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their dominions, already have fhackled the courts of Vienna and
Petersburgh) will enflave all Europe.' And to mark the mean
and rapacious character of the Pruffians. they clear every
obftacle to over-run a new country, only because the oppofitions
thrown in their way are found weak, and incapable to resist them.'
After recapitulating the grievous treatment his country has
fuffered, he concludes the first volume in the language of a
Chriftian philofopher. In fo melancholy a fituation, nothing
remains (fays he) but to fubmit the juftice of our caufe to the
Almighty King; who, at this time, is arbitrator between us
and our enemies, and who has fignified his judgment in dividing
the people who delight in war. However, there ftill continues
with us a king moft worthy of a crown, upon whom the all-
powerful hand of God was manifefted in a visible manner upon
that horrid night, the 3d Nov. 1771, to make known to the
world a power that can and will, one day or other, restore to
perfect happiness a nation now funk into ruin; or, in other
He then roufes, and with patriotic fire, challenges his coun-
trymen to shine out in fpite of the cloud that overshadows them,
that the world may view the Poles in their distinguishable
character, Let us (fays he) give a ftriking proof to all Europe
what this nation, by nature brave and free, is capable of atchiev-
ing under the aufpices of a prince, wife in himself, and beloved
by his people; then mark the difference between the ardour of
martial generofity, facrificing their lives and fortunes in fighting
for the liberty of their country; and those low, vile, and merce
nary wretches who have fo wantonly and fo unworthily oppreffedit.
The fecond volume is intended to prove the invalidity of
those claims fet up by the three powerful copartners with re-
spect to many provinces belonging to the republick. In
his endeavours to refute the pretended rights of the court of
Vienna, he has recourfe, as before, to hiftory; in which many
anecdotes appear, that may be interefting to those particular
people who have, from fympathy or attachment, made themselves
parties in their unnatural broils. This volume throughout runs
into thofe kinds of evidences or proofs which treaties, confede-
racies, &c. authorife. Our hiftoriographer, in his inquiries into
the state of the different diftricts of Halicz, Wlodzimirz, Owiet-
zim, Zator, Podolia, and Leffer Ruffia, &c. muft afford inform-
ation, more particularly as those countries are not generally
known; and may perhaps make an opening, through which
fome important fecrets may be difcovered, not before perfectly
understood by our minifterial guardians.
For a more extended idea of the present ftate of Poland, we
muft refer the reader not only to the work before us at large,
but to the fpirited and affecting letters on that subject; of which
ample accounts are given in our 47th and 48th volumes.
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, fee the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
For the remarkable Paffages in the Foreign Articles, fee the
Second Alphabet of this Index, in the latter Part of the Sheet.
AIR, fixed, its nature and qualities,
138. Nitrous, its properties, 141. Cu-
rious experiments on the different kinds
of air, 147. Factitious, or alcaline air,
new (pecies of, 361. Experiments on,
ib.367. Difcourfe on, by Sir John
ALBEMARLE, late Ld. his character, 30.
AMERICA, North, contefts with Gr.
Britain, Bp. of St. Afaph's fentiments
relating to, 70. Various tracts rela-
tive to the controverfy, 71, 148, 390.
Mr. Dickenfon's effay on the conftitu-
tional power of Gr. Britain over the
colonies, ib. More tracts on the fub-
ject, 474, et feq.
-South, little known to the Europeans,
409. Obf. on the maps of, 410-412.
Descriptions of fome parts of, and par-
ticular productions, 413, et feq.
AMERICANS, their ingratitude to Gr.
ANACREONTIC, to a lady, 95.
ANGLO-SAXONS, their great attention to
the ladies, 106. Severity of their laws
againft adultery, ib. Their great mo-
defty of behaviour toward women, 107.
ANNE, Queen. See STATUTE.
ANTA, A Patagonian deer, described, 416.
ANTIMONY, dangers attending the me-
dicinal ufe of, 397-
ARABIAN elegy, in Latin and Engl. 22.
ARMY, ftanding, arguments against, 353.
The great inftrument foe enflaving a
ARTHUR'S feat, a poem, extract from,
ARTISTS, Comparative view of their ge-
neral merit, with that of authors, in
the eftimation of the public, 277.
APP. Rev. Vol, li.
BANKS, Mr. his defcript, of Staffa, 454.
