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Within these hallow'd limits thou appear,
Back to th' infernal pit I drag thee chain'd,
And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn
The facile gates of hell too slightly barr’d.

So threaten'd he: but Satan to no threats
Gave heed, but waxing more in rage replied.

Then, when I am thy captive talk of chains,
Proud limitary Cherub; but ere then
Far heavier load thyself expect to feel
From my prevailing arm; though heaven's King
Ride on thy wings, and thou with thy compeers,
Used to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant wheels
In progress through the road of heav'n star-paved.

While thus he spake, th' angelic squadron bright
Turn’d fiery red, sharp’ning in moonèd horns
Their phalanx, and began to hem him round
With ported spears, as thick as when a field
Of Cerès, ripe for harvest, waving bends
Her bearded grove of ears, which way the wind
Sways them; the careful ploughman doubting stands,
Lest on the threshing floor his hopeful sheaves
Prove chaff. On the other side Satan alarm’d,
Collecting all his might, dilated stood,
Like Teneriff or Atlas unremoved :
His stature reach'd the sky, and on his crest
Sat horror plumed; nor wanted in his grasp
What seem'd both spear and shield. Now dreadful deeds
Might have ensued, nor only Paradise
In this commotion, but the starry cope
Of heav'n perhaps, or all the elements
At least had gone to wrack, disturb’d and torn
With violence of this conflict, had not soon
Th' Eternal to prevent such horrid fray
Hung forth in heav'n his golden scales, yet seen
Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign,

i Rev. xx. 3.
? Ezek. i. x. and xi. 22.

3 The constellation Libra. This image of the Deity weighing the fates of the combatants is found both in HomerXXII. “Iliad ”-and in Virgil, who re

presents Jupiter as weighing the fates of Turnus and Æneas.-ADDISON. " In Homer and Virgil the combatants are weighed one against another, but here Satan only is weighed ; in one scale the consequence of his retreating, in the other of his fighting. And there is this further improvement, that, as in Homer and Virgil the fates are weighed to satisfy Jupiter himself, it is here done to satisfy

Wherein all things created first he weigh’d,
The pendulous round earth with balanced air
In counterpoise; now ponders all events,
Battles, and realms: in these he put two weights,
The sequel each of parting and of fight;
The latter quick up flew and kick'd the beam :
Which Gabriel spying thus bespake the fiend.

Satan, I know thy strength, and thou know'st mine:
Neither our own but given; what folly then
To boast what arms can do, since thine no more
Than heav'n permits, nor-mine, though doubled now
To trample thee as mire ? for proof look up,
And read thy lot in yon celestial sign,
Where thou art weigh’d,' and shown how light, how weak,
If thou resist. The fiend look'd up, and knew
His mounted scale aloft: nor more; but fled
Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night..

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only the contending parties--for Satan to read his own destiny !"--NEWTON.

i Dan. v. 27.

in.

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BOOK V.

THE ARGUMENT.

Morning approached, Eve relates to Adam her troublesome dream; he likes it not, yet comforts her: they come forth to their day-labours : their morning hymn at the door of their bower, God, to render Man inexcusable, sends Raphael to admonish him of his obedience, of his free estate, of his enemy near at hand, who he is, and why his enemy, and whatever else may avail Adam to know. Raphael comes down to paradiso ; his appearance described, his coming discerned by Adam afar off, sitting at the door of his bower; he goes out to meet him, brings him to his lodge, entertains him with the choicest fruits of paradise got together by Eve; their discourse at table ; Raphael performs his message, minds Adam of his state and of his enemy; relates, at Adam's request, who that enemy is, and how he came to be 80, beginning from his first revolt in heaven, and the occasion thereof; how he drew his legions after him to the parts of the north, and there incited them to rebel with him ; persuading all but only Abdiel a seraph, who in argument dissuades and opposes him, then forsakes him

Now morn, her rosy steps in th' eastern clime
Advancing, sow'd the earth with orient pearl,
When Adam waked, so custom'd, for his sleep
Was aery light, from pure digestion bred,
And temperate vapours bland, which the only sound
Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora's fan
Lightly dispersed, and the shrill matin song
Of birds on every bough: so much the more
His wonder was to find unwaken'd Eve
With tresses discomposed and glowing cheek,
As through unquiet rest : he on his side
Leaning half-raised, with looks of cordial love
Hung over her 'enamour'd, and beheld

