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SECOND COL. 210, ANONYMOUS LETTERS.-Sending a letter without en Solitary impt. real or known signature, in which a false accusation to any 4 to 12 weeks. one's prejudice, is preferred or insinuated, or which contains threatening or insulting expressions to the person, addressed or referred to

211. THREATENING LETTERS.-Sending a letter to any Solitary impt one, threatening him with some grievous injury, unless he 4w 24 weeks. comply with an illegal demand.

212. A CHALLENGE, is the calling upon another to fight, Fine or impt. either in direct terms, or by provoking him in taunting or 3 days to 4 threatening words, gestures, or other acts.

weeks. 213. Assault, is un attempt or offer with force and violence Fine or impt. to do a corporal hurt to another; as by striking at him with or s days, to 6 without a weapon, presenting a loaded gun or pistol within,

weeks. the reach of the discharge, pointing a pitch fork within reach, or any other such like act done in a threatening manner.

214. BATTERY is the laying violent hands upon another, Fine or impot. against his will, in a revengeful, rude, or insolent manner. Spit- 3 days 10 12 ting in the face, violently justling, or insultingly touching weeks, the person, are acts of battery.

215. A man may justify an Assault und Battery, in defence > of his person, of his wife, of his master, of his parent, of his child . within age; or, of his lawful possession,

216. An officer having a lawful warrant, may lay hands on another, to arrest him; and if he resist, may justify, a battery, to overcome him. A parent in a reasonable manner may chastise bis child, a master his apprentice, a schoolmaster his scholar, in all these cases and such like, it is justifiable. If a person go into the house of another, and will not go out upon being desired to do so, the latter may justify, laying hold of him and turning him out. An assault in apprehending a misdoer by, a private individual, (and a battery if he resist,) may be justified, unless the mişdoer, be known to the assaulter, and likely to be forthcoming if called to account. But in all these and similar cases, the assault and battery to be justifiable, must not be greater than is, necessary to repel, subdue, or secure the misdoer. Gene rally, an assault is justifiable in stopping any one in doing an unlawful act,

217. AFFRAY.- A fight in heat of quarrel or, in, anger, between two or more persous.

218. Any one may lawfully interpose and carry the fighters before a justice, to find surețies for the peace.

219. And if the person interposing gets hurt by, the fighte


SECOND: Col. ers, he shall have his remedy at law for the battery, but if he hurt the fighters, they shall have no remédy against him,

220. If either of the affrayers fall down for dead, or đangerously wounded, the standers by shall use their best endeavours to seize the adverse party.

221. UNLAWPUL ASSEMBLY is when three persons or more assemble themselves together, with an intent mutually to assist one another ugainst others who may oppose them in the executioni of some unauthorized enterprize with force or violence, whether the end aimed at be of itself lawful or unlawful.'

222. A ROUT is the moving forward of such an assembly toward their object.

223. A Riot is the execution of the object of such an assemibly in deed.

224. DEMOLITION of ANY BUILDING or goods unlaw- Solitary impt, fully and with force, wholly or partially, by rioters.

4 to 24 weeks. 225. WOUNDING or BEATING any person or persons by Solitary impt, any rioters.

1 to 24 weeks. 226. KILLING of any PERSON by a rioter.

Death. *226. Forcibly hindering any justice from proceeding to a Impt. 4 to 24 scene of riot, or preventing his reading a proclamation, in weeks, or such manner as to prevent those acts, or one of them, transporta

tion. from being performed.

227. The first justice who has knowledge of a riot, shall proceed to the assembly, and by proclamation direct those assembled to disperse, and if after such proclamation more than twelve men remain together, even without committing violence, or if twelve or a less number remain together and commit any act of violence, such assembled persons shall be punished as rioters.

228. Any justice may raise and take with him the constables and a sufficient number of the inhabitants of a County to suppress a riot, and to arrest, or disperse and pursue the rioters.

229. And if in the lawful dispersion of a riotous assembly, any of the rioters be hurt, maimed, or killed, the justice ordering such dispersion, and the persons acting under him, shall be indemnified.

230. Any private person without waiting for the direction of a Justice or Peace Officer, may take into custody any persons acting riotously, or'any person proceeding to abet such riot:


SECOND COL. 231. All Constables and Peace Officers ought to do all in their power to quell a riot, and arrest the rioters, and they may command other persons to assist them therein.

232. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.-Cruelly hurting any cattie Solitary impt. or other valuable or harmless animal, whether the motice be injury 2 to 12 weeks. to the owner, or the indulgence of an unfeeling savage disposition.

233. Desertion of INFANTS.- Exposing and abandoning Solitary impt. in a place not solitary, an infant, under the age of six years. 2 to 12 weeks.

234. Exposing and abandoning in a solitary place, an Solitary impt. infant under the age of six years.

4 to 24 weeks. 235. Malicious INJURIES TO PROPERTY. Wilful and unlawful spoliation of the property of others. As,

236. Breaking down the head of a fish- If the damage done or attempted to pond, or mill-pond, or a river or sea bank, be done, does not exceed the value of

Five Pourds, solitary impt. 4 to 24 whereby land shall be overflowed or weeks. If above that value, solitary damaged.

impt. 12 to 48 weeks, or transportation. 237. Cutting down, barking, or otherwise destroying any Ditto. trees, shrubs, hop-binds, or the like.

