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is directly pitted against the authority of the revealed word of God. We are there informed, in the most plain terms, that there is in faet no possibility of such a middle state as he contends for. For either a man must be s decidedly pious," i. e, a sincere believer in the sacred scripture, or an unbeliever, in other words an infidel, and if it be true, which our Saviour so explicitly and forcibly declares, that " whosoever believeth not is condemned already, what estimate shall we form of the condition of those seminept men in the profession who are not men of decided piety.” If it be also a necessary consequence, that he who believeth not the word of God maketh God a liar, what is the correct inference to be drawn respecting those medical students who " receive not the Gospel?” However tender particular individuals may feel on this point, I før one believe it to be consistent with eterpal truth; and whatever offence it may give to those characters at whom it pointsy, it would be a sorry procedure indeed to compromise it out of deference to the over-sensitive pride of the human heari.
• It is this direct statement of truth that seems to call forth the most virulent invective from our reviewer. He declares «
my whole representation to be false and scandalous,"he charges me with want of charity, with a bearing false witness against the larger part of my own profession,” and he feels it difficult to repress indignation “AT transcribing the rash and criminal assertions." All this asperity is excited simply by my denying that the human heart, which is described by Almighty God to be a desperately wicked,” can supply pure motives to professional duty, and insisting that the holy seriptures alone can,-positions which all the indignation and influence of all the medical men that ever lived, or ever shall live, would not induce me to retract or qualify by the sliglitest shade. Does he expect that great immutable truths are to give way before the fretting of a pridewounded mortal - as well might he expect a rock of adamant
to melt down before the fruitless foaming of the surge.-Did he Teknow more of the corruption of the human heart he would disricover the necessity for humility in every fallen son of Adam, and
he would, I dare say, read my little production with more selfcommand. Deeper reflection will, I doubt not, convince him, that grit is for the “CREDIT of religion," if such an expression be jus- tifiable, and for the interests of religion too, not complacently to cloak over human depravity, but humbly to acknowledge it-and
that it is for the credit of the medical profession, and must contribute Valike to its dignity and its usefulness to search for motives to duty - in the Scriptures, and there alone. Siis Reflection I am sure will convince hiin that ambition is a very 1. Jame and illegitimate motive, and also the desire of success and of
fortune-making ; in like manner regard to his own character, which Oris a kind of behind-back delinquent. It is rather singular by the
way, that when in quest of motives to inspire a sense of professional a duty, he should rank in his list " a sense of professional duty,” !! which if it can be admitted at all will turn out to be nothing but 7 pride, unless that sense be derived from Scripture. It is singular
also to find him quarrelling with me for urging on the medical man a due sense of the value of his patient's life as the best guarantee for exertion in his behalf, and adding the awkward acknowledgement, that “in his view the value of his patients' lives seldom enters into his account, “ the value of the individual life is nothing to him, and rarely enters at all into his calculation”-and yet with the same breath admitting that “ if it does, it must inspire greater cauriun.” Surely such contradictory averments are ill calculated to impress your readers with respect for his judgment as a' critic, and we could desire no stronger proof of the importance of · Professional Christianity" than such a direct avowal, that to the irreligious physician, or the medical man who is not decidedly pious, " the value of the individual lives entrusted to his care is nothing." If this be not a full admission of the truth of my description, in all its extent, I know not what would be. It is curious to see him nevertheless attempt to saddle the whole blame on the “ hospital practice, and on the army and navy surgeons,” whom he considers “ the dregs of the profession." Now we submit it to his own mature consideration what these classes in the profession, who by the way stand somewhat respectably before the public, will think of a charge so specific and personal, - that they take but little account of a poor fellow's life.” Although I feel myself quite at liberty to argue from the general principles of human nature, and from the premises of divine truth, upon the evil tendency of infidel opinions as a reason for embracing Christianity, I would have been sorry indeed to have made so specific a libel on this or any individual or class of the profession. *** From these specimens of direct self-contradiction on the part of our candid and instructive critic, we are really at a loss to conceive what sort of beings those persons must be whom a mind of such a standard feels itself entitled to look down upon and designate the “ dregs of the profession.” Certain it is those physicians whom I consider respectable are at least accustomed to think consistently, and though some of them come short of Scriptural influence, I have generally found them rather unaware of its importance, and unfortunately for themselves and their patients, so much occupied and troubled with many things, as to forget this “ one thing needful, than resolved to scoff as and trample it down in others, at all hazards, and with all their influence. Yet if the matter were traced out it would be found, that much of this delicacy of feeling on their part, is due to the high tone of moral feeling that pervades not only medical but general society, arising from the lustre that emanates so widely and so steadily in modern times from the sacred page and the advantages the medical world would derive by drawing direct for themselves from that humiliating but purifying source, could be only equalled by the deplorable consequences that must ensue if all-men were to turn sceptics, and the Scriptures thus be suffered to moulder into oblivion. It would then be seen what a fearful moral darkness must follow from an eclipse of scriptural and spiritual light, and how rapidly our profession would degenerate from their present standard 'to a much greater extreme of inefficiency both in motive and practice than any I have ventured to chalk out. ·
• We shall not press upon our reviewer, the charge of a wilful and uncandid perversion of the meaning and scope of my whole argumentation, when he extracts from it. a conclusion the very reverse of
that at which it points, merely to serve the purpose of a joke on the sacredness of death and of Heaven. We put it to his own better judgement, whether he who can speak lightly of such solemnities, is really “ fit to put his foot into the chamber of the sick in a medical" or in any other capacity, and whether such a physician would not be likely, as I have urged, to extinguish every spark of devotional feeling on the part of the patient, and by untimely levity to add a merciless pang to the troubles that weigh down more or less every spirit in the immediate prospect of death. We can only hope that a careful perusal of the Scriptures will convince him that there is no likelihood, I might say possibility, of that physician shortening the lives of his patients who draws his principles from such a source, and that the abuse of the discretionary power to which he alludes, is only a creature of his own formation, and could never find illustration in the conduct of him whose mind is fortified and enlightened by religious truth.
