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EIGHT HOURS A DAY.

equivalent amount of power, and even if Under a recent order of the Secretary of there were, there would be no way of prothe Navy, the pay of all workingmen is curing the necessary food for their sup. fixed on the basis of ten bours for a day's port. work, and consequently those employed only eight hours a day will be paid one

SERPENTS AT DINNER. fifth less. The promulgation of this order I extract the following notes from my brought a large delegation from the various journal entry of September 28, 1877: "The Navy Yards to interview the Secretary and first living frog we dropped into our snake induce him to revoke the order. The dele- house to-day had scarcely touched the floor gation was informed by the Secretary that, when it was darted upon by a male garter in his opinion, labor under the Government snake (Eutania sirtalis, Linn.) and seized by should have no advantages over, and should the knee of the right hind limb. Nearly at be placed on the same basis as, that engag. the same instant a half-grown water snake ed in private industries. In view of this, | (Tropidonotus sipedon, Linn.), although too under the present interpretation of the small to swallow the frog, grasped it by law, he should be compelled to enforce his the snout, and endeavored to drag it from order. If Congress, however, would more the jaws of the other snake. The confusion clearly define the law and fix eight hours caused by this struggle for a dinner arousas a full day's work, he would not in any ed a large female eutænia, which hastened way interfere with its execution.

to the scene, and immediately seized the In this connection it may be stated that frog by the foot of the same leg which was the House Committee on Education and in the jaws of the first snake. The commoLabor has agreed to report a joint resolu- tion which followed was, for a few minutes, tion declaratory of the meaning of the great; the writhing of the serpents while eight hour law, to the effect that, while they tugged at the frog, and the vehement that law stands on the statute book, a full struggling and kicking of the frog itself, day's pay shall be paid for eight 'hours' caused the pebbles to fly and rattle about work in the Government service.

quite violently. But the female eutænia

began immediately to swallow the foot and WHATSTEAM HAS DONE IN FRANCE. ued to do so until her lower jaw came in

leg of the frog she had seized, and continAccording to recent official statistics the contact with those of the male eutania. total power of all the steam engines The latter was unable to make any proin France is 1,500,000 horse power, repre- gress in swallowing, as he had grasped the senting the actual labor of 4,500,000 horses frog at the knee, and was trying to force or 31,590,000 men. The last aggregate is it to flex the leg, or draw the tibia up equal to ten times the present industrial toward the femur, so that he might swallow population, wbich amounts to 8,400,000 them together, or side by side. The female souls, but from which must be substracted apparently took no notice of the jaws she old people, women and children, leaving a had thus met on her road to dinner, but remainder of 3,200,000 working men. swallowed the remainder of the head, and

It is interesting, says La Nature, to com- the neck also. This unlooked for greedipare the above data with the condition of ness being contrary to my wishes, I took a affairs in 1788, before steam engines were smooth ivory, paper holder and worked it introduced in France, as we are thus led to carefully under her upper jaw, thus un. appreciate the enormous revolution which hooking the teeth from the other snake, and steam and improved machinery have pro- so ending the swallowing operation. A moduced. Just ninety years ago in every moment later the male drew his head from $200,000,000 worth of French products, his distasteful position, and although bis sixty per cent. of the value represented la- neck was lacerated and was bleeding pro. bor and forty per cent. raw material. To- fusely, he still retained his hold on the frog, day this ratio is exactly reversed, although and instantly began swallowing it, which labor has increased forty per cent. At the he finished in two minutes, we having present time the total industrial produc- forced the water snake to unhook its teeth tions of France aggregate a value of about from the frog's snout. The second frog $2,400,000,000. Of this $1,400,000,000 repre- we put in was soon captured and desents raw material, and the remainder la voured by the disappointed eutania. We bor. If the same proportion as existed in 1788 then gave the water snake something which applied now, taking into account the in- might have been a frog, but was-a tadcrease in labor noted above, no less than pole." eleven-twelfths of the above amount, or

I have never observed an instance of can$2,200,000,000, would be the cost of handi- nibalism among any species of American work. Roughly, then, steam engines and serpents known to me. We have no ophioimproved tools have produced an economy phagi or snake-eating snakes in this counof $1,200,000,000; but more than this, if try. The partial swallowing of the eutænia they were suddenly swept out of existence mentioned was, I think, unintentional on and forgotten, there are not enough men the part of the swallower, and of course on and animals in the country to supply an that of the swallowed.-C. Few Seiss.

