The Study of Philosophy

Front Cover
Rowman & Littlefield, Oct 4, 2007 - Philosophy - 457 pages
This 6th edition of S. Morris Engel's engaging and critical work preserves the strengths of the earlier editions D intriguing examples and timely reflections on the major fields of philosophical inquiry (ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology) by some of the most important minds in the history of ideas (Plato, St. Thomas, Wittgenstein) D and expands the discussions of those fields. The new edition also incorporates expanded explorations of contemporary discussions in fields of continental and analytic philosophy, theories of justice, and feminism.
 

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This is an excellent book! Very readable and thought-provoking.

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It’s a complete in-depth study of philosophy at the 101 level; I will give you the basic understandings of philosophy (the love of wisdom) while letting the reader answer questions in the review that relate to the study in the chapters, there are highlighted key terms and bold print to let the reader know that this is an important term and lets you turn to a glossary in the back of the book to define them.
All in all it’s just a great text and easy to understand and thanks for reading my review of The Study of Philosophy 6th Edition.
 

Selected pages

Contents

The Nature and Scope of Philosophy
3
HOW PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE DIFFER
4
HOW PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION DIFFER
7
PHILOSOPHYS THREE MAIN AREAS
11
SUMMARY
12
REVIEW QUESTIONS
13
It Began Here
15
THE PROBLEM OF BEING
18
John Stuart Mill
223
Intelligent Design
230
CAN PROOFS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD SUCCEED?
232
RELIGIOUS BELIEF
233
William James
236
SUMMARY
238
KEY TERMS
240
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
242

Anaximander
20
Anaximenes
21
THE PROBLEM OF BECOMING
22
Parmenides
23
Zeno
24
Heraclitus
25
A SYNTHESIS
27
SUMMARY
31
KEY TERMS
32
Ionian Science before Socrates
33
Questions for Discussion
43
Socrates And so I go about the world
45
THE SOPHISTS
46
SOCRATES THE MAN
47
LIFE IN ATHENS AND CONQUEST BY SPARTA
49
SOCRATES CHRONICLERS
51
SOCRATES TRIAL AND DEATH
55
Euthyphro
56
Apology
61
Crito
67
Phaedo
70
SUMMARY
74
KEY TERMS
77
Apology
78
Questions for Discussion
87
PHILOSOPHYS METHOD
89
Aristotle and the Science of Logic
91
The Sophists Again
93
The Science of Logic
95
LOGIC AS THE STUDY OF ARGUMENT
96
DISTINGUISHING ARGUMENTS FROM NONARGUMENTS
98
ELIMINATING VERBIAGE
102
SUPPLYING MISSING COMPONENTS
105
DISTINGUISHING DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE ARGUMENTS
108
TRUTH VALIDITY AND SOUNDNESS
111
SUMMARY
113
REVIEW QUESTIONS
114
Prior Analytics
118
Questions for Discussion
122
Common Fallacies
123
THE FALLACIES OF AMBIGUITY
124
Amphiboly
125
Accent
126
Equivocation
128
THE FALLACIES OF PRESUMPTION
130
Overlooking the Facts
131
Evading the Facts
134
Distorting the Facts
137
Genetic Fallacy
141
Abusive ad Hominem
142
Tu Quoque
143
Poisoning the Well
144
SUMMARY
146
KEY TERMS
147
PHILOSOPHYS MAIN QUESTIONS
153
Ethics What Are We Like and What Should We Do?
155
ARISTOTLES THEORY OF ETHICS
159
Moral Virtues
162
Intellectual Virtues
165
KANTS THEORY OF ETHICS
167
A Good Will
168
The Categorical Imperative
169
The Role of Reason
173
THE UTILITARIAN THEORY
175
John Stuart Mill
179
Hedonism
184
GOODNESS AND HAPPINESS
186
SUMMARY
188
KEY TERMS
190
Nicomachean Ethics
191
Questions for Discussion
203
Religion What Is the Nature of God?
205
THE STUDY OF THE NATURE OF GOD AND BELIEF
207
The Idea of God
208
The Problem of Evil
209
IRENAEUS
214
PROOFS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
215
St Thomas Aquinas
216
David Hume
220
Questions for Discussion
252
The Will to Believe
253
Questions for Discussion
257
Metaphysics What Is the Nature of Our World?
259
CAUSATION
262
David Hume
264
FREEDOM AND NECESSITY
266
Immanuel Kant Freedom and Autonomy
270
P F Strawson
271
Henry Frankfurt
273
David Hume
274
SUMMARY
275
KEY TERMS
276
Physics
277
Questions for Discussion
282
Treatise on Human Nature
283
Questions for Discussion
285
Epistemology How Do We Know All This?
287
THE RATIONALISTS
290
Baruch Spinoza
294
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
297
THE EMPIRICISTS
300
George Berkeley
303
David Hume
308
THE KANTIAN SYNTHESIS
310
The Problem as Kant Saw It
312
The Solution to the Problem
316
Space and Time
321
Organizing Experience
324
Reason
326
SUMMARY
328
KEY TERMS
330
Meditations on First Philosophy
331
Questions for Discussion
340
Platos Theory of Forms
341
Questions for Discussion
344
CONTEMPORARY DIRECTIONS
345
The Analytic Tradition
347
LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN
350
The Philosophic Task
353
The Direction of Modern Philosophy
354
Picture Theory
356
Misleading Pictures
360
Language Pitfalls
363
The Tyranny of Words and Pictures
367
Wittgenstein and Our Philosophic Tradition
369
SUMMARY
374
KEY TERMS
375
REVIEW QUESTIONS
376
The Value of Philosophy
377
Questions for Discussion
381
The Continental Tradition
383
The Philosophic Task Again
385
EXISTENTIALISM
386
Seren Kierkegaard
387
Friedrich Nietzsche
388
JeanPaul Sartre
390
SUMMARY
392
KEY TERMS
393
Existentialism and Humanism
394
Questions for Discussion
411
Fairness and Feminism
413
The Original Position
415
FEMINISM AND WOMENS RIGHTS
416
Carol Gilligan
418
Alison Jaggar
420
Susan Moller Okin
421
SUMMARY
423
KEY TERMS
424
Declaration of Sentiments Seneca Falls Conference 1848
425
Questions for Discussion
427
Two Types of Justice
428
Questions for Discussion
431
GLOSSARY
433
INDEX
443
PERMISSIONS
453
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
457
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

S. Morris Engel is a retired professor of philosophy at York University in Toronto, Ontario. Previously, he taught at the University of Southern California for twenty-five years. Angelika Soldan is associate professor of philosophy and government at the University of Texas, Brownsville.

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