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Nor woo in rhyme, like a blind harper's song:
Taffata pbrases, silken terms precise,

Three-piled hyperboles, spruce affectation,
Figures pedantical: these summer-flies
Have blown me full of maggot ostentation.

Love's Labour Lost Act 5 Scene 2.

Hamlet. I heard thee speak me a speech once, but it was never acted; or, if it was, not above once: for the play, I remember, pleased not the million; 'twas caviare to the general: but it was (as I received it, and others, whose juigments, in such matters, cried in the top of mine,) an excellent play; well digested in the scenes, set down with as much modesty as ning. I remember, one said, there were no sallets in the lines, to make the matter savoury: nor no matter in the phrase, that might indite the author of affection: but called it, an honest method, as wholesome as sweet, and by very much more handsome than fine.

Hamlet Act 2 Scene 1. and is when we affect new words and phrases:

Holofernes. Sir Nathaniel, will you hear an extemporal epitaph on the death of the deer? and, to humour the ignorant, I have callid the deer the princess kill'd, a pricket.

Nathaniel. Perge, good master Holofernes, perge; so it shall please you to abrogate scurrility.

I will something affect the letter; for it argues facility:

Love's Labour Act 4 Scene 2.

Maria. The devil a Puritan that he is, or any thing constantly but a time pleaser; an affectioned ass, that cons state without book, and utters it by great swartbs; the best persuaded of himself, so crammed, as he thinks, with excellencies, that it is his ground of faith, that all that look on him love him; and on that vice in him will my revenge find notable cause to work.

Twelfth Night Act 2 Scene 3. other than the good speakers and writers in any language, or then custome hath allowed, & is the common fault of young schollers not balfe well studied before they come from the Universitie or Schooles, and when they come to their countreys, will seeme to coigne fine words out of the Latin, and to use new fangled speeches, thereby to show themselves among the ignorant the better learned.“ Puttenham's Arte of Poesie Lib. III. chap. XXII.

Menenius. Our very priests must become mockers, if they shall encounter such ridiculous subjects as you are.

When you speak best unto the purpose, it is not worth the wagging of your beards; and your beards deserve not so honourable a grave, as to stuff a botcher's cushion, or to be entombed in an ass's pack-saddle. Yet you must be saying, Marcius is proud; wbo, in a cheap estimation, is worth all your predecessors, since Deucalion; though, peradventure, some of the best of them were hereditary hangmen. Good e'en to your worships; more of your conversation would infect my brain, being the herdsmen of the beastly plebeians: I will be bold to take my leave of you.

Coriolanus Act 2 Scene 1.

„In the mannor of Stoneley in the County of Warwick, there were antiently four bondmen, whereof each held one messuage, and one quartron of land, by the service of making the Gallows, and hanging the thieves. Each of which bondmen was to wear a red clout betwixt his shoulders, upon his upper garment; to plow, reap, make the lord's malt, and do other servile work." (Reg. de Stoneley Monast

. Blount 3.) Coke says in his commentary on the 117 section of Littleton's Tenures; „the worst tenure that I have read of, of this kind, is to hold lands to be ultor sceleratorum condemnatorum, ut alios suspendio, alios membrorum detruncatione, vel aliis modis juxta quantitatem perpetrati sceleris puniat (that is) to be a bangman or executioner. It seemetli in ancient times such officers were not voluntaries, nor for lucre to be hired, unless they were bound thereunto by tenure.“ (Ockam, fo. 31 8 & b. Co. Litt. 86 a.)

3. Witch.
Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf;
Witches' mummy; maw, and gulf,
Of the ravined salt-sea shark;
Root of hemlock, digg'd i' the dark;
Liver of blaspheming Jew;
Gall of goat, and slips of yew,
Sliver'd in the moon's eclipse ;
Nose of Turk, and Tartar's lips;
Finger of birth-strangled babe,
Ditch-deliver'd by a drab,
Make the gruel thick and slab.

Macbeth Act 4 Scene 1. , The pope in sending relicks to princes, does as wenches do by their Wassels at Newyears-tide; they present you with a cup, and you must drink off a slabby stutf

, but the meaning is, you must give them money, ten times more than it is worth.“ Selden's Table Talk. Pope.


Leave thy lascivious wassels.

Antony and Cleopatra Act 1 Scene 4.

This fellow pecks up wit, as pigeons peas;
And utters it again, when God doth please:
He is wit's pedlar, and retails his wares
At wakes, and wassels, meetings, markets, fairs.

Love's. Labour Act 5 Scene 2.

The king doth wake to-night, and takes his rouse,
Keeps wassel, and the swaggering up-spring reels ;
And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down,
The kettle-drum and trumpet thus bray out
The triumph of his pledge.

