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(Pædobaptists) are admitted to be a part of the universal church, and he (Mr. Kinghorn) still contends for their exclusion, this is • formally to plead for a schism in the body. On this principle, the pathetic exhortations to perfect cooperation and concord, drawn from the beautiful analogy betwixt the mystical and natural body, ⚫ insisted upon in the first Epistle to the Corinthians, are completely superseded; and one member, instead of being prohibited from saying to another, I have no need of thee, is taught to shrink from its contact as a contamination.' p. 192. Let this principle be once established and fairly acted upon, and there is no question but that divisions will succeed to divisions, and separations to separations, until two persons possessed of freedom of thought will scarcely be found capable of walking together in fellowship; and an image of the infinite divisibility of matter will be exhibited, in the breaking down of churches into smaller and smaller portions. An admirable expedient, truly, for keeping the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace! p. 178. Once more, The true state

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of the question is, whether that Article of the Apostles' Creed which asserts the communion of saints, is to be merged in an exclusive zeal for baptism, and its systematic violation to remain unchecked in deference to party feelings and interests.' p. xiv.

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The Reviewer ventured to say, that we can only cease to wonder at such a tenet's obtaining advocates among good men, when we recollect that Pascal believed in transubstantiation, and Fenelon in the authority of the Pope. Mr. Hall has used similar language. Let him (Mr. Kinghorn) reflect on the enormous impropriety of demanding a greater uniformity among the candidates for admission into the church militant, than is requisite for a union with the 'church triumphant, of pretending to render a Christian society ⚫ an enclosure more sacred and more difficult of access, than the abode of the Divine Majesty, and of investing every little Baptist 'teacher with the prerogative of expelling from his communion, a Howe, a Leighton, or a Brainerd, whom the Lord of Glory would welcome to his presence. Transubstantiation presents nothing more revolting to the dictates of common sense.' P 265.

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The Reviewer has characterised the spirit of the cause as both an intolerant and a malignant spirit. Stronger language has been used by Mr. Hall on this point. I cannot,' he says, speaking of the abettors of strict communion, sufficiently express my surprise at the loftiness of their pretensions, and the arrogance of their language.. In their dialect, all Christians besides themselves, are" opposed to "a Divine command," "refuse subjection to Christ, and violate the "laws of his house." p. 21. He cites from Mr. Kinghorn the fol lowing astonishing and appalling sentiments: "What is the meaning of the term condition? In whatever sense the term can apply to the commission of our Lord, or to the declarations of the Apostles. "respecting repentance, faith, and baptism, is not baptism a condition either of communion, or of salvation, or of both? Do the "conditions either of salvation or of communion, change by time? Are they annulled by being misunderstood?" Here, as Mr. Hall remarks, it is plainly intimated, that baptism is as much a condition

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of salvation as faith and repentance. But further, Mr. Kinghorn ⚫ contends that the mere absence of a ceremony, or, if you please, ⚫ an incorrect manner of performing it, is of itself sufficient, exclusive of every other consideration, to incur the forfeiture of Christian privileges,-of the privileges in general which arise from faith. is not, according to him, merely the forfeiture of a title to the Eucharist which it involves; that, he informs us, is not more affected by it than any other privilege: it is the universal privation of Chris⚫tian immunities which is the consequence of that omission.' p. 90. In perfect unison with the sentiments here cited by Mr. Hall from Mr. Kinghorn, are the following declarations respecting the duty of excommunicating all pædobaptists, from another pen.

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If Christ has given such a power (of discipline) to his churches, they must have an undoubted right to exercise it, and be culpable in neglecting it; and so, the whole church at Corinth are blamed for tolerating the incestuous person. If a single private trespass committed against a brother, must, without repentance, exclude 'from the communion, according to Matthew xviii. 17., by what rule are we to receive into our communion such as neglect or despise a plain and public institution of the Lord Jesus Christ? This 'would be to assume a dispensing power, to connive at their neglect, and to become partakers of their sin; nay, in many respects, we should be more guilly and inconsistent than they. More guilty, as knowing more of the obligation, nature, and importance of baptism than they are supposed to do.'* It is added in a note to the next page: Several Baptist congregations admit unbaptized persons into their communion. Mr. Booth has fully exposed the absurdity and inconsistency of such a heterogeneous communion, especially on the part of the Baptists; though I think he pays too great a compliment to their sincerity, conscientiousness, and integrity.

Shall we, then, be thought to have used too strong language, in describing the spirit manifested towards those Baptist churches that have dared to act upon the principle of Christian communion, as both intolerant and malignant?

