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another of Anagrams, which were mightily in Vogue even among learned Men in bis Time, tboo Non seldom us’d

and little regarded. Among other Papers of our Author's, we found written with bis own band, a forft Draught of an Answery to a-Libel printed, Anno 1648, against James Duke of Hamilton, &c. wbich we thought also proper to Print, fince the Testimony of so truly wise, and incontestably loyal a Man, who liv'd in those Times, cannot but be of very great Weight and Authority in this Affair. There are several other Papers, but imperfe&t, or Juvenile Essays, which may be supposedour Author never design'd, and we thought not fit for the Press. While we were printing of these Sheets, aWorthy and Honourable Person fent us the Original Copy of An Indenture of Agreement inade betwixt the Drummonds and Menteiths, about 350 years ago, whicle we thought fit to publish to gratify the curious Reader.

His Poems were written on different Occasions, and several of them compos'd 100 Tears ago ; yet they can still bear reading very well

, and may be justly compared for Sense, Wit and Language with

, the best English Poenis of that Time. The Second Imprelfion of bis Poems which we have made use of, was printed at Edinburgh, Anno 1616, and The Flowers of Sion, Anno 1630. In the Pear 1656 there was a new Edition made at London of bis Poems, and Flowers of Sion, in one Volume, and in it there are several Poems wanting, and some few added, which were not in the former Editions, We have put all together, that nothing may be, wanting of our learned and ingenious Author, which was formerly printed. There are fubjoyned some Poems never before Printed, not unworthy, we suppose, of the Author. The Translations of the ancient Hymns of the Church are both exa&t and smooth, and his other Miscellanies are very pleasant and diverting,

We bave prefixt The Author's Life, taken from some few Notes left by himself, and from the best Information we could get. There are published fonie Commendatory Poems never before Printed; as one by the ingenious Colonel George Lawder of Hatton, the Author's intimate Ace quaintance; it is a Pastoral callod Damon, the Name by which our Author pass'd frequently in his ÍVritings, and among his Comrads, as bis Friend the Earl of Stirling by that of Alexis. There are also made publick fome Verses made in Commendation of our Author, by the incomparably learned and loyal Sir George Mackenzie, and by that excellent Poet and Hiftorian M. David Crawford of Drumsoy.

We have endeavoured to do all things with the utmost Care and Accuracy, for which we are mightily obliged to a learned and ingenious Friend, much conversant in these Affairs, wbòwith great Diligence and ExaEtness has Revised and Corre&ted the whole Work ; Wbich we hope shall please all Lovers of Honesty and Ingenuity; for it contains a great many Things very useful, and also very delightful, and will be a Standard Book : So by this agreeable Variety the Reader is both inftru£ted and diverted, which is the chief design of Writing.

Omue tulit punctum, qui mifcuit utile dulci,



0 F

William Drummond


ILLIAM DRUMMOND of Hawthornden was Born the 13th of December 1585. His Father was Sir John Drummond of Hawthornden, a Man of great Worth: Who was

Gentleman-Usher fo King James VI. W

but did not enjoy that Place long, being in Three Months afterwards taken away by Death. He was immediately descended of the Druma monds of Carnock, and they, 300 Years before that, ( about the same Time Annabella Drummond was Queen

of Scotland) came off the House of Stobball

, the Chief of the Name of Drummond; which, for Antiquity, Honour, Honesty and Loyalty, is inferior to no Family in the Nation. His Mother was Susanna Fopler, Daughter to Sir William Fowler Secretary to Queen Anne ; she was a Woman of excellent Breeding, and of a good and vertuous Life.

The First Years of his Youth were spent at the High-School in Edinburgh, where the early Signs of that Worth which afterwards appeared to the World were very conspicuous. He was in due Time sent to the University of. Edinburgh, where, after the ordinary Stay, he was made Master of Arts. Tho' he very well understood the common Metaphysical Learning, which then obtained in the Schools ; yet he did not take up all his Time that way, but applied some of it to the reading of the Classick Authors and Mathematicks.

