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bondage and insults which we, his loyal fubje&s, have so long suffered, the Governour is forbidden to consent to the payment of an Agent to represent our grievances at the Court of Great-Britain, unless he, the Governour, consent to his election ; and we very well know what the man must be to whose appointment a Governour, in such circumstances, will confent,

While we are mentioning the infringements of the rights of this colony in particular by means of Inftru&tions, we cannot help calling to remembrance the late unexampled suspension of the legislative of a fifter colony, New York, by force of an Instruction, until they should comply with an arbitrary act of the British parliament, for quartering troops, designed, by military execution, to enforce the raising of a tribute

8thly. The extending the power of the Courts of ViceAdmiralty to so enormous a degree, as deprives the people in the colonies, in a great measure, of their ineftimable rights to trials by Juries; which has ever been juftly considered as the grand bulwark and security of English property.

This alone is fufficient to rouse our jealousy; and we are again obliged to take notice of the remarkable contrast, which the British parliament have been pleased to exbibit between the subje&s in Great-Britain and the colonies. In the same statute, by which they give-up to the decifion of one dependant interested Judge of Admiralty the estates and properties of the colonists, they expressly guard the estates and properties of the people of Great-Britain : for all forfeitures and penalties inflicted by the statute of the fourth of George the third, or any other act of parliament relative to the trade of the colonies, may be sued-for in any Court of Admiralty in the colonies; but all penalties and forfeitures which thall be incurred in Great-Britain, may


he sued-for in any of his Majesty's Courts of Record in Westminster, or in the Court of Exchequer in Scotland, respectively. Thus our birth-rights are taken from us; and that too with every mark of indignity, insult and contempt. We may be harassed and dragged from one part of the Continent to the other, (which fome of our brethren here and in the country-towns already have been) and finally be deprived of our whole property, by the arbitrary determination of one biassed, capricious, Judge of the Admiralty.

gthly. The restraining us from erecting fitting-mills for manufacturing our iron, the natural produce of this country, is an infringement of that right with which God and nature have invested us, to make use of our skill and industry in procuring the necessaries and conveniencies of life. And we look upon the restraint, laid upon the manufa&ture and transportation of bats, to be altogether unrea{onable and grievous. Although, by the charter, all havens, rivers, ports, waters, &c. are expressly granted the inhabitants of the province and their fucceffors, to their only proper use and behoof for ever, yet the British parliament passed an act, whereby they reftra in us from carrying our wool, the produce of our own farms, even over a ferry ; whereby the inhabitants have often been put to the expence of carrying a bag of wool near an hundred miles by land, when passing over a river or water of one quarter of a mile, of which the province are the absolute proprietors, would have prevented all that trouble.

10thly. The act passed in the last feffion of the British parliament, intituled, an att for the better preserving bis Majesty's Dock. Yurds, Magazines, Ships, Ammunition, and Storcs, is, as we apprehend, a violent infringement of our rights. By this act, any one of us may be taken from bis fanuily, and carried to any part of Great-Britain, thers


to be tried, whenever it shall be pretended that he has been concerned in burning or otherwise destroying any boat or veffel, or any materials for building, &c. any naval or victualling store, &c. belonging to his Majesty. For by this act all persons in the realm, or in any of the places thereto belonging (under which denomination we know the colonies are meant to be included) may be indicted or tried either in any county or fhire within this realm, in like manner and form as if the offence had been committed in laid county, as his Majesty and his successors may deem expedient. Thus we are not only deprived of our grand right to trial by our peers in the vicinity, but any person suspected, or pretended to be suspected, may be hurried to Great-Britain, to take his trial in any county the King or bis successors shall please to direct; where, innocent or guilty, he is in great danger of being condemned; and whether condemned or acquitted, he will probably be ruined by the expence attending the trial, and his long absence from his family and business; and we have the strongest reason to apprehend that we shall soon experience the fatal effects of this act, as about the year 1769, the British parliament passed resolves for taking-up a number of persons in the colonies and carrying them to GreatBritain for trial, pretending that they were authorised so to do, by a statute passed in the reign of Henry the Eighth, in which they say the colonies were included, although the act was passed long before any colonies were settled, or even in contemplation.

11thly. As our ancestors came-over to this country that they might not only enjoy their civil but their religious rights, and particularly desired to be freed from the prelates, who in those times cruelly persecuted all who differed in sentiment from the established church; we cannot see, without concern, the various attempts which have been made, and are now making, to establish an American episcopate. Our episcopal brethren of the colonies do enjoy, and rightfully ought ever to enjoy, the free exercise of their religion ; but, as an American episcopate is by no means essential to that free exercise of their religion, we cannot help tearing that they who are so warmly contendo ing for such an establishment, have views altogether inconsistent with the universal and peaceful enjoyment of our Christian privileges: and doing, or attempting to do, any thing which has even the remotest tendency to endanger this enjoyment, is justly looked-upon as a greatgrievance, and also an infringement of our rights; which is not barely to exercise, but peaceably and securely to enjoy, that liberty with which CHRIST hath made us free.


And we are further of opinion, that no power on earth can justly give either temporal_or_spiritual jurisdiction within this province, except the Great and General Court. We think therefore that every design for establishing the jurisdiction of a Bishop in this province, is a design both against our civil and religious rights : and we are well informed, that the more candid and judicious of our brethren of the Church of England, in this and the other colonies, both clergy and laiety, conceive of the establishing an American episcopate as being both unnecessary and unreasonable.

12thly. Another grievance under which we labour is, the frequent alteration of the bounds of the colonies by decisions before the King and Council, explanatory of former grants and charters. This not only subjects men to live under a constitution to which they have not consented, which in itself is a great grievance; but moreover, under colour that the right of soil is affected by such declarations, some Governours, or Ministers, or both in conjunction, have pretended to grant, in consequence of a Mandamus,


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many thousands of acres of vacant and appropriated lands near a century past, and rendered valuable by the labours of the present cultivators and their ancestors. There are very notable instances of settlers, who, having, first, purchased the foil of the natives, have, at confiderable expence, obtained confirmations of title from this province; and, on being transferred to the jurisdiction of the province of NewHampshire, have been put to the trouble and cost of a new grant, or confirmation, from thence; and, after all this, there has been a third declaration of the royal will, that they fhould thenceforth be considered as pertaining to the province of New-York. The troubles, expences, and dangers, which hundreds have been put-to on such occasions, cannot here be recited; but so much may be said, that they have been most cruelly harassed, and even threatened with & military force, to dragoon them into a compliance with the most unreasonable demands.

A LETTER of Correspondence to the other Towns.

Boston, November 20, 17720


WĖ, the freeholders and other inhabitants of Boston, ia town-meeting duly affembled, according to law, apprehending there is abundant reafon to be alarmed that the plan of Despotism, which the enemies of our invaluable rights have concerted, is rapidly hastening to a completion, can no longer conceal our impatience under a constant, un. remitted, uniform, aim to inslave us, or confide in an administration which threatens us with certain and inevitable



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