Page images

A writ of dedimus potestatem is also issued out of Chancery, when a new name is inserted in the commission of the peace, directing an acting justice to swear

him in. 1008. Dedimus tot pignora fatis. (L.) Luc. 7, 662.-We have

given so many hostages to fortune. 1009. Dediscit animus sero quod didicit diù. (L.) Sen. Troad.

631.—The mind is slow to unlearn anything it has been learning long. The difficulty of eradicating ideas or pre

judices early instilled. 1010. Dedit hanc contagio labem

Et dabit in plures. (L.) Juv. 2, 78.Contagion has spread this pollution and will spread it much further.

Said of the contagious effect of immoral habits. 1011. De facto. (L.)-In point of fact. Usually opposed to de

jure, by law or by right. Thus William and Mary were said to be the de facto, and James II. and III. the de

jure, sovereigns of England by the non-juring party. 1012. Defectio virium adolescentium vitiis efficitur sæpius quam

senectutis. (L.) Cic. Sen. 9, 29.Decay of strength is more commonly the result of youthful excesses than any

real fault in old age itself. 1013. Defendamus. (L.)-Let us defend. Motto of town of

Taunton. 1014. Defendit numerus junctæque umbone phalanges. (L.) Juv.

2, 46.— Their numbers protect them and their serried

lines, joined shield to shield. 1015. Deforme est etiam, de se ipsum prædicare, falsa præsertim.

(L.) Cic. Off. 1, 38, 137.--It is unseemly for any one to

boast about himself, more especially when it is untrue. 1016. Defuncti ne injuria afficiantur. (L.) Law of the Twelve

Tables.-The dead are not to be aspersed with contumely.

Like De mortuis, etc. 1017. Degeneres animos timor arguit. (L.) Virg. A. 4, 13.

Fear argues a base-born soul. 1018. De gustibus non est disputandum. (L.) Prov. 2-There is

no disputing about tastes. Cf. Diversos diversa juvant; non omnibus annis Omnia conveniunt. Pseudo-Gall. 2, 104.-Different things delight different people, it is not everything that suits all ages.

1019. De hoc multi multa, omnes aliquid, nemo satis. (L.)?

On this subject many people have said much, all have said

something, but no one enough. 1020. De industria. (L.) Cic. Or. 44, 151; or Es industria

(Liv. 1, 56, 8). --On purpose, intentionally. Generally

in a bad sense. 1021. De l'absolu pouvoir vous ignorez l'ivresse,

Et du lâche flatteur la voix enchantresse. (Fr.)?

Of Power you know not the intoxication,

Nor the flattering magic of base adulation.- Ed. 1022. De l'audace, encore de l'audace et toujours de l'audace !

(Fr.) - Audacity, still more audacity, and always
Famous conclusion of Danton's speech delivered before the Legisla.
tive Assembly (Sept. 2, 1792) on the eve of the frightful September
massacres which followed, and of which Danton may be said to
have fired the first spark. He concluded with a powerful appeal
to the nation to crush the enemies of France and of the Revolution.
Pour les vaincre, pour les atterrer, que faut-il? De l'audace, etc., ut

supra. 1023. Delectare in Domino. (L.) Vulg. Ps. xxxvi. 4. —Delight

thou in the Lord. Motto of Lord Poltimore. 1024. Delegata potestas non potest delegari. (L.) Law Max.

A delegated authority cannot be re-delegated (or, Vicarius non habet Vicarium, An agent cannot appoint another to do his agency). A broker, e.g., cannot turn over the man who commissions him (his principal) to another broker,

of whom his employer knows nothing. 1025. Delenda est Carthago. (L.) Cat. ap. Servius ad Virg. 4,

683.-Carthage must be destroyed.
The hatred which the elder Cato bore towards Carthage is well
known, a country which, he insisted, was a formidable rival to
Rome, and should be forth with suppressed. He is said to have
concluded his speeches in the senate, whatever the question might
be, with the words, Ceterum censco, Carthaginem esse delendam,

For the rest, I am of opinion that Carthage should be destroyed. 1026. Deleo omnes dehinc ex animo mulieres. (L.) Ter. Eun.

2, 4, 5.From henceforth I blot out every woman from

my mind.

1027. Delere licebit

Quod non edideris : nescit vox missa reverti. (L.) Hor. A. P. 389.—You may strike out what you please before publishing ; but once sent into the world the words can never be recalled.

[ocr errors]

1028. Deliberando sæpe perit occasio. (L.) Syr. 140.- Oppor

tunity is often lost through deliberation. While we are
considering, the occasion is gone.
Cf. Dum deliberamus quando incipiendum, incipere jam serum fit.
Quint. 12, 6, 3. While we are considering when to begin, it becomes
already too late to do so.

Eja, age, rumpe moras, quo te spectabimus usque ?
Dum quid sis dubitas, jam potes esse nihil.

(L.) Mart. 2, 64, 9.
Come, come, look sharp! How long are we to wait ?

While doubting what to be, it grows too late. -Ed. 1029. Deliberandum est sæpe, statuendum est semel. (L.) Syr.

132.Deliberate as often as you please, but when you

decide it is once for all. 1030. Deliberat Roma, perit Saguntum. (L.) Prov.- While

Rome deliberates, Saguntum perishes.
Saguntum (Murviedro), in 218 B.C., after a heroic resistance against
the forces of Hannibal, was reduced by famine, the men making a
final sortie, while their wives set fire to the town, and perished in
the flames. The famine became proverbial (Saguntina fames, the

famine of Saguntum) for any severely-felt dearth of food. 1031. Deliramenta doctrinæ. (L.)T'he crazes of learning. Wild

theories of learned men. Fantastic speculations. 1032. De loin c'est quelque chose, et de près ce n'est rien. (Fr.)

