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than our grass; when these stalks are ground in a mill the juice runs out.

People boil the juice and make molasses and sugar. Sugar-cane grows in hot countries. We, in the United States, send ships with things which grow in our country, to the warm country of the West Indies, and to some other places where there is sugar, and our ships bring back sugar and coffee, and other things which grow in those countries.

The things which are sent away in our ships are called exports. The things which are brought back are imports.

Sugar and salt are in little pieces, called crystals. All things which can be melted, and which grow hard when they are cooled, have shapes of their own, called crystals.

The same substance always forms crystals of the same shape. The crystals of water, which is snow, are white like salt; but the pieces, or crystals of snow, are not shaped like the little crystals of salt.

The crystals of salt are not like the crystals of sugar. We cannot percieve the exact shape of these crystals without a microscope.


Words of three syllables, accented on the second,

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A great deal of work must be done to build a house. Many men must labour; many things must be used; many trades be employed.

The labourer digs the cellar, he lays a floor of stone to it, and he makes walls of


The walls of the house, and the chimneys are made next; they are made of bricks and stone; if the house is very fine the stone is marble. The bricks and stone are cemented or fastened together with mortar.

The house is divided into stories, and into rooms; large beams are laid under the floors, and posts of wood divide the rooms.

The floors are made of boards; the walls and the ceiling are covered with plaster; the windows are made of glass; the doors are sometimes made of wood called mahogany; sometimes the doors are made of white wood, and painted.

When the house is quite finished, the walls are covered with paper, the ceilings are washed with lime; the doors and the shutters are hung upon iron hinges; they are fastened by hooks, bolts, locks, and keys, and many parts of the house are covered with paint of different colours.

The roof is covered with shingles or slate. The stones which are laid in the cellar, are

dug out of the earth, at some distance from the house; they are brought in carts by the labourer to the place where they are wanted. Stones are a natural production.

The basement or lowest part of the house is made of stones.

Bricks.-Bricks are not found ready made. The brickmaker makes them. Children have seen that soft and blueish clay which is used to draw out grease.

There are large places, longer and wider than a street, covered with this clay; water is mixed with the clay, which makes it soft, like the dough of which bread is made.

People go to the place where so much of this clay is found; they make what is called a brick yard, and place in it a very large kind of oven.

The oven is called a brick-kiln, and is made to bake bricks. Bricks are made like little loaves. Bread is put into pans to bake; clay is put into little wooden boxes called moulds.

If you look at bricks you will see that they are all alike; the clay becomes a little dry and hard in the boxes, then it is taken out, and baked till the bricks are red and hard. The bricks are then sold to persons who want them.

Mortar is made of lime, sand, and the hair of animals; the hair which is scraped off of shoe leather is put into the mortar.

Lime is at first stones, a kind of very hard .chalk.

The lime stones are burned in a great fire till they become that white powder, which you see. The lime is put into barrels and sold.

The beams of the house were large trees; the tree is cut off with an axe from the root; all the branches are cut off, the bark is cut off, and the round trunk is made square.

These square logs are called timber.Some logs are sawed into boards, these are fastened together with nails.

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Glass is made with sand, ashes, and some other substances, melted together. The squares of glass used in windows, are called panes; they are cut with a diamond. A knife will not cut glass.

The labourer, the brickmaker, the bricklayer or mason, the carpenter or man who works on wood, the glazier, the painter, the locksmith, the blacksmith, who furnishes hinges and nails, all work upon a house.


Words of four syllables, accented on the first.

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