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question his originality--when they have a good foundation. It is literally find him recoining the paltry material true, that people are now diggingof newspapers-letters-romances.- have been, for years—upon desolate In the early part of these two vo- islands, in America, for money, which Tumes we should never see any merit, the traditions of the country declare knowing as we do, the sources of to have been buried, with formalities, what he is there serving up, however which are terrible enough, to be sure. admirable were his new arrangement Irving is not indebted, as people supof the dishes; however great his im- pose, therefore, to a German storyprovement.
book, for this part of his late work. A part of the book-a few scenes The pirate—who goes off in a boata few pages are quite equal to any- which one may see rocking, ander the thing, that he ever wrote. But we land-is decidedly the finest bit of cannot agree with anybody, concern- Geoffrey, that we know of.-But he is ing those parts. Irving is greatly to only one of several characters wrought blame-quite unpardonable, for two into old, moth-eaten tapestry, the or three droll indecencies, which weaving of his youth-which was not everybody, of course, remembers, in worth patching up. these Tales:- not so much because One word of advice to him, before they are so unpardonable, in them we part-in all probability, for ever.selves-not so much on that account No man gets credit by repeating the -as because the critics had set him story of another : It is like dramatiup, in spite of Knickerbocker ; in spite zing a poet. If you succeed, he gets of Salamagundi ; in spite of the Stout all the praise : if you fail, you get all Gentleman—as an immaculate crea the disgrace.-You-Geoffrey Crayon ture for this profligate age.--He knew -have great power-original power. this. He knew that any book, with We rejoice in your failure, now, his name to it, would be permitted by because we believe that it will drive fathers, husbands, brothers, to pass you into a style of original composiwithout cxamination : that it would tion, far more worthy of yourself.be read aloud, in family circles, all Go to work. Lose no time. Your over our country.--We shall not foundations, will be the stronger for readily pardon him, therefore, much this uproar. You cannot write a as we love him, for having written novel ; a poem ; a love tale; or a traseveral passages, which are so equivo- gedy. But you can writé another cal, that no woman could bear to read SKETCH-Book-worth all that you have any one of them aloud-or, to re ever written: if you will draw only member that she had—by reason of from yourself. You have some quiher great confidence in the author, lities, that no other living writer has been upon the point of reading one -a bold, quiet humour-a rich beaualoud. — Irving has a good, pure heart. tiful mode of painting, without cariHow could be bear to see a woman cature-a delightful, free, happy spi. faltering over a passage of his—at her rit-make use of them. We look' to own fire-side-while she was reading see you all the better for this trouncing. to her husband; her children-daugh- God bless you ! Farewell. ters, perhaps--or to the newly mar JAY-JUDGE. One of the men who ried? We hate squeamishness. Great wrote the FEDERALIST. See HAMILmischief comes of it. We love hu Ton: p. 56; a Judge of whom Lord mour, though it be not altogether so Mansfield spoke, like a brotherchaste. But we cannot applaud any- (while Judge Jay was minister to St body's courage or morals-who under James's)-after having had a consula look of great modesty—with an tation with him. His correspondence over-righteous reputation— ventures with our cabinet was able, and sharp. to smuggle impurity into our dwell It may be found in the AMERICAN ings—to cheat our very household STATE-PAPERS. gods.
JEFFERSON--THOMAS. Late PreThe latter part of these TALES, we
sident of the United States : now upfirmly believe, were old papers lying wards of 80: the ablest man, we beby. New cloth has been wrought lieve, in America : author of many ceinto old garments—New wine, put lebrated State-PAPERS:of the Notes into old bottles. ' The money-diggers' on Virginia, (a small duodecimo vo
lume of no remarkable merit, written Prussian service: a lieutenant-genewhile he was young.
ral, we believe. He made prodigious The fainous DecLARATION OF IN- efforts in the cause of America-put DEPENDENCE—the American MagnA his head in peril, as a traitor : was, we Charta, very nearly as it now stands, conscientiously believe, sacrificed-(we was the production of Mr J. He was will not quality the phrase at all)—to one of the committee appointed by Washington :-treated shamefully :congress, for drafting it. After a con In short, he died of a broken heart.sultation, they separated — agreeing It was well for America—very well, that each one should bring his own that he did not become the commandideas complete, in regular form, on a er-in-chief — the leader, even for a certain day. They met-each with month, of her armies. He would have his own Declaration' ready to pro- been a dictator-a despot-or nothing duce. Mr J. was called upon (as the -if he had: But we see no reasonyoungest man, we believe) to read there was none-why he should have first. He submitted-his paper was been so cruelly sacrificed; or so bitimmediately accepted by his associates: terly slandered. We mention this they would not even read those which now, with more emphasis, because they had brought, after hearing his THE REPUBLIC is all in commotion read. It was adopted by congress, about LA FAYETTE,pretending with a few alterations ; part of which, shame on such impudence !- that all like the improvements of Pope, in his this uproar comes of their gratitude. own poetry—were of a very question- -Gratitude !—we know them better. able character.