90

LITTLE FAILINGS.

imperfect instrument, or to row a boat I am crammed full of faults, I'm a mass of mis against wind and tide. Life is fitful, capritakes,

cious, and every step uncertain. One may So stupid, in fact, that you'd deem me half- be progressing pretty fairly to-day, but to

witted ; But though in my way I'm a "caution to snakes,” and thick darkness rests upon everything.

morrow the nervous currents are reversed I think I'm a party who ought to be pitied. In the course of my narrative, friends, 't will ap- of nervousness, such as are often met with.

This is applicable only to the intense forms pear That I've reason to look on my faults with be- There is hope for even these; not that conwailings;

genital infirmities affecting the mind can But if you're inclined to be somewhat severe, be wholly restored--that is not to be exWhy, my only excuse is, they're family fail-pected, but by clearly comprehending the ings

situation, exercising the will power, and I don't rise very early, indeed I'd remark taking the best possible care of the imper

It verges on noon ere my slumbers are finished, fect body, life may be rendered, in a large
I have never, at present, been up with the lark-
In fact, my affection for "larks" is diminished

measure, comfortable and useful.
Then I linger o'er breakfast-it takes me an hour,
For I hate to be hurried whene'er I'm regal-
ing.

ENLISTING A LAWYER.
But stay, reader, if you're inclined to be sour, An old recruiting sergeant tells the fol-

Pray remember late rising's our family failing. lowing: “It was on the 11th of May, 1829,
I've a marvellous talent for missing a train,

I listed a recruit in Dublin, and put the I don't think I c'er caught the one I intended;

question to him, as is usual, and walked I've struggled, I've hurried, but always in vain,

him to barracks as fine as a fiddle. Well, 'Tis laziness maybe, so can't be defended

in a few days he was claimed as a 'prentice, I never can keep an appointment-I've tried, and so he was had up before the mayor,

But never suiccredeal, I own it with paling; and he committed him for trial. At the Pray pardon me if you've a wish to deride, following 'sizes I was called as a witness, I assure you 'tis only a family failing!

and the lawyer that defended him told me I've a wonderful weakness for falling in love,

that I did not list him. I did,' says I, Each darsel I moet makes me really enrap- Did you put the question to him rightly?' turel.

says he. *I did,' says I. 'By the virtue of I have only to speak and to squeeze her wee glove your oath, now,' says he, just ask me the And to notice her smile and I straightway am questions, for I don't believe you asked captured.

him.' • How do you know?' says lm'for by I have oniy to gaze on a beautiful" phiz," And all efforts to rouse me are quite unavailing;

this and by that you weren't by:' None of I'm“ spooney" at once-I don't know how it is,

your business,' says he; and he held out his But falling in love seems our family failing!

hand, and accordingly I pulled out a sbil

ling and clapped it in his fist, and then I My figure is not very striking; oh, no!

asked him the questions, and he said Yes My nose is what Tennyson styles the “tip- to them all. Were those the same questilted,''

tions you put to the prisoner?' says he. My locks are red-tinted, my stature is low, so you'll not be surprised when you bear I've ! Yes, they were,' says 1. Well, there's been jilted

your shilling back for ye,' says he.' ' I can't My mouth is enormous, my countenance flat, take it sir, says I. "Why not?' says he. And my teeth are like jagy'd and irregular Why?' says I, 'why, whure I can't take it palings;

back till you go before the magistrate and Don't tell me I'm ugly?-_-) cannot help that, pay the 'smart money' (which every reFor plainness is one of our family failings.

cruit must pay if he wants to be released from service). You be hanged !' says he,

and he put the money in his pocket, and I NERVOUS PERSONS,

called to his lordship on the bench for a witA writer in the Journal of Chemistry ness that I had 'listed him; and, oh, but holds out some hope to nervous people who there was a roar in the court! Begorra, will make the effort. The nervous ones, the judge laughed till the tears ran down made so by physical defects, contrive to his face. Well, the decisions of the Court secure a considerable amount of happiness being in my favor, I axed the judge if I and largely to influence the world for good. might take away my new recruit, and they This is accomplished by a will power which all roared again, and the counsellor got as in a measure dominates over bodily imper- red as a turkey cock and nearly mad. At fections. This power can be cultivated and last he made the best he could of it, and strengthened, and every nervous person says I to the counsellor, says I, * Don't list should strive to gain it and never yield to in the Line next time, sir." What then?' despair. Fight out your destiny, rise supe says he, snappishly. "Oh, yer 'onor,' says rior to your weakness; this is the text from I, stick to the rifles-that's more in your which sermons cannot be too often preach- way. Well, begorra, when I told the maed. A nervous person exists in the world for, I thought he'd die; and when he'd done under great disadvantages. It is like being laughing he bid me keep the 'smart money' compelled to play a perfect tune with an for myself.”

