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butter Culver Family-Volant-John Bird Miles auratus," 388 Walsh and O'Kearney--Arms for identification -Herbert Pelham, temp. Elizabeth-Macdonald Family Walter Tilley Source of Quotation wanted-Authors wanted, 389. REPLIES:-Japanese Folk-lore: the Dragon-King -Joachim Christian Nettelbeck-F. J. Soady-James's Powders, 390 Identification of Arms sought Broad gauge on the Metropolitan Railway William Drummond and Chess

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Munde in Saxon Place-names, 391-Miles Blomefield-Baker, of Shelley, Essex-Holman Hunt: drawing of saw Last execution for sheep-stealing, 392-French Protestant Chapel in St. Martin's Lane-Jasper Hollemans, alabaster worker-Kaibosh-Executions by burning, 393Arms for identification-Walton's Lives-Consecration Crosses: Masons' Marks-Burial on North side of Church The wife of Charles Knevet-George Scholey, Lord Mayor of London

Esterhazy,' a cloth or colour-Suicides in England, XVIII century, 394-Parravicini MawTickell, hood, Funeral, right of way-Richard pamphleteer and dramatist. Monte TestaccioTranslation wanted-Authors wanted. 395. THE LIBRARY: 'Beeleigh Abbey, Essex' Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" Varia, A Miscellany of Prose and Verse.'

SHAKESPEARE,

and other early dramatists. Report all early books, pamphlets, manuscripts, autograph letters, out of the way items, etc., to MAGGS BROS.,

34 & 35, Conduit St., London, W.

BOOKS

SALE

and AUTOGRAPHS for Early printed Works, Standard Authors, First Editions, &c. Catalogues free. Books and autographs wanted for cash. Lists free.Reginald Atkinson, 188, Peckham Rye. London, S.E.22.

THE

AUTHOR'S HAIRLESS PAPER-PAD. The LEADENHALL PRESS, Ltd., Publishers and Printers, 27-47, Garden Row, St. George's Road, Southwark, S.E.1. Contains hairless paper, over which the pen slips with perfect freedom. Ninepence each, & per dozen, ruled or plain; postage extra, ls. Pocket size, 5s. per dozen, ruled or plain, postage 9d STICKPHAST is a clean white Paste and not a messy liquid.

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NoFriday, Nt 20, High Street, High Wycombe, OTES AND QUERIES is published every Bucks. Subscriptions (£1 15s. 4d. a year, or $8.75 U.S.A., including postage and two-halfyearly indexes) should be sent to the Publisher. The London Office is at 22, Essex Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Central 396), where the current issue is on sale. Orders for back numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe. Letters for the Editor to the London Office.

Memorabilia.

ON the anniversary of St. Augustine's

death-which took place May 26, 605Canterbury Cathedral, in all its parts, was thrown open to the public without charge. The Dean of Canterbury contributes to The Times of May 26 an account of the history of the Cathedral, and, having stated that the yearly income derived from visitors' fees has risen since 1919 by nearly £1,000, expresses the hope that voluntary generosity will not do less for the maintenance of the fabric. Friends have guaranteed the authorities against loss for two years. This step is, we think, to be applauded wherever taken; but could nowhere be more welcome than at Canterbury, with its peculiar claims upon the affectionate of the English people.

AT T the end of last week St. Mary's at Illing-
worth, near Halifax, celebrated its
quadricentenary, having been founded in
1525. This was one of the churches erected
out of compassion for the old and weak who
could not make the long expedition to their
parish church, and the lord of the manor,
Henry Savile, granted the land for it upon
the service of one red rose
to be paid
annually not an unusual one. This had
been long neglected-it would be interesting
to learn when last it was paid-but upon
the first day of the festival it was restored,
and a red rose in a silver porringer, was pre-
sented to Lord Savile's heir, six years old,
the Hon. George Halifax Lumley-Savile.
THE astronomical correspondent of the
Morning Post gives a diverting account
in that paper for May 26 of the American!