But, even while we speak, the fashion Wbile Mr Jefierson was the Secre- is over--we have no doubt of it-we tary of State, and subsequently, he put our opinion, therefore, upon reproduced a number of REPORTS, and cord, with a date (Jan. 1, 1825)-we Papers, which are distinguished by say, that already the fashion is over, extraordinary temper, foresight, wise in America ; that, already, they have dom, and power. Among these, are done pursuing the “ Father of their his REPORT ON THE FISHERIES: a country,” as they profanely call him, system, for the regulation of Weights after Washington, with outcries and and MEASURES: a paper, upon the parade.-Gratitude !-We know them ACCOUNTABILITY of Public OFFI better.— They talk of gratitude, while cers: a correspondence with our ca the surviving men of the revolution binet, concerning the IMPRESSMENT are dying of want :-while General St of AMERICAN Sailors, which, by the Clair-who literally starved, in his old way, was the real cause of our late war age, upon the precarious bounty of a with America. Mr Jefferson is a fine single state," is hardly cold in his scholar : a liberal thinker: and a grave :-while the very man, with truly great man. See our vols. for whom Burgoyne treated, before the 1824, p. 509: 622.
surrender (Wilkinson), is living upon JOHNSON, JUDGE-an able man : the charity of Maryland :-while Bahas written lately the Life of Gene- ron de Kalb, Lord Stirling, (also a RAL GREENE, one of the revolution- traitor in the cause of America)ary officers. Greene was another Wa- Pulaski, (a Polish nobleman)- with a shington ; the only nian able to take score of others, each one of whom did as his place, if he had fallen; or if he much for the republican side, as LA had been overthrown by the cabal, in FAYETTE-and risked much more.Congress. General Charles Lee was a We know the character of this people; better captain-the best, we believe, we know that of the Marquis-But be in the armies of the revolution : but was a boy, a mere boy, when he vohe was too adventurous—too bold and lunteered in the armies of America : peremptory-too dangerous for the and we say, positively, that all this upplace of commander-in-chief. One roar is not because of their gratitude, word of him, by the way-now that in America, for what he did, in the he is likely to have no sort of justice day of revolution (for he did but litdone to him among the people, for tle—and, of that little, they knew no· whom he sacrificed himself. lie was thing)—but chiefly, because he, La one of those, to whom the letters of FAYETTE, is a nobleman, of whom they Junius have been ascribed: he was a have heard much talk lately, and all at British general: an officer, in the once. It is curiosity-not grutitude.
Gratitude is consistent: Curiosity is States of America. These republicans not. Gratitude is the growth of know- are curious : they secretly revere rank, ledge, in a case like this: Curiosity is more than we do : they had never bethe growth of ignorance.--A few years fore seen a PRESIDENT. ago, (we have not forgotten it,) James Logan-James: a quaker : a chief Munroe, the President of the United justice in Pennsylvania : died about States, made a tour through New 1750:-author of several works in LaEngland. Before he went among the tin, which have been republished in Federal party, there was no language various parts of Europe: a great schotoo offensive-no usage bad enough, lar, for the age-familiar with many one would have thought from their languages--a good mathematician: a papers, for James Munroe. When he translator of Cicero's De Senectute, went away, “they pursued him as published with his notes, by Dr Frank they did La Fayette.”—Every house lin. His “ Experimenta Melutemata de -every heart had been open to him Plantarum Generatione," was publish-every voice followed him with flat- ed in Latin, about 1740—in Leyden, tery.- Why was this ?--Was it be- translated afterwards, and republishcause they had been wrong?-No, ed, by Dr Fothergill, at London. SeWas it because they were ashamed of veral of his papers may be found in their behaviour; or had come to un the Transactions of the Royal Society., derstand his plain, homely virtues ? - We look upon him as altogether an No. It was only because he, James extraordinary man. Munroe, was President of the United
WADD ON CORPULENCY.-Wadd's NuGA CHIRURGICÆ.*
BYRON, my dear fellow, said we to as we shall evince by the time we get him one day, you are inclined to cora to the end of this our article. We, pulency.
