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sions of eternal bliss.* It is not undeserving served up in the most costly vessels; and the of remark that the two powers that waged war choicest wines sparkled in golden cups. The simultaneously against İslam, the Christians of fortunate youth believed himself really in the the West, and the Assassins of the East, were Paradise of the prophet, and the language of both stimulated by their spiritual heads with his attendants confirmed the delusion. When the same motives.' Those who fell in the cru. he had had his fill of enjoyment, and nature sade were pronounced by the Pope to be mar- was yielding to exhaustion, the opiate was tyrs, and entitled to the kingdom of Heaven; again administered, and the sleeper transported and to the Fedavee who fell in executing the back to the side of the chief, to whom he commandates of his superior, the gates of Para-municated what had passed, and who assured dise unfolded, and he entered into the enjoy him of the truth and reality of all he had exment of the ivory palace, the silken robe, and perienced, telling him such was the bliss rethe black-eyed houries. This known quality of served for the obedient servants of the Imaum, the human mind might suffice to account for and enjoining at the same time the strictest the blind devotion and the contempt of life of secrecy. Ever after the rapturous vision posthe Ismailite Fedavee; but Marco Polo, whose sessed the imagination of the deluded enthu. fidelity and veracity, like those of Herodotus, siast, and he panted for the hour when death, become every day more apparent, as we become received in obeying the commands of his supe. better acquainted with the history and manners rior, should dismiss him to the bowers of Paraof the East, gives a particular description of dise. Can it be possible that all this is true; the mode in which the Ismailite chief instilled

or is it purely the invention of the orthodox to into the minds of those whom he deemed fit throw odium on the sect? subjects, the longing after the joys of Para- We will observe en passant, that we have dise, and the disregard of earthly existence. here, according to De Sacy, the true origin of As Marco Polo's narrative is confirmed by ori- the name Assassin. Hyde derived it from ental writers, M. Von Hammer is disposed to Hassa, to kill; others from the Jewish Essenes; regard it as true in the main circumstances; the prevailing derivation, which is even the one but De Sacy and Wilken seem inclined to sup- given by Sir John Malcolm, is from Hassan the pose that the description applies to the visions first chief; but M. de Sacy thinks that Lemoine excited in the mind of the votary by the intox- was near the truth when he deduced it from icating draught which he had swallowed, and a word signifying herbage, and consequently not to any scenes of reality.

gardens; the word Hashish, which signifies According to the Venetian traveller and the the bang or opiate of hemp-leaves, is, accordArabian author of the “ Sireh Hakem-biemr. ing to M. de Sacy, whose opinion is adopted by illah," there was at Alamoot, and also at Masiat Hammer, the true root, and they obtained their in Syria, a delicious garden, encompassed with appellation from the use they made of the opiate lofty walls, adorned with trees and flowers of prepared from that plant. every kind—with murmuring brooks and trans- Let us now take a view of the society as lucent lakes—with bowers of roses and trel- constituted by Hassan Sabah The mystic lices of the vine-airy halls and splendid kiosks, number seven appeared every where. They furnished with the carpets of Persia and the acknowledged seven Imaums; the degrees silks of Byzantium. Beautiful maidens and were seven, viz. the Sheikh, the Dai-al-kebir, blooming boys were the inhabitants of this de- or chief of the Dais, the Dai, the Refeek, the licious spot, which ever resounded with the Fedavee, the Laseek, or aspirants, and the inelody of birds, the murmur of streams, and Profane, or the common people. For the the ravishing tones of voices and instruments, use of the Dais, Hassan drew up a particular all respired contentment and pleasure. When rule consisting of seven heads, which our authe chief had noticed any youth to be distin: thor regards as the proper breviary of the guished for streng and resolution, he invited | Order. The first head, called Ashinai-risk, or him to a banquet, where he placed him beside knowledge of their calling, contained the himself, conversed with him on the happiness maxims of the requisite knowledge of human reserved for the faithful, and contrived to ad- nature for the selection of fit subjects for iniminister to him an intoxicating draught pre- tiation, and to this belonged the numerous pared from the hyoscyamus. While insensible, proverbs and dark sayings which were current he was conveyed into the garden of delight, | among the Dais, as formerly among the Py. and there awakened by the application of vine- thagoreans, and since among the Jesuits. The gar. On'opening his eyes all Paradise met his second rule, called Teenees, gaining of confiview; the black-eyed and green-robed houries dence, taught to gain the candidates by flatsurrounded him, obedient to his wishes: sweet tering their passions and inclinations. The music filled his ears; the richest viands were third instructed to puzzle them by doubts and

