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Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire.
They heard, and were abash’d, and up they sprung
1 In Tuscany.
2 Orion is the constellation repre. senting an armed warrior.
“ It was supposed to be attended with stormy
weather. 'Assurgens fluctu nimbosus Orion.' VIR. Æn. I. 539."-NEWTON.
3 The Pharaoh of Exodus xiv,
Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake.
1 Exodus x. 15.
2 The “populous north," as the northern parts of the world are observed to be more fruitful of people than the hotter countries. Sir William Temple calls it “ the northern hive.” “Poured never; a very proper word to express the inundations of these northern nations. “From her frozen loins ;” it is the Scripture expression of children and descendants “coming out of the loins," as Gen. xxxv. 11, “Kings shall come out of thy loins ;” and these are called frozen loins only on account of the coldness of the climate.-NEWTON.
3 “ To pass Rhene or the Danaw.” He might have said, consistently with his verse, the Rhine or Danube, but he chose the more uncommon names, Rhene, of the Latin, and Danaw, of the
German, both which words are used, too, in Spenser.-NEWTON.
4' " When her barbarous sons,' &c. They were truly barbarous ; for, besides exercising several cruelties, they destroyed all the monuments of learning and politeness wherever they came. “Came like a deluge." Spenser, describing the same people, has the same simile, “Faërie Queen,” B. II. cant. 1st. 15:“And overflowed all countries far away, Like Noye's great flood, with their
importune sway.' They were the Goths, and Huns, and Vandals, who overran all the southern provinces of Europe, and, crossing the Mediterranean beneath Gibraltar, landed in Africa, and spread themselves as far as Libya. Beneath Gibraltar means more southward.-NEWTON.
And powers, that erst in heaven sat on thrones ; ;
Say, Muse, their names then known, who first; who last,
1 Psalm ix. 5, 6. Rev. iii. 5.
Levit. xvii. 7. Psalm cvi. 37. 3 Ezek. viii. 15, 16.
4 The word Moloch means King. H is stylcd horrid on account of the awful human sacrifices offered to him.
Their children's cries unheard, that past through fire?
1 Moloch was represented by an idol of brass sitting on a throne, crowned. Before him was a furnace. His extended arms sloped down to it. Infants placed in his arms fell into the furnace and were consumed.
2 1 Kings xi. 7.
3 It was called Tophet from toph, a drum, the noise of drums being em
ployed to drown the cries of the poor
4 So used by our Lord.
7 Frequently named together in Scripture. They were the sun, Baal; the moon, Astaroth; and the stars; ini being the plural termination of the name Baal.
Like cumbrous flesh; but in what shape they choose,
i Solomon; who built a temple to Astoreth, the moon, on the Mount of Olives.
2 Adonis. See Maundrell's "Travels," p. 34. “We had the fortune to see what may be supposed to be the occasion of that opinion which Lucian relates concerning this river (the Adonis; called by the Turks, Ibrahim Bassa), viz., that this stream, at certain seasons of the year, especially about the feast of Adonis, is of a bloody colour; which the Heathens looked upon as proceeding
from a kind of sympathy in the river for the death of Adonis. Something like this, we saw, actually came to pass; for the water was stained to a surprising redness, and, as we observed in travelling, had discoloured the sea a great way into a reddish hue, occasioned, doubtless, by a sort of minium, or red earth, washed into the river by the violence of the rain, and not by any stain from Adonis' blood."
3 Ezek. viii. 12.