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The better part with Mary' and with Ruth?
Chosen thou hast; and they that overween,
No anger find in thee, but pity and ruth.
To fill thy odorous lamp with deeds of light:
And hope that reaps not shame. Therefore be sure
Passes to bliss at the mid hour of night,
TO THE LADY MARGARET LEY.5
DAUGHTER to that good Earl, once President
Of England's Council, and her Treasury,
And left them both, more in himself content,
Broke him, as that dishonest victory
Kill’d with report that old man eloquent.?
Wherein your father flourish'd, yet by you,
Madam, methinks I see him living yet;
That all both judge you to relate them true,
produced so many great and illustrious men."--PLUTARCH, Life of Lysander."
Athens was spared, but in cruel mockery. The Spartan collected all the
and burned the Athenian ships,to the sound of their in. strumente. 1 Lúke x. 42. 3 Ruth i. 14. 3 Matt. xxv, 4.
Rom. v. 5,
6 Milton used frequently to visit this lady, who married Captain Hobson, of the Isle of Wight.
* Earl of Marlborough, Lord High Treasurer; and Lord Prosident of the Council to King James 1.- Parliament was dissolved the 10th of March, 1628–9; he died on the 14th, but at an advanced age. NEWTON,
Isocrates, the orator, who could not survive the ruin of his country. Cha, ronea was gained by Philip of Macedon,
ON THE DETRACTION WHICH FOLLOWED UPON MY
WRITING CERTAIN TREATISÉS.
A BOOK was writ of late call’d Tetrachordon,'
And woven close, both matter, form, and style;
Numb’ring good intellects; now seldom pored on.
A title-page is this ! and some in file
End Green. Why is it harder, Sirs, than Gordon,
Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleek,
That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp.
Hated not learning worse than toad or asp,
ON THE SAME.
I DID but prompt the age to quit their clogs
By the known rules of ancient liberty,
and dogs :*
I Tetrachordon means exposition on the four chief places in Scripture which mention nullities in marriage.
Scottish writer against the Indepen. dents; for whom see Milton's verses
the “ Forcers of Conscience." WARTON.
3 Colkitto and Macdonnel are one and the same person, a brave officer on the royal side, an Irishman of the Antrim family, who served under Montrose. The Macdonnels of that family are styled, by way of distinction, Mac Collcittok, i.e., descendants of lame, Colin. Galaspis George Gillespie, a
3 Sir John Cheke has been already named in the notes to this volume. He was the first Professor of Greek át Cambridge, and restored the original pronunciation of it. He was tutor to Edward VI. 4 Milton's treatises were on the subjeet Midas, a King of Phrygia. He decided that Pan was superior
As when those hinds that were transform'd to frogg1
Raily at Latona's twin-born progeny,
But this is got by casting pearl to hogs;
And still revolt when truth would set them free.
Licence they mean when they cry Liberty;
But from that mark how far they rove we see
TO MR. H. LAWESS ON THE PUBLISHING HIS AIRS.
HARRY, whose tuneful and well measured song
First taught our English music how to span
With Midas' ears,* committing short and long;5
With praise enough for envy to look wan;
That with smooth air couldst. humour best our tongue.
To honour thee, the priest of Phoebus' quire,
That tun'st their happiest lines in hymn, or story."
Than his Casella, whom he woo'd to sing
of “Divorce.". The Presbyterian clergy were much (and justly) scandalized at them, and brought Milton before the Lords for them; but they thought the subject simply speculative, and he was discharged. He thus stigmatizes the Presbyterian clergy.
1 See OVID, Met. VI, fab. iv. "Latona's progeny” were Apollo and the sun god and moon goddess.: lana,
? A fine moral, coming, too, from a Republican poet.
The musician who put the music to Comus.”
was superior in singing
and playing on the flute to Apollo; and, to pitish his stupidity, Apollo changed his ears into those of an ass.
5 A Latinism, meaning offences against quantity.-RICHARDSON.
6 The “Story of Ariadne," set by Lawes.-WARTON.
7 Amongst the souls in Purgatory, Dante recognizes his friend Casella, the musician. In the course of an affectionate conversation, Dante asks for a song to soothe him, and Casella sings, with ravishing sweetness, the poet's second Canzone. See second cant. of Dante's “ Purgatorio."
ON THE RELIGIOUS MEMORY OF MRS. CATHERINE
Had ripen'd thy just soul to dwell with God,
Of death, call'd life; which us from life doth sever.
Stay'd not behind, nor in the grave were trod;
Follow'd thee up to joy and bliss for ever.
Thy handmaids, clad them o'er with purple beams
And azure wings, that up they flew so drest,
Before the Judge, who thenceforth bid thee rest
TO THE LORD GENERAL FAIRFAX.2
Filling each mouth with envy or with praise,
And rumours loud, that daunt remotest kings,
Victory home, though new rebellions raise
Vhen Milton was first made Latin
gether with the two following sonnets,
3 The English Parliament held that the Scotch had broken their covenant by marching into England, led by Hamilton,
O yet a nobler task awaits thy hand,
(For what can var, but endless war still breed ?)
Till truth and right from violence be freed,
Of public fraud. In vain doth valour bleed,
TO THE LORD GENERAL CROMWELL.
Not of war only, but detractions rude,
To peace and truth thy glorious way hast plough'd,
Hast rear'd God's trophies, and his work pursued,
And Dunbar field resounds thy praises loud,
To conquer still; peace hath her victories
No less renown'd than war: new foes arise
Help us to save free conscience from the páw
1 A small river near Preston, in Lancashire, where Cromwell defeated the Scots under the Duke of Hamilton in August, 1648.
2 Dunbar and Worcester were both
fought September 3-one 1650, the oth 1651.
3 He alludes to the Presbyterian cler They tried to persuade Cromwell to the secular power against Sectaries.