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A diphthong is the union of two vowels, pronounced together, so as to make one sound.
A triphthong is the union of three vowels.
The sounds of the diphthongs of oi and ou, are not represented by figures; these have one invariable sound, and are placed before the words where they occur in the tables.
Silent letters are printed in Italic characters. Thus in head, goal, build, people, fight, the Italic letters
have no sound.
.S, when printed in Italic is not silent, but pronounced like z, as in devise, pronounced devize.
The letter e at the end of words of more syllables than one, is almost always silent; but serves often to lengthen a foregoing vowel, as in bid, bide; to soften c as in notice; or to soften g as in homage; or to change the sound of th from the first to the second, as in bath, bathe. In the following work, when e final lengthens the foregoing vowels, that is, gives it its first sound, it is printed in a Roman character, as in fate; but in all other cases it is printed in Italic.
The sound of aw is invariably that of broad a, and that of ew nearly the same as u long.
OF THE ACCENT.
Every word, of more than one syllable, has one accented syllable, and is distinguished by this mark placed at the right hand of the syllable to be accented.
An accented syllable must be pronounced with a stronger and fuller sound of voice.