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(。。) low and loud.
(") short and quick. (sl.) slow.
NOTATION IN MODULATION.
(pp.) very soft.
(p.) Soft is the strain when zephyr gently blows,
And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows; (f.) But when loud surges lash the sounding shore,
The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar.
(sl.) When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
EXAMPLES FOR EXERCISE IN MODULATION.
Flies o'er the unbending corn, and skims along the main. POPE
Go ring the bells and fire the guns,
"And now, farewell! 'Tis hard to give thee up,
If from this woe its bitterness had won thee.
The sun hath set in folded clouds,—
And, gathered in the shades of night,
Alas! how ill that bursting storm
When they,the lovely and the lost,-
From every battle-field of the revolution-from Lexington and Bunker Hill-from Saratoga and Yorktown-from the fields of Eutaw—from the cane-brakes that sheltered the men of Marion-the repeated, longprolonged echoes came up-(f.) "THE UNION: IT MUST BE PRESERVED.” From every valley in our land-from every cabin on the pleasant mountain sides-from the ships at our wharves-from the tents of the hunter in our westernmost. prairies-from the living minds of the living millions of American freemen-from the thickly coming glories of futurity—the shout went up, like the sound of many waters, (f.) “THE UNION: IT MUST BE PRESERVED."
(sl.) Along the vales and mountains of the earth
On! onward still! o'er the land he sweeps,
But speeds to the spoils before.
MISS J. H. LEWIS.
And "FREEDOM! FREEDOM!" is the answering shout
Of nations, starting from the spell of years. G. D. PRENTICE.
The thunders hushed,
The trembling lightning fled away in fear,- ·
There was a calm.
Man the boat!"
The stranger ship to aid,
Away they spring
And loud their hailing voices ring,
Hush! lightly tread! still tranquilly she sleeps;
Can it be?
Away! away to the mountain's brow,
Where the trees are gently waving;
Where the streams are gently laving.
An hour passed on ;-the Turk awoke ;—
He woke to hear his sentry's shriek,
"TO ARMS! they come! (ff.) THE GREEK! THE GREEK!"
He woke to die, midst flame and smoke,
And death-shots falling thick and fast
Bozzaris cheer his band;
"Strike-till the last armed foe expires!
He said, and on the rampart hights arrayed
(*) His speech was at first low-toned and slow.
Receding now, the dying numbers ring
Oh, joy to the world! the hour is come,
"Upharsin" is writ in words of fire,
And the eyes of the bondmen, wherever they be,
Soon, soon shall the thrones that blot the world,
() SPEAK OUT, my friends; would you exchange it for the DEMON'S DRINK, (f) ALCOHOL? A shout, like the roar of a tempest, answered, (0°) NO!
T. B. READ
The combat deepens! (f.) ON! YE BRAVE!
And CHARGE with all thy CHIVALRY!
Shall be a soldier's sepulcher!
(sl.) At length, o'er Columbus slow consciousness breaks,
(0°) "LAND! LAND!" cry the sailors; (ff.) "LAND! LAND!"—he awakes,
('') He runs,—yes! behold it! it blesseth his sight!
THE LAND! O, dear spectacle! transport! delight!
THE RHETORICAL PAUSE.
RHETORICAL PAUSES are those which are frequently required by the voice in reading and speaking, although the construction of the passage admits of no grammatical pause.
These pauses are as manifest to the ear, as those which are made by the comma, semicolon, or other grammatical pauses, though not commonly denoted in like manner by any visible sign. In the following examples they are denoted thus, (II).
In slumbers of midnight || the sailor-boy lay,
His hammock swung loose || at the sport of the wind;
And visions of happiness || danced o'er his mind.
There is a land,|| of every land the pride,
This pause is generally made before or after the utterance of some important word or clause, on which it is especially desired to fix the attention. In such cases it is usually denoted by the use of the dash
1. God said "Let there be light!"
All dead and silent was the earth,
The Eternal spoke creation's word,