Page images

1795. Gedanken sind zollfrei, aber nicht Höllenfrei.

(G.) Prov. - Thoughts are toll free, but not Hell-free. 1796. Geheimnissvoll am lichten Tag

Lässt sich Natur des schleiers nicht berauben,
Und was sie deinem Geist nicht offenbaren mag,
Das zwingst du ihr nicht ab mit Hebeln und mit

Schrauben. (G.) Goethe, Faust. - Mysterious in fullest daylight, Nature will not let herself be robbed of her veil; and what she does not choose to reveal to thy spirit, thou wilt not force from her by hammer and


1797. Γέλως άκαιρος έν βροτοίς δείνον κακόν. (Gr) Menand.

Monost. 88. Ill-timed laughter in men is a terrible

evil. 1798. Genius loci. (L.)The Genius of the spot.

Thus Æneas invokes the G. L. on landing in Italy (A. 7, 136). Applicable to the memories of any illustrious dead supposed to haunt their former homes. In this way the g. l. would attend the visiter to such places as Stratford-on-Avon, Rydal, Olney, Ferney,

Weimar, and Newstead. 1799. Genus immortale manet, multosque per annos Stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum.

(L.) Virg. 94, 208. In endless line the fortunes of the race

Go back for years and grandsires' grandsires trace.- Ed. Motto of Addison's paper (Spectator 72) on the Everlasting Club of 100 members who relieve each other, one always being in attend.

Borrowed from the above is the Stet fortuna domus (May the fortunes of the house stand firm), often given as a toast or

sentiment. 1800. Benutzt den Augenblick. (G.)-Use the present moment.

Favourite maxim of Goethe. 1801. Gigni pariter cum corpore, et una Crescere sentimus pariterque senescere mentem.

(L.) Lucret. 3, 446. Body and mind are born together, we perceive

Their mutual growth, and their conjoint decay.-Ed. 1802. Gleich und Gleich gesellt sich gern, sprach der Teufel zum

Köbler. (G.) Prov.Like and like go well together, as

the Devil said to the Charcoal-burner. 1803. Gli uomini banno gli anni che sentono, e le donne quelli

che mostrano. (It.) Prov.-Men are as old as they feel, and women as old as they look.


1804. Gloria virtutis umbra. (L.)Glory is the shadow (com

panion) of virtue. Motto of Earl of Longford. 1805. Gott macht gesund, und der Doktor kriegt das Geld.

(G.) Prov.God makes us well, and the Doctor gets the

money. 1806. Got mit uns. (G.)God with us. Motto of the King of

Prussia. 1807. Gradu diverso, via una. (L.)-Different steps but the same

way. Motto of Lord Calthorp. 1808. Græcia capta ferum victorem cepit, et artes

Intulit agresti Latio. (L.) Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156.

Greece, conquered Greece her conqueror subdued,

And Rome grew polished, who till then was rude. — Conington. 1809. Græcia Mæonidem, jactat sibi Roma Maronem Anglia Miltonum jactat utrique parem.

(L.) Selvaggi ad Joan. Miltonum. Greece boasts her Homer, Rome can Virgil claim ;

England can either match in Milton's fame.-Ed. 1810. Græculus esuriens ad cælum jusseris, ibit. (L.) Juv. 3, 78.

All trades his own the hungry Greekling counts,

And bid him mount the sky, the sky he mounts.Gifford. 1811. Græcum est, non potest legi. (L.) Franc. Accursius,

13th cent.It is Greek, it cannot be read.
The origin of the Boar's head served every Christmas at Queen's
College, Oxon., is traced to a remote period, when a scholar of the
College, encountering a wild boar in Bagley Wood, thrust the
volume of Aristotle which he was reading into the savage brute's
jaws, crying out, “Græcum est l”and so both choked his assailant,

and saved his own life. 1812. Gram : loquitur, Dia : verba docet, Rhe : verba colorat,

Mus : canit, Ar:numerat, Geo : ponderat, As : colit astra.
(L.)Grammar teaches us correct speech, Logic the proper
use of words, Rhetoric ornaments them. Music sinys,
Arithmetic reckons, Geometry measures, Astronomy is oc-
cupied with the stars. These two mediæval lines give,
the former the Trivium, and the latter the Quadrivium
of old scholastic learning.
Cf. The seven points of knightly education contained in the fol.

Probitates hæ sunt : equitare, natare, sagittare,
Cestibus certare, aucupare, scacis ludere, versificare. The
honourable arts are these : to ride, swim, shoot, box, hawk,
play at chess, and write verscs.

1813. Grammatici certant et adhuc sub judice lis est. (L.) Hor.

A. P. 75.The grammarians are at variance, and the controversy is still undetermined. The question alluded

to here was, who invented Elegiac verse? 1814. Grammaticus Rhetor Geometres Pictor Aliptes Augur Schænobates Medicus Magus—omnia novit.

(L.) Juv. 3, 76.
Grammarian, Orator and Geometrician,
Painter, Gymnastic-teacher and Physician,

Augur, Ropedancer, Conjuror-he was all. -- Ed.
Cf. Dryden, Abs. and Ach. 1, 545 :

A man so various, that he seemed to be
Not one, but all mankind's epitome:
Was everything by starts, and nothing long,
But in the course of one revolving moon,

Was Chymist, Fiddler, Statesman, and Buffoon. 1815. Grandescunt aucta labore. (L.)They grow by increase of

toil. Motto of Lord Heytesbury. 1816. Gratia placendi. (L.)The pleasure of pleasing. 1817. Gratis. (L.) Free of cost. To boot. Into the bargain.