questions on the precepts of religion and the * A follower of the modern Wahabee, who a absurdities of the Koran. The fourth imfew years ago stabbed an Arabian chief, near posed the Ahd, the oath of silence and obedi. Bassora, not only refused to save his life, but ence; and the candidate swore most solemnly anxiously courted death, grasping in his hand never to impart his doubts to any but his sua paper, which he seemed to prize far beyond perior, and blindly to obey him in all things. his existence. This, when examined, proved The fifth rule, Tedlees, taught the candidates to be an order from the Wahabee chief for an that their opinions coincided with those of the emerald palace and a number of beautiful fe- / greatest men in church and state. This was male slaves, in the delightful regions of eter- done to entice them by the example of the nal bliss.-- Sir John Malcolm, from a Persian great and powerful. The sirth, Tesees, mereMS.

ly went over again what had preceded, to con

firm and strengthen the pupil therein. The Casveen, and divided the government between secenth and last, Teévil, the allegorical in- them, so that Aboo Ali should direct the ex. structions, closed the course. This taught to ternal operations and the internal administraseglect the plain sense, and seek an allegori- tion of the society; Keah should, as the procal one in the Koran; and it formed the es. per chief, possess the highest spiritual power sence of the secret doctrine. Hence the As and guidance of the Order. Sir John Malsassins were named Batenee, the internal. colm, it therefore appears, was wrong in stating This system has frequently been applied to that Keah Buzoorg Oomeid was the son of the Bible as well as to the Koran, and its i Hassan Sabah. powers in explaining away articles of faith Keah Buzoorg trod in the footsteps of the and precepts of moral duty, and establishing founder of the Order. Hostilities were rethe principle of every thing being permitted newed between him and the Seljucides, and to the chosen, can easily be conceived. This Alamoot fell for a time into the hands of Sul. higher knowledge was confined to a very few; tan Mahmood. But the power of the Order the great majority of the members were had struck root too deeply to be easily overstraitly curbed by the positive precepts of thrown, and it speedily recovered from its tem. Islam.

porary disasters. In Syria too, though vio. Thus constituted, the power of the Order lently opposed, it extended its influence. It began to display itself. By force or by treach- was at this period that the first connexion ocery, the castles or hill-forts of Persia fell one curred between the Assassins and the crusaders. after another into their hands. A bloody pe- Abool-Wefa, the Ismailite Dai-al-kebir, was riod ensued; the doctors of the law excommu- also Hakem or chief judge of Damascus, and nicated the adherents of Hassan, and the Sul. he entered into a treaty with Baldwin II. King tan, Melek Shab, directed his generals to re- of Jerusalem, by which he engaged to deliver duce their fortresses; the daggers of the As. on a Friday, when the Emir and his court were sassins were displayed against the swords of at prayer in the mosque, the gates of the city the orthodox, and the first victiin to Hassan's into the hands of the Christians, on the condirevenge was the great and good Nizam-ul- tion of the city of Tyre being given to him as mulk, who fell by the dagger of a Fedavee. a reward. Baldwin's chief adviser in this comHis death was followed by that of his master, pact with the secret enemies of Islam was Dot without strong suspicion of poison. “The Hugo de Payens, the first Grand Master of the governments were arrayed in open enmity | Templars, which order had now been estabagainst the Order, and heads fell like an abun- | lished about ten years. M. Von Hammer dant harvest beneath the two-fold sickle of the traces a great, though perhaps in some points dagger of assassination and the sword of a fanciful resemblance, between the Asiatic justice."