Professor Goddard's plan to fire a huge
rocket at the moon. Professor Goddard claims
that he has solved the problems connected
with the apparatus. He has ascertained the
most economical speeds for the progressively
diminishing air resistance at different alti-
tudes; he has invented a device whereby at
rocket can be discarded; and by a new type
each explosion the firing chambers of the
of firing chamber he has obtained a velocity
of 7,000 ft. per second for the ejection of
the gases
-a velocity seven times as great
as that of the most efficient rocket
hitherto made. A rocket-head weighing 1lb.
might, by these means, be projected, by a
rocket weighing 602 lbs, as far as to the moon.
The head is designed to be hollow and to carry
a scientific recording instrument.
The pro-
vision of the instrument must rather amuse
the onlooker: for, of course, a chief aim of
all this ingenuity has been to make certain
that the rocket once fired shall never return.

The principal remaining obstacle to success

is the difficulty of the aim, for the journey
of the rocket would take several days to per-
form, and the moon moves through the sky
at the rate of the measure of its diameter
Supposing this can be
every two minutes.
overcome it is still proposed as was
announced some time age
rocket's arrival by Victor flash-powder which,
to signalise the
carried in the head, would ignite upon im-
pact, and make a flash visible through a
telescope.

THE British School at Athens reports the
discovery of a most interesting statue
of Parian marble at Sparta-a torso, com-
plete to the waist, except the arms, most of
the crest of the helmet, the left leg from
near the knee to the ankle, a fragment of
the right foot and a small portion of the
shield. The modelling of the chest and back
is fine and in a developed style, but the face
Suggestion
follows the archaic tradition.
has been made that this is a memorial to

Leonidas, but there is, of course, no evidence
yet found for this. Photographs appeared
in The Times of May 26.

AN
N amusing test to show how quickly cases
of jewels can be emptied and their
contents transferred to a pocket was carried
out the other day in the course of an action
to recover insurance on the loss of jewellery.
The demonstrator, Mr. Walter Tarbox, stood
with two cases of rings at the end of the
Associate's desk. As reported in the
Morning Post of May 27:

Mr. Bevan, K.C., said that Mr. Tarbox would open the cases, pick out the rings, and put them in his pocket.

Mr. Justice Sankey-Which pocket?--Either pocket.

Mr. Justice Sankey-Flaps outside?-I think one may assume that the flaps of the thief's pockets would be inside.

Mr. Justice Sankey-Very well. Flaps inside, all ready. (Laughter).

When I say go," said Mr. Bevan, "you start, Mr. Tarbox."

The Associate held a stop watch, his Lordship stood up to look over, and counsel, jury, and all in court, also stood up to watch the

scene.

One, two, three, go," counted Mr. Bevan. At "Go," Mr. Tarbox swiftly opened one of the jewel cases, containing about 50 gem rings, and deftly extracted the jewellery from its settings. He used both hands and a double handful of rings went into his open pockets. Then he seized the other jewel box, opened it, and repeated the operation with about 50 more rings, finally dropping his empty hands to his sides and looking up with a smile of triumph. "Twenty-eight seconds," announced the "A world's record," declared Mr. Justice Sankey, the remark being greeted with loud laughter.

Associate.

MR. R. JACOB EPSTEIN, as so often before divides the lovers and connoisseurs of art between admiration and a rather disgusted disapproval of the relief which forms part of the Hudson Memorial in Hyde Park, A lively controversy is being waged about it to which perhaps it is hardly reasonable to expect a definite conclusion, even though the House of Commons has had a conversation on the subject. We will, for the present, only contribute a question: What can be the reason for the immense size and ungainly shape of the maiden's hands?

THE Journal of the Society of Army His

torical Research contains an account very much worth noting of the career of Laura Secord, wife of a sergeant of Canadian militia, who, in June, 1813, walked twenty miles through enemy country-from Queenston to Beaver Dams-to bring information At the to hard-pressed English troops.

time of this exploit she was thirty-eight years of age, she died, aged 93, 1868. A portrait of her as an old woman and a map of her route are given.