Beauty, which, whether waking or asleep,
' Shot forth peculiar graces : then with voice.
Mild, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes,
Her hand soft touching, whisper'd thus : Awake,
My fairest, my espoused, my latest found,
Heav'n's last best gift, my ever new delight,
Awake, the morning shines, and the fresh field
Calls us, we lose the prime, to mark how spring
Our tended plants, how blows the citron grove,
What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed,

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How nature paints her colours, how the bee
Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.

Such whisp'ring waked her, but with startled eye
On Adam, whom embracing, thus she spake.

O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose,
My glory, my perfection, glad I see
Thy face, and morn returned; for I this night,

Such night till this I never pass’d, have dream’d, starog osht te maIf dream’d, not, as I oft am wont, of thee, hua ai o Works of day pass'd, or morrow's next design, borio zid to mid

3. But of offence and trouble, which my mind ein seurot soufle Knew never till this irksome night: methought to mitia jo buat Close at mine ear one call'd me forth to walk oldest to sewooeth w stron With gentle voice; I thought it thine : it said, r grinigod ,oa buehn Why sleep'st thou Eve? now is the pleasant time, erogoi eid

The cool, the silent, save where silence yields» BaruqTO
To the night-warbling bird, that now awake
Tunes sweetest his love-labour'd song; now reigns
Full orb'd the moon, and with more pleasing light
Shadowy sets off the face of things; in vain,ar W

If none regard: heav'n wakes with all his
Do Whom to behold but thee, nature's desire, rud DA

In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment 10)
Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. Te:) yitrail
I rose as at thy call, but found thee not;

ebrid 10
To find thee I directed then my walk; 1951on ti-H
And on, methought, alone I pass'd through ways
That brought me on a sudden to the tree ondt a A
Of interdicted knowledge : fair it seem'd, zien
Much fairer to my fancy than by day: 19v0 UH
And as I wond'ring look'd, beside it stood used
One shaped and wing'd like one of those from heav'n
By us oft seen; his dewy locks distill'diw sabiM
Ambrosia ; on that tree he also gazed za hasil H
And O fair plant, said he, with fruit surcharged,
Deigns none to ease thy load and taste thy sweet,
Nor Gon, nor man; is knowledge so despised P A
Or envy, or what reserve forbids to taste Pais elle
Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold" :)
Longer thy offer'd good; why else set here Pull

eyes, 17

This said, he paused not, but with vent'rous arm
He pluck’d, he tasted; me damp horror chillid
At such bold words vouch'd with a deed so bold,
But he thus overjoy'd: 0 fruit divine,
Sweet of thyself, but much more sweet thus croppid,
Forbidden here, it seems, as only fit
For Gods, yet able to make Gods of men :
And why not Gods of men since good, the more
Communicated, more abundant grows,
The author not impair'd, but honour'd more
Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve,
Partake thou also; happy though thou art,
Happier thou may'st be, worthier canst not be ::
Taste this, and be henceforth among the Gods
Thyself a Goddess, not to earth confined,
But sometimes in the air, as we, sometimes
Ascend to heav'n, by merit thine, and see
What life the Gods live there, and such live thou.
So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held,
Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part
Which he had pluck'd; the pleasant savoury smell
So quicken'd appetite, that I, methought,
Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the clouds
With him I flew, and underneath beheld
The earth outstretch'd immense, a prospect wide
And various : wond'ring at my flight and change
To this high exaltation, suddenly

7. T
My guide was gone, and I, methought, sunk down,
And fell asleep: but O how glad I waked
To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her night's
Related, and thus Adam answer'd sad.

Best image of myself and dearer half, The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally; nor can I like This uncouth dream, of evil sprung I fear: 15 Yet evil whence ? in thee can harbour none;'; 10) Created pure. But know that in the soul Are many lesser faculties that serves 12 Reason as chief: among these Fancy next 70.1(1 Her office holds ; of all external things, 'I O

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