• It is not worth while to go on pointing out further inconsistencies 'in which, indeed, our critic's forte seems principally to reside. Your readers who are acquainted with their Bible, will, no doubt, smile at the bewildered notions he entertains on the subject of the resurrection, did not pity and sympathy for the ignorance he displays forbid. However surprising to him my views on the subject may appear, they could not be so to one conversant with Scripture, and especially with the true meaning of that very passage he quotes, when taken in connexion with the other announcements in the sacred writings. I should have been happy to have entered at large on more than one 'important truth he, in his ignorance, has endeavoured to controvert, but really to attempt to follow such a mind through the mazes of inconsistency, is like the attempt to grasp a shadow-or to overtake an ignis fatuus. 16 We shall, therefore, in the mean time, take leave of our reviewer, under the hope that a diligent and serious study of the sacred writings will enable him to attain more correct and consistent views on this subject, and so soon as he gives proof of such attainment, we will, with much pleasure, receive any candid hints he may give as to the most judicious mode of advocating “ professional Christianity.'
1. We have left ourselves little room for a rejoinder to this courteous epistle; and, indeed, we should be perfectly satisfied to rest the justification of our former remarks, on the style, spirit, and matter of the above remonstrance. On the most deliberate review of the article complained of, we see no reason to admit that it is either • illnatured,'' unjust," ·licious,' merciless,' intemperate," virulent,' or uncalled for. It is quite true that we expressed ourselves at a loss to con. jecture what motive had prompted the publication, because it appeared to us so ill adapted to answer its professed design. The Author is perfectly correct in inferring, that our objections apply only to his mode of treating the subject, which we thought  likely to prejudice the cause it advocates. He has not removed those objections, and though we can assure hiin that we are his friends at bottom,' we are not in the least reconciled either to his views or to his manner of stating them.
Our Correspondent objects to the statement, that there are men who are neither infidels nor men of decided piety, as unscriptural. There is, he says, 'no possibility of such a middle state.' We know not whether to treat this as a blunder or a quibble. We were not pronouncing on the state' or condition of any class, but stating a notorious, unequivocal fact; that there are individuals whose religious character is of a doubtful and indecisive description, which does not admit of our ranking them either with infidels or with persons of decided piety. If the Author of Professional Christianity is in the habit of applying the term infidel to every individual who is not, in his judgement, a decided Christian, he employs the word in a sense unauthorized alike by common usage, by Scripture, by good sense, or good manners.
The only other part of our Correspondent's animadversions to which we deem it necessary to reply, is that in which he accuses us of joking on the sacredness of death. We can assure him that, in the remark he alludes to, we were perfectly serious, and that we consider his principle as fairly liable to the consequences we have pointed out. Not to be. uncharitable,' we hope that he has misunderstood us on some other points : be has certainly, however unintentionally, misrepresented our statements.
Our Correspondent is satisfied that his views respecting the Resurrection could not be surprising' to any one conversanti with the Scriptures. He egregiously deceives himself. Ande however unpleasant it may be to speak of any individual contributor, we must assure this gentleman--our readers cannot • require to be assured—that the author of the article in ques ** tion is much more conversant with the Scriptures than even ? our Correspondent ;-that he is so far from being either an* infidel or a materialist, that he has exposed the doctrine of 1 Materialism in the pages of our Journal on a former occasion with what ability, our readers are the judges ;* and that, being entirely a personal stranger to the anonymous Author of Prosir fessional Christianity, he could be actuated by no other motive in his remarks on that Tract, than an anxiety to disclaim an injudicious advocate of the cause, and to mark his strong disapprobation of the rash and unguarded statements which the Writer has advanced.
* See E. R. Jane, 1822. Art. Lawrence and Pring.
Art. 1. 1. Journal of a second Voyage for the Discovery of a North
West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific ; performed in the 21
Hecla, under the Orders of Capt. William Edward Parry, Ř:N, - F.R.S, and Commander of the Expedition. Plates and Maps.
4to. pp. 601. Price 41. 14s. 6d. London, 1824. 2. The Private Journal of Captain G. F. Lyon of H. M. S. Hecla,
during the recent Voyage of Discovery under Captain Parry. 8vo.
seamen who had exposed themselves to perils, the bare recital of which makes a landsman shudder, and whose long absence began to suggest a feeling that the solution of a barren problem in geographical science was not worth so valuallera risk. This gratification was, however, we confess, considerably lessened to us by the intimation which followed • bard upon,'that the same gallant individuals were about to renew their laborious and bazardous researches in the same direction ex It may betray a very unscientific spirit, to say that we regret- this, but we cannot help tbinking that enough has been done for knowledge, and that further perseverance in an enterprise which, if not hopeless, is at least unprofitable, is a blameworthy risk of valuable lives. The notion of making the navigation of the Polar seas subservient to the interests of commerce, must by this time be universally abandoned. The general character of the Arctic shores and waters has been sufficiently determined ; and enough is known of the habits and qualities of the natives. Nor can we deem the more accurate delineation of the extreme boundary of the North American continent, an object of reasonable anxiety. The disco. veries of Capt. Parry, with the singularly intrepid and skilful VOL. XXII. N. S.