WE

WE observe in the Yorkshire Post of May 25 that an ancient canoe, hollowed from the trunk of an oak, has been unearthed in Branston Fen, near Lincoln. Unfortunately it would appear to be too badly damaged for preservation, the wood being black and brittle,

the two ends gone, and the sides broken though the bottom has been got out intact. It lay but a foot beneath the surface and was discovered in ploughing. The date is difficult to fix; boats of the kind are believed to have been used in the Fens as late as the thirteenth century. four days'

MESSRS. CHRISTIE, in

a

sale last week disposed of the collections of precious objects of art and virtu which Mr. Alfred de Rothschild bequeathed to Lady Carnarvon. The total of the first day, 104 lots being offered, was £10,582. The pieces were miniature cabinets, miniatures, scent-bottles, needlecases and similar things. That which fetched the highest price was a miniature cabinet of mid-eighteenth century English workmanship, 84in. high, 3in. wide, decorated with flower-sprays in rubies, emeralds and diamonds and having a pagoda-shaped top of striated agate wherein is set a small watch made by Robert Allom about 1765. went for 820 guineas. Among the miniatures was one of Nell Gwyn by John Hoskins — signed, in a gold frame set with stones and pearl drop-which fetched 360 guineas.

This

The second day's sale, of which the total proceeds were £15,426 12s., was chiefly interesting for an Italian illuminated gold-bound missal of the sixteenth century, having 17 full page miniatures attributed to Raphael and his school.

It is said to have been made for Queen Claude of France, and in 1755 was bought at Dr. Mead's sale by Horace Walpole, and was knocked down to Lord Waldegrave for 110 guineas at the Strawberry Hill sale in 1842.

Mr. de Rothschild became its possessor before 1884. At this sale it fetched 2,000 guineas.

Next day £54,017 were realised. The lots were French furniture, porcelain and objects of art. The highest price paid for Sèvres china was 2,700 guineas for a pair of oviform vases and covers, 17in. high, with Cupid and Psyche painted on an apple-green ground. Among the furniture the most valued item proved to be a Louis XVI writing-table, stamped Weisweiler, having a frieze of drawings in gouache of nymphs and cupids, and chased ormolu mounts, for which 3,600 guineas was given.

On the following day the pictures brought £49,372 19s.. the outstanding example being Gainsborough's Countess of Chesterfield,' which goes to Liverpool, and was bought for 17.000 guineas. The total realised by the sale of this collection was £129,398.

count Montagu was made Constable of the

Literary and Historical Castle of Calais; in 1503, and died and was

Notes.

BROWNE, OF BETCHWORTH CASTLE, RATTLE ABBEY AND LOWYK,

NORTHUMBERLAND.

(See 1 S. viii. 114, 301; 7 S. iv. 506; v. 151; General Indexes passim).

THERE are various indications leading to the belief that these three families were

branches of an original stock, and fairly nearly related. The Surtees Society in its note on the Brandlyng family of 'Newcastell uppon Tyne,' in Visit. of the North,' Part i, fol. 95d (Brandlyng quartering Browne) gives the "Descent & Pedigree of Sir Robert Brandlyng, Knighte in Newcastell," and says: "Robert Brandlyng of Spitton in Northumberland [sic] Mary [blank] daughter to Browne of Wark* and sustre to Browne capteyne of the castell of Callyce and had issue" etc. . . . . "Neither Browne of Warke, nor Browne captaine of the castle of Calais, can be traced"

the Browne Arms given in the shield reproduced are those of south country families of that name, in particular they were the Arms of Sir William Browne, Lord Mayor of London 1507," who died in his mayoralty. On leaves bound up at the end of the MS. Anstis C.9, is the fragment of an Armorial in a still earlier handwriting than that of the rest of the manuscript. They contain, amongst others, the following entry: "William brownet silver and gold per pale endented, upon all a chevron betwene iij scaloppis geules his wiffe geules, a chevron betwene iij luces ayranz silver" "Sir Anthony Browne grandfather of the 1st Vis

The alias of Sir John Browne, lord mayor "John à Werk,' 1480 was 66 or John de Werks." See 7 S. iv. 506, and 7 S. v. 217. Sir John Browne, lord mayor 1480, bore for his arms. Azure a chev. or between 3 escallops of the 2nd, a bordure engrailed gules. The arms of Sir Anthony Browne, Constable of Queenborough Castle, anno 1 Hen. VII; d. 22 Hen. VII, were, Sable between double cotises 3 lions passant argent. "The change in coat does not mean families are not allied, or of the same stock. Trade on one side and lands on the other were general in all the old families."-Rev. P. E. Browne, Lostwithiel.

buried there in 1506."

