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right, and then they cannot want their rights. I profess here in the presence of God, I always sought for peace, and I had no other reason ; for I wanted neither means nor honours, nor did I seek to enlarge either. By my King's predecessors mine were raised to an high condition, it is well known to the country; and it is well known, that by his enemies I am condemned to suffer by new and unknown laws. The Lord send us our King again, and our old laws again, and the Lord send us our religion again.
“As for that which is practised now, it has no name, and methinks there is more talk of religion than any good effects of it.
Truly, to me it seems I die for God, the King, and the laws, and this makes me not be ashamed of my life, nor afraid of my
death." At which words, The King, and Laws, a trooper cried, We have no King, and we will have no Lords. Then some sudden fear of mutiny fell among the soldiers, and his Lordship was interrupted; which some of the officers were troubled at, and his friends much grieved, his Lordship having freedom of speech promised him. His Lordship, seeing the troopers scattered in the streets, cutting and slashing the people with their swords, said, “ What's the matter, gentlemen? where's the guilt ? I fly not, and here is none to pursue you ?” Then his Lordship, perceiving he might not speak freely, turned himself to his servant, and gave him his paper, and commanded him to let the world know what he had to say, had he not been disturbed ; which is as follows, as it was in my Lord's paper
under his own hand: “My sentence (upon which I am brought hither) was by a council of war, nothing in the captain's case alleged against me; which council I had reason to expect would have justified my plea for quarter, that being an ancient and honourable plea amongst soldiers, and not violated (that I know of) till this time, that I am made the first suffering precedent in this case. I wish no other to suffer in the like case.
Now I must die, and am ready to die, I thank my God with a good conscience, without any malice, or any ground whatever; though others would not find mercy upon me, upon just and fair grounds; so my Saviour prayed for his enemies, and so do I for mine.
“ As for my faith and my religion, thus much I have at this time to say:
“ I profess my faith to be in Jesus Christ, who died for me, from whom I look for my salvation, that is, through his only merit and sufferings. And I die a dutiful son of the church of England, as it was established in my late master's time and reign, and is yet professed in the Isle of Man, which is no little comfort to me.
" I thank my God for the quiet of my conscience at this time, and
the assurance of those joys that are prepared for those that fear him. Good people, pray
the God of heaven bless you all, and send you peace ; that God, that is truth itself, give you grace, peace, and truth. Amen.”
Presently after the uproar was ceased, his Lordship, walking on the scaffold, called for the headsman, and asked to see the axe, saying,
Come, friend, give it me into my hand, I'll neither hurt it nor thee, and it cannot hurt me, I am not afraid of it ;" but kissed it, and so gave it the headsman again. Then asked for the block, which was not ready; and turned his eyes and said, “ How long, Lord, how long?” Then putting his hand into his pocket, gave him two pieces of gold, saying, “ This is all I have, take it, and do thy work well. And when I am upon the block, and lift up my hand, then do you your work; but I doubt your coat is too burly (being of great black shag) it will hinder you, or trouble you.” Some standing by, bid him ask his Lordship forgiveness, but he was either too sullen, or too slow, for his Lordship forgave him before he asked him. And so passing to the other end of the scaffold, where his coffin lay, spying one of his chaplains on horseback among the troopers, said, “Sir, remember me to your brothers and friends ; you see I am ready, and the block is not ready, but when I am got into my chamber, as I shall not be long out of it (pointing to his coffin) I shall be at rest, and not troubled with such a guard and noise as I have been;" and so turning himself again, he saw the block, and asked if it was ready, and so going to the place where he began his speech, said, “ Good people, I thank you for your prayers and for your tears; I have heard the one, and seen the other, and our God sees and hears both. Now the God of heaven bless you all, amen.” And so bow. ing turned himself towards the block, and then looking towards the church, his Lordship caused the block to be turned, and laid that ways, saying, “I will look towards the sanctuary which is above for ever.” Then having his doublet off, he asked, how must I lie, will any one shew me, I never yet saw any man's head cut off ; but I will try how it fits: and so laying him down, and stretching himself upon it, he rose again, and caused it to be a little removed ; and standing up, and looking towards the headsman, said, “ Remember what I told you; when I lift up my hands, then do
work.” And looking at his friends about him, bowing said, “ The Lord be with you all, pray for me ;” and so kneeling on his knees, made a short and private prayer, ending with the Lord's prayer. And so bowing himself again, said, “ The Lord bless my wife and children ; the Lord bless us all.” So laying his neck upon the block, and his arms stretched out, he said these words aloud :
Blessed be God's glorious name for ever and ever. Amen.
Let the whole earth be filled with his glory. Amen. And then lifting up his hands, was ready to give up the ghost, but the executioner, not well observing, was too slow. So his Lordship rose again, saying (to the headsman) “What have I done that I die not? Why do not you your work? Well, I will lay myself down once again in peace, and I hope I shall enjoy everlasting peace.” So he laid himself down again, with his neck to the block, and his arms stretched out, saying the same words :
Blessed be God's glorious name for ever and ever. Amen.
Let the whole earth be filled with his glory. Amen. And then lifting up his hands, the executioner did his work, and no manner of noise was then heard, but sighs and sobs."
“ The Earl of Derby,” says Clarendon, " was a man of unquestionable loyalty to the late King, and gave clear testimony of it before he received any obligations from the court, and when he thought himself disobliged by it. This King in his first year sent him the Garter; which, in many respects, he had expected from the last. And the sense of that honour made him so readily comply with the King's command in attending him, when he had no confidence in the undertaking, nor any inclination to the Scots; who, he thought, had too much guilt upon them in having depressed the crown to be made instruments of repairing and restoring it. He was a man of great honour, and clear courage ; and all his defects and misfortunes proceeded from his having lived so little time among his equals, that he knew not how to treat his inferiors, which was the source of all the ill that befell him ; having thereby drawn such prejudice against him from persons of inferior quality, who yet thought themselves too good to be contemned, that they pursued him to death.”