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else. It soon becomes whispered around regions of His boundless universe. No wonfrom one to another, “this man has had, Ider that God, from His holy throne, has confess, surprisingly, good luck, but for all sent out so many kindly messages and sathat, I have for a long time been looking cred promises of love to the solitary and and expecting him to get into trouble; he forsaken, the friendless and the destitute; runs reckless, approaches stations too fast, for oh, how much do they need the sympafollows trains too close," and every con- thy of Heaven who have no friends on ceivable advantage is taken to ferret out earth; and how pleasant to the angels of all his bad qualities and leave his good ones consolation, to pay their unobtrusive and covered up. This man, once the pride of peaceful visits to men of loneliness and sortheir flock, is thrown out of their ranks, row. Would it not repay us richly, yes, a and not even countenanced, hardly has the thousand-fold, if we would act more brothprivilege of walking over the road, much erly to each other, and open the doors of less riding

sympathy to the unfortunate more freely – I notice through life, adversity happens to those who hunger and thirst for words of to all alike, without rank or condition; the kindness and friendship, and looks of affecgood are apparently as little favored by for- tion and tenderness? No matter how low a tune as the bad, the high as the humble. man's condition in life may be, each and People are continually rising and falling every heart requires sympathy; for it is

In all the grades of society we often see like dew to the flowers; without it woe men of high expectations suddenly cast would be desperation, and our joy but feedown from their lofty heights and left to ble and fleeting. Every one who has felt struggle with despair and ruin. A man's the influence of a sympathizing friend, one fortune depends upon such an uncertain ba- whose eyes sparkle as we speak of our sucsis, there are so many causes by which it cess, or whose face is sorrowful when ours is may be lost, that we cannot be sure of sad, will bear testimony to the truth of it. retaining for any length of time what we Are we rich? Our wealth is a sacred trust now possess. No matter what your station for us to deal out to humanity. in life may be, banker, farmer or mechanic, Are we rich with human kindness toall run the risk and share the same unhappy | wards our fellow-men? It is a heavenly fate. If the happiness of mankind depended treasure of kind thoughts and sentiments upon the caprice of fortune, their condition wherewith to bind up the broken-hearted. would be sad indeed. But it is possible to Are we rich in wisdom and knowledge in possess a mind which will not lose its tran- regard to the interests of our fellow-men? quility in the severest adversity, or at least It is an inexhaustible supply of precious such an one as being disturbed and deprived jewels confided to us to scatter along the of its wonted serenity by sudden calam road of life. Do we chance to be superior ity, will recover in a short period and as- in any one moral quality? Then do other sume its native buoyancy unimpaired by poor mortals possess much greater claim the shock which it has experienced. A mind upon our good examples, our constant pathat is possessed of warm sympathy and tience and forbearance, our kindness, our open to the pleasures of life, and at the interest and our love. How can we expect same time is incapable of being cast down to fulfill the law of love and regard towards by adversity, or in other words, a mind each other while we allow ourselves to culthat is capable of enjoying the blessing of tivate a revengeful disposition, to wrong wealth and favor, or being happy without each other, and to impede our brother's inthem, is undoubtedly possessed of the high- terest, no kind friend to speak a word of est attainable virtue, a virtue which can consolation to them? If they have trials only be attained by looking beyond this and misfortunes they must bear them in visible sphere, and fixing a steadfast eye silence. How genius, virtue and modesty upon that eternal Being who dispenses vir- shrink away in some obscure and lonely tue and mercy as the luminary of day dis- hovel, while vicious monsters and hypopenses light and heat throughout all the crites hide themselves so easily in silken



robes. To do good we should mingle with to watch over her sick child, and to whisper society in order to give and receive instruc- to her sweet words of human sympathy. tion, to aid and comfort one another, to Blessed are they who can thus forget themseek out not only our own individual inte selves and find enjoyment in caring for the rests, but the interests of our brothers and happiness of those who sit unfriended and fellowmen, by love and sympathy soothe alone. The heart of the lonely mother their wounded spirits instead of hiding our is warmed by her coming; for blessed to the light in darkness.