Having past his Course at the University, he did not, according to the common Custom, give over Reading, or think that he had a full Stock. of Learning, as a great many vainly imagine: He had more Sense, and knew better Things; That the short Time spent at Schools and Cola leges, is only designed to begin Youth in their Studies, and set just




Rules and true Methods for the prosecuting them. So he continued close foine Years reading the solid and unaffected Authors of Antiquity, which he not only retained in his Memory, but digested in his Judgment: Which was of great Use to him afterwards, as may be seen frequently in his excellent Works both in Prose and Verse.

His Father sent him to France in the Year 1606, being then 2 1 Years of Age, and of more Sense, and better instructed in Letters than many of his Years. He studied at Bourges the Civil Law with great Diligence and Applause, and brought Home not only the Dictates of the Professors, but also his own Observations on them ; which the Worthy, Learned and Judicious President Lockhart seeing, faid, That if our Author had followed the Practice; he might have made the best Figure of any Lawyer in his Time. After he had stay'd 4 Years abroad, he returned to his Native Country in the Year 1610, in which Sir John his Father died. Every Body then thought, that our Author, who had so good a Genius, and to proper an Education, would have applied himfelfferiously to the Practice of the Law, both for setting his own private Affairs at Rights, and raising his Fortune : But he neither lov'd the Fatigue nor Harshness of Law, tho' it indeed brings great Gain and Advantages along with it; for the Delicacy of his Wit always run on the Pleasantness and Usefulness of History, and on the Fame an Softness of Poetry, imitating his Master Ovid, and remembring these Verses in the 15 El. Lib. 1. Amor..

Non me verbofas leges ediscere ; non me

Ingrato vocem prostituille foro.
Mortale eft, quod quæris, opus: mihi fama perennis

Quæritur, in toto femper ut orbe canar. And indeed he made so great Advances both in History and Poetry, that he is reckoned amongst the exacteft Historians and best Poets of the Scottish Nation, as the Elogiums of the Learn'dest Men, and best Judges of his Time, do sufficiently declare.

Having given over all Thoughts of appearing in Publick, he retired to his own House at Hawthornden, a sweet and solitary Seat, and very fit and proper for the Muses ; and fell again to the studying the Greek and Latin Authors : And he then composed several excellent Treatises. After he had escaped a very dangerous Sickness, he wrote his Cypress Grove, a Piece of excellent Prose, both for the Sublimity and Piety of the Thoughts, and for the Fineness of the Stile. In it he represents the Vanity and Instability of Human Affairs, teaches the Contempt of the World, proposes Consolations against the Fears of Death, and gives us a View of Eternal Happiness. Much about this fame time he wrote his Flowers of Sim; tho’ the Numbers are not now very Fashionable ; yet they are stili Harmonious, and contain a great many excellent and Divine Thoughts, very proper for the Conduct of Human Life. The


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Cypress Grove, Flowers of Sion, and several other Poems, were neatly and correctly Printed in his Lifetime by Andrezo and John Harts, Famous Printers in Edinburgh.

'Tis true, he lov'd Obscurity and Retirement, for which he was mightily to blame : For it's a great Disparagement to Vertue and Learning, that those Things which make Men uteful to the World, should incline them to go out of it. But this Liberty ought to have been granted to him as soon as to any Man; for he did not spend his Time in Ease and Indolence, with a Design only to please himself, but withdrew out of the Crowd, with Defires of Inlightening and Instructing the Minds of those that remained in it.

Notwithstanding his close Retirement and serious Application to Studies, Love stole in upon him, and did intirely captivate his Heart : For he was on a sudden highly Enamour'd of a fine Beautiful young Lady, Daughter to Cuningħame of Barns, an Ancient and Honourable Family. He met with suitable Returns of chaft Love from her, and fully gain'd her Affection : But when the Day for the Marriage was appointed, and all Things ready for the Solemnization of it, the took a Fever, and was suddenly snatch'd away by it, to his great Grief and Sorrow. He expreff’d his Grief for her in several Letters and Poems; and with more Paffion and Sincerity Celebrated his dead Mistress, than others use to Praise their living Ones.