and the European orders. The Templars were Simultaneously with the Crusaders, the As- divided into Knights, Esquires, and Lay Bresassins appeared in Syria, and by means of thren, which answer to the Refeek, Fedavee, Riswan, Prince of Haleb, or Aleppo, acquired and Laseek of the Assassins, as the Prior, fortresses in that country. In Syria, as in Grand Prior, and Grand Master of the former Persia, they were persecuted and massacred; correspond with the Dai, Dai-al-kebir, and and there also the dagger amply avenged Sheikh of the Mountain of the latter. As the those who fell by the sword. In Persia, after Ismailite Refeek was clad in white, with a red a protracted contest, a dagger planted oppor mark of distinction, so the Knight of the Temtunely on the ground at Sultan Sanjer's head, ple wore a white mantle adorned with the red reminded him of the danger of continued en- cross; and the preceptories of the Templars mity, and peace was established between the in Europe corresponded to the castles of the Seljucide Sultan and the Sheikh of Alamoot. Assassins in Asia; and as these last held a seThe Ismailites agreed on their part to add no cret doctrine destructive of all religion, the acmore works to their forts, to purchase no arms cusations of their enemies, and the extorted or military machines, and to make no more confessions of their members, cast similar improselytes; and the Sultan released them from putations on the Knights of the Temple. M all taxes in the district of Kirdkoo, and assign- Von Hammer is so satisfied of the corresponded them a portion of the revenues of the ter- ence, that throughout his work he uses the ritory of Koomees as an annual pension. terms Grand Master and Grand Prior as sy

After a reign of five-and-thirty years, Hassan nonymous with Sheikh-al-jebel and Dai-alSabah saw his power extended over a great kebir.* portion of the Mohammedan world. Three The enterprise against Damascus failed; the grand missionaries (Dai-al-kebir) presided over prince of that city got timely information of the three provinces of Jebal, Cubistan, and the plot; the Vizier, the great friend and proSyria; while from his chamber at Alamoot, tector of the Assassins, was put to death; and (which apartment he left but twice during his long reign,) Hassan directed the operations of * M. de Sacy, though admitting the resemhis followers, and occupied his leisure in draw. blance between the Templars and the Assasing up rules and regulations for the Order. sins, does not think him sufficiently authorized He died at a very great age, leaving no child in this transferrence of appellations. M. Von dren; for he had put his two sons to death, one Hammer has embodied the accusations against for the crime of murder, the other for the trans- the Templars in a long and curious dissertagression of soine trifling procept of the Koran. tion inserted in the Mines de l'Orient, in which, When he felt the approach of death, he sum- according to the opinion of the same learned moned to Alamoot the Dai Keah Buzoorg and judicious critic, he has allowed his imagiDomeid from Lamseer, and Aboo Ali from nation to lead him too far astray.

an indiscriminate massacre of these fanatics, in an open place before the fort, and turned toordered, to which six thousand fell victims. wards Mecca; and on the 17th of the month, The Christian army, on its march to Damas. when the people were all assembled, the Grand cus, was assailed by a valiant band of the Da- | Master ascended the pulpit, and commenced mascene warriors, as well as overtaken by one his discourse, by raising doubts and confusion of those awful storms of thunder, rain, and in the minds of his hearers. He informed them snow that at times occur in the regions of the that a messenger had come, bearing to him a East. Their superstitious minds ascribed this letter from the Imaum (the Egyptian Caliph), to the vengeance of heaven, justly incensed at directed to all the Ismailites, by which the funtheir unhallowed union with treachery and damental doctrines of the sect were renewed murder, and they fled in dismay before their and strengthened. He declared to them, that enemies. All that they acquired was the cas- by this letter the gates of favour and mercy tle of Banias, the strongest hold at that time were opened to all who should obey and of the Assassins in Syria, which the governor, hearken to him; that they were the true elect, cireading to share the fate of his brethren in released from all the obligations of the Law, Damascus, delivered up to the Christians. and from the burden of commands and prohi* This event occurred at the same time that Ala-bitions; and that he had now conducted them moot was gained by Mahmood, and the Ismai- to the Day of the Resurrection, that is, the lite power in Persia and in Syria was thus Revelation of the Imavm. He then read the shaken to its foundation. But ihe hydra was forged missive of the Imaum, which declared not thus to be slain ; the house of Seljuk was Hassan to be his Caliph, Dai and Hujet, or evisoon glad to agree to terms of peace; the Sy. dence, and enjoined all the followers of the Isrian fortresses were again recovered; in the mailite doctrine to yield obedience to him, in reign of Keah Buzoorg, the daggers of the all points. The conclusion of it was, “ They Order were first imbued in the sacred blood of shall know that our Lord hath had compassion the successors of the Prophet; and a Caliph on them, and hath conducted them to the most of Bagdad, and, notwithstanding his descent High God." Hassan then descended from the from Ismail, another of Cairo, were the vic- pulpit, caused the tables to be spread, com. tims.