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BY TOBIAS RAG.

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[From the Leader.)

these runners are most remarkable and inTHE MAID'S MISFORTUNE. teresting. Some carriages have two, and

those of the Khedive and his family often appear with four, two running abreast.

The many equipages of the Khedive, his A lovely maiden lay asleep

sons, and his wives, are all imported, and Upon a bed of roses; She had the sweetest rosy lips

in addition to the full number of the servAnd handsomest of noses,

ants already described, each has two or

four cavalry men accompanying as a body-
But when she oped her bright, blue eyes, guard.
She gave a cry of pain ;
A calf had eaten up her switch,
And she was bald again.

(From the Manufacturer and Builder.)
Oberlin College, March 14,

EFFECT OF MUSIC ON THE INSANE.

After a partially successful experiment [From the Philadelphia Bulletin.]

in regard to the effect of music in curing, EGYPT AND ITS CAPITAL.

or at least benefiting insanity, with one of

our most eminent pianists, playing on a The city of Cairo, the capital and resi- most miserable piano, Messrs. Steinway & dence of the Khedive, is partially European Sons sent one of their best concert grands in aspect and partly Oriental. The native to the lunatic asylum on Blackwell's Island, portions are divided from each other by while our great pianist, J. N. Pattison, pergates, which are closed at night and opened formed on the same. The effect was tried by a concierge only to those carrying a lamp, on various patients; in most all of them the there being no public lights in those quar- physician found an increase of the velocity ters. The modern or fashionable sections of the pulse, evidently produced by the are comprised within the divisions called force of the rythm of the sounds. This the Esbekeeyah, Ismaileeyah, and part of was all in cases of rude individuals, who Abdeen. In these the streets and houses appeared to be more sensible to rhythm than are new and well lighted with gas. In the to melody. Some of the more refined unOriental quarters are found the irregular, happy creatures were affected by melody narrow streets, bordered with bazars, where also, but it appeared that harmonic comFrench, English, Greeks, Turks and others, binations were of little effect; a sonata of display an additional variety. The scene Beethoven fell like a wet towel upon them, in front of either of these caravansaries is after they had been somewhat stirred by most animated at all hours during the day- sweet melodies, which perhaps were only light. At the gates dragomans, donkey effective on account of the recollections fellaheen, bootblacks, carriage drivers, snake and associations connected with them in charmers, jugglers, men with performing the minds of the patients. In a very few monkeys, and venders of various articles, cases some sensitive women were moved to are on the qui vive to intercept every guest tears; but besides this, the result of the exthat emerges. Some of them are most ag- periment was generally unsatisfactory. gravating in their persistency, and it is not The reason these experiments were made uncommon to be followed by three or four was evidently on account of the results ocdonkeys for squares. If an intimation is casionally obtained in private practice, given that a donkey is wanted, immediately when the beneficial effects of music on pera dozen are upon the sidewalk, surrounding sons suffering under mental depression has the unlucky applicant. To make a peace- been more than once established. We will able choice is impossible, the only effective mention a case which came under our perremedy being to give a few sharp raps with sonal observation: In 1850 a friend (a very

cultivated man) came to inform us that his The driving is no small feature in the tout former music-teacher had arrived in New ensemble. All of the carriages and harness York from Vienna, bringing with him his are of European manufacture, while among young wife; that he was a deserving man, the horses the stately Arabians are numer- and worthy of being assisted in his endeavous. The grandest equipages have both a ors to establish himself in his profession driver and a footman on the box, while in here. An acquaintance was made, unfront of the horses the nimble seis runs to doubted merits ascertained, and conseclear the way. These runners are dressed quently co-operation cheerfully given. It in white, the skirt reaching only to the was found that the professor was a Repubknees, and the sleeves large and flowing. lican, involved in the attempts made at An embroidered jacket, with the tarboosh, that time in Vienna to establish a Slavonor fez, as a head covering, completes thé ian Republic, and he was obliged to flee the costume. The lower limbs and feet are country to escape imprisonment, or perhaps nude. The staff of office of the seis is a something worse. He married secretly the slender stick about one yard in length, i lady who loved him, and she fled with him, which he carries in a perpendicular posi- forsaking all her relations, who were infattion. The grace, speed and endurance of uated monarchists.

a cane.