At p. 272. line 19. there is an inaccuracy which ought to have been noticed as an erratum: the designation particular, is used in opposition to national churches. The remark applies to congrega tional churches generally; but the words should have run,- and strict Baptist churches.'

One word more, with regard to that part of Mr. Hinton's life which suggested the Reviewer's observations. Would it not be a happy circumstance for our churches, if their pastors were exposed to no severer trials than those which arise from the deprecated union of Baptists and Pædobaptists? Had Mr. Hinton accepted the call which he received from the London church referred to, might he not have had to contend with sources of uneasiness far more serious than any which he experienced at Oxford? Let the history of the two churches supply the answer, and decide which system is most conducive to the prosperity of a church, and the promotion of the interests of religion.

* M'Lean's Works, Vol. III. p. 356.

GENERAL INDEX.

VOL. XXII. NEW SERIES.

Abbey, Westminster, Mr. Burke's reflec-
tions on first visiting it, 317; his remarks
on Lady Nightingale's monument, ib.
Adam, remarks on his naming of the ani-

mals, 456, 7; difficulties of the sub-
ject considered, ib.

Amazon river, Spix and Martius's voyage

along the banks of it, 390; see Brazil.
Amusements for the poor, 470.
Antinomianism, modern, 508, et seq. ;
misapplication of the term, 509;
consequences of it, ib.; Flavel's creed
of the Antinomians exhibited in ten
articles, 509, 10; the two main arti-
cles of the system, ib.; the vicar of
Charles and his relative, the avowed
champions of Antinomiauism, ib.;
progressive sanctification asserted to be no
where inculcated in the Scriptures, ib.;
extract from a tract of Dr. Hawker's,
called ' no yea and nay gospel,' 511, 12;
further extracts from the Dr.'s tracts, &e.
ib. et seq.; his explanation of what grace
is, 515; Mr. Babb's declaration that
sin is good for a Christian,' ib. nole;
other similar statements of Mr. B., 516;
Dr. H.'s opinion that the bible society
is the devil's society, ib. ; sentences
exbibiting the peculiar phraseology
of Mr. Vaughan, ib. ; extract from
Mr. Vaughan's sermon, shewing the evil
principles of antinamianism, 518; ex-
tract from Dr. Hawker's sermon, before
the London Missionary Society, 519;
the apostasy of the preacher a gra-
dual deterioration, 520; the four
causes of antinomianism, 521; the
antinomian teacher's mode of pro-
ceeding, ib.; extract from Andrew
Fuller, on the origin of antinomianism in
the individual, 522; different effects of
antinomian preaching upon minds of
different stamps, 523; important
.caution of Mr. Cooper, in regard to
making a full exposition of the doc-
trines of grace, 524 ; further remarks

on the ill effects of not preaching
fully the doctrine of justification by
faith only, ib. ; on that style of preach-
ing called high calvinism, 525; the
distinguishing feature of antinomia-
nism pronounced by Mr. Fuller to be
selfishness, 526; illustrative extract
from a sermon of Mr. Fuller's, 526, 7.
Aurora-Borealis, Capt. Parry's fine de-

scription of it in the northern regions,
103, 4.

Australia, and other poems, 567, et seq.

Bal-costumé, description of one for chil.
dren in Paris, 448.

Barneel, Bahr-al-Nil, course of this
river, 280.

Barry, the painter, Mr. Burke's con-

stant friendship for him, 324, et seq.
Barton's poetic vigils, 49, et seq.; ex-
tract from an ode to the owl, 51, 2;
sabbath days, 53; Dives and Lazarus,
54, 5; memorial of James Nayler, 56,
et seq.; home, 59, 60; prefalory son-
net, 60

Bath of Montezuma, 146, 7.
Beauchamp on the independence of Bra-

zil, 286, et seq.; Brazil, the safeguard
of old Europe and of the new hemisphere,
286; extent, population, &c. of the
empire, &c. 287.

Bible, Harris's natural history of, 454,
et seq.

Bingley's biography of celebrated Ro-
man characters, 84, et seq.; names of
those Romans whose lives are treated
of in the present work, 84; remarks
on the former publications of the
author, 85.

Birds forbidden to be eaten by the Mosaical

law, metrical catalogue of them, 462.
Birt on the moral government of God,
in the dispensation of the gospel,
vindicated, 508, et seq.

