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2209. Index animi sermo. (L.) Law Max.— Words are the

index or interpretation of the intention. The meaning of an Act of Parliament is best explained by the direct

words of its framers. 2210. Index expurgatorius. (L.)-An expurgatory index. A cata

logue of books which the Catholic Church prohibits the faithful from reading, published on the doors of one of

the churches at Rome.
2211. Indica tigris agit rabida cum tigride pacem

Perpetuam : sævis inter se convenit ursis.
Ast homini ferrum letale incude nefanda
Produxisse parum est.

(L.) Juv. 15, 163.
The Indian tiger bears no hate,
But keeps truce with its savage mate :
E'en fiercely-ranging bears agree
To live in general amity :
But man on anvils all abhorred,

Is not afraid to forge the sword. -Ed. 2212. In dictione, and Extra dictionem. (L.) Log. T.-Falla

cies contained in the words of a proposition, or in the
matter of it.
If you argue from the distressed state of a country that the govern-
ment is tyrannical, you assume, either that “every country under
a tyranny is distressed' '-a fallacy in dictione, being false in the
mere words of it; or that “every distressed country is under a
tyranny,” which wonld be referred to the head of extra dictionem

(Whately, Logic, 105). 2213. Indictum sit. (L.)-Let it be unsaid. I withdraw the

words; an apology or retractation. 2214. In die Hölle kommt man mit grosser Mühe, als in den

Himmel. (G.) Prov.-It is a greater toil to get to Hell,

than to Heaven. 2215. In diem. (L.) Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 48.-To a future day.

Indefinitely: same as sine die, without any further day being fixed. (2.) In diem vivere. Cic. de Or, 2, 40, 169.—To live for the day. Regardless of the future ; hand to mouth. (3.) De die in diem.From day to

day; continuously. 2216. Indigna digna habenda sunt hæres quæ facit. (L.) Plaut.

Capt. 2, 1, 6.Unbecoming acts are to be accounted as

becoming if done by the master. 2217. Indigne vivit per quem non vivit alter. (L.)!-He lives

an unworthy life, who does not help another to live.

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2218. Indignor quidquam reprehendi, non quia crasse Compositum, illepideve putetur, sed quia nuper.

(L.) Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 76. I chafe to hear a poem called third-rate

Not as ill-written, but as written late.-Conington. 2219. Indocilis pauperiem pati. (L.) Hor. C. 1, 1, 18.One

that cannot learn (has never learnt) to endure poverty.

Motto of the Merchants of Bristol. 2220. Indocilis privata loqui. (L.) Lucan. 5, 539.-Incapable

of divulging secrets. 2221. Indocti discant, et ament meminisse periti. (L.)Let the

ignorant learn, and the learned take pleasure in refreshing their recollection. Trans. by President Hénault (Abrégé Chronologique, 1749) of Pope (Essay on Criticism) :

Content, if hence th' unlearn'd their wants may view,

The learned reflect on what before they knew. 2222. Indole pro quanta juvenis, quantumque daturus

Ausoniæ populis ventura in sæcula civem !
Ille super Gangen, super exauditus et Indos
Implebit terras voce, et furialia bella
Fulmine compescet linguæ, nec deinde relinquet
Par decus eloquio cuiquam sperare nepotum.

(L.) Sil. 8, 408.
What youthful genius, what a nighty name
To add t'Ausonia's crowded scroll of fame!
He beyond Ind and Ganges shall be heard,
And fill the countries with his voice and word;
Repressing wars of cruelty and wrong
By the mere lightning of his vivid tongue :
Nor may posterity hope in ages hence

To match the splendour of his eloquence. — Ed.
The lines were quoted by Mr Burke (speech on the India Bill,
1783), applying them to Mr Fox, the minister in charge of the


2223. In dubiis benigniora semper sunt præferenda. (L.) Law

Max.In doubtful cases we should always lean to the

side of mercy.

2224. In eo quod plus sit, semper inest et minus. (L.) Law

Max. —That which contains the greater, always contains

the less. 2225. In esse. (L.)-In being, actually existing. Opposed to in

posse, in possible being. Possible, but not actually the

Present, and future.


2226. Inest et formicæ sua bilis. (L.) ? Even the ant has spleen

of its own. A worm will turn. 2227. Inest sua gratia parvis. (L.) ?- Even trifles have their

peculiar charm. 2228. Inest virtus, et mens interrita lethi. (L.) Ov. M. 10,

616.- A valiant soul, a heart unterrified by death. 2229. Inexpiabilis culpa discordiæ nec passione purgatur. Esse

martyr non potest qui in ecclesia non est. .. Occidi talis potest, coronari non potest. (L.) S. Cyprian de Unitate, 12.

No Martyrs out of the Church. The inexpiable sin of schism is not done away with even by suffer. ing. No one can be a martyr who is not in the Church.

Such an one may be slain, but crowned he cannot be. 2230. In extenso. (L.)-In full. Said of written or printed

records. B's speech was given in extenso in the Morning

Post. 2231. Infandum, regina, jubes renovare dolorem.

(L.) Virg. A. 2, 3. Too cruel, lady, is the pain

You bid me thus revive again. -Conington.
Spoken by Æneas, when Dido desired him to relate to

her the history of the destruction of Troy. 2232. Infecta pace. (L.) Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 8.-Without having effected a peace.