Having always lived in opulence, the as well as from other similar communicanew experiences of the cares of housekeep- tions from our consuls in different parts of ing with limited means, appeared to have the world, that our country is not the only been the cause of a wandering of mind- one suffering from hard times, and that it is an incipient insanity of a depressing form; very little use for an American workingman she never uttered a word. Everything to leave this country in the hopes of betterfailed to arouse her; when at last the pro- ing his condition. fessor tried music. Being a splendid performer on the piano, he succeeded in causing her to shed a flood of tears; perhaps

[From the Brooklyn Monthly.] former associations, awakened by the mu

AMATEUR DOSING. sic, had much to do with the result. After this she was perfectly rational. He then have little else to do but to consider their

There is a host of people who seem to kept the little household cheered up with his performances, which undoubtedly con- for its improvement; people who are posi

physical condition, and to administer doses tributed to their well-being. They are now tively dissipated and intemperate in their quite happy, and have succeeded in rearing a large family of children.

use of medicines, and appear to think this We believe that music is better when world not so much a vale of tears as a vale used as a preventive against, than as a cure tion affords a delight only equaled by that

of drugs; people to whom a new prescripfor mental diseases, and we cannot abstain which a savant would experience from the from recommending it highly. We know of many families where the study of the possession of a bone of the extinct megathe

rium. piano by a daughter has brought cheerfulness into the house where before dullness it never occurs to them to allow nature to

If they are in the least under the weather prevailed; and we think that the experi- work out her own salvation; but they take ment in regard to its influence on the con- her affairs into their own hands, and having firmed insane is not a fair test in regard to small acquaintance with her processes, the its beneficial effects on those who are not result resembles that of a novice attemptyet crazy: As a priori may be expected, the charms them more difficult for that superior to ac

ing the tasks of a superior, and making of music are greatest for refined, sensitive natures; for the uneducated savage the complish. One of the peculiar pleasures of finest strains are unintelligible; and we

such persons consists in persuading others ask: Are not the lowest classes among us, delicate compliment you can pay them is

to try their methods of cure.

The most in their mental and emotional develop- to swallow some nauseating mixture upon ment, equal to savages, and even below their recommendation, which all the while them, if their minds are so affected as to bears a strong family likeness to that of make it necessary to send them to a lunatic those who, with bad complexions, assure asylum:

you that soap is wholesome for the skin, or

of bald people who extol the virtues of cerWARNING TO AMERICAN WORK- tain washes they have employed. MEN.

This art of dosing does not interfere, The United States Consul at Buenos however, with the usefulness of the family Ayres, in a recent report, states: “I have physician, but rather supplies him with been in receipt of frequent letters since I practice by laying the foundation for poshave been here, asking in regard to the itive disease. The stomach, which has been conditions and prospects of labor in this unrighteously corrected, rebels at length; country. I would not advise anybody to the nerves, that have been too often articome here with a view to bettering

his con- ficially soothed, finally refuse to acknowldition. They cannot expect to find em- edge the power of the charmer; the ployment of any kind. Every variety of strength engendered by stimulants proves manual and mechanical labor is suffering but a broken reed; appetites fortified by with the general depression of business, and frequent tonics surrender some day without establishments requiring skilled labor are reducing rather than increasing the number of their employes. If persons will come The system of endless changes is one of here in search of work, they should bring the astonishing properties of the kaleidosufficient money with them to pay return scope. Some one has made a calculation expenses. Every few days the consulate is of the number of changes that can be made visited by distressed Americans, who, hav- with a few loose objects-pieces of glass for ing been induced to come out here, have example--in the kaleidoscope. The result been sadly disappointed upon their arrival reached is that the objects may be combinto find no opportunity to earn a livelihood; ed 13,917,242,888,872,552,999,425,128,498,402,thus, finding themselves without means 200 times--an operation the performance of either to live here or return home, they be- which would take hundreds of thousands come objects of charity.”

of millions of years, even if twenty combiIt would appear from the tenor of this, nations were effected every minute.

reserve,

A GEM.

Scientific.

BY F. A. VON MOSCHZISKER, M, D.