The great Grief for the Death of his Mistress so sensibly affected him, that he could not keep his former Retirement, or follow his wonted Studies ; so that he was in a manner compell’d to go again beyond Seas to ease himself of his Melancholy Thoughts. In which Peregrination he stay'd Eight Years abroad'; his chief Residence being at Paris or Rome; tho'he travell’d through all Germany, France and Italy : Where he visited all the Famous Universities, conversed with the Learned Men, and made an excellent Collection of the best ancient Greek and Latin Authors, and of the best modern Spanish, French and Italian Books. Some of them are yet to be seen at Hawthornden in the Poffeffion of his Son Sir William Drummond; who, as he poffeffes his Father's Estate, so he does inherit many of his Virtues, especially that great Honour, Honesty and Loyalty which were so conspicuous in our Author. He gave a Noble Present of rare Books and Manuscripts to the College of Edinburgh, where he was Educated; and it is one of the most curious Collections of any in that great Library. The Catalogue of the Books is Printed Anno 1627, with an excellent Preface in ornate Latin, about the Advantage and Honour of Libraries, written by himself. I find also among his other Papers a short Discourse in English, concerning Libraries, much to the fame Purpose. He was not much taken up with the ordinary Amusements of Dancing, Singing, Playing, Sc. tho he had as much of them as a well bred Gentleman should have; and when his Spirits were too much bended by levere Studies, he unbended them by playing on his Lute, which he did to Admiration. But the most

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Part of his Time was spent in reading the best Books, and conversing with the Learn'dest Men, which he improv'd to great Advantage.

After this long Stay of Eight Years abroad, he returned again to his Native Country, where he found great Heart-burnings, Fewds, and Animofities, which not long after burst forth into an unnatural War, and put all things in Disorder and Confufion. This made the Retirement which he to passionately loved very necessary and convenient for him : Wherefore he went and stay'd some while with his Brother-in-law Sir John Scot of Scotstarvat, a Man of excellent Learning and good Conversation. We suppose he then wrote his History of the Five King James's, which is an excellent Work, for the Prudent and exact Conduct of the Story, for the Judicious Reflections, and for the fine Language, which was received in England, as if it had been written by a Country Man of their own :. And tho' it be a great While since it was first written, none in Scotland can yet better the Stile and few equal it. It was first published soine Six or Seven Years after the Author's Death, and a Preface or Introduction wrote to it by Mr. Hall of Grays-Inn; who tho' he has not been exact in the History, and spares no Reflections on our Country, yet he has done a deal of Justice to our Author : For bis manner of writing ( says he ) thobe treats of Things, that are rather Many than Great, and Troublesome rather than Glorious ; yet be bas brought so much of the main together, as it may be modestly said, none of that Nation bas done before him. And for his way of bandling it, be bas sufficiently made it appear, hop Conversant be was with the Writings of venerable Antiquity, and boze generously be bas emulated them by a happy Imitation ; for the Purity of that Language

is much above the Dialect he wrote in. His Descriptions lively and full, bis Narrations clear and pertinent, bis Orations eloquent, and fit for the Persons who speak, ( for that, since Livy's Time, was never accounted a Crime in a Historian ) and bis Reflections solid and mature : So that it cannot be expected, that these Leaves can be turned over without as much Pleasure as Pros fit, especially meeting with so many Glories and Trophies of our Ancestors. In this History he chiefly followed Bishop Elphinston, and has given a different Turn to Things from our Printed Historians, especially from Buchanan. Our Author had a particular Respect and Fondness for his Name, and this seems to have been one of the Reasons he had for writing his History, which also is pretty evident from his own Dedication of it to John Earl of Perth. He begins his History with the Life and Reign of King James I. who was Son of Queen Annabelle Drummond, a Lady of great Beauty and fingular Piety and Prudence, as all our Historians bear Witness, Her Father was Sir John Drummond of Stobball, Chief of that Ancient Name, which came into Scotland from Hungary with Queen Margaret in King Malcolm Canmore's Time, when Sirnames came first to be in Use amongst us. What great and excellent Men, what vertuous and good Women this Family hath produced, and their Alliances not only with all the great Families of Scotland; but with the most of the Royal Families in Europe, may be seen at large in a MS.


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