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Or on th' Emilian,' some from farthest south
Syene, and where the shadow both way falls,
Meroe, Nilotic isle, and more to west,
The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea;
From the Asian kings and Parthian, among these,
From India and the golden Chersonese,
And utmost Indian isle Taprobane,
Dusk faces with white silken turbans wreath'd:
From Gallia, Gades, and the British west, vod A
Germans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians north
Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool. ncisiv 10
All nations now to Rome obedience pay, lat 10
To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain
In ample territory, wealth, and power, is s
Civility of manners, arts, and arms, Jr
And long renown, thou justly may'st preferit o
Before the Parthian; these two thrones except,
The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the sight,
Shared among petty kings too far removed.
These having shown thee, I have shown thee al
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.T
This emperor hath no son, and now is old, a odT
Old and lascivious, and from Rome retired
To Capreæ, an island small but strong
On the Campanian shore, with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy,og to
Committing to a wicked favourite 7
4 Cadiz, in Spain, the extreme west of the Roman Empire. OFTE
5 Palus Mæotis, or Black Sea.
m6 Tiberius,boy a serod to aqoonT
Is given, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world,
Aim at the highest, without the highest attain'd
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophesied what will.
To whom the Son of GOD unmoved replied.
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to tell
Their sumptuous gluttonies and gorgeous feasts
On citron tables' or Atlantic stone,
For I have also heard, perhaps have read,
Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, 2
Chios, and Crete,3 and how they quaff in gold,
Crystal and myrrhine cups emboss'd with gems
And studs of pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst
And hunger still. Then embassies thou show'st
From nations far and nigh. What honour that,
But tedious waste of time to sit and hear
So many hollow compliments and lies,
Outlandish flatteries? then proceed'st to talk
Of the emperor, how easily subdued,
How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel
A brutish monster: what if I withal
Expel a devil who first made him such ?
Let his tormenter conscience find him out;
For him I was not sent, nor yet to free
That people, victor once, now vile and base,
Deservedly made vassal, who, once just,
Frugal, and mild, and temperate, conquer'd well,
But govern ill the nations under yoke,
Peeling their provinces, exhausted all
But lust and rapine; first ambitious grown
Of triumph, that insulting vanity;
Then cruel, by their sports to blood inured
1 Tables of citron-wood were very highly valued by the Romans. It grew on Mount Atlas. Atlantic stone was probably marble from Numidia. Pliny, in his Hist. Nat. lib. v. c. i., says that
the woods of Atlas were explored for citron-wood.
2 These were famous Campanian wines. Falerian was the best wine they possessed. 3 Greek wines.
Le Lining reusea and men a beasts exposed,
Lemon ly der wati mi greeder sull,
Aut from sue cuir sene effeminate
THE VI KHÍ vabaut mar word seek to free
These tous degenerate, by themselves enslaved,
Creonic of inward saves make outward free?
Know treeive when my seasor ormes to sit
On Devil's done, n mal te like a tree
Egreating and overshadowing a the earth,
Or as a some that stall to pieces lush
AT manarina bendes throughout the world,
And if my ingdom there shall be no end.
Means there shall be to this, but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, per me to tell
To whom the tempter impalent repbed
I see all offers made by me bow sight
Thon rain'st, because offer'd, and reject'st;
Nothing will please the diffent and nice,
Or nothing more than still to contradict.
On the other side know also thou, that I
On what I offer set as high esteem,
Nor what I part with mean to give for nonght;
All these which in a moment thon behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give;
For, given to me, I give to whom I please,
No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else,
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord,
Easily done, and hold them all of me:
For what can less so great a gift deserve?
Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain.
I never liked thy talk, thy offers less,
Now both abhor, since thou hast dared to utter The abominable terms, impious condition; But I endure the time, till which expired, u hast permission on me. It is written st of all commandments, Thou shalt worship 1 thy God, and only him shalt serve; st thou to the Son of GoD propound in thee accurst, now more accurst
For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve,
And more blasphemous? which expect to rue.
The kingdoms of the world to thee were giv'n,
Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd,
Other donation none thou canst produce:
If giv'n, by whom but by the King of kings,
Gon over all Supreme? if given to thee,
By thee how fairly is the giver now
Repaid? but gratitude in thee is lost
Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,
As offer them to me the Son of GOD,
To me my own, on such abhorrèd pact,
That I fall down and worship thee as GOD?
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.
To whom the fiend with fear abash'd replied.
Be not so sore offended, Son of God,
Though sons of GOD both angels are and men,
If I, to try whether in higher sort
Than these thou bear'st that title, have proposed
What both from men and angels I receive,
Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds,
GOD of this world invoked and world beneath;
Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold
To me so fatal, me it most concerns.
The trial hath indamaged thee no way,
Rather more honour left and more esteem;
Me nought advantaged, missing what I aim'd.
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory,
The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more
Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not.
And thou thyself seem'st otherwise inclined
Than to a worldly crown, addicted more
To contemplation and profound dispute,
As by that early action may be judged,
When, slipping from thy mother's eye, thou went'st
Alone into the temple, there wast found
Amongst the gravest rabbies disputant
On points and questions fitting Moses' chair,
Teaching, not tangit. The childhood shows the man.
As morning shows the day. Be famous then
By vision; as thy empire must extend,
bolet extend ity mind o'er all the world
In kwelig, all things in it comprehend:
All korige a not wai'i in Moses' law,
The Pentateuch, or what the prophets wrote;
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach
To admiration, led by nature's light;
And with the Gentiles much then must converse,
Ruling them by persuasion as thon mean'st;
Without their learning how wilt thou with them,
Or they with thee, hold conversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them? how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes?
Error by his own arms is best evinced.
Look once more, ere we leave this specular mount,
Westward, much nearer by south-west, behold
Where on the Ægean shore a city stands
Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil,
Athens the eye of Greece,' mother of arts
And eloquence, native to famous wits,
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess,
City or suburban, studious walks and shades;
See there the olive grove of Academe,2
Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird 3
Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long;
There flow'ry hill Hymettus with the sound
Of bees' industrious murmur oft invites
To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls
His whispering stream; within the walls then view
The schools of ancient sages; his1 who bred
Great Alexander to sudue the world,
Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next :
ore thou shalt hear and learn the secret power
lace of exercise,"
s, surrounded by
this Academe, or
daughter of Pandion, King of Athens, was changed into a nightingale.
4 Aristotle. The Lyceum was the school of Aristotle. Stoa was the school of Zeno, whose disciples were hence called Stoics. This Stoa, or portico, was adorned with a variety of paintings.