(i. e. not merely ourselves, but the Not at all, was the reply; it is en- world,) have now come to that state tirely against my inclination, but I of refinement, or rather, we should cannot help it.
say, of good sense, that what Dr This was very well for a joke ; but Johnson truly called the most imhe could help it, and did so—for by portant operation of the day, is no taking, as we advised, a raisin and a longer undervalued. Dinner, with its glass of brandy a-day, and abstaining avant-couriers, breakfast and lunch, from all other food, solid or fluid, and its running footmen, chasse café, for the course of a month, he lost and supper, is properly appreciated. flesh vastly, and was nearly as thin as We no longer pretend to the silly ourself when he died. At the time puppyism of despising what, from the we spoke to him, he must have been earliest age to the present, and from rising eighteen or nineteen stones. the present until the day of the dis
We were thinking of this the other solution of this reat Globe itself, evening, when Wadd's books, of which must continue to be the most interestwe had never before heard, came by ing topic of life. Our living literature chance into our hands—and yet the bears the impress of this new feeling. Essay on Corpulency had reached a Witness Dr Morris, Dr Kitchener, third edition. So true it is, that one the Author of Waverley, Sir Morgan balf of mankind does not know how ODoherty, &c. &c. &c. Everybody, the other half lives; and, moreover, in short, of any mark or likelihood in they are pleasant and readable books, this scribbling generation. All these
Cursory remarks on Corpulence or obesity, considered as a disease, with a critical examination of ancient and modern opinions relative to its cause and cure. Third edition. By William Wadd, Esq. F. L. S. Surgeon extraordinary to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, &c. &c. &c. London, Callon, 1819. Pp. 129. 8vo.
Nugæ Chirurgicæ; or a Biograpbical Miscellany, Illustrative of a Collection of Professional Portraits. By W. Wadd, &c. London. Longman and Co. 1824. Pp. 276. 8vo.
great men display, either by direct native of these countries ever uses, or allusion, by receipt, maxim, advice has even heard of, other food than or by indirect notice, that they are what they think fit to assign to them perfectly au fait at all sort of culinary which bestows the Knightly title on arrangements. In truth, great writers one joint of beef, and the Baronial on of almost all ages have been character another; and, not to be bothering the ized by this attribute. Homer, to public with a long induction of parwhom,
ticulars, has preserved these attributes “as from their fountain, other stars from the days in which Cæsar found Repairing in their golden urns, draw them (barbarous, to be sure, but in light,"
the middle of their wigwams carne rejoices in a banquet as in a battle, lacteq; viventes,) to the present hour. and describes the cutting up of a Without going farther, what a philoporker flourishing in fat, with as much sophical work, a History of the Lord gusto as he does the dissection of a
Mayors of London, keeping an eye to Jove-nurtured hero. A collection of this one peculiar and national point, the moral and political sentiments could be made, if it were done by a great the yoácal, as they are technically. oesthetic genius of a comprehensive called, of Homer-has been made long mind, capable of grasping many par. ago ;—2 collection equally savoury ticulars in one grand philosophical could be made of his cookery prescrip- sweep, such as Mr Coleridge ! tions, his ideas of managing tipple, “ It has been conjectured by some, his magniloquent and unrivalled epic that for one fat person in France or Spain, thets of everything connected with there are an hundred in England. I shall the social board ; and we strenuously leave others to determine the fairness of recommend some adequate hand to such a calculation. perform this acceptable service to
“ That we may, however, approach, or Grecian literature, and to the great
even exceed it, no one will doubt, who cause of gourmanderie at large. Han reflects on the ving thus cited Homer, we excuse our
expensive plans selves from saying anything of the For deluging of dripping pans, minor authors, -Plato, Horace, &c. introduced by the modern improvements whom we bad marked on the margin in the art of grazing, and the condescenof our paper, to be quoted on the oc sion of some of our phyeicians, who have casion.
added the culinary department to the As then the value of feeding has practice of physic. One learned Doctor been duly acknowledged, the conse- (vid. Institutes of Health) is of opinion, quences thereof must be worthy of at- that the vulgarism of Kitchen Physic is tention-among the most prominent of one of those oracles of Nature, that dewhich is corpulence. If we believe serves much more attention than ridiWadd, this is a disease, (for such he cule;' another asserts, that no man can considers it,) in a great measure pecu- be a good physician, who has not a comliar to England. And why should petent knowledge of cookery,' and ornait not? Is there any other country in
ments • Culina' with a Roman stew-pan; the world which assumes for its nas
while a third apologizes for descending tional tune, Oh! The Roast Beef- from professional dignity to culinary prewhich delights in surrounding its mo
parations, teaching us how to make. sa. narch with officers, designated, con
voury jelly,' which may rally the powers trary to all rules of orthography and of digestion in that fastidious state of
stomach frequent after long fits of the etymology, by the jaw-stirring name of Beef-eaters—which finds matter of gout. And it ought not to be omitted,
amongst the great events of the present scorn for all its neighbours chiefly in the inferiority of their provender, nature, produced in the jubilee year 1809,
era, that the combined efforts of art and looking, as behoves them, with con
the fattest ox, and the most corpulent tempt on the frog-fed Frenchman, the
man ever heard of in the history of the leek-eating Taffy, the oatmeal-swal- world. lowing Scot, the potatoe-devouring “ It is not a little singular, thata disease Irishman, the sourcrout German, the which has been thought characteristic of turnip-nibbling Swede, the garlick- the inhabitants of this island, should have chewing Spaniard--and so on to the been so little attended to. Dr Thomas end of all the nations of Europe - Short's Discourse on Corpulency, pubfirmly believing all the while, that no lished in 1727, with a small pamphlet loy
Dr Fleming, and some occasional re and Raphael's age,) weighing 40 marks in a few systematic works, will, I stones. What a good, thoughtless, believe, be found to comprize all that has beneficent hilarity is in his countebeen said in this country, on what Dr Dance! With what an air of complaFothergill termed, a most singular dis cent self-satisfaction he is wiping his ease.'
