CHAPTER XIV.-REIGN OF TERROR-FROM THE FALL OF THE GIRONDISTS
TO THE DEATH OF DANTON. JUNE 2, 1793—MARCH 31, 1794.
Character of democracy, 1.—New government, 2.—The Committee of Public
Salvation, 3.—Coalition against the Convention, 5.—Measures of the Jacobins,
ib. ---New constitution, 7.---Revolutionary Committees, 8.-New era, and de-
cree against English commerce, 9.—The prisons of Paris, 11.—Trial of Cus-
tine, 12.—Treatment of the dauphin, 13. — Trial of the queen, 14.—Her execu-
tion, 16.-Death of Bailly, ib.—of Barnave and Condorcet, 18——of the Duke
of Orleans, ib.–Violation of the tombs of St Denis, 19.-Abjuration of Chris-
tianity, 21.-Atheistical decrees, 23.—Dissoluteness of manners, 24.-Con-
fiscation of the property of hospitals, ib. — Apotheosis of Marat, ib.—Measures
of the Convention, ib. -- Issue of assignats, 26.—Their rapid depreciation, 27.
-Law of the maximum, ib.—Increase of disorders and gambling, 28.-Num-
ber of prisoners, 29.—Forced requisitions, 30.--Forced loans, 31.—Confusion
of the debt, 32.—Laws against forestallers and public companies, 33.—
-Violence of the people, 34.—Renewed measures of severity, ib. - Oppression
on theindustrious classes, 35.—People put on reduced rations; fresh arbitrary
taxation, 36.---Burke's description of France, ib. -- Principles of the Danton-
ists, 38—of the Anarchists, ib. —The Vieux Cordelier, 39.-Culminating point
of the Revolution, 40.—Danton's return to the Jacobins, 42.-Attacks of the
Dantonists on the Anarchists, 43.-Purification of the Jacobin Club, 44.-
Proscription of the Anarchists, 46.-Their death, 47.—Arrest of Danton and
his party, 52.-Their execution, 53.-Alleged conspiracy and executions, 54.
—The successive destruction of the Revolutionists, 56.
CHAPTER XV.-REIGN OF TERROR—FROM THE DEATH OF DANTON TO THE
FALL OF ROBESPIERRE. APRIL 5-JULY 27, 1794.
The atrocities of the Reign of Terror, 57.—Principles of Robespierre's govern-
ment, 59.—Object of the Decemvirs, 60.-Report on the state of the Republic,
61.—Closing of all clubs except the Jacobins, ib.-Character of St Just, &c.,
62.-Purifications of the Jacobin Club, 63.—Picture of the prisons, 65.-
Espionage, 67.—Robespierre's speech on the Supreme Being, 68.-Attempts
to assassinate Robespierre and Collot d'Herbois, 70.-Decree against quarter
to the British, 71.–Fête in honour of the Supreme Being, 72.—Powers con-
ferred on the Revolutionary Tribunal, 73.- Violence of the government, 76.
The Polytechnic School, 77.-Measures for relief of pauperism, ib.-Robes-
pierre on the principles of his government, 78.—Increasing issue of assignats,
79.- Increased executions, ib. — Death of the Princess of Monaco, 82--Lavoi-
sier, Roucher, &c., 83.—Execution of Malesherbes, 84—of the farmers-gene-
ral, ib.—of Madame Elizabeth, 85—of Custine's son, Luckner, Biron, Diet-
rich and Madame du Barri, 86.-Execution of the young women from Verdun
and Montmartre, 87.-Lebon at Arras, 88—Carrier at Nantes, 89.--St Just
at Strassburg, and Tallien at Bordeaux, 90.-Horror excited by the executions,
91.- Affair of Catherine Theot, 92.—Measures of the Convention, 95.—Mea-
aures of the Committee of Public Salvation, 96.--Robespierre's last speech,
97.--Meeting at the Jacobins, 99.—Preparations during the night, ib. ---Meet-
ing of the 9th Thermidor, 100.—Robespierre is imprisoned, but liberated,
103.—Firmness of Tallien and his party, ibo-Arrest of Robespierre and all