BARRINGTON, Hon. Daines, his exper.
on the finging of birds, 226. His cor
rection of fome mistakes made in orni
thology, 230. His account of the Gil
laroo trout, 376.
BASALTES. See STAFFA.
BATH, late Earl of, his character, 32.
BIRDS, new exper, and obf, on their fing-
BLACK-LEAD, its nature and properties,
and whence procured, 110.
BLACKSTONE, Judge, his opinion in
fupport of the common-law right of
literary copies, 83. On the question of
perpetuity, 88. His opinion of the
BLOOD, obf. and difcoveries relating to
fufficiency of the King's revenue, 347-
the compofition and figure of its glow
inquiry into the moving powers
employed in the circulation of, 399.
BOUGAINVILLE, Monf. his policy, with
refpect to Falkland's Islands, 415.
BOUNTIES, public advantages of, 113.
BRIBERY, fenatorial, fatal effects of,
BRITAIN, her great natural and com-
mercial advantages not yet exhausted,
112. Great room fill left for farther
improvements, ib. The greatness of
her empire a proof of the excellence of
her conftitution, 117.
BRITONS, ancient, lefs rude and igno-
rant than they are generally supposed,
BRUNNE, Robert de, extracts from his
Metrical Chronicle, 53-58.
BURGH-CASTLE, the icite of the ancient
BUTZ, Ifle of, defcribed, 452. Its pro-
Earl of, charged with borrowing his
politics from Bolingbroke, 479. Art.
AMPBELL, Dr. his Political Survey
of Britain commended, 14, 119.
CAPE Nichola, great progrefs in trade
made by the French there, 438.
-CAVE, wonderful one, in the life of Staf-
fa defcribed, 456.
CAVERNS, fuperftitious regard paid to by
the ancients, 420.
COLUMNS, natural, of the Giant's Caufe
way and Staffa defcribed, 454-458.
CORDILLERA, in South America, fome
account of, 413.
COURT, corrupt influence of, its fatal
CYCLOPES, explained, 430,
CLEGG, Mr. his experiments on lime
and lime-water, 378.
CLERGY, plan for the ftudies of 317.
CLOCK WORK, Marine, oblervations on,
119. Mr. Berthoud's Improvements
in, fimilar to Mr. Harrifon's, 120.
COLONIES (See AMERICA) Dr. John-
fon's cenfure of the claims of the colo-
nies, refpecting liberty, &c. 301. De-
fended with respect to their enflaving
the negroes, 324. Taxa ion cf, un-
justifiable, 350. Brief retrofpective
view of our parliamentary claims of
power over the colonies, 390. Those
claims impracticable, 393.
right of reprefentation in the Brin
parliament canvailed, 476.
ordinary propofal to his parliament for
fettling his kingdom on a fon of Ed-
ward III. of England, 39.
Dr Luc, Mr. his account of a new by.
grometer, 224. His rule for meafuring
heights by the barometer, 377.
DEVIL, printer's, droll poetical picture
DEUTERONOMY, reflections on the ge
neral defign of that book, 265.
DIALOGUE, between a father and his
DIALOGUES, of the dead, by Lord Lyt-
telton, poft bumous, 442.
DIEQUEMARE, Ablé, his natural hif-
tory of the fea-anemony, 228.
D'OYLEY, Governor, his wife conduct,
and bravery, 132.
DRAMA, rude and fimple beginnings of,
in England, 59-
DRUIDS, of Britain, conjectures relative
CAYMANA, Iles, account of, 434.
CEMENT, that used in the Greek and
Roman buildings, re-discovered, 185.
CHATELLUR, Monf. de, his advanta-
geous character, as a writer, and a matt,
CHESTERFIELD, Lord, his letter to
Voltaire, 24. To his for, at Berlin,
commending him to Voltaire, 26.
Another letter to the fame, on the fame
abject, 28. His Lordship's maxims,
ib. His character of Lord Albemarle,
30. Of the D. of Newcastle, 31. Of to their temples, 104.
Sir Wm. Young, ib. Of Mr. Pelham,
32. Of Lord Bath, ib. Of Louis XV.
b. Of Madame Maintenon, ib. Apo- Ein, the most probable methods for
AST-INDIES, British, fettlements
Egy for his letters, 33.
