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Doublo, double, toil and trouble, Pleased with pump-room, music, shops, Bathers pant, and waters bubble. And with everything but fops.

Him accosts the Squire, his neighbour, So much for the crowd pedestrian; With a brow that seems to labour Room now for the pinks equestrian, As if something dire befell. Reining up their hacks and ponies, “How now, Squire? you seem unwell."At Fasana's or Salmoni's;

Thank ye, Doctor, 'tis in vain Or, if wind and legs stand sound, For old fellows to complainCantering in a wider round,

Old! I'm not turn's sixty, though ; Which affords more choice of faces, Young enough, as things here go, To admire their blood and paces

To make love to Betsy there; With surprise, each new-bought horse, Laugh, you gipsy, if you dare. Tired of the eternal course,

Here's a splendid scenting-day! Pants to snuff the country air,

Snift it as in bed I lay ;
By green hill, or hedge-row fair,

Threw my window up at six,
Or share the chase, forbidden joy! Wish'd myself got free from Hicks,
Wiser schemes his lord employ;

And across grey Robin Hood,
« Risk one's neck and stock in trade, At the edge of Foxcombe wood,
In rough sport for bumpkins made ? With the old red jacket on,
Blood-tits are a speculation

And these cursed chalkstones gone.
Which may pay, by calculation,

Well, I hear you go to-morrow, Cent per cent in marrying well;

So don't I, the more's my sorrow ; Let your outlays always tell."

Still to join this revel rout, Double, double, toil and trouble, And be par.boil'd for the gout, Simple heiresses to bubble.

Till my bones are good for nought.

Like my landaulet ?-just boughtIreland, thy fair soul doth raise, Come, mount all, there's room to spare; Be it spoken to thy praise,

And let's get a gulp of air Many & well-bred manly lad;

Clear of this same frowzy place; But good things spoilt are worse than bad. Eight, nine miles an hour 's no pace Lo, by each Cork packet, come

To your old friends Tramp and Toby; Fresh disgorgements of thy scum,

-Give those fat old cats the go-by,
Redshanks,t stalkoes, and squireens, Who keep airing up and down
Tory-rorios, and buckeens;

'Twixt the turnpike and the town, Terry, Teddy, Darby, Barny,

To save pence, and bilk the toll; Tooligan, O'Flam, O'Blarney,

True, upon my life and soul ; Run away, some seven in ten,

Clever, well-bred horses too ; From the shop-board, or the den Thrown away on such a crew. Of some pettifogger venal,

Could I strain the law for once, Or the lash of statutes penal,

I'd commit each dizen'd dunce Flush of little coin, alas!

Of their hopeful dandy brood Save the true Corinthian brass.

To our tread-mill, 2-ds! I would ; Still blockading fancy-shops,

And themselves, a murrain choke 'em, Ogling slipshod dolly-mops,

To a spell of picking oakum, Ascertaining tick's extent,

Save 'em right, old skin-flint fusties !"By some bold experiment;

“ Softly, softly, brother justice, Here they feast, like rooks in stubble, Petty power makes kind hearts testy; Snips and landlords while they bubble. View all matters with the best eye.

Next, the Vicar and his daughters Coxcombry wears out apace; Simply come to drink the waters, Meanness works its own disgrace. And perhaps to meet anew

• Never wonder,' was the rule Former friends just one or two.

Horace taught us both at school ; He, sedate in modest ease,

And when sharp rheumatic pain Envying no one whom he sees,

Drives me here against the grain, Looking round him like a friend, From my jurisdiction ghostly, Seeing little to commend,

'Tis the plan I follow mostly."Yet content with all that passes ;

“ Pshaw, absurd, a mere pretenceThey, fine laughing country lasses, Can one block up every sense ?"Full of questions to their brothers, “ Simple is the course I steer, Pleased, and therefore pleasing others; Shut both eyes, and my sound ear,

See the unwritten laws of the Y-k H-e Club, an institution rivalling the Stock Exchange in the accuracy of its calculations, and its knowledge of the money-market.

| No doubt, Christopher, these pleasing Milesian varieties are familier to your ears. If not, ODoherty will, I dare say, add a note explanatory.