manded the people to break their fast, and, Keah Buzoorg departed from the maxims of with music and dancing, as on festival days, to the founder, and appointed his son Mohammed | abandon then selves to every species of enjoy. as his successor, perhaps with paternal parti ment; for this, said he, this is the Day of the ality esteeming him the person best adapted Resurrection. How similar are the workings to govern the Order. Mohammed was, how- of human nature, and how closely does this ever, weak and inefficient, but his son and suc- scene resemble the wild extravagances which cessor, Hassan II., merits particular attention. have been occasionally acted by fanatics in the

Hassan was distinguished for his learning Christian world!" and talents, and the people, despising the weak- Hassan, the Illuminator, was, after a short ness and incapacity of Mohammed, attached reign, murdered by his brother-in-law and his themselves to his son, who, during the lifetime son Mohammed, who succeeded him, and who of his father, countenanced the opinion which rivalled him in knowledge, and in the open diswas spread abroad, that he was the Imaumregard of morality and religion. promised by Hassan Sabah. The members of At this period the history of the Assassins in the Order attached themselves to him more Persia presents little to interest ; but the Syand more every day, until at length Moham. rian branch was involved in friendship and enmed was roused from his apathy, and assem- mity with the great Saladin, and the Christian bling the people, he declared publicly, “ Has- sovereigns of Jerusalem. The life of the forsan is my son. I am not the Imaum, but one mer was assailed more than once by their dag. of his missionaries. Whoever maintains the gers, and but for the intercession of the prince contrary is an infidel;" and in the true spirit of Hamar, he would have completely extir. of the Order he confirmed his words by instant pated them. The Grand Prior engaged that action. Two hundred and fifty of Hassan's no more attempts should be made on the life adherents were executed, and two hundred and of the gallant Sultan, and he faithfully kept fifty more expelled from the fortress; and it his engagement, for, during the remaining fifwas only by publicly cursing, and writing trea- teen years of Saladin's reign, he was never aptises against the Muminators, as he and his proached by an Assassin. The name of this adherents were called, that Hassan escaped the Grand Prior was Sinan, one of those person. vengeance of the incensed Grand Master. ages who have at various times in the East, by But when Hassan had succeeded to the su- an extraordinary appearance of austerity and preme authority, he could not resist the vanity devotion, gained, in the eyes of the credulous of becoming a teacher and Illuminator ; for multitude, the reputation of divinity. He gave getful of the prudent counsels of the founder himself out to be an incarnation of the Deity; to the initiated, to conceal under the mask of he wore no clothing but sackcloth; no one ever religious zeal the ambition and infidelity which saw him eat, drink, or sleep; and from sunrise were to be their secret guides, he, by his mad to sunset he preached, from the top of a lofty disclosures of the mysteries, justified the curses rock, to the assembled multitude, who listened of the people, the excommunications of the to his words as to those of a God. But the pochurch,

and the death-warrants of kings against pular idea of divinity is loose and unsettled; a the Order.

lameness which Sinan had contracted by a In the month Ramazan, the Mohammedan Lent, Hassan convoked all the inhabitants * This was precisely one of the heretical noof Roodbar to Alamoot. A pulpit was erected tions which St. Paul combated.


