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I waited patiently for the LORD, and he inclined

unto me, and heard my cry. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, und establisbed my goings. And he hath put a new fong in my mouth, even praises unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.

INTRODUCTION. TH

HE promises, prophecies, and doctrines of

the Old Testament, meet in Jesus Christ, as the different radii, from whatever point of the circumference, meet in the center. They have all a regard, more immediate or remote, to him ; and can only afford encouragement and confolation to finners, as they respect the Saviour. There are a variety of passages in the Old Testament writings,

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which

which have such a direct and evident, relation to the Messiah, that almost no Christians disagree in the application of them; but there are others, tho' no less expressive of the Messiah, in his humbled or exalted state, or both, which are not universally viewed in that light. Of these we take the passage now mentioned to be one : for though generally these verses are considered as pointing out the exercise of David, the then church, or after faints, they are more probably a prophetical description of his exercise who is David's Lord, the church's head, and the king of saints, namely, of the Old Testament Mefliah, our New Testament Redecmer ; and they are fo, chiefly, because we find the 6th, 7th, and 8th verses of that psalm quoted and applied to Jesus Christ, by the author of the epistle to the Hebrews, in the xth chapter of that epistle, 5th, 6th and 7th verses; and having an inspired commentator to copy after, we need have no reluctance in treading his steps *. Besides, the repeated mention our Lord makes of what was written of him in the psalms, as well as by Moses and the prophets, corroborates the presumption ; and fur

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* The original text runs thus :

. Sacrifice and offering thuu didst not desire, mine s “ ears hast thou opened: burnt-offering and sin-offer

ing haft thou not required. Then said I, LO, I

come : in the volume of the book it is written of 66 me: I delight to do thy will, O my God : yea, " thy law is within my heart.”

The quotation by the apostle runs thus :

" Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he " faith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldīt not, but a “ body hast thou prepared me: in burnt-offerings, " and facrifices for fin thou hast had no pleasure : then laid 1, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is “ written of me) to do thy will, o God."

ther

ther justifies the application of that passage to him f. To which it need scarce be added, that in the Acts of the apostles, we are informed of their following that immaculate pattern, unce, again and again , for the imitation, doubtless, of after faints, in their study of the Old Testament scriptures.

PART I.

Of the REDEEMER's Humiliation or Crofs.

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I.

Of Christ's active obedience, or of his waiting, wait

ing patiently, and crying.

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H'S

IS waiting for the Father says, that, as the

Messiah, or Chrift, he stood and acted in the capacity of the Father's servant; and did so in the different regards to be mentioned : according to the doctrine of the holy Ghost, Psal. cxxiii. 2. where the church is represented as saying, “Be“ hold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hands “ of their masters, and eyes

of a maiden unto “ the hand of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon " the Lord our God.” For our Lord, in his mediatory character, is denominated the Father's fervant, both by Old and New Testament writers. The prophet represents the Father as saying of Christ the Messiah, “Behold my Servant whom I

as the

+ Luke xx. 42. and xxiv. 44.
# Acts ii. 25, 26, 27, 23. and xiii. 33, 35.

“ uphold;

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" uphold ; mine Elect in whom my soul delights eth,” If. xlii. I. And the apostle, inspired from the same original, exprefseth himself to the fame purpose ; though from the view of Christ's divinity, considers it as a stupenduous act of condefcension in him: “Who being in the form of “ God (faid he) thought it no robbery to be equal " with God, but made himself of no reputation, " and took upon him the form of a servant,” Phil.

ü. 6, 7.

Our Lord in his humiliation, not only bore the designation of a fervant, but considered himself as fuch, and therefore came to do his Father's work, to negotiate the errand and business of heaven. However voluntary and cheerful in the whole, he acted strictly by commiffion; and, in the execution of it, ftudied the Father's approbation, as his fole confituent in that respect; “My meat (faid he) is to “ do the will of him that sent me, and to finish « his work,” John iv. 34.

" I seek not mine own “ will, but the will of the Father which sent me, John v. 30. and again, “I have glorified thee on earth, I have finished the work which thou gav.. " est me to do,” John xvii. 4.

In the execution of his Father's will, our Lord, as Mar-Mediator, acted a dependence upon the Father, for what strength, through bearing and confolation he needed. Considered as man, viewed as a creature, his circumstances required daily supplies from heaven, as to foul and body both. Accordingly, for these, in the station of a fervant, as well as in the capacity of a son, he was properly and perfonally a believer : “Behold my fervant, (faid the Father, pointing at the Messiah) whom I uphold,” If. xlii. I. In his divine nature, Christ was independent; whence, in fo far as the Father upheld him, he must be considered as man; and the Fa

ther's

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