A celebrated Bath surgeon. Vol. XVII.


To this empty show and chatter ;

Come, time wears; by way of change, My advice won't mend the matter. To the Upper Rooms we'll range,

Double, double, toil and trouble, Where yon single yelping fiddle,
Don't crusade to crush a bubble." With its feeble tweedle-diddle,

Calls the beau-monde universal
Now, their toilet quite complete, To the fancy-ball's rehearsal.
Figg'd and rigg'd from head to feet, Animated by its charms,
Forth to join the bustling throng Sundry bodies, legs, and arms,
Saunters many a vieur garçon ;

Jostle with a grave discretion,
Greybeard Billies, tottering Jackies, Fit to grace a state-procession,
Furbish'd up by careful lacqueys. While their owners' eyes pore hard
By the palsy-shaken noddle,

O'er the well-conn'd figure-card,
Hat on one side gaily stuck,

Needful as didactic aid
Cock-ey'd leer, and swaggering toddle, To the coming night's parade.
Of each patriarchal buck,

Weary is the task, I wot,
Momus marks them for his food, But the proud hope, ne'er forgot,
At the distance of a rood.

or distinction and display, Morning saw them wan and wheezy, Charms incipient yawns away. Face unwash'd, forlorn, and queasy, Bunbury's “ Long Minuet” scarce Unshorn beard, eyes dead and ropy, Could outdo this glorious farce. Tout ensemble sad and mopy,

There, tough elders, with bald head, Moving as on rusty wires,

And bottle-nose bespectacled, To where subterranean fires

Caper light, while others pace, Boil the pot of Bath's Hygeia,

Striving by superfluous grace Rivalling thy broth, Medea,

Time's grim ravages to hide, In the power, by bards oft sung,

Cramp and corns alike defied.
Of cooking up old gentry young.

Dapper Jacky there, the pet
Thence, like owls obscene, that iy Of his lady-cousin set,
From Aurora's searching eye,

Moulting jacket for long coat,
Through some by-lane home they creep, While his stiff-cravatted throat
Just when belles awake from sleep. Swells with its first mannish crow,
Breakfast and digestive pill

Threads the maze of dos-a-dos, Next discuss'd en dishabille,

Glancing with disdainful joy With plaster, wash, and fragrant oil, At yon full-grown burly boy, John begins the Augëan toil.

Late his tyrant. He, apart, Now their sloven slough quite cast, Knowing no one, with big heart See them point-device at last,

Views the scene of gaiety, Like old yellow dunghill-cocks

Wearing the blank dismal eye Grown too tough for tooth of fox, Of a great cod out of water; Skewer'd and truss'd up for the mart, Missing sore his master's daughter, By the skilful poulterer's art.

And the undisputed rule These, with gay and conscious air, Of his little private school. Court the glance of ladies fair,

There, new-rigg'd, Squire Richard too Vanity not yet firk'd out

Makes at Bath his first debut, By lumbago, bile, and gout,

From some wild back settlement To the last still feebly jolly,

Near Land's-End, or Dartmoor, sent. Closing useless lives in folly.

Awkward as a callow hern, -Truce to moralizing note ;

When his lank supporters learn Momus twitches at my coat.