wound from a stone, in the great earthquake | Von Hammer gives the following passage from of A.D. 1157, having proved him a mere mor- the Arabic History of Jerusalem and Hebron, tal in the eyes of the multitude, they were on which he considers quite decisive on the subthe point of conferring on him the glory of ject. “The marquis went, on the 13th of the martyrdom, when he descended from his rock month Ribce-ul-ewal, to visit the bishop of and invited them to eat; and such was the Tyre. As he was going out, he was attacked power of his eloquence that they unanimously by two Assassins, who slew him with their swore obedience and fidelity to him, as their su- daggers. When taken and stretched on the perior. His influence continued unimpaired rack, they confessed that they had been em. during his life, and at the present day his wri- ployed by the king of England. They died tings are held in high veneration by the rem- | under the torture." He adds that the same napt of the sect which still lingers in the moun. work contains instances of treachery and per. tains of Syria.

fidy of Richard, which stain his character, and Sinan had read the books of the Christians, confirm the charge of his participation in this as well as those of his own religion; and whe- murder. We think that Mr. Von Hammer is ther from conviction or (what is much more not justified in making so strong an assertion. probable) from a wish for peace and exemption We have looked over the extracts from that from tribute, he sent an ambassador to Alme- work, given by himself, in the Funegraben des rie, king of Jerusalem, offering, in his own Orients, (Mines de l'Orient,) where it is to be naine and that of his people, to submit to bap- supposed he would omit nothing of the kind, tism, if the Templars, their near neighbours, and we could find nothing but an accusation of would remit the annual tribute of two thousand having put some Moslem prisoners to death, ducats, which they had imposed on them, and and a passionate assertion of the zealous Mus. kve with them hereafter in peace and brotherly sulman writer, that nothing could be settled concord. The king received the embassy with with Richard, “ because he always broke off joy, agreed to all the conditions, offered to re. what he had arranged, by continually retractimburse the Templars from his treasury, and ing what he had said. May God curse him." after detaining the envoys a few days, dismiss- Mr. Von Hammer, too, seems forgetful of the ed them with guides and an escort to their own other and most probably the real cause of the borders. But as they approached their castles, enmity of the duke of Austria to Richard, when they were assa nlted by an ambush of the Tem- he regards the assassination of the marquis plars, led by Walter of Dumesnil, and the am- Conrad, who was a kinsman of Leopold, as the bassador was murdered. The king, incensed cause of the arrest and imprisonment of the at this treacherous and cruel deed, assembled king of England, and thus endeavours to rethe proces, and, by their advice, sent two of move the stigma which has hitherto adhered their number to demand satisfaction from the to the character of the Austrian duke. But Grand Master, Odo de St. Amando. But the our author, be it recollected, is a subject of haughty and impious priest replied that he had Austria, and may, therefore, be desirous of vinalready imposed penance on brother Dumes-dicating the fame of that house ; in our eyes, nil

, and would send him to the Holy Father, even were Richard guilty, Leopold was treachby whom it was forbidden to lay violent hands erous and unmanly. on bim, and more to the same effect. The Caur de Lion, unfortunately, cannot be fully king, however, had the murderer dragged from acquitted. The defence set up for him by his the habitation of the Templars, and thrown zealous subjects only tends to confirm his guilt into prison at Tyre; and the perfidious Grand in the eyes of posterity. Nicholas de Treveth, Master, having been taken by Saladin in the and Brompton have, indeed, given letters said battle of Sidon, the loss of which was laid to to be written by the Old Man of the Mountain his charge, died the same year, unlamented, in to the duke of Austria, and to the princes' and a dungeon. The king was justified in the people of Christendom, in exculpation of Richeyes of Sinan, but all hopes of the conversion ard; but modern writers have, almost without of the Assassins were at an end, and the dag. exception, concurred in regarding them as forger, after a truce of forty-two years, was again geries. In these the Chief of the Assassins brandished against the crusaders. Its most it. warmly undertakes the defence of Richard, and lustrious victim was Conrad, marquis of Mont- asserts that the marquis was slain by his direcferrat; and as both oriental and occidental tion, because some of his people, who had been writers agree in laying the guilt of it on Ri- shipwrecked near Tyre, had been robbed and chard Ceur de Lion, we shall examine the evi- murdered ; and when he sent to demand satisdence with some attention.