For nothing. (2.) Gratis dictum.—A gratuitous remark.
Irrelevant. (3.) Gratis asseritur.—It is asserted but

not proved.
1818. Gratum est quod patriæ civem populoque dedisti,

Si facis ut patriæ sit idoneus, utilis agris.
Utilis et bellorum et pacis rebus agendis. (L.) Juv. 14,
170.—You deserve our thanks for presenting the country
and nation with another citizen, provided that he grow
up of service to the state and her possessions, useful in

transacting the affairs of war and peace. 1819. Grave pondus illum, magna nobilitas, premit.

(L.) Sen. Troad. 492. The new Peer. A heavy burden on his back doth lie,

Th' oppressive sense of his nobility.Ed. 1820. Grave virus Munditiæ pepulere. (L.) Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 158

- Elegance has expelled the lingering barbarism, lit. “ the

noxious poison.” 1821. Gravis ira regum est semper. (L.) Sen. Med. 494.—The

anger of kings is always heavy.

1822. Gravissimum est imperium consuetudinis. (L.)?The

empire of fashion (or habit) is mighty. 1823. Grex totus in agris Unius scabie cadit. (L.) Juv. 2, 79.

The entire flock dies in the fields of the disease introduced

by one. 1824. Grosse Leidenschaften sind Krankheiten ohne Hoffnung;

was sie heilen könnte, macht sie erst recht gefährlich. (G. Goethe, Sprüche.—Great passions are incurable diseases ; what would heal them is precisely that which

makes them so dangerous. 1825. Grosse Seelen dulden still. (G.) Schill. D. Carlos, 4.

Great souls suffer in silence. 1826. Guardalo ben, guardalo tutto,

L'uom senza danar quanto è brutto. (It.) - Watch him well,

watch him closely, the man without money, how vile he is ! 1827. Guardati dall' occasione, e ti guarderà

Dio da peccati. (It.) Prov.-Keep yourself from oppor

tunities (of sinning) and God will keep you from sins. 1828. Guerra al cuchillo. (Sp.)– War to the knife! Byron, Ch.

Harold, 1, 86, gives the reply of Palafox, Governor of Saragoza, when summoned to surrender by the French in 1808:

“War, war is still the cry, war even to the knife !" 1829. Guerre à l'outrance. (Fr.) - War of exterminationno

quarter given or taken. Similar to preceding quotation. 1830. Guerre aux châteaux, Paix aux chaumières ! (Fr.)-War

to the Castles, Peace to the Cottages !
This was a cry of the First French Revolution. Berchoux gave
the fierce denunciation a humorous turn by adding,


dans ces dernières Le pillage serait sans prix.

Ep. Pol. et Galante à Euphrosine de N. 1831. Γυναικός αιχμα πρέπει

Προ του φανέντος χάριν ξυναινέσαι. (Gr.) Esch. Ag. 483.-It is natural to a woman's spirit to praise a kind

ness before it is shown. 1832. Γυναικός ουδε χρημανήρ ληίζεται

'Εσθλης άμεινον, ουδε ρίγιον κακής. (Gr.) Simonid. Iamb. 7.-A man cannot have a better possession than a good uife, nor a more miserable than a bad one.

1833. Gutes und Böses kommt unerwartet dem Menschen;

Auch verkündet, glauben wir's nicht. (G.) Goethe,
Faust.- Good and evil come unerpected to man; even if

foretold we believe it not. 1834. Gut Gewissen ist ein sanftes Ruhekissen. (G.) Prov.

A good conscience is a soft pillow.
1835. Gutta cavat lapidem, consumitur annulus usu
Et teritur pressa vomer aduncus humo.

(L.) Ov. Ep. 4, 10, 5.
All things decay with time.
Water will hollow stone ; rings wear with use :
And friction will the bent ploughshare reduce. — Ed.

H. 1836. Habeas corpus. (L.) Law Term. — You may have the

Title of a writ directed by Courts of Law or Equity, to produce a
person illegally detained, and to state the reasons for such deten-
tion, so that the Court may judge of their sufficiency. This pro-
tection of personal liberty was first enunciated in Magna Charta,
and afterwards established by the Habeas Corpus Act of Charles II.
There are several kinds of this writ. H. C. ad respondendum is
issued by a Common-law Court to bring up a prisoner in order to
charge him with a new action in a Court above. H. C. ad satis.
faciendum is a similar writ to take the prisoner in execution for
another cause of action. H. C. ad testi ficandum is the writ by
which a prisoner is brought up to give ev in a Court of

Justice. 1837. Habeas, ut nactus : nota mala res optuma 'st. (L.) Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 25.--Keep what you've got.

The evil that we know is the better of the two. So Shakesp. Haml. 3, 1, says:

Rather bear those ills we have,

Than fly to others that we know not of. 1838. Habemus luxuriam atque avaritiam, publice egestatem,

privatim opulentiam. (L.) Sall. c. 52, 22.- We have luxury and avarice, public want, private opulence. Description of Rome by the younger Cato in the last days

of the Republic. 1839. Habemus optimum testem confitentem reum, or Habemus

confitentem reum. (L.) Law Max.- We have the best possible witness in the confession of the accused, or We have his own confession of the act.

« PreviousContinue »