First to hobble on dry land, Mark, exclaims the restless imp,

With such grace doth Dickon stand, Yon brave old boy, whose very limp Legs and limbs in posture set, Smacks of gentlemanly ease,

By some waning dandyzette,
How his air contrasts with these! At whose shrine, his homage rude
With the lark his toilet made,

Pays the debt of gratitude.
Always ready for parade,

Shelter'd by her guardian care, Counting age no heinous shame

He defies the freezing stare In the eye of lovely dame,

Aim'd by boobies more mature, Proudly he the burthen bears,

And the frown of Miss demure, Wrinkle-stamp'd, of toilsome years Whose torn flounce is doom'd to rue In campaigns or cruizes spent;

The slips of his unlucky shoe, With honour and a cliop content, Or the spur, more ruthless yet, And his pint, to oil life's hinges; Of the high-heel'd prim cadet, Still content, save wlien the pain Whose eye, well-train’d by line and Of his lurking gun-shot twinges

Drives him to these springs again. Due point-blank alone will bear,

With new virtues may they bubble, Deigning no concern to show
And assuage the veteran's trouble. In mishaps that chance below.

Lo, anon the master swells

In a summary debate;
With some score of beaux and belles; Easy task to pates so solid !
Part ensconced on yonder bench, Then, with looks sublimely stolid,
Glad of a pretence for flirting,

Their discussions sage resume
In North Wilts or Gloucester French ; On each pasteboard monarch's doom,
Part a tedious hour diverting

Undisturb'd from their still mood,
With the frisks—uncouthly odd Save by calls of rest and food.
Of th' aforesaid awkward squad.

So Dame Partlet, to whose song
Hubble-bubble, bubble-bubble,

Barn and yard have echo'd long; Pleasure costs a world of trouble. Ceasing her eternal cluck,

Sits in one grave posture stuck, Peep into yon solemn room

Never leaving once her station As you pass, but don't presume

And her task of incubation, Aught to smile at, or remark;

Save perhaps at eve and morn, Here no dog must dare to bark :

Just to pick a barley-corn. Hush'd be every wicked wit,

Thus, with rational employment Where, in awful conclave, sit,

Blending sociable enjoyment, Peter Popkin, Simon Coddle,

(As themselves would wisely say,) Quidnunc Quackling, Pogy Poddle, They beguile the live-long day." With more worthies nine or ten

Cease we here this slipshod rhyme, “ What, the Mayor and Aldermen, Momus cries again, “'Tis time; Deep, it seems, in close divan,

Come, the theme's worn out; more low On grave matters"

In the scale you cannot go. “ Bless ye, man,

- Shall not one redeeming word They, good folks, are on th' alert, In the praise of Bath be heard ?' Wielding lancet, probe, and squirt, _" Prithee let the subject rest, Peppering dowagers with pills,

Praise is mawkish at the best ; Pounding senna, bark, and squills. Such ram.cats and dummies none can These, an ancient fish-like race,

Couple with my friend J*** ****** Quite peculiar to the place,

Grant that these fair walls give birth Grave as new-created deans,

To men, like him, of wit and worth, Are our high-caste mandarins;

Frank and courteous, wise and merry, Men of method, sapient sirs,

And sound-hearted as old sherry ;
Call’d by gods, cock-dowagers,

To whom daily works of good
And by men profane, tom-tabbies ; Are familiar as their food.
Who, despising, as grown babies, Let it pass, such names belong
All the dandies, old and young,

To a sermon, not a song ;
Whom my muse erewhile hath sung, Nought have I with such to do;
Ponder o'er no meaner things

Grant that Bath can muster too Than the fate of queens and kings,

Circles polish'd and select, Which, by their sole nod controllid, Holding all yon motley crew In their potent hands they hold."