faction of the marquis, the latter threatened to Conrad, marquis of Tyre and Montferrat, throw the messengers into the sea; that he Fas attacked and murdered, in the market had therefore determined on immolating the place of Tyre, by two of the Assassins. On marquis, and had his decree executed by two this point all writers are agreed; but who the brethren, in the view of the people. Against Teal author and promoter of the murder was, is these documents it is objected by Mr. Von still contested. 'At the time, both Christians Hammer, that the one commences with swearand Mahomedans joined in imputing it to ing by the Law, at the very time that the Richard, king of England, who was known to be Assassins openly trod the Law under foot, and on ill terms with the marquis. Albericus is dated by the æra of the Seleucidæ, when the Trium Fontium says expressly that the mur. Assassins had commenced a new æra, that of derers were hired by that prince. Bohadin, the removal of the Law by Hassan the Illumi. the Arabic biographer of Saladin, says that the nator ; that the superscriptions are contrary to Assassins, when tortured, confessed they had the oriental mode; and that it is incredible the leen employed by the English king; and Mr. I Chief of the Assassins would draw on himself Museum- VOL. XIII.

No. 71,--B

il topire in Europe tan di began with an

sot, worships eitbereits too much in

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best bon groundless pre made against the

and bad Chris. 1 1 ខ្មែរ a cret_s)E a genuine records, als es destroyed, and

the vengeance of the Christians for the sake of Ala-ed-deen, after a blood-stained reign, was,

a a monarch of whom he had no knowledge. Yet like several of those who had preceded him, we see not but that some defence might still murdered; and the direction of the society be set up for this “absurd and palpable for- devolved on his son, Roken-ed-deen, who had gery,” as it is called by Gibbon. Sinan was conspired against him. In the time of this the Syrian Grand Prior, and he was not the last, the entreaties of the feeble Caliph of Bag. contemner of the Law that Hassan was. The dad, and of the judge of Casveen, invoked the æra of the Seleucidæ was the one in common mighty Mangoo Kaan, to free the earth from use in Syria, and therefore it is more probable this murderous band, who made existence a he would use that than one only known to the misery to those who dared to provoke their Assassins themselves; Sinan might, like Sala- resentment; and the conqueror of the world din, have felt an esteem for the chivalrous issued his mandate to his brother, Hulagoo, to king of England, and have written the letter exterminate the dangerous race. His mandate at his request; and as for the vengeance of the was obeyed; the treachery of Nasseer-ed-deen, Christian princes, the Order had, on more oc- the great astronomer and vizier of the Assassin casions than one, shown how little they re- prince, facilitated the operations of the Targarded it. The objection to the superscription tars; Alamoot surrendered; Roken-ed-deen is, however, hardly to be got over. The Dai- entered the camp of Hulagoo as a prisoner; el-kebir of Syria would scarcely style himself the other fortresses followed the example of Sheikh-el-jebel, of which the Latin Vetus de Alamoot; Kirdcoo alone, for three years, reMonte is å fair translation. Yet a translator sisted the efforts of the Tartar troops; orders might have taken upon him to substitute the for the indiscriminate massacre of the Assastitle best known in Europe. At all events, the sins, wherever found, were given by Mangoo; weakness of the defence set up by an injudi- and, without distinction of age or sex, they cious advocate does not necessarily infer the fell by thousands beneath the sword of justice guilt of the accused. There is also an oriental and of vengeance. Fourteen years after, the witness, at least negatively, in favour of Syrian branch was destroyed by Bibars, the Richard ; the continuator of Tabari (see Mi- great Mameluke sultan; and though the sect, chaud's Histoire des Croisades) says that the like the Jesuits, still clung together, in hopes murderers, when about to be executed, refused of once more attaining to power, the opportuto confess by whom they had been employed; nity never offered; and the merchants and and, lastly, Mr. Falconet and others, with peasants, who still hold the speculative tenets whom we agree, argue, from the generosity of the Order, have scarcely a recollection of and magnanimity of the Plantagenet, the in- the bloody part it once enacted on the theatre possibility of his being concerned in a base and of the world. treacherous assassination. Mr. Falconet is of We have thus endeavoured to convey to our opinion that the true author of the murder was readers a sketch of the history and constituHumphrey, lord of Thoron, the first husband tion of the Order of the Assassins; but it is of Isabella, daughter of Almeric, and heiress of only in M. Hammer's book that full and satisthe kingdom of Jerusaleni, who, provoked at factory information can be obtained, and that the annulling of his marriage, and at seeing not concerning the Ismailites alone, but on his wife and the crown passing to Conrad, em- many most important points of Oriental hisployed the Assassins to avenge him.

