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no issue.
By his first mar. he had issue a
son, Sir Richard Pexsall, of Beaurepaire,
Knt., who mar. 1st Lady Eleanor, dau. of
William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester,
and Elizabeth, dau. of Sir William Capel,
Knt., of the City of London; secondly,
Eleanor, dau. of John Cotgrave, of Chester,
no issue. By his first mar. he had four
daughters only. His will was proved 8 Nov.,
1571, P.C.C.

raine, Count of Vaudemont. Is this Duke-
dom still in existence? I cannot find the
name in the official list of titles recognised
by the present French Government, as pub-
lished in the French Year Book for 1919.
Also, was the Marshal d'Elbeuf who served
in the Franco-German War of 1870-2 of this
lineage?
WILLIAM HARCOURT-BATH,

Plymouth.

In St. Edmund's Chapel, Westminster ROBERT RABELAIS THE YOUNGER.

Abbey, there is a large monument to his memory, on which the inscription states that he was rich by prudence, and by service proved to be famous."

His father and mother were buried in Sherbourne St. John's Church, where there is an altar tomb, with recumbent figures. They both, father and son, besides having a mansion house in Fleet Street, were large landowners, especially the latter, in Hants, Middlesex and Bucks. They were hereditary masters of the Royal Buckhounds through the marriage of their ancestor, Sir Bernard Brocas (d. 1396) with the dau. and heiress

of Sir John de Roche.

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THOMAS RAWLINS.

E. SYERS. John Toland, in 1698, dedicated his Life of Milton' to Thomas Rawlins of Kilreag in Hereford shire, Esq. Is anything known of this Rawlins? He is not noticed in D. N.B.' RICHARD H. THORNTON.

HOUSE OF ELBŒUF.

Charles, 1st Duc d'Elbœuf, who assumed the family name of Harcourt c. 1605, was the eldest son of René, Marquis d'Elbeuf, the second son of Claude, 1st Duc de Guise, who was a son of René, Duke of Lorraine and a greatgrandson of Marie, Countess d'Harcourt, through her marriage with Anthony of Lor

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Who was this author, who wrote Abeillard and Heloisa,' London, 1819? BURDOCK.

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GEORGE STONE, Archbishop of Armagh,
was the younger son of Andrew Stone,
a London banker, and is said to have been
born
410). I should be glad to learn the date
about 1708" (Dict. Nat. Biog.,' liv,
and place of his birth and also some further
particulars of his mother, whose maiden

name was Anne Holbrooke.

G. F. R. B.

TEMPLE STANYAN, author of 'The Grecian History (1739) was the younger son of Laurence Stanyan, of Headley, Middlesex. Who was his mother? When and where was he born? TheDict. Nat. Biog.' states that he was twice married. What was the name of his first wife, and who was Mrs. Pauncefort," his second

wife?

G. F. R. B.

ALCOLM FLEMYNG (d. 1764): MORETTI: SHAW: LANTON. The 'D.N.B.' records that Malcolm Flemyng's Neuropathia was translated into Italian by one Moretti, and published by the latter

at Rome in 1755: it does not mention that the title-page of the Italian work runs :

Del MAL DE NERVI | o sia | Della Ippocondria, E Del Morbo Isterico | Poema Medico | Del Dottore Milcolombo Flemigh | Tradotto | Dal Dottore Giambattista Moretti | Da Gaeta, | E Dedicato All' Eminentissimo, e RevendendisCorsini. In Roma, nella Stamperia De Rossi, simo Principe, Il Signor Cardinale | Nereo 1755. Con Licenza de' Superiori.

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made to Malcolm Flemyng or Peter Shaw. Is anything known about Dr. Giambattista Moretti ?

In the Neuropathia' someone is addressed (Book i. 11. 25-40) as "Lantone" and "Benedicte." Is any "Benedict Lanton" (probably at Leyden) known to history? It clearly represents "Bennet Langton," but

Replies.

WYTHAM ABBEY, BERKS.

(cxlvii. 410, 449).

the name both of the father and grandfather THE facts on which MR. WILLIAM HAR

of the well-known Bennet Langton (17371801) was George.

It may be remarked that (in the Third Book) Flemyng recommends the two springs at Scarborough, and that Dr. Peter Shaw practised at Scarborough. These Scarborough springs are said to have been the one slightly chalybeate, and the other mainly aperient.

JOHN B. WAINE WRIGHT.

JOHN EDWARDS'S COLLECTION OF FLOWERS. This book (folio), further purporting to be drawn after nature;" appeared in 1753. Particulars about the author, where and when born, and year of

death desired.

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FREDK. C. WHITE.

