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Spaniard of distinction wandered every where in search of it; and no wonder, as Robertson observes, when Columbus himself could imagine that he had found the seat of Paradise.
P. 258, 1. 4.
blushed as in the vales of light. They believed that the souls of good men were conveyed to a pleasant valley, abounding in guavas and other delicious fruits. Herrera, I. iii. 3. Hist. del Almirante, c. 62.
P. 258, 1. 5. There silent sate many an unbidden Guest, “ The dead walk abroad in the night, and feast with the living ;” (F. Columbus, c. 62) and “eat of the fruit called Guannàba.” P. Martyr, dec. i. 9.
P. 258, 1. 14. And sires, alas, their sons in battle slain ! War reverses the order of Nature. In time of peace, says Herodotus, the sons bury their fathers; in time of war the fathers bury their sons ! But the Gods have willed it so. I. 87.
P. 258, 1. 23.
CAZZIVA, An ancient Cacique, in his life-time and after his death, employed by the Zemi to alarm his people. See Hist. c. 62.
P. 259, 1. 4. Unseen, unheard !-Hence, Minister of III ! The Author is speaking in his inspired character. Hidden things are revealed to him, and placed before his mind as if they were present.
P. 259, 1. 6.
too soon shall they fulfil; Nor could they (the Powers of Darkness) have more effectually prevented the progress of the Faith, than by desolating the New World; by burying nations alive in mines, or consigning them in all their errors to the sword. Relacion de B. de las Casas.
P. 259, 1. 7. When forth they rush as with the torrent's sweep,
Not man alone, but many other animals became extinct there.
P. 261, 1. 2.
P. 261, 1. 13.
It is remarkable that these phenomena still remain among the mysteries of nature.
P. 261, 1. 17.
Te tua fata docebo. Virg.
P. 262, 1. 10. And dash the floods of ocean to the stars ; When he entered the Tagus, all the seamen ran from all parts to behold, as it were some wonder, a ship that had escaped so terrible a storm. . Hist.
P. 262, 1. 12. And Thee restore thy Secret to the Deep! I wrote on a parchment that I had discovered what I had promised ;-and, having put it into a cask, I threw it into the sea. Ibid. c 37.
P. 262, 1, 17. To other eyes, from distant cliff descried, Balboa immediately concluded it to be the ocean for which Columbus had searched in vain ; and when, at length, after a toilsome march among the mountains, his guides pointed out to him the summit from which it might be seen, he commanded his men to halt, and went up alone.
Herrera, I. x. 1.
P. 262, 1. 21. Hung in thy chamber, buried in thy grave! I always saw them in his room, and he ordered them to be buried with his body. Hist. c. 86.
P. 262, 1. 22.
Thy reverend form His person, says Herrera, had an air of grandeur. His hair, from many hardships, had long been grey.
In him you saw a man of an unconquerable courage, and high thoughts ; patient of wrongs, calm in adversity, ever trusting in God :—and, had he lived in ancient times, statues and temples would have been erected to him without number, and his name would have been placed among the stars.
P. 263, 1. 6. By dogs of carnage. One of these, on account of his extraordinary sagacity and fierceness, received the full allowance of a soldier. His name was Berezillo.
P. 263, 1. 7. Swept—till the voyager, in the desert air, With my own eyes I saw kingdoms as full of people, as hives are full of bees; and now where are they?
Las Casas. P. 263, 1. 8. Starts back to hear his altered accents there! No unusual effect of an exuberant vegetation. “ The air was so vitiated,” says an African traveller, “ that our torches burnt dim, and seemed ready to be extinguished ; and even the human voice lost its natural tone."
P. 263, 1. 13.
“ There are those alive,” said an illustrious orator, “ whose memory might touch the two extremities. Lord Bathurst, in 1704, was of an age to compre
hend such things-and, if his angel had then drawn up the curtain, and, while he was gazing with admiration, had pointed out to him a speck, and had told him, 'Young man, there is America—which, at this day, serves for little more than to amuse you with stories of savage men and uncouth manners; yet shall, before
you taste of death,'" &c. Burke in 1775.
P. 263, l. 15.
Assembling here, &c. How simple were the manners of the early colonists! The first ripening of any European fruit was distinguished by a family-festival. Garcilasso de la Vega relates how his dear father, the valorous Andres, collected together in his chamber seven or eight gentlemen to share with him three asparaguses, the first that ever grew on the table-land of Cusco. When the operation of dressing them was over (and it is minutely described) he distributed the two largest among his friends ; begging that the company would not take it ill, if he reserved the third for himself, as it was a thing from Spain.
North America became instantly an asylum for the oppressed; huguenots, and catholics, and sects of every name and country. Such were the first settlers in Carolina and Maryland, Pennsylvania and New England. Nor is South America altogether without a claim to the title. Even now, while I am writing, the ancient house of Braganza is on its passage across the Atlantic,
Cum sociis, natoque, Penatibus, et magnis dis.