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[vol. 8. p. 155.], "It is an impofture, mean and trivial, and full of the cant that I most despise." It appears alfo by a letter of Mr. Pope, dated Sept. 15. 1734, [vol. 8. p. 165.] that the Dean had ftrongly disavowed this piece, not to him only, but to Lord Carteret, and others; and that there was reafon to believe it the performance of a person who offered a piece in profe to a bookfeller as the Dean's, which he afterwards confeffed to be his own *. In the Irish copy of the verfes on his death many paffages are to be found which Mr. Pope rejected; for when he added these verses to the Mifcellany in 1742, he took nothing from the Irish copy, which he had then feen; and upon his authority the Irifh variations are rejected in this edition t.


* It were to be wished, that Mr. Hawkesworth had pointed out thofe fpurious pieces in verse that the Dublin editor took into his edition. If there are any fuch fpurious pieces, they must be very few; for, upon examination, it will appear, that there are just five copies of verfes in that edition that are not in Hawkefworth's; and it certainly lies upon him to prove them fpurious. These pieces are, A letter to the Rev. Dr. Sheridan; Verfes upon stealing a crown when the Dean was afleep, with the Dean's anfwer; Probatur aliter; and, The life and genuine character of Dr. Swift. As to the last, it is true, that the Dean difavowed it, as Mr. Hawkefworth fays. But Lord Orrery, who cannot be fuppofed to have been ignorant of what the Dean had faid upon that affair, is of opinion, that thofe verfes are genuine, though defignedly wrote by the author in a manner different from his ufual practice [vol. 6. p. 5.] and Mr. Deane Swift quotes it as a genuine work [Ejay, P. 190.] But whether this piece be genuine or not, it was thought proper to infert it among the other poetical pieces, leawing every one to judge of it as he pleases.

+ As to the Verfes on the Dean's death [vol. 6. p. 220.] we are fold in his own letters [vol. 8. p. 128, 55.] that he had wrote near soo lines on that fubject; and yet that copy which Mr. Pope ad. ded to the Mifcellanies in 1742, and from whence Mr. Hawkesworth has taken it, confifts only of 375: fo that it can hardly be thought to be a complete copy. It is therefore most probable, that the copy inferted in the Dublin edition is the genuine one, as it confifts of near soo lines. One reafon why several paffages were fuppreffed in the London editions may have been, the fear of giving offence, as it contained some reflexions upon a lady of the highest rank, and fome great men at court. But as there are in it many beautiful verses not un worthy of the author; and as in feveral places the sense may appear to fome to be imperfect, through the want of the passages which Mr. Pope, or the Eng

But there is evidence of another kind to prove, that the Dean never revifed any edition of his works for Faulkner to print, and tliat on the contrary he was unwilling that Faulkner fhould print them at all. Faulkner, in an advertisement published Oct. 15, 1754, calls himself the editor as well as publisher of the Dublin edition; and the Dean has often renounced the undertaking in exprefs terms. In his letter to Mr. Pope dated May 1. 1733, Evol. 8. p. 157] he fays, that when the printer applied to him for leave to print his works in Ireland, he told him he would give no leave; and when he printed them without, he declared it was much to bis difcontent. The fame fentiment is alfo more ftrongly expreffed in the following extract from a letter now in the hands of the publisher, which was written by the Dean to the late Mr. Benjamin Motte, his bookfeller in London, dated Nov. 1. 1735.

"Mr. Faulkner, in printing thofe volumes, did what I "much disliked, and yet what was not in my power to "hinder; and all my friends preffed him to print them, "and gave him what manufcript copies they had occa

lif editors, difcarded, it has been thought proper to replace them. But to enable the reader to judge of the merit and propriety of the discarded lines, now replaced, they are these following.



Vol. 6. 221.









238. ib.

14. 15.

311 312.

371-382. p. 233


409.-498. p. 237.

542. 543.

This poem, as in the Dublin edition, confifts of 484 lines; as in that of Hawkefworth, of 375; as in the prefent, of 545, 170 lines being taken into it from the Dublin edition. In the poem intitled, The life and character of Dr. Swift, there are 61 lines which are also to be found in the Verfes on the death of Dr. Swift, as in Hawkesworth's edition; which 61 lines added to the 484 Jines, of which the Dublin copy of these verses consists, make just 545 lines, as in the prefent edition.

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"fionally gotten from me. My defire was, that those "works fhould have been printed in London, by an 66 agreement between those who had a right to them. " I am," &c.

We now proceed to give fome account of the prefent. edition.

As to the arrangement of the different pieces, we have claffed them in the order which appeared to us the most natural, and by which we could moft conveniently. bring the work into eight volumes, of a fize near equal.

