Discourse on Method and Meditations

Front Cover
Dover Publications, 2003 - Philosophy - 121 pages
Is it possible to be certain of anything? If so, how? Reneacute; Descartes (1596–1650), the father of modern philosophy and founder of rational method in philosophical thought, sought the answers to these questions. In Discourse on Method, he formulated a scientific approach comprising four principles: to accept only what reason recognizes as "clear and distinct"; to analyze complex ideas by dividing them into smaller elements; to reconstruct the ideas; and to make accurate, complete enumerations of the data. In Meditations, he proceeds according to this method, exploring the mind/body distinction, the nature of truth and error, the existence of God, and the essence of material things.

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User Review  - mattries37315 - LibraryThing

Modern philosophy began in the Netherlands by a French mathematician inspired by the events of the Thirty-Years War in Germany. Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy are the first ... Read full review

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User Review  - Velmeran - LibraryThing

It was worth reading this for the foundation it provides, but it was a bit chewy to me. Read full review

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About the author (2003)

Best known for the quote from his Meditations de prima philosophia, or Meditations on First Philosophy (1641), "I think therefore I am," philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes also devoted much of his time to the studies of medicine, anatomy and meteorology. Part of his Discourse on the Method for Rightly Conducting One's Reason and Searching for the Truth in the Sciences (1637) became the foundation for analytic geometry. Descartes is also credited with designing a machine to grind hyperbolic lenses, as part of his interest in optics. Rene Descartes was born in 1596 in La Haye, France. He began his schooling at a Jesuit college before going to Paris to study mathematics and to Poitiers in 1616 to study law. He served in both the Dutch and Bavarian military and settled in Holland in 1629. In 1649, he moved to Stockholm to be a philosophy tutor to Queen Christina of Sweden. He died there in 1650. Because of his general fame and philosophic study of the existence of God, some devout Catholics, thinking he would be canonized a saint, collected relics from his body as it was being transported to France for burial.

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