Blacker's, lieut. col. memoir of the ope-
rations of the British Army in India,

b

during the late Mahratta war, 528,
et seq. see India.
Boys's Tactica Sacra, 359, et seq.; de-
sign of the present work, 359; advice
of the author to his readers, 360; his
chief object, ib.; Bishop Lowth's
opinion of the origin of the parallel-
isms of the Scriptures, 360; and of
their great importance, 361; his de-
finition of parallelism, ib. ; the three
classes of them, ib.; examples of
each, 361, et seq.; example of the
introverted parallelism, 363; parallel-
ism not a peculiarity of Hebrew poe-
try, 364; considered by the author
as the key to the arrangement of the
Apostle's writings, ib.; illustration,
ib.; the author's high opinion of the
results to be expected from an at-
tention to the parallelisms of Scrip-
ture, 365, 6.

Brahmins, their influence over

the

minds of the Hindoos is diminishing,
64, 5.

Brazil, Beauchamp on the independence
of, 286, et seq.

travels in, 385, et seq.; era of
the first settlement on the Brazil coast,
387; progressive improvement of the
colony, ib.; causes of its late rapid
advance, ib. ; route of Prince Maxi-
milian, 389; route of Von Spix and
Martius, 389; voyage along the banks
of the Amazon, 390; settlements on the
river, ib.; Rio Negro, ib. ; extent of
their voyage up the river, ib.; descrip-
animal
tion of a Brazilian forest, 391;
population of the forest, 392, et seq.;
a plain in the province of Minas Geraes
described, with its various animals, 394;
Mawe's character of the Indian, 395;
his general habits, ib.; description and
habits of the Paries, 397, et seq.; their
arms and huts, &c. ib.; prevalence of
cha-
cannibalism among them, 399;
racter of the Botucudoes, 399, 400; their
general appearance, ib. ; further proofs
of the existence of cannibalism among
them, 401; remarks on the various
mutilations practised by the savage
tribes, 401, 2; the botoque, ib.; con-
tents of Mrs. Graham's journal, 403;
her description of a Brazilian court draw-
ing room, 404.

Brown's exercises for the young, on im-
portant subjects in religion, 87.
Bryant, his opinion of alphabetical writ-
ing, 339; of the literature of the
Egyptians, ib.

Bull-fight, description of one at Lima, 47,

8.

Bullock's six months' residence and tra-
vels in Mexico, 140, et seq.; descrip-
tion of Vera Cruz, 140, 1; Xalapa,
141, 2; volcanic soil near Xalapa, 142.
3; Puebla de los Angeles, 143;
splendour of the high altar in the cathe-
dral, 143, 4; approach to, and des-
cription of Mexico, 144, 5; cast taken
of a colossal statue of the chief deity of
the Mexicans, 145, 6; bath of Monte-
zuma, 146, 7; pyramids of the sun and
moon, 147, el seq.; tête in the Indian
village of Tilotepic, 149.

Burnet's, Bishop, history of his own time,
481, et seq.; history of the notes ap-
pended to the present volume, ib.;
periods at which the bishop finished
the different parts of his history, 482;
remarks respecting the suppressed
passages, and inquiry into the cause
of their suppression, 482,3; charac-
ter of Charles I. as given in a restored
passage, 484; its perfect consistency
with other passages in the printed
volumes, 485; change in Burnet's
political principles at a later period
of his life, ib. ; inquiry into the his-
torical veracity of Burnet, 487; his
conduct in the attainder of Sir John
Fenwick considered, 488; his total
silence respecting Locke, ib.; in-
creasing merit and value of the bp.'s
history, 489; note of Lord Dartmouth
on the character of Burnet, ib.; the pre-
his lordship's
sent editors remarks on
charge against the bishop's veracity, 490;
excellent character of Burnet as a
bishop and as a man of benevolence,
ib.; specimens of the Dartmouth notes
on Mary, daughter of Cromwell, 491;
on Burnet, ib.; on precedent, ib.; church
property, 491, 2; archbishop Tennison,
492; creation of peers, ib.; bishop Al-
terbury, 492, 3; conclusion of the editors'
preface, 493; two notes of Speaker Ons-
low on Burnet's preaching, ib.; charac-
ter of Swift's notes, 494, 5; specimens
of them, 495; Speaker Onslow's charac-
ter of Swift, 497.

Cannibalism, its prevalence among the
Botucudoes, in Brazil, 399, et seq.
Cape Coast, progress of the schools at
that place, 276.