tory and manners; for, from time to time, he The reign of Jellal-ed-deen, the son of Mo- makes a pause, and casts a glance over the hammed, was a period of repose for Asia. He then state of the Mohammedan world, and nudirected all his efforts to the restoration of re- merous are the details, anecdotes, and reflecligion and piety; sent circular letters, to that tions we have been obliged, unwillingly, to effect, to the Caliph and Sultan, and other leave unnoticed. princes; was dignified by the doctors of the In the opinion of competent judges, M. Von law, whom he succeeded in convincing of his Hammer's work is complete; it contains all sincerity, with the appellation of New Mussul that is, or can be, known in the east or west inan; and obtained from the Caliph the title respecting the Order. The correspondence, of prince, which had never been conceded to too, which he is at all times anxious to trace any of his predecessors. His harem made the out between them, the Templars, Jesuits, and great pilgrimage to Mecca, and the Caliph Iluminati, is often striking, but frequently, gave precedence to the banners of the pil. to our apprehension, merely fanciful. · Slight grims from Alamoot over those of the mighty analogies should have less influence on a powSultan of Khowaresm. The Grand Master, erful mind! and it is to be regretted that he also, with the consent of the Caliph, espoused should indulge in such a remark as this: the daughter of Kai Kawas, prince of Ghilan. 6. The Ancient of the Mountain resided in But the reign of Jellal-ed-deen was too short the hill-fort of Alamoot, clad in white, like the to undo the evil introduced by his two prede. Ancient of Days in Daniel.” . The following, cessors; and on his death, occasioned by poi- however, is remarkable :son, the dagger again raged among his kin- “ The first and last of the monarchs of the dred, to avenge him, at the command of his western and eastern Roman empires, of the Sel. son and successor, Ala-ed-deen, a boy of nine jucides, of the rulers of Thaberistan, the Prophet years. For such was the idea of the Ismails of the Moslems, and the last of his successors ites concerning the Imaum, that they obeyed of the house of Abbas, bore the same appelhis commands, as proceeding from one inspired lation. The names of Augustus, Constantine, by the Deity, with cheerful submission, satisfied Mohammed, Togrul, Kaiumers, commence that the ignorance or imbecility of the Vicar of and close the series of the Roman, Byzantine, God could not extend to his inspired dictates. I Arabian, Seljucide, and Persian royal lines;

Teater: enemies pre. DE 199 for idea of its doc. auten of its Divine ECTES I 1 Hammer's coun cared to the true style cad we shall look in aktue elegiat simplicity of Retrato Robertson. In bat dabar perplexed and en ancamlocution and ale in the obscure del metaphysics, or we ehen und smiles of poetry Epist. The present work ey priaentis faulty. It Seattery respect but lan

stject are so in an er ni o, that the writer les great a proportion of

mann. Eastern history, wein und customs, are as


, eren the strongest , and dwell on these besatz devotes more an eintal work to showing

wbiet, according to a nene paltures seen by su dination of Rome, el Gremory the Great,

le 13 patended by the le. apenas terminated with bila or Casat. He e servine, that, accord

para intervened be.

te ved the building of te is on thence to the Basis; and, in his note, toge start of chance, in

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