La Font. Chameau et Bâtons flottants. —At a distance it
looks like something important, but close by it is nothing
at all.
Like sticks floating on water, things at a distance seem important
to those watching them, but on nearer inspection they turn out to
be insignificant enough. Hence, any such deceptive appearances

are said to be bâtons flottants sur l'onde, sticks floating on the water. 1033. Delphinum sylvis appingit, fluctibus aprum. (L.) Hor.

A. P. 30.He paints dolphins among forests, boars in

This must be the artist who enlivened a bit of sea

shore with a few red lobsters. 1034. De mal en pis. (Fr.)From bad to worse. 1035. De male quæsitis vix gaudet tertius hæres,

Nec habet eventus sordida præda bonos. (L.) Quoted
by Walsingham, Hist. p. 260.

Nl-gotten gains.
What's ill-got scarce to a third heir descends,
Nor wrongful booty meet with prosperous ends. -Ed.


This has been signally verified in the case of most of the Church
lands seized and distributed by Henry VIII, among his courtiers.
Cf. Plaut. Pæn. 4, 2, 22. Male partum male disperit. —Bully

gotten and badly spent. Light come, light go.
1036. De medietate linguæ. (L.) Law Term.Of a moiety of

A foreigner tried in a British Court may demand to have a jury
half foreigners, which is, therefore, called a jury de melictate

linguae, half one language, half another.
1037. De mendico male meretur qui ei dat quod edat, aut quod bibat,

Nam et illud quod dat, perdit, et illi producit vitam ad
miseriam. (L.) Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 58.He deserves no
thanks of a beggar who gives him to eat or drink, for he
only throws his own away, and helps to prolong a miser-

able existence.
1038. De minimis non curat lex. (L.) Law Max.— The law

does not concern itself about trifles. The law, though

strict, is not harsh and pedantic in its requirements. 1039. Demitto auriculas ut iniquæ mentis asellus. (L.) Hor.

S. 1, 9, 20.- Down go my ears, like a surly young ass.

I revolt, rebel, refuse at the proposition. 1040. Dem Mimen flicht die Nachwelt keine Kränze. (G.)

Schill. Prol. Wallenstein's Camp.-Posterity binds no

wreaths for the actor.
1041. De mortuis nil nisi bonum. (L.) ? Prov.-Say nothing of

the dead but what is good.
Cf. Δεινόι μεν ανδρί παντες εσμέν ευκλεε
Zövri poornoau, kardavóvram aivéoat. (Gr.) Menand, in Bachii tri!
Mimner, p. 52. We are all ready enough to envy a famous man
while he is alive, and to praise him when he is dead. Cf. Dum
vivit hominem noveris : ubi mortuus est, quiescas. (L.) Plaut.
Truc. 1, 2, 62.- As long as a man is living, you may know him :
but after he is dead, keep silence. Among the laws of the Twelve
Tables is, Defuncti ne injuria afficiantur.-It is forbidden to speak

injuriously of the dead.
1042. Demosthenem ferunt, si qui quæsivisset quid primum esset

in dicendo, actionem ; quid secundum, idem et idem
tertium respondisse. (L.) Cic. Brut. 38, 142.It is
said of Demosthenes, that whenever he was asked what
was the principal thing in public speaking, he replied,
Action : what was the second ? Actionthe third ? the


1043. De motu proprio. (L.)Of his own motive or impulse.

Of a person's own act.

1044. De nihilo nihilum, in nihilum nil posse reverti. (L.)

Pers. 3, 84.-From nothing nought, and into nought can
nought return.
Matter being considered eternal, the creation of the world out of
nothing, and its ultimate resolution into nothingness, was held
by the school of Epicurus to be absurd.

Cf. Nil igitur fieri de nilo posse putandum est

Semine quando opus est rebus. .Lucret. 1, 206.—We cannot conceive of matter being formed of nothing, since things require a

seed to start from. 1015. Denique non omnes eadem mirantur amantque. (L.)

Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 58.—Men do not, in short, all admire or

love the same things. Diversity of taste. 1046. De non apparentibus, et non existentibus, eadem est ratio.

(L.) Law Max.That which is not forthcoming must be treated as if it did not exist. If the Court cannot take judicial notice of a fact, it is the same as if the fact had not existed. Deeds, e.g., must be produced in Court, or

be treated as non-existent. 1047. Dens theonina. (L.) Cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 82.-A calum

niating tooth (tongue). The tongue of a scandal-monger.

Detraction, 1048. Deo adjuvante. (L.)God assisting. Motto of Viscount

Exmouth. (2.) Deo ducente.Under God's guidance. Motto of Lord Haldon. (3.) Deo favente.By the favour of God. (4.) Deo juvante.-God helping. Motto of Bruton Grammar School. (5.) Deo volente, or D.V.

-God willing, if God will. 1019. Deo dante nil nocet invidia, et non dante, nil proficit labor.

(L.) ?- Where God gives envy cannot harm, and where

He gives not, all labour is in vain. 1050. Deo date." (L.)Give unto God. Motto of Lord Arundel

of Wardour. 1051. Deo duce, ferro comitante. (L.)--God is my guide, my

sword, my companion. Motto of Earl of Charlemont. 1052. Deo duce fortuna comitante. (L.)With God for leader,

and fortune for companion. Motto of the Merchants of

Exeter. 1053. Deo fidelis et Regi. (L.) Faithful to God and the King.

Motto of Lord Dunsandle and Clanconal. 1054. Deo honor et gloria. (L.)To God be the honour and

glory. Motto of Leather-Sellers' Company.

« PreviousContinue »