desolate is the fresh sympathy of the young Go abroad in some great city in the night; and happy. She is no longer alone; they before you brightly shine the lights in that have a common hope; they can bend tostately mansion where pleasure has gath-gether before the same Father; they read ered her votaries; the dance, the song are the same Gospel; they visit the same Cross there, and gay voices, and exultant hearts together, and together watch at the tomb and fair features that grow fairer in the on the morning of the Resurrection; and as excitement, and all goes “' merry as a mar- her visitor retires, grateful thoughts of riage bell." And most natural and fitting is sympathy linger behind like sunset in the it that the heart of the young should glow air. The sense of God's kind providence with fervid pleasure in the whirling and rests on her soul; to her faith the distance dazzling scene. But this is only part of the is brought nearer, the dead live and await

At this very moment, within sight her coming to the better land. Her mind of the brilliant windows, within the sound goes forward to the future: she rests above of the rejoicing music, a widowed wife or the clouds; serenely shines the sun, gently mother sits in her dreary room, and to her falls the love of God upon her heart. Sitframe, sickness has brought its feebleness, ting amid trials and darkness, and the ruins and to her cheek its flush, and to her eye of earthly prospects, with calm spirit she its unnatural light. Her children sleep builds her hope of heaven, the prosperity, around, and one that ever stirs with the the adverse fortune, the joy, the grief; all low moaning of disease, slumbers fitfully in this might be seen in early age; amid all the cradle at her feet. Her debilitated our adversity it is only hope that has frame craves rest; yet, by the light of a brought sympathy to the suffering, hope solitary lamp she still plies her needle that to the bereaved, and brings light to dark her children may have bread on the mor- hours, and faith in the future to those that

While she labors through the lonely dwell in sorrow. It is hope that softens and hours, her sinking frame admonishes her melts the ice of prosperity, which has smitthat this resource must soon fail and she be ten the rock and made it a fountain of livcalled to leave them alone, with no anchor ing water to those who dwell in valleys of hope; and while her heart swells with an- below. I have hope which still from time guish, the sound of rejoicing comes to her to time kindles life anew. I have met adsilent chamber; not one of that gay circle versity manfully, with all the obstacles that whose eyes will not close before hers this I have had thrown in my pathway of life night. One by one, the wheels that bear to deter me or to impede my progress. I them to their homes depart; the sounds of still extend to my enemies the hand of felmirth grow silent. In midnight hours the lowship and forgive them. Perhaps they lights of the brilliant mansion are extin- feel that my loss is their gain; but it is not guished, but still from her chamber shines certainly so intended; it is the desire and her solitary lamp; the dying mother must work of combativeness to injure me, and toil and watch with the morning, and bright not only I am interested in this ill-intended er than its footstep upon the mountains, be work: my family are equally interested in hold, one of that gay throng, in the bloom of my welfare, and in adversity they must youth, leaving her home; she has entered the equally share the same fate. But in return narrow lave and opened the doors of that ob- to my worst enemies I will deal out to them scure chamber. She has gone to sit with kindness; I will make it my duty to treat this poor widow, to carry her needed aid, my fellow-men with kindness, which will go



farther and yield more happiness in this religion cry out, “forgive him.” He who world, than all the haughtiness and asperity will not forgive has not the love of God in we can possibly assume. How much easier, his heart. Let not the hope of worldly rectoo, it is to act kindly to our fellow-men ompense prompt you to good actions. Be than to affect a rude and boisterous man- content with the approval of heaven and ner, which is sure not only to make others of thine own soul. despise us, but upon retlection, to cause us The human heart rises against oppression, to despise ourselves.

and is soothed by gentleness, as the waves A kind and sympathizing word from the of the ocean rise in proportion to the violips, falls like oil upon the ruffled waters of lence of the winds, and sink with the breeze the human breast. Every noble feeling into mildness and serenity. What a glowhich we exercise, every good action that rious thing on our part, to be generous and we perform, is a round in the ladder which kind to our fellow-men; do unto them as leads us to a renewal of friendship. How we would have them do unto us. No matter delightful it is to scatter the blessings of whether through success or adversity, this benevolence over the habitations of dis much we are indebted to them. Let the tress; to raise the drooping head of pining world know that we intend to do right. worth; to minister to the poor widow and Even if you have made a mis-step at any friendless orphans; to promote the industry period of your life, repentance is at your of the poor; to bestow rewards on the chil- hand if you confess your faults manfully. dren of labor, and to search into the cause An open confession is good for the soul. of sorrow and distress. Men think very Be firm and stedfast in the glorious cause little of the value of a bow, or a smile, or you are pursuing and victory will be yours friendly salutation, yet how small the cost, even if adversity overtakes you. and, often, how great the return. By a Virtue is of intrinsic value and of indisfew soft words and pleasant looks, enemies pensable obligation; pot the creature of have been made friends, and old attach-will, but necessary and immutable; not loments renewed that have been annulled cal or temporary, but of equal extent and for years.