The first volume contains the Tale of a Tub, the Battle of the Books, the Fragment, fome tracts relating to religion, and the pofthumous fermons. In the fecond are part of the mifcellanies relating to politics. The Drapier's let ters, and the tracts concerning the facramental test, and Irish affairs, will be found in the third. Gulliver's travels, and fome humorous and political pieces, compofe the fourth. The fifth confifts of thofe tracts which Dr. Swift wrote in conjunction with Dr. Arbuthnot, Mr. Pope, and Mr. Gay; which are now firft collected in one volume. The fixth and feventh contain the mifcellanies in verfe. In the feventh is likewife a part of the miscellanies in profe, with Polite Converfation, and Directions to fervants. The eighth and last contains a complete collection of all the letters to and from the Dean, with a variety of pofthumous pieces, and his last will.

As to the notes, this edition will be found to contain double the number that is inferted in any former one. Moft part of thofe notes to which no name is annexed, are taken from the Dublin and the London editions. To fuch as appeared to have been wrote by Mr. Hawkefworth, (for he has not diftinguished his own notes) his name is fubjoined. The greatest part of the other notes are taken from the Earl of Orrery's remarks on the life and writings of Dr. Swift †, Mr. Deane Swift's

* See the notes, above, p. viii. & ix.

+Thefe remarks are contained in twenty-four letters written by his Lordship to his fon the Hon. Hamilton Boyle, published in 1752.


Ellay on the fame subject *, and Warburton's edition of Pope's works. A few notes of reference, and fome hiftorical remarks, are inferted by the editors. Mr. Hawkefworth had taken some of Lord Orrery's remarks into his edition by way of notes; but most of these are now confiderably enlarged, and many more are added. To fome of the large extracts from Orrery and Swift, we have given the title of Criticisms, as at the beginning of the ift, 6th, and 8th volumes. And care has been taken not to omit any remark of importance contained in the writings of those authors upon any piece of Swift's works.

Several pieces, both in profe and verse, do now make their first appearance in Dr. Swift's works. Among the profe, the most confiderable are, Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus, in vol. 5. and the letters I. 90. 91. 92. and 93. with the address of the inhabitants of the liberty of St. Patrick's, &c. in vol. 8. Among the poetry are the following: Stella to Dr. Swift on his birthday: Toland's invitation to Dismal; Mrs. Pilkington to Dr. Swift on his birthday; An epitaph on the Dean's dog; Swift's letter to the Athenian fociety: A dialogue between Dr. Swift and a lawyer, &c. These pieces are mostly taken from Orrery's Letters, and Mr. Deane Swift's Effay.

And that this edition is more complete than any preceding one, will be evident to every person, who shall take the trouble to compare them. However, we fhall here point out feveral pieces contained in this edition, befides those mentioned in the foregoing paragraph, none of which are to be found in that of Mr. Hawkefworth, though it is more complete than any that preceded it.

In vol. 1, the 5th 'fermon; and, A propofal for preventing the growth of Popery.

In vol. 2. the laft fix Examiners.

In vol. 3. Confiderations about paffing Wood's brafs money; The Drapier demolished; and the Intelligencer, N° 15.

* Mr. Swift's Effay, published in 1755, is interspersed with occafional remarks on Orrery's letters, and on the observations on those letters, by J. R.

Mr. Deane Swift fays, [Effay, p. 279.] that this is the pamphlet referred to in Dr. Swift's letter to Dr. Sheridan, of June 29. 1725, in vol. 8. p. 230.


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In vol. 6. p. 245. A letter from Dr. Swift to Dr. Sheridan.

In vol. 7. The preface to the beasts confeffion to the prieft; Verfes upon stealing a crown when the Dean was afleep, by Dr. Sheridan; The Dean's anfwer; Probatur aliter; Tom's metamorphofis into a poet and fpaniel; and, The life and character of Dr. Swift.

In vol. 8. befides the letters already mentioned, all those from No 2. to N° 89; A letter from Dr. Swift to Mr. Kendall; A defence of the Lady's dressing room *, &c.

As to the difference betwixt the present and the Scotch edition in 1752, which was printed from the Dublin one, and on the fame plan, with the addition of a ninth and a tenth volume, it is unneceffary to defcend to par ticulars. Upon a very flight comparison, it will be found that this edition contains upwards of a hundred pieces

more than it.

As to the life of Dr. Swift, many accounts have been published of it, fays Mr. Hawkefworth. These have mutually reflected light upon each other, afcertained controverted facts, and rectified miftakes, which, if they had ftill been traditional and oral, would still have been believed. Several little incidents, which fhewed the peculiarities of his converfation and domeftic life, were related by Mrs. Pilkington in her memoirs; though these could be believed only in proportion as they verified themselves. Lord Orrery's letters contained many of the principal events, intermingled with many characteriftic incidents, fupported in general upon better autho rity; but fometimes founded upon falfe information. Some of these mistakes were detected by a volume of Jetters figned J. R. in which were alfo fome new materials; and the account fince published by Mr. Swift, with an imperfect sketch by the Dean himself†, has furnished yet more. From a comparison of all thefe with each other, Mr. Hawkesworth has compiled his accounts

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* Mr. Hawkesworth appears to have had an intention of in. ferting this piece in his 12th volume; for at the end of a note on the poem, intitled, The lady's dressing-room, he says, "See a "Defence of this poem, vol. 12.".

This sketch, intitled, The family of Swift, is prefixed to our account of Dr. Swift's life.

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