And yet the Surtees Society in its published volume of North Country Wills,' included the will (18 Horne) P. C. C. 1497, of Sir John Browne, Kt., Alderman and citizen of London, and alias John à Werke (whose kinsmen Thomas and Rauff à Werke,* were the prisoners of the "Scottes," towards whose ransom Sir John Browne left money), who left legacies to Lowyk, Northumberland, as if it were his birthplacet; and the Sir William Browne, lord mayor of London 1507-8, whose arms have just been Browne, and named by him as such as overreferred to, was the cousin of Sir John seer, to his will. It is also stated that various Brownes of the South, as well as the one referred to in the Surtees Society's Visit. of the North,' Pt. i., fol. 95d, whose wills were proved in P.C.C., were of Calais.

At 7 S. v., 151, the Harl. Ms. 1541, fol.

135b is quoted, in which is a Browne pedigree.

In it

Sir John's ancestor is stated to be Sir Anthony Browne, Knight of the Bath, Hen. IV. He, Sir John, who died 1497, is there

*Hist. MSS. Comm. Various Coll., I. Ber

wick-on-Tweed Corp. Vol. 1, Nos. viii and x. Sir John Browne nained one James à Werke, Ralphe and Thomas Browne, named. Undated. 1497, who seems to be the James Browne, named as cousin," in the Will of Thomas Browne, son of Sir John [1 Moone] P.C.C. 1500. James à Werke, als Browne, was bur. according to the Will of his wid. Elizabeth (later Hawkeyns) [19 Alenger] P.C.C. 1540, in St. Mary Magdalen, Milkestreete, where Sir John Browne was buried.

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+ The references in Sir John Browne's will, 1497, to Lowyk, Northumberland, his legacies to the church as if he belonged there, including a cope and Mass boke," and his legacies "to the poor English householders dwelling within that town," and to his own "pouer kynnesfolke dwelling within the saide countie of Northumberland," all point to the north as his place of origin.

Wills of Browne in P.C.C. connected with Calais-not necessarily a complete list: 1459, Henry Browne, St. Mary. Calais (16 Stokton) Calais P.C.C.-1459, Rye Browne, St. Mary, (16 Stokton) P.C.C.-1506, Sir Anthony Browne, Kt., St. Nicholas, Calais (15 Adeane) P.C.C.1508, William Browne, the elder, St. Mary, Aldermanbury, etc., London, Calais (1 Bennett) P.C.C.-1525, William Browne, the elder, London, Essex. St. Mary, Aldermanbury, not entered in Herts and inside the will, P.C.C. Calendar: "of the town of Calais."

given two wives: Alice Swinstead [in Stow 618, fol. 233, she is called Jane, and is given no issue] and Anne Belwood, from the former of whom the Brownes of Walcot are made to spring-from the latter, Sir William, lord Mayor 1507 [which is incorrect, as that Sir William Browne, lord mayor, 1507, was Sir John's cousin, and overseer to his will in 1497, and that lord Mayor's will is (1 Bennett) P.C.C. 1508, as of St. Mary Aldermanbury, London; Calais. It was the Sir William Browne, lord mayor in 1513-14, who was Sir John's son, by Anne Belwood, and husband

first of Katherine Shaa, co-heir with her sis. ter Margaret wife of Thomas Rich, to their father Sir Edmund Shaa, Lord Mayor of London, 1482] . . . if there is any truth in it we have at once the Montague Brownes of Betchworth Castle, Surrey, established as being of the same stock as those of Sir John Browne,

lord mayor 1480, ob. 1497. Yet if Sir John

had had a first wife Alice, or Jane, Swineshead, and by her the son Robert [eatered in Stow 618, fol. 233, as his son by Anne Belwood] why did he not have, and would he not have had, prayers said for her soul, equally with the prayers he asked to be said, in his will, for his late son Richard [see christian name Richard in the son of Sir Mathew Browne, of Betchworth Castle], who was buried, according to Sir John's will, in the Church of St. Thomas of Acon? ..