unwigged head-how agreeably de“ In answer to this, we may be told, gagée his loose vestments hang around that sufficient has been written, for any him! You feel it would be impossiman to be his own physician in this com ble to fret that man. Not a blackplaint, and that “le regime maigre," and berry did he care about the Pope, the Dr Radcliffe's advice, of keeping the eyes Devil, or the Pretender, or about the open, and the mouth shut, contains the Family Compact, or_Mr Pitt, or the whole secret of the cure."--Corpulency, balance of power in Europe. We ven
ture to say, he had a vast ignorance Which, however, is no answer at
of the works of Jemmy Thomson, or all.
Sammy Johnson, or Davie Hume, or “ It is supposed, that a person weigh- the Warburtonian Controversy, or any ing one hundred and twenty pounds, ge
other of the flocci-nauci-nihili-pilinerally contains twenty pounds of fat. fications, which, in his day, were enThe accumulation of fat, or what is com gaging literary men. But if he knew monly called corpulency, and by nosolo not these trifles, we lay a rump and gists denominated polysarcia, is a state of dozen that he had a perfect knowbody so generally met with in the inha- ledge of a beef-steak--that it would bitants of this country, that it may exist be hard to puzzle him in a muttonto a certain degree without being deem- chop—that Tom Rees's own Tripoed worthy of attention; but, when exces nions are not deeper versed in the sive, is not only burdensome, but becomes mysteries of a belly of tripe, than he a disease, disposes to other diseases
was; and that, no matter who was and to sudden death.
the best singer of bob majors within “ The predisposition to corpulency the parish of Stebbing, few would varies in different persons.
beat him in disposing of their juicy exists to such an extent, that a consider- attendant, the leg of mutton and trimable secretion of fat will take place, not
mings. withstanding strict attention to the habits
To waddle back to Wadd. We of life, and undeviating moderation in the gratification of the appetite. Such a pre
sball skip some dozen or so of his disposition is often hereditary, and when
pages at a slap, premising, that they accompanied, as it frequently is, with that
contain cures, &c. for corpulency, one easy state of mind, denominated • good of which strikes us to be unutterably humour,' which, in the fair sex,
horrid. It is recommended as a re
mely to devour Castile soap. What Still makes new conquests, and maintains the a tremendous abuse of the stomachic past.' .
region! Sooner would we amplify Or when, in men, the temper is cast in ourselves to the dimensions of Dathat happy mould, which Mr Hume so niel Lambert himself, than make a cheerfully congratulates bimself on pos- washing-tub of our paunch, and consessing, and considers as more than equi- vert our gastric juice into suds. Vevalent to a thousand a-year; • The habit getable diet is more palatable, though of looking at everything on its favoura- still highly objectionable ; but as we ble side ;'-on such dispositions of body intend to go at full length into that and mind, corpulency must, in a certain question very shortly, in a philosodegree, attend.”—P. 15, 16.
phical consideration of John Frank Part of this we are perfectly certain Newton's return to nature, we excuse of. A good fat face is generally a plea- ourselves from saying anything farther sant object. It is most truly said, in on the subject here. Peveril of the Peak, that an ill-hu There is a vast, miscellaneous col. moured-looking fat man is so rare an lection of anecdotes of corpulency at object, as to create in us the disgust the end of Wadd's book; pleasant to which attends the sight of a monster. read, but arranged with a complete Look at the picture of Jack Powell, the contempt of all regularity-very much butcher of Stebbing in Essex, who in the manner of Miss Letitia Matildied in 1754, aged 37, (Lord Byron da Hawkins' new attempt at a Joe
• Tenches charms to last,