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.Days of Washington, 181
Miss Mitford, 372
EXPLANATION OF THE PAUSES.
The Period is the longest pause—a full stop. It marks the end of a sentence, and shows the sense complete; as, The sky is blue. Pause the time of counting six, and let the voice fall.
The Interrogation is used at the end of a question; as, Is the sky blue'? If the question can be answered by yes or no, the voice rises; if not, it falls; as, Where is your map'? Pause the time of counting six.
The Exclamation denotes wonder, surprise, pain, or joy; as, O'! what a sweet rose'! Pause the time of counting one, after a single word, and let the voice. rise; but after a complete sentence, pause the time of counting six, and let the voice fall.
The Colon is a pause shorter than the Period; as, The sky is clear: the sun shines. Pause the time of counting four, and let the voice fall.
The Semicolon is a pause shorter than the Colon; as, The rose is fair; but it soon fades. Pause the time of counting two, and let the voice fall. Sometimes the voice should rise, as the sense may require.
The Comma is the shortest pause; as, Jane goes to school', and learns to read. Pause the time of counting one, and keep the voice up.
The Dash denotes a sudden pause or change of subject; as, I saw him-but what a sight! When the dash is used after any other pause, the time of that pause is doubled.
EXPLANATION OF OTHER MARKS.
The Apostrophe has the form of the comma.
It denotes the possessive case; as, John's book; also, that one or more letters have been left out of a word; as, lov'd for loved.
The Quotation includes a passage that is taken from some other author or speaker; as, John said: "See my kite."
The Parenthesis includes words not properly a part of the main sentence; as, I like these people (who would not?) very much. The words within the parenthesis should be read in a lower tone of voice.
The Brackets inclose words that serve to explain the preceding word or sentence; as, James [the truthful boy] went home.