Act 1 Scene 4. The yearly was haile in the country on the vigil of the new year, which bad its beginning, as some say, from that of Ronix (daughter to Hengist) her drinking to Vortigern, by these words louerd king was-heil, lord king a health; he answering her by direction of an interpreter, drinc heil, drink the health, and then,

Kuste hire and sitte hire adoune and glad dronke hire heil:
And that was tho in this land the verst was bail

As in language of Saxonyne that me might euere iwite

And so wel he paith the folc about, that heis not yut voryute. and afterwards it appears that was haile and drink-beil, were the usual phrases of quaffing among the English, as we see in Thomas de la Moore, and before him that old Havillan, ibus :

Ecce vagante cifo distento gutture wass-heil

Ingeminant wass-heil But I rather conjecture it a usual ceremony among the Saxons before Hengist, as a note of health-wishing (and so perhaps you make it wishheil) which was expressed among other nations in that form of drinking to the bealth of their mistresses and friends,

Bene vos, bene nos, bene te, bene me, bene nostram etiam Stephanium. in Platus, and infinite other testimonies of that nature in him, Martial, Ovid, Horace, and such more) agreeing with the fashion now used: we calling it a health, as they did also in direct terms; Which, with an idol called Heil, Antiently worshipped, at Cerne in Dorsetshire, by the English Saxons, in name expresses both the ceremony of drinking, and the new year's acclamation (whereto in some parts of this kingdom is joined also solemnity of drinking out of a cup, ritually composed, decked, and filled with country liquor) just as much and as the same which that all-healing Diety or all helping medicine did among the Druids Selden's Notes upon Drayton's Polyolbion.

If we should fail,
Lady Macbeth.

We fail !
But screw your courage to the sticking-place,
And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep,
(Whereto the rather sball his day's hard journey
Soundly invite him,) his two chamberlains
Will I'with wine and wassel so convince,
That memory, the warder of the brain,
Shall be a fume, and the receipt of reason
A limbeck only.

Act 1 Scene 7. As soon as she heard her husbands voice, sbe verily thought she had her play: and therefore stealing from her pare as softly as she could, she came creeping and halting behinde him, even as he (thinking his daughters little wits had quite left her great nowle)

The shallowest thick-skin of that barren sort,
Who Pyramus presented, in their sport
Forsook his scene, and enter'd in a brake:
When I did him at this advantage take,
An ass's nole I fixed on bis head;

Midsummer Night Act 3 Scene 2. began to take her in his armes; thinking perchance her feeling sense might call her mind-parts unto her. But Miso who saw nothing but thorough the colour of revengefull anger, established upon the fore-judgment of his trespasse, undoubtedly resolving that Mopsa was Charita, Dorus had told her

of; mumping out her boarse chafe, she gave him the wooden salutation you heard of. Þametus that was not so sensible in anything, as in blowes, turned up his blubbered face like a great lowt new whipt: Alas thou woman, said be, what hath thy poore husband deserved to have his own ill luck loaded with thy displeasure? Pamela is lost. Miso stil holding on the course of her former fancie, what tellest thou me naughty varlet of Pamela, Falstaff. And tell me now, thou naughty varlet, tell me where bast thou been mouth?

1. Henry IV. Act 2 Scene 4.

Dogb. Come, let them be opinioned.


Let them be in band.

Con. Ofi, cox comb!

Dogb. God's my life! where's the sexton ? let him write down — the prince's officer, coxcomb. Come, bind them. Thou naughty varlet!

Mucb ado: Act 4 Scene 2. dost thou think that doth answer mee, for abusing the lawes of marriage ? Have I brought the children, have I been a true wife unto the, to be despised in mine old age ? And ever among she would sauce her speeches with such bastanados, that poore Dametas began now to think, that poore Dametas began now to thinke, that either a generall madding was falne,

Queen Margaret.
flow often have I tempted Suffolk's tongue
(The agent of thy foul inconstancy).
To sit and witch me, as Ascanius did,
When he to madding Dido would unfold
His father's acts, commenced in burning Troy?
Am I not witch'd like her? or thou not false like him.

2. Henry VI. Act 3 Scene 2.


She hath that ring of yours.

I think she bas: certain it is, I liked her,
And boarded her i' the wanton way of youth:
She knew her distance, and did angle for me,
Madding my eagerness with her restraint,
As all impediments in fancy's course
Are motives of more fancy.

All's Well Act 5 Scene 3.

O sleep, thou ape of death, lie dull upon her!
And be her sense but as a monument,
Thus in a chapel lying! – Come off, come off;

(Taking off her bracelet.)
As slippery as the Gordian knot was hard !
'Tis mine; and this will witness outwardly,
As strongly as the conscience does within,
To the madding of her lord.

Cymbeline Act 2 Scene 2. or else that all this was but a vision." (Arcadia Lib. IV Page 407.) Archiv f. n. Sprachen. XXXV.


With that bestriding the màst, I gat by little and little towards bim, after such manner as boyes are wont, when they ride the wilde

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Doll. Tbey say, Poins has a good wit.

Falstaff. He a good wit! hang bim, baboon! his wit is as thick as Tewksbury mustard; there is no more conceit in him, than is in a mallet.

Doll. Why does the prince love him so then?

Falstaff. Because their legs are both of a bigness: and he plays at quoits well; and eats conger and fennel; and drinks off candles' ends for flap-dragons; and rides the wild mare with the boys; and jumps upon joint stools: and swears with a good grace; and wears his poot very smooth, like unto the sign of the leg; and breeds no bate with telling of discreet stories, and such other gambol faculties be bath, that shew a weak mind and an able body, for the which the prince admits bim: for the prince himself is such another; the weight of a bair will turn the scales between their avoire dupois.

2. Henry IV. Act 2 Scene 4. And he perceiving my intention, like a fellow tbat had much more couragthan honestic, set himself to resist: but I had in short space gotten with him, and (giving him a sound blow) sent him to feed fishes. (Arcadia Lib. II Page 192.) Liverpool.

W. L. Rusbton.

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