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printing, the discovery of America, or any other novelty of however great or however minute a scale it may be." It would indeed occupy many pages to enumerate all the useful truths which are contemned, and all the absurdities which are cherished, even in this nineteenth century. But to give an instance or two, and leave them for a thousand. A writer on population of some celebrity, has contended that the destructive operations of whatever sort by which men are killed off or got rid of, are so many blessings and benefits, and he has the triumph of seeing his doctrines pretty widely disseminated and embraced ; although no point can be more clearly demonstrable than that the earth might contain and support at least ten times the number of inhabitants that are now upon it. Again : A considerable portion of mankind are at this hour fully persuaded that in marching straight forwards to the mouth of an exploding cannon, they do not in the smallest degree accelerate the instant of their death; nor is this an idle speculation of theirs, for they are ready enough to proclaim their fidelity to the true prophet by their actions. Once more : The conviction which so many persons now have of the globularity of our planet, or of its being three hundred thousand times less than the sun, or of his distance from the earth, must not preclude the further conviction that few people ever have any thing approaching to a just or familiar idea of such distances and dimensions. Indeed, more than one person, not deficient in acquirements, has been wholly incapable of enlarging his thoughts to a belief in the existence of the antipodes, and has published his opinion of the improbability of that fact. There is undoubtedly, from whatever cause, a woful prostration of the human intellect: not one man in five could be

! " Harvey is entitled to the glory of having made, by reasoning alone, without any 'mixture of accident, a capital discovery in one of the most important branches of science. He had also the happiness of establishing at once his theory on the most solid and conviociog proofs; and posterity has added little to the arguments suggested by his industry and ingenuity. His treatise of the circulation of the blood is farther embellished by that warmth and spirit which so naturally accompany the genius of invention. This great man was much favored by Charles the First, who gave bin the liberty of using all the deer in the royal forests for perfecting his discoveries on the generation of animals. It was remarked that no physician in Europe who had reached forty years of age ever, to the end of his life, adopted Harvey's doctrine of the circulation of the blood; and that his practice in London diminished extremely, from the reproach drawn upon him by that great and signal discovery. So slow is the progress of truth in every science, even when not opposed by factious or superstitiuus prejudices."

Hume's HISTORY, vol. vii. p. 347. 2 This subject is at present only glanced at, because it is proposed to resume it in the second part of this publicalion. The two subsequent parts, the one on Poverty, the otheron War, the author will endeavour to compress within the limits of a corresponding pamphlet.

made to comprehend the first six propositions of Euclid.' But a time, I trust, will come when these things will be ordered otherwise ; justice having previously been rendered to Dr. William Lambe for his unconquerable energy and perseverance in prosecuting his inquiries by all the slender means in his power. Of those efforts I will not say all that I think, because I would avoid having such praise attributed to the partiality of friendship.

I will therefore only add one line concerning him, which is, that I sincerely believe a more philosophic spirit than his all Europe does not contain.

It will be proper, before I proceed any farther in this essay, to apprize the chronic invalid who is disposed to adopt our Hygeian experiment, that he will fall into a great error if he expect all at once, or even very speedily, to be relieved from his malady. Assuming it as a principle of our argument that the ground on which these rules of diet are recommended is just and substantial, and that a general deterioration of the humours has been transmitted, by slow degrees and in a long descent, from father to son, the chronic patient must necessarily suffer attacks from time to time during two or three years, until the mischief in his frame, the matter of death, if I may be permitted so to call it, has been sensibly diminished, or wholly elaborated from his system. Should it be asked how a man, under this gradual amelioration of health, would ever arrive at his end, I answer, he would die of what nature appears to indicate that all animals should die of,-old age ; of old age in its strictest sense; that is, of a gradual and imperceptible weakening of the bodily faculties in consent : in a word, of something distinct from disease. The consolation to the selfdenying invalid is this, that after a steady perseverance in the plan we are speaking of for two or three years, he will no longer have to struggle with serious illnesses, it being understood that the stamina of the party are not so worn down that the work of death may be said to be already matured. This not being his unhappy fate, the external symptoms of his progressive amendment will be manifest to all around him ; but besides this, the chronic sufferer will be conscious, through his own sensations, that certain internal changes are going on and operating in his favor, till at length the determination of blood to the head shall be diminished, the secretions duly regulated, and the strength and health completely reestablished.