Just as cheap as I or you; -“Do they never more than talk ?" 'Tis but what one might expect; -"See them in their morning walk, These, in fact, I often court Wrangling with each foul-mouth'd shrew To enjoy with me the sport In the market's wide purlieu,

Which my Bath preserves, well. stored, Politiques des râves et chour,

To a knowing shot afford. Cavilling at weights and scales,

Game's abundant in this place; Sniffing geese and rabbits' tails,

Still the wandering woodcock race, In each pigeon-basket paddling,

Whom in swarms each winter brings Cheapening, chiding, fiddle-faddling, To these valleys and warm springs, Hunting maggots in fresh meats,

Known by folly and long bills, Banning honest folk for cheats,

Well mark'd down, my game-bag fills; Pests of butter-women's lives,

Mine the task to trap and scare Cursed by butchers, fisher-wives, Native vermin harbouring there, And the cook they dare not trast: * Satyrs, owls, and doleful creatures,' You may stare, the picture's just. Of foul habits and coarse features, These domestic duties done,

Destined still the sport to trouble, Here they meet at twelve or one;

Till its waters cease to bubble." Settle all affairs of state

Nearly the whole of the Corporation of Bath are medical men. Vide Win Jenkins's complaint of “The Cuck," who appealed to the protection of her potticary the mare," on being detected in malpractices. Far be it, however, from us to suspect, that this respectable body would in the present day sacrifice to Esculapius one iota of the interests of Themis, even so far as to weigh rhubarb with her scales, or borrow, to spread plasters, that sword which she brandishes so imposingly over their townhall.


No. II.

In my former letter I ventured to a synod, or convocation of her clergy. assert, that ever since the accession of In ancient times many privileges were the House of Hanover to the throne of claimed, and many rights asserted, by these realms, the Church of England that body, the possession of which was has gradually undermined herself, by clearly incompatible with the political yielding to the variable taste of the welfare of the commonwealth ; such times in matters where she ought not as that no act of parliament should be to have yielded ; and by pertinacious- valid, till it had first of all obtained ly struggling against that taste, when the sanction of the third estate ; and she ought quietly to have given way to that the clergy should not be liable to it. In proof of the justice of my as taxation, except by a vote of their own sertion, I directed the attention of your representatives. Since the year 1665, readers to the actual condition of the however, when the last of these priviEnglish Church, throughout which leges was abandoned, and the clergyobthere appears to be no common bond tained, in return, the right of voting at of union-no rallying point round the election of members of the House which her sons can muster, and say, of Commons, the Convocation claimed « This is the doctrine which we feel no right of interference in state affairs, ourselves bound to maintain.” Among and filled, up to the moment of its virher lay-members, indeed, it is well tual dissolution, the place which every known that there are few, if any, who ecclesiastical assembly ought to fill, so much as profess to adhere to her namely, that of a spiritual body, met communion on other grounds than be together, by permission of the civil macause she forms an essential part of the gistrate, to investigate affairs purely political constitution of the country, spiritual, and for no other purpose. and conducts her public worship in an From the year 1665, therefore, up orderly and decent manner ; whilst of to the hour of its last meeting, the her clergy, one half, or perhaps more Convocation stood towards the Church than one half, can assign no better rea of England in exactly the same relason for their personal service at her al- tion in which the General Assembly tar, than that by serving there they now stands towards the Established obtain a comfortable independence Church of Scotland. The two bodies an object which very possibly they mutually represented their respective might have failed in obtaining, had Churches, and represented them,

each they sought it in any other walk of after its own peculiar fashion. Thus, life.

whilst the Scottish Kirk, acknowledThis is a sad condition for a spiritual ging no distinctions of rank among her community to be placed in ; but the clergy, causes the whole of her deleChurch of England attained not to it all gates to meet under the same roof, and at once. The singularly loose opinions, to discuss, with the perfect equality of or rather the total absence of all fixed a popular assembly, such questions as principle, which now prevails among may be brought before them, the her members, has, on the contrary, Church of England, in accordance with been the growth, and the progressive her aristocratic form of government, growth, of a whole century; and its divided her synod into an Upper and commencement may, I think, be very a Lower House. In the Upper House easily traced back to the period in our sat the Bishops and Archbishops, by national history to which I have just virtue of their office ; being to the alluded.