238. Breaking the windows of, or otherwise damaging any Ditto. house or private building, damaging any vessel upon the water, damaging any public building, monument, mile-stone, bridge, pier, causeway, or other structure.

289. Casting voracious fish into a fish pond with intent to Ditto. destroy the stock therein.

240. Maiming or wounding any cattle, or other valuable Ditto. animal.

241. Killing, or poisoning without killing, any cattle or Ditto. valuable animal.

242. Destroying, injuring, or wasting stores of provisions Ditto. or goods, or folds for cattle, fences, agricultural buildings, or implements of trade or husbandry.

243. Destroying or injuring by a malicious application of Ditto. corrosive liquor, any wearing apparel or goods.

244. Using any contrivance to cause a carriage to break Ditto, down upon being driven. 245. Setting fire to any stack of corn, straw, hay, wood,

Transportaor other stock, or to any growing copse wood, or crops, tion or hard not being near to any inhabited house.

labor for life. 246. Setting fire to any dwelling-house or other building, Death. or to any stock so near the same as to render the firing of the building probable.

247. HOMICIDE is the culpable killing of a mun by a man.

248. By carelessness-as if a person riding or driving, for Fine or impt. want of care run over a child and kill him, or firing at a bird, 1 to 19 weeks.


Second Col. or other object, kill a man; or let a stone fall from a building, and the like.

249. By Mischance in an unlawful pursuit--as where a Fine or impt. person wantonly or maliciously whips a horse on which 4 to 24 weeks. another is riding, or which is being driven by another, and death ensue to any one; or where heavy bodies are thrown from a high place, without due warning being given to persons underneath; or where a man fires at a deer, or other thing, without authority or right, and kills a man; or where men fight together in an affray, and one kills the other; or where a man wantonly, and not maliciously, uses some device to frighten another, and such frightening causeth his death; or where a man having a vicious bull, cow, horse, dog, or wild beast, does not usu due diligence to prevent their doing harm, and they kill any one.

250. Murder is when a man of sound mind, and of the age Death. of discretion, killeth another unlawfully and maliciously.

251. And although he only intended great bodily harm, and Death. not deathas where a person by way of revenge and in cold blood beats another with great violence, so that he in consequence die, although he might not intend to kill him. 252. Secretly administering poison or noxious drugs, to

Death. any woman quick with child, with a view to produce abortion, and thereby killing the woman. 253. Firing a gun, or riding a horse furiously among a

Death. number of persons, with intent to do great bodily harm to them, and killing one of them.

*253. Murder, or the attempt to commit murder, com- Death, with bined with any crime of dishonesty, rape, incendiarism, or previous amperjury, or the attempt to commit either; whether to facili- putation of tate the commission of the crime, to prevent detection, or

the hands. from a cruel disposition.

254. Homicide is justifiable, when committed in execution of the judgment of the law, and according to its prescribed forms ; in self-defence against a violent attack endangering life, or great bodily harm; in repelling the assault or demand of, or the scaling the walls of a house or its appurtenances, by, a robber; in attempting to apprehend a robber, who refuses to surrender when required ; by a woman in defence of her own chastity; or by a man in defence of the chastity of his wife, daughter, or sister ; by a public officer in executing a legal arrest, which is violently resisted by the sufferer.





First Section.OPFENCES IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS. 255. CONNIVANCE at the commission of a crime, by not attempting to stop the commission of it, nor to apprehend Fine tb $ the misdoer, nor to raise a hue and cry for his apprehension, where any one of such acts might be performed without probable serious danger to the observer.

256. DISREGARD of PUBLIC DUTIES by INDIVIDUALS Fine, the vaoffering of a reward or promising pardon for the return of lue of the stolen goods, whether such reward or pardon be offered di- goods stolets: rectly or indirectly.

257. REFUSAL of Aud in suppressing a crime or offence, or in apprehending a criminal. When called on by an individual to assist.

Fine ot'impt. 258, When called on by the civil power to assist! 1 to 4 weeks.


1 to 8 weeks. 259. Obstructing a landlord' or his agent in distraining for Fine or impt. rent.

2 10 12 weeks. 260. Obstructing any indifferent person of respectable Finë or impt! demeanour, who offers proof of his name, and description, and! 2 to 12 weeks. residence, in taking an offender against the laws into custody:

261. Rescuing his prisoner from the hands of such person. Fine or impt.

262. Assaulting such person in the discharge of the above 2 to 24 weeks. duty.

Fine or impt. 263. Obstructing a peace officer in executing a magistrate's 110 24 weeks. warrant, or a process in law, or in taking an offender' or 2 to 12 weeks. accused person into legal custody.

264. Rescuing his prisoner, or goods seized, from the hand Fine or impt. of such officer.

4 to 24 weeks. 265. Assaulting a peace officer in the discharge of his daty. Fine or impt.

4 to 24 weeks. BREAKING PRISON. 266. Conveying instruments or other means to a criminal, to assist him in breaking prison, or affording personal assistance to the escape of a prisoner;

Fine or impt. 267. Corrupting gaolers to favor the escape of'a pri- 1 to 24 weeks. soner.

268. A prisoner detained for trial, or under sentence, Fine or impt. escaping from legal custody by stratagem, without personal 1 to 24 weeks. violence or intimidation.

Solitary impt. 1 to 12 weeks.

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