Browne as his father, and Dame Anne [Belwood] as his mother.

The Browne pedigree quoted above in Harl. Ms. 1541, fol. 135b, is curious in that it links Sir John Browne, lord mayor, ob. 1497, Sir Anthony Browne, 1377, having scratched out an entry in the same handwriting as the rest of the Ms. with no attempt to disguise where Sir John is called "of Rutland" and as such starts the pedigree, later erased; and the whole pedigree in which Sir John is made to descend from Sir Anthony of 1377 has Sir John Browne's arms, and not the arms of the Battle Abbey and Cowdray Brownes.

This

In an exact copy of part of a pedigree made about fifty years previous to 1924, by one of the family of the Rev. P. E. Browne, vicar of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, there are the following particulars, on a scroll of pedigree with the Brownes of Betchworth and Cowdray, but not linked up with them. pedigree starts with Sir Stephen Browne, 17 Hen. VI, and makes Sir John Browne, Lord Mayor 1480, his son. It then gives Sir John, only one wife, Alice Swinstead, and gives her and Sir John two sons: Robert called Chamberlain of the Exchequer, and Sir William Browne 1508 (who was really, as explained above, Sir John's cousin) who is made to marry Alice Kebyll as, appar

[further in 7 S. v. 217, in support of the] supposition that this family was originally Northumbrian, a former Lord Mayor, Sir Stephen Browne, in 1438+ [and again in 1448 in the Book of Dignities'] is said to have been a son of John Browne, of New-ently, his only wife; whereas Alice Kebyll castle upon Tyne [see Stephen Browne 2 sonne of Sir Anthony Browne, Kt. of the Bath, Hen. IV, in Stow 618, f. 233].

66

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For the Arms borne by the three Lord Mayors, see Harl. Ms. 1349, fol. 3," [7 S. v. 151.]

That Sir William Browne, lord_mayor 1514, was really the son of Sir John Browne, who d. 1497, see Calendar of Wills in Court of Husting,' London, by Sharpe, Roll 241 (33), Will of "William Browne" now Mayor of the City of London," dat. 25 May, 1514, where he names "Alice [nee Kebyll as "his wife," and " Katherine" [Shaa] his "late wife." Speaks of Sir John

*Inq. post mort. of Margaret Broune, Pub. Scr. Pt. i, Nos. 476 and 551, v Hen. VII, she held in Lincs., the manor of Swynestide. Has the confusion arisen between the surname and the place-name?

Calendar of Court of Husting, Sharpe, year 1465-6, Stephen Broun, grocer, bequests to St. Dunstan's in the East, and St. Nicholas, Newcastell uppon Tyne; property in Bishops Lynn (in Lenn Episcopi), Roll 195. 48; also year 1480, Stephen Broun, grocer, Roll 210 (10).

1

married Sir William Browne, Lord Mayor 1513-14. Of Sir William Browne (1513-14) and his 2nd wife, Alice Kebyll's, children, only John and Anne (wife of Sir William Peter) are set down, and John is described as of Horton Kerby and of Stretton, Master of the Mint and Lord High Almoner to Henry VIII. 7 S. v., 151, says he was (and all his family), a Mercer, i.e., belonging to the mystery of the Mercers. But is he likely to have held such offices as these just quoted See cxlvii. 424.

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To return to Sir John Browne, Lord Mayor 1480 (ob. 1497). It would seem that his alias John à Werk," must be found in a list of Sheriffs, as he does not so call himself in his will. But he left a legacy to his cousin "Master George Werk, Clerk "-whose Will is: George Werk, clerk, Harro, Middx. (21 Bennett) P.C.C. 1509-and to his "cousin Alice, sister to the same Master George." Further, in support of the theory that all these families of Browne were closely related, see the will (2 Holgrave) P.C.C. 1503, of Dame Anne Browne, widow of Sir John.

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