The situation of the enemies (the quarrel, etc.) remains as it was. 2233. Infelix operam perdas ; ut si quis asellum In cainpo doceat parentem currere frænis.

(L.) Hor. S. 1, 1, 90. 'Twere but lost labour, as if one should train

A donkey for the course by bit and rein.- Conington. 2234. In ferrum pro libertate ruebant. (L.)To preserve their

liberty they rushed upon the sword. Motto of the Earl

of Leicester. 2235. Inflatum plenumque Nerone Propinquo. (L.) Juv. 8, 72.

-Full to bursting of his relation, Nero. Of any who

talk much of their smart relations. 2236. In flagranti delicto. (L.)- In the very commission of the

offence. He was taken in flagranti delicto, in the act. 2237. In flammam flammas, in mare fundis aquas. (L.) Ov.?

- You are adding fire to flames, and water to the sea.

2238. In forma pauperis. (L.)In the condition of a poor man.

As a pauper.

2239. In foro conscientiæ. (L.)In the court of conscience. Ac

cording to the conviction of one's own conscience, as to what is just and equitable. (2.) In foro domestico.In the domestic court. In private : at home. Both being opposed to (3.) In foro externo.- In the external or

public court. 2240. Infra dignitatem, or infra dig. (L.)-Beneath one's dignity 2241. In furias ignemque ruunt; amor omnibus idem.

(L.) Virg. G. 3, 244. They rush into the flame, For love is lord of all, and is in all the same. -Dryden. 2242. In futuro. (L.)For a future time. 2243. Ingeminant curæ, rursusque resurgens Sævit amor, magnoque irarum fluctuat æstu.

(L.) Virg. A. 4, 531 Her cares redouble, blow on blow; Love storms, and tossing to and fro

With billowy passion heaves. -Conington. 2244. Ingenii dotes corporis adde bonis. (L.) Ov. A. A. 2, 112.

-Add the endowments of the mind to the charms of your

2245. Ingeniis patuit campus, certusque merenti
Stat favor: ornatur propriis industria donis.

(L.) Claud. Cons. Mall. 262.
Fair Field and no Favour.
The field is free to talent; merit's sure
Of its applause, and industry is crowned

With the reward that's due to its own pains. -Ed. 2246. Ingenio facies conciliante placet. (L.) Ov. Med. Fac. 44.

—The face pleases, if the disposition charms. 2247. Ingeniorum cos æmulatio. (L.) Rivalry (or Competition)

is the whetstone of genius. 2248. Ingenium cui sit, cui mens divinior, atque os Magna sonaturum, des nominis bujus honorem.

(L.) Hor. S. 1, 4, 43.

The Poet.
No, keep that name for genius, for a soul
Of Heav'n's own fire, for words that grandly roll. -Conington.

2249. Ingenium mala sæpe movent. (L.) Ov. A. A. 2, 43.

Misfortune often quickens genius.
Cf. Sed convivatoris, uti ducis, ingenium res

Adversæ nudare solent, celare secundæ. Hor. S. 2, 8, 73.
Good fortune hides, adversity brings forth

A host's resources, and a general's worth.– Francis. 2250. Ingenium par materiæ. (L.) Juv. 1, 151.-—Talents equal

to the subject. 2251. Ingens telum necessitas. (L.) Sen. ?-Necessity is a

powerful weapon. 2252. Ingentem foribus domus alta superbis

Mane salutantum totis vomit ædibus undam. (L.) Virg. G. 2, 461.The stately palace with its superb portals pours forth from every part of the building an immense stream of people, who have been paying their

morning homage. 2253. Ingentes animos angusto in corpore versant. (L.) Virg.

G. 4, 83.—A mighty spirit fills that little frame. True

of Alexander and Napoleon I., both men of short stature. 2254. Ingentes dominos, et claræ nomina famæ,

Illustrique graves nobilitate domos
Devita, et longe cautus fuge: contrahe vela

Et te littoribus cymba propinqua vehat. (L.) -- Avoid and carefully eschew great lords, titles of great fame, and the houses of the illustrious and dignified nobility. Shorten

sail, and let your bark keep nearer to the shore. 2255. Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes

Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros. (L.) Ov. Ep. 2, 9, 47.—A careful study of the liberal arts refines the

manners, and prevents their becoming rude. 2256. Inglese Italianizato, Diavolo incarnato. (It.) Prov.-An

Italianised Englishman is a devil incarnate. 2257. Ingratus. (L.) Ungrateful. Sayings respecting Ingra

titude :
(1.) Ingratus est qui beneficium accepisse se negat, quod accepit:
ingratus est qui dissimulat: ingratus, qui non reddit: ingratis.
simus omnium, qui oblitus est. Sen. Ben, 3, 1.-He is ungrateful
who denies that he has received the kindness shown him : he is
ungrateful who hides the fact : he is ungrateful who does not return
the favour : he, most of all, who has forgotten the whole matter.
(2.) Dixeris maledicta cuncta, quum ingratum hominem dixeris.
Pub. Syr. ?-If you say a man is ungrateful, you can call him no

(3.) Ingratus est qui remotis arbitris agit gratiam.

worse name.

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