CHINESE, their methods of improving
their lakes and meres, 16.
retaining and improving them, 116,
EAST INDIA-COMPANY, general view
of its prefent fituation, 156.
EDUCATION, English, uncommon plan
of, 255, 406,
EGYPT, one of the first or earliest of the
great kingdoms of antiquity, 181.
ELECTRIC-RODS, whether pointed or
blunt, to be preferred, 373. Experi
ments relative to, ib. Farther obt. on,
to, 367. Experiments in, fee NAIRNS,
ABLE of the two Bees, 99. Of the
FALKLAND'S lflands, unfavourable ac-
Count of, 415. Sale of, by the French,
to the King of Spain, ib.
FERGUSON, Mr. his account of the
quantities of light afforded by the fun
to the feveral planets, 319.
FETE CHAMPETRE, introduced at Dru-
ry-Lane playhouse, 466.
FEVERS, putrid, remedy for, 43.
FINGAL's Cave defcribed, 456.
FIRE, ancient worship of, once almoft
univerfal, 417, et feq.
FLODDEN, battle of, many circumstances
of, recorded in an old poem, 334.
FRANKLIN, Dr. Benjamin, encomium
ARIANONUM, a Roman ftation,
where fituated, 309.
GENESIS, fummary view of the book of,
264. Criticifm on fome paffages in,
GIANT's Causeway, in Ireland, paralleled
in the Hebrides, 454.
GLASS. See MAGNESIA.
GLOVER, Mr. his reprefentation of the
ftate of the linen trade in Scotland
GOVERNORS, provincial, their natural
tendency toward tyranny, 130.
GRETRY, Mr. his mufic praised, 384.
GUY, Earl of Warwick, his expedition
into the Soldan's camp, from the old
Metrical Chronicle, 58.
GYPSIES, a fpecies of vagrants not to
be tolerated, 47. Poetical account of,
AMILTON, Sir W. his relation of
fome curious effects of a thunder-
ftorm at Naples, 214.
AMLET, of Shakespeare, his charac-
ter philosophically analysed, 10.
HARRISON, Mr. his ingenious improve-
ments in clock-work, 127. A publi-
cation of them recommended, as due to
the munificence of his country, ib.
Parallel between his character and that
of Mr. Hooke, ib,
HEALTHS, origin of the custom of drink.
HEBREW, of the Holy Scriptures, me-
thod of discovering and removing the
many corruptions in, 167. State of,
in Dr. Bailey's edition, 261.
HEERIDES, Mr. Pennant's account of,
HECUBA, of Euripides, fpecimen of an
intended new tranflation of, 20.
HELLADIANS, obf. on them, and other
Grecian writers, 179.
HENLY, Mr. his electrical experiments,
HENRIAD, of Voltaire, praised, 26.
HEWSON, Mr. his anatomical discove
HIGHLANDERS, of Scotland, their fud-
ries refpecting the blood, 330.
den and total change of manners and
morals, 459. Curious prayer of one of
HIGH-PLACES, appropriated by the an-
their old plundering chieftains, ib.
HOADLY, Bishop, encomiums on, 195,
cients for public worship, 421.
197. His opinion of Berkeley and his
minute philofopher, 198. His whole
works collected, and lift of contents,
199. Akenfide's ode to the Bishop,
HooKE, Mr. his mechanical character
HOLINESS, general definition of, 270.
and conduct compared with Mr. Harri-
HOOPING-COUGH. See KINKCOUGH,
HORACE, criticism on a paffage in, 284.
HORSLEY, his paper in the Phil. Tranf
actions, on meafuring heights by the
HORTUS MALABARICUS, great merit
of that work, 244.
HOSEA, comment on fome paffages in,
HUNTER, Dr. charged with ill treating
Dr. Rowley, 395.
HYGROMETER, new-invented one, 224.
on the credulity of the ruftic laffes, &c.
AMAICA, curious particulars relative
to, 129-136, 431-439. Trade of,
how to be improved, ib.
JAMES VI. King of Scots, his arbitrary
warrant for a capital punishment, 40.
IDYLLION, to a lady, 95.
JEREMIAH, Critical comment on feveral
paflages in, 271.
JONES, Mr. his commentaries on the
Afiatic poetry commended, 21. Spe.
cimens of his tranflations of, into La-
tin, 22. English verfion of, 23.