body at large what the House of Peers Most of your readers are probably is to the Imperial Parliament: whilst aware, that previous to the reign of in the Lower, the inferior clergy were George the First, and for some little represented by the Proctors, consisting while after his accession, the Church of all the deans and archdeacons, of of England, though as perfectly allied one Proctor from every chapter, and to the state as she is at present, enjoy- of two from the clergy of each dioed the privilege of regulating her own cese. The total number of divines asaffairs, through the instrumentality of sembled in the Lower House of Convo

cation was thus 148; and they chose ought to acknowledge) the supremacy their prolocutor as the House of Come of the Sovereign in every matter, spimons chooses its speaker, to enforce ritual, as well as temporal ; and thence the attendance of members, to regulate her Synod presumed not to assemble the debates, to collect their votes, and without having previously received a carry them to the Upper House. summons from the Crown; nor could

I have said that the legitimate office any of its resolutions obtain the force of the Convocation was to regulate all of canon law till they had been consuch affairs as had reference to the spi- firmed by sanction of the royal assent. ritual concerns, and to the spiritual This was exceedingly proper ; it was, concerns only, of the Church which it indeed, the only method which could represented. By spiritual concerns, I be devised to hinder the growth of an mean those over which the state has imperium in imperio within the nano right of direct control, and which tion ; for, had the church been perit cannot seem directly to control, mitted to exercise even her legitimate without falling into the Erastian he- 'functions, independently of the civil resy. Thus, it rests not with the state magistrate, an authority would have in any country to determine by what existed in the state commensurate means, or by what authority, the spi- with his, if not absolutely superior. ritual character shall be conferred upon In like manner, the Church of Enga layman; neither can the state decree land has never questioned the right of what shall, or what shall not, be an the civil power to confer temporal digarticle of faith among its subjects. nities or preferments on whomsoever These are matters, the management of it will. All these she accordingly conwhich has been entrusted, by the di fesses that she derives from the state ; vine Founder of the Church, to her, and nor has Convocation at any period asto her alone; nor can she resign them sumed the privilege of interference in into the hands of the civil ruler, with any way, either directly or indirectly, out betraying the trust which He has with their disposition. As I have alconfided to her.

ready said, the legitimate powers of · As long as the Convocation existed, Convocation were purely spiritual ; to superintend these, and other simi- they extended only to the coguizance lar affairs, was therefore its exclusive of spiritual affairs; and even over these business, though its powers were by they were not exercised without the no means bounded altogether here. In direct sanction and approbation of the its capacity of representative of the chief magistrate. Church, it first exercised a right of de It has always appeared to me one of ciding such disputes or controversies the most unaccountable things in the as might arise among the clergy, when history of British legislation, why a ther they related to matters of general Synod, thus constituted, and thus effaith, or to ecclesiastical discipline fectually restrained from interfering only; it took cognizance of all offences with matters which lay not within its against established usages, whereso- province, should have been dissolved ; ever, or by whomsoever, committed; for the continual prorogation of the it had the power of revising and cor- body virtually amounts to an utter recting, as they might appear to stand dissolution. There is surely no good in need of revision and correction, all political reason to be assigned for it; public formularies ; it could enact new whilst there are many ecclesiastical canons, abolish old ones, remodel, if reasons, if we may so speak, against it. necessary, the very articles them “ It is a great error,” says Bishop Warselves; and, above all, it composed a burton, a prelate whom no one will court of surveillance, to which every accuse of carrying high-church notions public functionary, as well of the to a faulty extreme, to imagine such Episcopal as of the Presbyterian order, assemblies, when legally convened, to was, to a certain extent, amenable. be either useless or mischievous. For

All this authority, Convocation, ne all Churches, except the Jewish and vertheless, exercised in strict subser. Christian, being human-policied soviency to the civil power. In return cieties, of the nature of which, even for the advantages which she obtained, the Christian in part partakes; and all by being preferred to the rank of the societies, without exception, being adestablishment, the Church of England ministered by human means, it must acknowledged (asevery national church needs happen that religious societies,

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