Caraites, account of them, 262.
Cary's birds of Aristophanes, 217, et
seq.; great difficulties attending the
translation of Aristophanes, 218, 19;
character of his comedies, 219; plan
of the Clouds,' 221; magnificence
of the Athenian theatrical spectacles,

221; materials of the modern drama,
222; peculiarities of the ancient
drama of Athens, 223; character of
the author's translation, 224; Massin-
ger, a model of comic versification, 225;
difficulty of translating the jeux d'
esprit, &c. of Aristophanes, 226, et
seq.; the 'Clouds' not written to defame
Socrates, 228; reasons for excluding
Aristophanes's writings from our seats
of literature, 228, 9; remarks on his
licentiousness, 229; secluded life of
the Athenian ladies, ib.; Schlegel's
character and outline of the Birds,'
230, et seq.; analysis of scene the
fourth, act the first, 232, 3; objection
to the substitution of English analo-
gies for certain peculiar Greek words,
233; extracts from the Birds,' 234,
&c.

Catton's eternity of divine mercy esta-

blished, and unconditional reproba-
tion discarded, 558, et seq.; remarks
on Dr. Clarke's position that mercy
was not an attribute of the Deity be-
fore the fall of man, 558; the doctrine
of unconditional reprobation held only by
the antinomians in the present day, 559;
the author's reasons for discarding this
doctrine, ib.

Caxton, the first printer in England,

370.

Chalmers's sermons, preached in St.
John's, Glasgow, 154, et seq.; cha-
racter of Dr. Chalmers's sermons,
156; remarks on the appropriate style
for sermons, 156, 7; topics of Dr.
C.'s present series of discourses, 159;
introductory remarks to a sermon on pre-
'destination, 159, 60; on the sin a-
gainst the Holy Spirit, 162, 3; remarks
on Dr. C.'s mode of treating this sub-
ject, 163, 4; exordium to the discourse
on the reasonableness of faith, 153, el
seq.; the materialism of the new
earth, 165, et seq.
Champollion's hieroglyphic system of
the ancient Egyptians, 330, et seq.;
design of the author, 330; examina-
tion of his mode of applying his alpha-
bet, ib.; objections to it, 331, 2; his
alphabet applied to the cartouches,
332, 3; his formation of the word Psam-
mus, 333; Ramses the Great, 334;
the author's system a true one, 335;
real cause of his failure, ib.; Persian
epoch of hieroglyphics, ib.; the al-
phabet, 336; author's superior quali-
fications in regard to hieroglyphical
learning, ib.; the monuments of the

Pharaohs, 337; those of the Greek and
Roman epoch, ib.; the author's opi-
nion of the African origin of the lite-
rature and the religion of the Egyp-
tians, ib. et seq.; monuments of Nubia,
337; of Ethiopia, ib.; probability of
the Asiatic origin of the Egyptian
literature, &c. 338; Egypt peopled
from Arabia, ib.; the Pyramids free
from hieroglyphics, probable reason of
it, ib.; first Hebrew letters probably
formed by Moses, from Egyptian
signs, 339; Bryant's opinion of al-
phabetic writing, ib.; and of the lite-
rature of the Egyptians, ib.
Characters, Roman, Bingley's biography
of, 84, et seq.

Charles I., character of, as exhibited in
a restored passage of Burnet's Own
'times,' 484.

Church, Greek, state of il, 478.
Cleveland, Mr., monument raised to his
memory by the governor general and coun-
cil of Bengal, 538.

Cochrane, Lord, appointed to the com-'
mand of the Chilian navy, 46; admi-
rable instance of his intrepidity at the
head of some British seamen, in the port
of Callao, 46, 7.

Coke, Sir Edward, his character, 195, 6.
Cole's philosophical remarks on the the-
ory of comets, 423, el seq.; great un
certainty in regard to the accuracy
of astronomical calculations, 424; re-
marks on the danger apprehended by
some astronomers, from the expected
near approach of one of the comets
to the earth, ib. ; author's opinion
that comets make the whole range of
the universe, 425; accounts of some
comets, ib. ; calculations tending to shew
that they move in hyperbolas and not in
ellipses, 426; the author's remarks on
light considered, ib.

Comets, Cole's philosophical remarks
on the theory of, 423, et seq.
Companion, library, by the Rev. T. F.
Dibdin, 417, et seq.

Conti, character, &c. of the prince of, 428,

9.

Coquerel's tableaux de l'histoire philo-
sophique du Christianisme, ou études
de philosophie Religieuse, 1, et seq.;
comparison between the present age
and that which preceded the Refor-
mation, 2, 3; Europe not more effec-
tively christianised than Asia, 3, 4;
great moral changes among mankind
have not been produced by human
agencies designedly directed to the

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