ISAIAH, book of, critical obf. on fome
parts of, 267, 270.
ISLAND, natural fituation of, why pre-
ferable to that of a continent, 15.
ISLES, Scottish, our national inattention
to them cenfured, 18. Their natural
importance to Great Britain, 19.
JURIES, eftablishment of, in England,
derived from the Danes, 109.
JUSTICE of the Peace, first appointment
of, poetically recited, 45.
Juftice's Hall defcribed, 46. Moral cha-
racter of a country justice, 47.
KAMES, Lord, his arguments against
literary property, 93.
KINKCOUGH, Dr. Burton's method of
curing, 44 Confirmed, 45.
Dr. Butter's theory of,
and method of cure, animadverted on,
KINGS, book ii. chap. xiv. ver. 26.
Shut up, &c. comment on, 270.
'AKES, and Meres, methods fug.
gefted for the improvement of, 16.
LAMBE, Mr. his edition of an old hifto-
ric poem on the battle of Floddon, 333.
LANGUAGE, critical, obf. on the har
mony of, 304.
LETTERS, from Lord Lyttelton to his
father, 444. To Mr. Bower, ib.
LEPRA ICHTIOsis, remedy for, 43.
LEVERPOOL, town of, its vaft increase
within the last 200 years, 232.
parative state of its inhabitants, with
thole of fome other great towns, ib.
Progress of commerce in, 233.
Society there for the en-
couragement of painting, &c. verfes in
praife of, 482.
LEVITICUS, chap. xix. ver. 2. com.
ment on, 270.
LIME. Sec CLEGG.
LINEN-TRADE, its decline in Scotland,
152. Caufes of, 153, Remecies pro-
LITERARY PROPERTY, law questions
relative to, 82. Judge Willes's opi-
nion, 83. Judge Brackstone's, ib.
Judge Afton's, 84. Judge Yates's. 85.
Lord Mansfield's, 87. Curfory obf.
on Judge Yates's opinion, 89. Lord
Kames's opinion, 90. Lord Monbod.
do's, 91. Arguments against the ex-
pediency of allowing perpetual literary
property, 93. Lord Kames's opinion,
ib. Lord Coalfton's, ib. Lord Ar-
nitton's, 94. Pleadings of the counfel
in this caufe, before the Lords, 202.
Mr. Thurlow's argument against the
common-law right, 204. Judge Per-
rot's, ib. Lord Camden's, ib. Mr.
Dunning's on the other fide, 205. Sir
John Dalrymple against the perpetuity,
ib. Lord Camden again, 206. Baron
Perrot again, 207. Mr. Wedderborne,
Lord Lyttelton, 208. Mr. Har-
grave's ingenious treatise on the subject,
209. Mrs. Macaulay's Plea in defence
of, 272. Dr. Enfield's liberal argu-
ments for, 357.
LITURGY, English controverfy relating
Love of our country, in what respects
truly laudable, 16.
the philofophy of that passion, 311.
Louis XV. Lord Chesterfield's account
of his character, 32.
LUDLow, defcription of, 444.
LYTTELTON, Lord, his great character,
AGNESIA, controverfy concerning
the different preparations of, by
Glafs, and by Henry, 286.
MAID of the Oaks, character of that play,
Extracts from, 465.
MAINTENON, Mad. her letters charac-
terized, 32. Her duplicity of conduct
with regard to her Confeffer, and to her
private connexion with the King, 33.
MALACHI, obf, with respect to the time
of his prophecy, 267.
MANSFIELD, Lord, his opinion in fa-
vour of literary property, 87.
MARMONTEL, his excellent character,
MARTIAL, criticism on a paffage in,
MAUPERTUIs, Monf. Lord Chefter.
field's favourable opinion of, 27.
MILTON, Lord Chefterfield's cenfure of,
MINSTREL, extracts from that beauti
ful poem, 190.
MORGAN, Sir Henry, Governor of Ja-
maica, sketch of his life and adminif
MONBODDO, Lord, his arguments in de-
fence of literary property, 91.
MONTAGU, Mrs. poetical encomium on
MOORE, Sir Henry, Governor of Ja-
maica, sketch of his hiftory, and re
fpectable character, 131.
Music, its connexion with poetry, 306.
Union of thefe arts in France, 384.