I will now proceed to show, as far as my means, so inadequate to treat this subject, will enable me to do so, that this discovery of Dr. Lambe's is not a mere phantom, that it is not grounded on

See Appendix. VOL. XIX. Pam. NO. XXXVIII. ? L

1

general remarks or dubious analogies ; but that it rests on the only firm basis of philosophical conclusions, on Experiment. The number of persons whom I know to be at this time living on the diet is at least twenty-five; and of these I have to state, that their health is so good that they have no occasion for the use of medicine, and that, without an exception, their indispositions, where they happen at all, are so trifling as scarcely to deserve the name; although they have not yet relinquished meat, fish, and common water, long enough to derive all the advantages which may be thence expected. These persons are of various ages and constitutions ; some of them previously in good health, some otherwise ; yet with them all the result has been uniform, that is (for I wish to be perfectly moderate and entirely borne out in my assertions) No ill effects have in any instance been felt from the adoption of this regimen. As to what immediately concerns those of the abovementioned number who are under my own roof, I hope such particulars as I shall briefly state will not be uninteresting to the public, who, had I been capable of doing justice to the subject I have in hand, would ere now have been as zealous as the writer himself.

I came two years ago into the house which I now occupy, and in the winter ; not without a warning from some of my friends as to the danger of beginning to inhabit it at that season, as it had never before been tenanted. During the first year of my resi. dence here, viz. 1809, the only charge for medicine in my apothecary's bill for seven persons, including the nurse' of my children who, from her own conviction, adopted the diet, was sixpence; and for the year 1810, not a penny, the apothecary's bill being, word for word, as follows: 1810.

d. Feb. 7. Pint Spirits of Wine

07 Ap. 25. Do. Do.

0 7 June 9. Do. Do.

07 Oct. 31. Do. Do.

07 Bottle

0 0

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18 'This person's complaint was a species of acute asthma. The affection of the trachea resembled a little the croup, and it was always attended with a hollow cough of an alarming tone. She has entirely got rid of her disorder,

TO BE CONTINUED.

ON

THE PRESENT

STATE OF THE POLICE

OF

THE METROPOLIS.

BY GEORGE B. MAINWARING, Esq.

Preventive justice is upon every principle of reason, of humanity, and of sound policy, preferable in all respects, to punishing justice.

BLACKSTONE.

SECOND EDITION.

Printed erclusively for the Pamphleteer.

LONDON:

OBSERVATIONS,

fc.

The frequent outrages and depredations which have recently been committed in the metropolis, and the alarm and consequent dissatisfaction which have been thereby excited, will, I hope, justify the attempt to call the attention of the public to the moral and political evils of our present police system, and induce the Government and the Legislature to make it the object of their early and most serious consideration.

To those who have been long observing the progress of criminal association in this town, our present state cannot be a matter of surprise ; but it is in the very nature of police to attract but little observation till the want of it be felt ; and few consider the damage or injury which is sustained by others, till they are themselves the sufferers, and the notoriety and general prevalence of crime awaken all to the apprehension that they may be its next victims ; when they begin to look to the causes whence this state of things has proceeded, and to exclaim against a system under which so much mischief prevails.

To this state of society, and of public feeling, we are now arrived. It is, however, in moments of strong excitement, that a judicious consideration of its causes is most essential; and there are few properties more valuable in those who direct our affairs, than to discriminate between the transient mischief arising from the accidental occurrences of society, and those permanent evils which proceed from latent and

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