A smile beams upon the lover's antiquity with the Divine mind; not a mode heart like the ray of sunshine in the depths of sensation, but an everlasting truth; not of the forest. A nod or a kind look has dependent on power, but the guide to powgained more friends than wealth and learn-er. Virtue is the foundation of honor and ing put together. A grasp of the hand is esteem, the source of beauty, order and more potent in cementing the ties of affec- happiness. In nature, it is what confers tion than all feelings of self-interest. Be value on all other endowments and qualikind, for memory is an gel that comes inties of reasonable being to which they the night-time and folds its wings beside us, ought to be absolutely subservient, and and silently whispers in our ears our faults without which, the more eminent they are,

our virtues, and either disturbs or the more hideous deformities and the soothes our spirit's repose.

greater curses they become. The use of it He who will turn away a friend for one is not confined to any one stage of our exfault is a stranger to the best feelings of istence or to any one particular situation the human heart. Who has not erred once we can be in, but extends through all peat least in his life? If that fault were riods and circumstances; many of the ennot overlooked, to what depth of infamy dowments and talents we may now possess, would not thousands have descended? We and of which we are proud, will cease enknow not the peculiar temptations; he may tirely with the present,state; but this will have fought manfully for months against be our ornament and dignity in every futhe sin, and still kept the secret in his own ture state to which we may be removed. bosom; at last he was overcome. He would Beauty and wit will die; learning will vangive worlds to recall the act; he has ish away, and all arts of life be forgotten, mourned over it in secret, and repented in but virtue will remain forever; this unites dust and ashes. Shall we forsake him? us to the whole rational creation, and fits Earth and heaven, justice, humanity and 'us for conversing with any order of supe


rior natures, and for a place in any part of

ACROSTIC. God's works. It procures us the love and Genial bard of Poesy and Song, approbation of all wise and good beings, Awake your harp, and let its magic spell and renders them our allies and friends. Rush on the heart and thrill the soul, But what is of unspeakably greater conse

Rieh with sweet melody, that 'twere vain to tell, quence is, that it makes God our friend, Yet in our memory it will fondly dwell. assimilates and unites our minds to His, Oh! had I the minstrel's native tire, and engages His almighty power in our de- Which wakes the strings of Garry Owen's lyre, fense, Superior beings of all ranks are Ever would I sing, though feeble was the strain, bound by it no less than ourselves. It has Nor ever ask my Muse to fold her wings again. the same authority in all worlds that it has Each verse seems radiant, yet wild, still all afire, in this. The further any being is advanced Let your Harp resound with songs that all admire, in excellence and perfection, tbe greater Mellow gems, rich with fruits of lore, are his attachments to it, and the more he In the JOURNAL for Brothers to read o'er. is under its influence; to say no more, it is Remind them oft of what to God is due, the law of the whole universe. It stands And to each other ever be faithful, kind and true. first in the estimation of the Deity; its ori- Now let your motto be, Sobriety, Truth and Mogin is His nature, and it is the very attri- rality. bute that makes Him lovely.

Your pen use often for the good of the B. L. E. Such is the importance of virtue; of what


Mobile, Ala. consequence is it not, therefore, that we practice it; there is no argument or motive which is at all fitted to influence a reasona- MESSRS. EDITORS: The excessive cost of ble mind, which does not call us to this; our maintaining American Railways as comvirtuous disposition of soul is preferable to pared with fcreign railways, shown in my the greatest natural accomplishments and last communication, pertinently suggests abilities, and of more value than all the that there has been gross neglect, astonishtreasures of the world. If you are wise, ing ignorance or criminal mismanagement then, study virtue and contemn everything in the conduct of our roads. Let us go back that comes in competition with it. Re- twenty-five years in their history and note member that nothing more deserves our the changes that have taken place in the anxious thought or wish; that this alone is character of managements--establish the honor, glory, wealth and happiness. Secure cause, and show the results of such changes. this and you gain greatly; lose this and These changes have been so numerous that you may make sure much is lost. Virtue is a complete catalogue would be voluminous, one of the most noble and sure possessions hence I will select the most apparent and that a man can have; this no man can deny. best known as subjects of discussion, and

