers good causes and con- Confirma

tion of the Giderations us moving, granted and confirmed, and by said ust-rethese presents, of our especiall grace, certain knowledge, cites erant

by the king and meere motion, do grant and confirm, unto the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, and Simon Whet

combe,

F 3

combe, and to their associates hereafter named (videlicet) Sir Richard Saltonstall, Knt. Ifaac Johnfon, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and affignes, all the said part of New England in America, lyeing and extending betweene the bounds and limits in the said recited indenture expressed, and all lands and grounds, place and places, soyles, wood and wood grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, mines, mineralls, jurisdi&ions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, priviledges, franchises, prcheminences, hereditaments and commodities, whatsoever, to them the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott and Simon Whetcombe, their heirs and assignes, and to their associates, by the faid recited indenture given, granted, bargained, sould, enfeoffed, aliened, andconfirmed, or men

tioned or intended thereby to be given, granted, bargainHabendum. ed, fould, enfcoffed, aliened, and confirmed. To have

and to hould the said part of New-England in America and the other premiffes hereby mentioned to be granted and confirmed, and every part or parcell thereof, with the appurtenances, unto the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vafall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Sa

muel

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