The brightest gem in the woman's crown

CINDERS IN THE EYE. what is it? The richest dowry, and her sweetest charm ? Persons traveling much by railway are. The loadstone irresistible, which draws

subject to continual annoyance from the Al hearts, free, willing captives after her? The enchanter's wand, that spell-binds to her feet, they are not only painful for the moment,

flying cinders. In getting into the eyes Softened to lamb, the fiercest lion's soul ? It is not youth-ihe fickle butterfly;

but are often the cause of long suffering It is not beauty-the ephemeral flower;

that ends in a total loss of sight. A very It is not wit-too oft a poisoned dart;

simple and effective cure is within the reach It is not riches-what are they to love?

of every one, and would prevent much sufIt is not power, glory, noble birth,

fering and expense were it more generally Nor anything the world can give or take. What is it, then?

known. It is simply one or two grains of I know it well, but it is hard to say

flax seed. They can be placed in the It is the child-like singleness of heart;

eye without injury or pain to that delicate The angelic purity of a virgin soul;

organ, and shortly they begin to swell and The queen-like majesty of womanhood;

dissolve a glutinous substance that covers The trinity of virgin, child, and matron.

the ball of the eye, enveloping any foreign It is a heart where joys of Heaven dwell,

substance that may be in it. The irritation With truest sympathy for all earth's woes; A soul itself as oure from sinful stain,

or cutting of the membrane is thus preAs full of pity for her sister's failings;

vented, and the annoyance may soon be A grace as modest as the violet,

washed out. A dozen of these grains stowYet, like the violet, shedding sweet perfume; ed away in the vest pocket may prove, in A mind alike to every lot resigned

an emergency, worth their number in gold. These, and withal a something undefined,

The foregoing remedy, from the Mining And undefinable in mortal speechA nameless grace tbat hovers round her being,

and Scientific Press, appears to be based on And veils her as the halo does the moon

the homeopathic principle, "Like cures A gem the brightest in a woman's crown!

like.” Whether the sticking of flax seeds.

into an inflamed eye is likely to prove benTHE BRAINS OF CRIMINALS.

eficial is questionable. Better pull out the

cinder with a looped horse hair. Says the British Medical Journal: “We lately published a very interesting letter

[From the Scientific American.) from our Vienna correspondent, in which a

TOUGHENED GLASS. brief summary was given of Prof. Benedict's researches on the brains and skulls of Some experiments were lately conducted criminals. The subject is an important one, by Messrs. Bennett, Royle, Hickson, and both from a physiological and a psycholog Holden,

of the Manchester Society of Archical point of view, and it is to be hoped itects, England, on the strength of thick that more extended and more precise in- glass of ordinary manufacture, and also afquiry will be made upon it, for the results ter being toughened by the Toughened which Prof. Benedict has obtained, though Glass Company's process. A sample of orvery important, are not sufficiently numer- dinary rough plate glass half an inch thick ous to warrant any large induction. Up to was first subjected to a test of its transverse the present time Prof. Benedict has exam- strength. A piece, 8 inches by 4% inches, ined the brains of sixteen criminals, all of was laid upon supports 6% inches apart, which, on comparison with the healthy and was broken at the first trial by a lead brain, he finds to be abnormal. Not only ball, 1%lb. weight, falling on its center has he found that these brains deviate from from a height of 2 feet. A piece exactly the normal type, and approach those of the same size, which had been toughened, lower animals, but he has been able to was then tried under similar circumstances. classify them, and with them the skulls in The lead ball, 1% lb. weight, was dropped which they were contained, in three cate- upon the center of this plate from a height gories. These consist in: Ist. Absence of of 3 feet without effect, and afterward symmetry between the two halves of the from increased heights up to 8 feet, also brain, 2d. An obliquity of the interior without effect. part of the brain or skull-in fact, a con- The weight was then increased to 3 lbs. tinuation upward of what is termed a slop-10 Ozs., which was dropped on the center of ing forehead. 3d. A distinct lessening of the plate from a height of 2 feet without the posterior cerebral lobes, so that, as in effect, and afterward from increased heights the lower animals, they are not large up to 10 feet 5 inches, when the piece broke enough to hide the cerebellum. In all these up. Nine trials were made on the piece particulars the criminal's brain and skull with the 1/4 lb. weight, and eighteen trials are distinctly of a lower type than those of with the 3 lbs. 10 ozs, weight, or twentynormal men, and the question arises: How seven in all. The next experiment was on far are the evil tendencies of criminals to be ordinary rough plate glass, 1 inch thick. A attributed to this retrograde development? I piece 8 inches by 44 inches was laid upon

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