If we want to be successful, and if others in this communication I will confine mythat stand aloof and point the finger of self to the Rolling Stock Department, rescorn at our success live to see the end of ferring only to such other departments as the unrighteous, they will not feel a parti- may have been intimately connected and cle of envy at their success. A man may partially responsible for the changes noted. live long, be vile and unprincipled and The marked changes in the construction of prosper through all his days; but does this Rolling Stock during the past quarter of a prove that it is well with the vicious? Far century have taught some very interesting, from it. Mysterious are the workings of and, it is to be hoped, instructive lessons. Providence. But the time will come when the immense increased weight of locomowe shall see the wisdom of all the dealings tives, and increased number of cars as comof God. There is nothing like true virtue pared with the tonnage of freight transand benevolence to our fellow men to pro-ported during that period seems almost duce happiness and perfect peace of mind. incredible; locomotives having increased in Yours, &c.,

gross weight from ten to twenty tons, and ANDREW ERWIN. the number of cars to nearly treble the number required to transport the com- The writer well remembers that when, merce of the country. First, let us inves- in '53, he was placed in charge of the then tigate the causes that seemed to demand monstrous thirty-ton engine on one of the addition of so much dead weight to Ohio's best railways, his daily average locomotives. Twenty-five years ago rails train consisted of twenty loaded cars, and, that were regarded as entirely sufficient to upon exceptional days, or when the dewithstand the shock and wear of rolling mands of traffic required, he landed safely stock weighed from forty-eight to fifty four at the terminus of the road with twentypounds per yard, and the heaviest locomo-eight loaded cars, on time, and that, too, tives from twenty-seven to thirty tons each. using only the maximum pressure allowed, The latter were regarded as excessively viz: "100 pounds to the square inch;" and heavy, by skilled engineers and mechanics, to-day the engines of this same railwaywho entertained serious doubts of any | a railway with road-bed, superstructure permanent advantage to be gained by the and gradients much improved-are limited addition of such great weight; but an to eighteen cars, while they weigh from occasional rail had been broken, and the thirty-eight to forty-five tons, and are Chief Engineer, the scientific head of the allowed a maximum pressure of 130 pounds. corporation, promptly decided that the That the ponderous machines of to-day are cause of the breakage was due to the con- capable of producing better results cannot centration of the weight of the locomotive be denied. Their efficacy has been crip. by the placing of the driving wheels and pled by the system adopted, a system that engine truck wheels too close together involves a surrrender of all the principles each with themselves, thereby centralizing of economical management. The system the weight, and he insisted, and proved by referred to is that of long runs and slow scientific demonstrations, that were the speed. Long runs insure the neglect-at said wheels spread farther apart, the the proper time-of some portion of the weight would be equalized, or distributed machinery that seriously cripples its effithe entire length of the engine; hence its ciency, and slow speed destroys the aid capacity to laminate and break the rails received from momentum. Momentum is would be greatly decreased. Engineers an economical necessity in assisting the and mechanics acknowledged the correct- ascent of heavy grades, and slow speed has ness of these marvelous conclusions, but robbed the motive power of this valuable argued that by so doing adhesion would be aid. Upon most of our roads the power greatly decreased and the power of the ma- of the machine is governed by its ability chine measurably destroyed; but the opin- to ascend the heaviest grade upon its route, ions of the practical men were not sufficient by approaching said grade at the maximum to balance the scales so heavily weighted slow rates, hence they run light over the with science, and the new engine appeared greater portion of their route. with her driving wheels spread from six I charge, and propose to prove in this feet to eight feet six inches, and truck communication, and challenge successful wheels from thirty-four to sixty-eight contradiction, that the adoption of heavy inches, and to produce adhesion, from ten machinery, long runs, and slow speed, bas to twenty tons of dead weight was added been among the most potent elements in from time to time as the necessity of such producing the financial distress from which weight became apparent. To propel this our railways are now suffering. increased weight larger cylinders and First, let us examine and determine the heavier working gear were required, and positive loss to owners of American railways to-day we have these products of scientific by the heavy machinery mania. I claim ignorance pounding their way over our that the tonnage per locomotive has not railways, expending a large per cent. of been increased by increased weight, except, their power in propelling their own useless perhaps, upon the very few lines of light and destructive dead weight, and carrying gradients, and my statements must be referwith them a less tonnage than the lighter red to the greater number of lines. No engines of 1853.

statement can be made that cannot be dis.

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