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" manner, or during their lives or good behaviour, as the

judges are appointed here in England. And at the fame “ time we may presume that the British Parliament, or the “ Crown, will take care to increase the salaries of these

judges and other officers of justice in every province, so as to make their offices become objects of ambition and

competition to all the most able and active lawyers in the “ province, who will thereby be induced to vie with each “ other in duty and loyalty to the king's majesty, and in “ zeal for the maintenance of his Royal Prerogative, in or. “ der to obtain them. This will be a most useful regulation, “ and cannot fail of producing the best effects: and it has “ been already adopted in the important province of the “ Mafsachusett's Bay with respect to the judges of the supe“ riour court there.

“ In the fifth place, wé may surely expect that the British “ government will greatly increase the number of officers “ employed in the collection of the customs in America, “ and in enforcing the execution of the laws of trade

amongst them, which have hitherto been most shamefully “ evaded. This will be doubly useful; inasmuch as it will “ not only tend to produce the just and full execution of " those laws, but will create a new set of perfons dependant

on the Crown, and difposed to support its Prerogative. « This has already been done in fome degree by erecting 6 the Board of Commiffioners of Customs for North“ America, with handsome salaries of 500l. a year a piece. « But much more of the same kind remains to be done in “ order to give this measure its full and proper effe&t.

“ In the fixth place, it seems by no means improbable “ that a most judicious piece of policy which has lately been « adopted with respect to the great province of Quebeck, " may be extended to the other provinces of North-Ameo sica : I mean the measure of annexing a falary of 100l.

“ sterling

* sterling a year to the office of a counsellor of the province, s or member of its legillative council. For it is obvious “ that such a measure, if extended to those other provinces, w would greatly contribute to keep the members of the * several councils of them in a babit of constant fidelity and as attachment to the interests of the Crown and of Great6 Britain.

" In the seventh place, it will evidently be proper to build " førts, or citadels, in all the principal towns of North

America, and likewise at the mouths of all the principal «s rivers there ; more especially at Bosion, New York,

Philadelphia, Albany in the province of New York, and « Charles-Town in South Carolina, and at the mouths of “ the rivers Connecticut, Hudson, and Delaware ;--and to keep-up (trong garrisons in them ; in order to curb the “ licentiousness of the people, and to keep them in that « state of peace and subjection to the crown to which we “ have reason to hope they will soou be reduced. The 56 number of troops requisite for this falutary purpose will, “ I presume, be about thirty thousand men.

“Without this very important measure it would not be “pollible to carry the former measures into execution ;

at least till the people of those provinces bad become

habituated to the new kind of government established s over them, and had formed their hopes, and views, and 56 sentiments, accordingly. This measure is therefore in“ dispensably necessary, that the dependance of the colo" nies on Great-Britaip may be no longer nominal, as,

by the supine conduct of former ministers of ftale, it has 66 been hitherto.

And, as the foregoing regulations, and more cfpecially the last, will evidently require a very considerable fum of

money to be every year expended by government; and 6 it is but reasonable that the Americans should pay this D 3


money, which their own ingratitude and obstinacy will “ have made it necessary for Great-Britain to expend upon " them ;-and the produce of the few port-duties now “ fubfifting in America will be much too small to defray “ this great expense ;-it will be necessary in the eighth " place, that the parliament of Great-Britain should esta« blith some further port-duties in America, to be applied “ to the foregoing purposes, or to the support of the new « civil and military establishment which will be made “ there. And perhaps, also, it will be thought expedient

to lay some reasonable and equitable internal tax on the 66 Americans in aid of the said port-duties, which might “ hardly by themselves be sufficient to defray the whole ex. “ pense of so large an establishment. Such, for example,

might be another stamp-duty, upon the plan of that “ which was laid upon the Americans by the British par" liament in the year 1765, and too hastily, and most un“ happily, taken-off in the following year, 1766; and “ which, by the confession of the Americans themselves,

was the most judicious internal tax that could be imposed upon them, if (say they) it had been right to impose any tax at all. This tax, therefore, might be again imposed

upon the Americans, after the appeal to the decision of the “ Almighty, which the Americans have made concerning " the right of the British parliament to govern them, thall 6 have been determined against them, as we may hope it " will now soon be. And, if this tax should be again im. “ posed on them, it will probably be necessary to double " the quantity of it, on account of the great excess of the “ expense of the new American establishment, (which the “ rebellious conduct of the Americans will have rendered “ necessary,) above that which was thought sufficient at the 66 time of passing the former stamp-act. « These, and other such, measures will probably be

“ thought

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thought by the British parliament to be the proper and

necessary remedies for the seditious disorders of America, “ and will, therefore, no doubt, be applied without delay, “ in order to preserve a real, and not a nominal, dependance of those colonies on Greal-Britain. And thus the temporal affairs of that country will now speedily be ar


“ But what more immediately demands our attention, “ and, no doubt, must excite the concern of the congrega66 tion here assembled, is the fate of religion in those pro“ vinces; which, it inust be confeffed, has hitherto been

too little attended-to by the government of Great-Britain. “ But now we may justly hope this fault will be repaired, " and that such meafures will be adopted, in favour of the

pure and holy church of which we are members, as Mall < effectually establish and support it throughout all America. These, we may presume, will be as follows.

“ In the first place parliament will now, at last, establish “ lythes, or some other legal payment, in the colonies of “ America, for the maintenance of the clergy of the church " of England that are settled in it. This seems so highly " reasonable, that it is almost a matter of strict justice. For " it is no more than what has been done in Canada, by es the late Quebeck-a&t, in favour of the clergy of the church " of Rome, upon this equitable principle, “That, if the “ British government allowed the religion of the Roman1 catholicks to be profeffed in that province, (which, by " the capitulation in 1760, and the treaty of peace in 1763, " it seemed bound in justice to do,) they must also provide “ a maintenance for their priests.' “ Now, surely, the " same principle may be applied to our own church, and “ will prove that, since it is necessary to allow the religion 6 of the church of England to be profesied in the other


16 colonies

66 rica.

colonies of North-America, it is also necessary to provide “ a maintenance for its ministers.

Nor ought these payments for the maintenance of the 5 ministers of the church of England to be made only by " those persons who are meinbers of the church. This 66 would be much too narrow a fund for the decent and 6 honourable support of that denomination of protestants " who may be called the only established church in all Ame

In consequence of this pre-eminence of our holy church above all the sectarian persuasions in religion, (which, indeed, are but too frequent and numerous in “ those provinces, but which, in a legal consideration, are only tolerated in them, and not established, any more than " they are here in England,) it is fit and just that a general 6 contribution should be made for the maintenance of its “ minifters by all the inhabitants of America without “ distinction, even as here in England presbyterians, and “ quakers, and other dissenters from the established church,

are obliged to pay tythes to its ministers. For those who

are disposed to worship God in peace and charity, that is, 66 the members of the church of England, are entitled to a 66 regular and decent support for their ministers.

“ In the second place, it may be hoped that the parlia« ment will make use of the present glorious opportunity to o establish bifoops in America. This is a measure of the “ utmost consequence to both the laity and the clergy of " the church of England in America ;-10 the laity, that " they may not want the important office of Confirmation, 66 without the benefit of which even a Toleration of the • church of England is not compleat :-and to the young

men who devote themselves to the ministry of the gofpel, " by affording them an ofportunity of receiving episcopal 66 ordination in the country in which they have been born

66 and

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