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head, never did they wear such a louring aspect, nor fall with equal intrepidity and vengeance, as when the Man Christ, in the room of sinners, was the object upon whom they were levelled, and against whom they were directed. In pouring out his wrath upon particular persons, cities, focieties or nations; Jehovah, the God of truth, punished them indeed, but punished them only for their own iniquities: whereas, in reckoning with the Mediator, though the Father faw no iniquity in himself to punish him for, he had countless vials of inex. pressible wrath to pour out upon him; not for the Gins of one person, or city, or nation, or generation; but for the whole fins of a whole elect world. Whence he pronounces sentence against him, confidered as our furety, in these surprising, these amazing terms; “ Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, " and against the man that is my fellow, faith the " Lord of hosts : smite the shepherd,” Zech. xiii. 7. In execution of this tremenduous fentence, - The Lord (actually) laid on him the iniquity " of us all,” If. liii. 6. i. e. the wrath due to the manifold iniquity of all the ranfomed ones; and, under the dreadful conflict, our Lord himself is represented as saying, “ The waters are come in into

my soul,” Psal. Ixix. 1. O firs, if the wrath of God, poured out into the soul of one singer, for his own lins only, makes such a hell of anguish and misery; what a hell must the Man Christ have gone through, under the weight of all the wrath due to thousands, and ten thousands ; nay, under the load of all the wrath, due to such “a great multitude

as no man can number !" But vast as his hell of wrath behoved to be ; “surely he hath born our “ griefs, and carried our furrows; he was wounded “ for our transgressions, he was bruised for our " iniquities, the chastisement of our peace was up



on him; and by his stripes we are healed,” If. liii. 4, 5. These clouds of wrath, those cataracts of vengeance, broke out upon him, in his soul and body, in his life and death : and though there was no period of his humiliation, in which he was not bearing as well as doing, something, in the room of finners; yet there were particular seasons, in which he was more remarkably overwhelmed by the wrath of God. Now, we find “ his foul exceeding for6. rowful, even unto death;" then, we fee him “ sweating great drops of blood;" and again, we hear him crying unto a hiding Father, and groaning after a forsaking God.

As, in such a pit, the ears of the forlorn prisoner are continually filled, and his heart perpetually alarmed, with the noise of these falling waters; and with the breaking of those impending clouds, ready to burst in with redoubled force; fo, the humbled state, was goify, an horrible pit, to Jesus Christ. In it he heard the curses of the holy law; the demands of his Father's justice, thundered, as from mount Sinai, against him. Taken by the throat, as his people's surety and cautioner, he practically heard these alarming sounds, "Pay what thou “ owest.” He heard likeways a noise from earth, while men fot their mouths against him, in strains of irony and contempt; “All they that see me laugh “ me to scorn, they shoot out the lip, they shake the “ head; many bulls have compassed me about,

strong bulls of Balhan have beset me round; they “ gaped upon me with their mouths, as a gaping " and a roaring lion,” Psal. xxii. 7, 12, 13. “When I “ wept and chastened my soul with fasting, that was " to my reproach; I made fackcloth also my garment, " and I became a proverb to them; they that sit in “ the gate speak against me, and I was the song of " the drunkards," Pfal. Ixix. 10, 11, 12. Nor did

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our Lord, in the pit of his humiliation, only hear a noise from heaven and earth, but likeways from hell. He had immediate personal rancounter with the wicked one; particularly, in the wilderness of Judea, where Satan tempted him with the most guileful and impious words; and besides his hearing that grand adversary speak out of wicked men; he heard him, on a certain occasion, speaking out of his own disciple and servant; obliging the meek Emmanuel to spurn that apostle from him, with a “ Get thee “ behind me Satan.”

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The mire in the bottom of such a pit, cistern or bason, yielding and giving way to the person's feet placed in it; fo as he does, and mult, inevitably, however gradually, link downward, exhibites the plainest intimation of our Lord's circumstances in the pit of his humiliation. No sooner was he born at Bethlehem, than he found the sinking, fuffering, nature of the state upon which he had entered. His harmeless feet at once dipt into the mire of suffering; as his holy head was dashed with torrents of wrath: in the fame proportion as the engines of his Father's vengeance blazed upon him, did his fuffering, or sinking in this mire, grow and encrease. This fatal, but to sinners joyful, truth will appear to demonftration, could we trace him from Bethlebem's manger to mount Calvary, and follow him, from the first to the last breath he drew in our world.

The Man Christ was no sooner feparate from his mother's womb, than the mire, in which he stood, began to give way. He was not fo much as furnished with a proper and decent lodging, could not be allowed the common privilege of a bed, couch,

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or cradle, whereupon to stretch his infant limbs. A ftable was the only house, and a manger the only apartment, our world had to bestow upon this heavenly stranger, when an infant of days. “ Mary “ (says the evangelist) brought forth her first born "fon, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and “ laid him in a manger, because there was no room “ for them in the inn,” Luke ii. 7. Well was the circumstance of an inn suited to the character of the Man Christ, who on earth was a stranger, and from first to last treated as such. But was there no room for him ? did the inn open its gates to receive others, of mixed, indifferent, or even ignoble characters; and Nut them upon the innocent, the spotless, and the blameless Saviour? were others, under whose iniquities the earth groaned, accomodated with every thing necessary, perhaps, with maay things fuperfluous; and could he, of whom the world was not worthy, find no better accommodation, than that of a stable and manger? what sinking in the mire was this! that he, who, from everlasting ages, dwelt under the immediate canopy of uncreated glory, was now obliged to retire for thelter, from scorching heats and nipping colds, under the fame roof with oxen and asses: that he to whom the palaces, the ivory palaces, in Eminanuel's land belonged, should be thus reduced, to dwell in a low, grovelling and uncomely hut. While our Lord was a tender fuckling, the mire in which he ftood continued to give way. As there was no room for him in the inn, it soon appeared there was no fafety for him in his native land: ere ever he had well breathed our air, plots were laid against his precious life ; ere ever he had acquired any friends among men, unknown enemies way-laid him, in order to his destruction; which rendered a speedy flight from Bethlehem neceffary; pay, obliged his




supposed father, to translate him from the land of Judea entirely, and to enter, for a time, into volun. tary exile and banishment.

“ Behold (says the evangelist) the angel of the Lord appeared to “ Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the " the young child, and his mother, and Aee into

Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee só word; for Herod will seek the


child to “ destroy him. When he arole, he took the young “ child and his mother, by night, and departed in

to Egypt: and was there until the death of Herod,”: Matth. ii. 13, 14, 15. What could ail thee, O Bethlehem ! what ailed thee O Judea ! what meant thy madness, O Herod! thus to persecute the blessed franger, and so quickly to dislodge the heavenly guest. Not only did the Jews at Beth'lehem refuse hirn access, and the land of Judea spue him out; but, as if the earth itself had been wholly in league against its rightful Sovereign, a fixed habitation was absolutely denied him. You have already seen him hurried from one nation to another ; and if

you will follow him in his weary pilgrimage below, it will appear how he was hunted, chased, pursued, and sometimes obliged, of his own accord, ic retire from place to place, from one city and village, or it may be froin one mountain and defart place, to another. When he was informed of the Baptist's death, “ he departed thence by ship, into “ a defart place apart," Matth. xiv. 13. When the Pharifecs were offended at his ministry, they faid unto him, “Get thee out and depart hence, " Luke. xiii. 31. and when the Gergelenes underfood that he had permitted the devils to enter into their fwine, “they befought him that he would

depart out of their coasts,". Matth. viii. 34. But our Lord's own account of the matter is vally more expressive and emphatical than all such


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