UTHOR WANTED.-Who was the author the of a volume or two volumes on ejected ministers of 1662. giving the counties and districts alphabetically? I have a volume with the first pages missing, and beginning with Lincolnshire. At the back is included An English version of the Latin epitaphs on the Nonconformist Memorials, and a poem to the Ejected two thousand Ministers": printed by Hogg, Paternoster Row, 1778. Calmady, the grandson of one of the elected, wrote under the title of an Account of the Ministers eiected or silenced after the Restoration in 1660." Is the work I have mentioned the writing of Calmady?

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H. PROSSER CHANTER.

COURT-BATH bases his enquiry seem to be incorrect. There was never any abbey or any other religious house at Wytham, Berks. The name of Wytham Abbey, given to the house lately the residence of the earls of Abingdon, is of modern origin and arose no doubt from the ancient association of Wytham with Abingdon Abbey, of which it was one of the manors.

There is a legend that in the eighth century a nunnery at Abingdon called Helenstowe was transferred to Wytham, but if the story has any historical basis it was more probably to Wittenham, a few miles lower The similarity is speldown the Thames. ling of the two places in the Abingdon Chronicle gave rise to the error. Wherever it went to the nunnery was dissolved by the end of the eighth century.

In the time of the Conqueror five hides of land were apportioned by the Abbey for the support of one of the first of its military knights by name Hubert; and these five hides constituted a moiety of the manor of Wytham, and were held by Richard de Wyghtham at his death about 1428. His widow Alice took а life interest, the reversioner being their only child Agnes, who married one Browning. The daughter died in the life-time of her mother, and the husband Browning sold the reversion in 1459, with the advowson of the church, to Richard Harcourt for two hundred pounds. It was not till the mother's death, in 1475, that Harcourt (who had then become Sir Richard) got possession. It is not unlikely that the mansion which subsequently became the seat of the earls of Abingdon may have been built by this man, as the first of the Wytham Harcourts. In the course of time the successors of the knight Hubert, in common with the other military tenants, succeeded in eliminating the Abbey's ownerAt the Dissolution in 1538 ship right. Harcourt's descendants held the half-manor subject only to a feodary rent of one pound per annum, which represented the amount due to the King for castle-guard Windsor.

ARTHUR E. PRESTON.

Whitefield, Abingdon.

at

"FAIR

AIR HEBE I LEFT" (cxlvii. 444).In the query the authorship of this poem is attributed to John West, Earl de la Warr, created Viscount Cantelupe in 1761. John West (1693-1766), 16th Baron de la Warr, was created Viscount Cantelupe and Earl De La Warr on March 18, 1761. But is not the author his son John, the 2nd Earl, who from 1761 till his father's death bore the courtesy title of Viscount Cantelupe? This second Earl, who lived 1729-1777, certainly wrote verses. The Third and Fourth Parts of the New Foundling Hospital for Wit' (1769 and 1771) give the name of Earl Delawarr on their title-pages as one of the contributors. On pp. 111-113 of Part iii. is Earl Delawarr's Farewell to the Maids of Honor, on his being promoted to his late Father's Troop, and resigning the Place of Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen.' This performance, which is included in Mr.

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lolo Williams's 'Shorter Poems of the

Eighteenth Century,' is in eight six-line stanzas, beginning:

Ye maids, who Britain's court bedeck, Miss Wrottesly, Tryon, Beauclerk, Keck, Miss Meadows, and Boscawen! (Tryon is omitted in the 1769 editions). It was in 1766 that Lord de la Warr became Colonel of the 1st Troop of Horse Guards and ceased to be Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen-Consort.

EDWARD BENSLY.

"GRINGO" (exlvii. 427).-Gerigonza or jerigonza is given in Spanish diction- | aries with the meaning of jargon or gibberish. The Times correspondent's story would be interesting if capable of proof. But in default of evidence that "Green grow the rushes, " was a favourite with singing British seamen a century back in South American ports, and of a traceable connexion between the words of the song and the earliest use of Gringo, it is excusable to suspect that we have before us that familiar enemy, a story devised for the purpose of explaining a derivation.

In Gustav Körting's Lateinisch-romanisches Wörterbuch' (1907), under garg and gorg, many words are collected which denote a gurgling noise, gibberish, jargon, &c. Could gringo be of onomatopoietic origin? It would be delightful to be able to accept the "Green grow" etymology, but evidence! EDWARD BENSLY.

THOMAS SHERIDAN (exlvii. 337, 376, 414). MR. ST. JOHN BROOKS, at the last reference, and previous correspondents

inquire as to the date and place of the birth of Thomas Sheridan, Richard Brinsley's father, and the date of his marriage.

The epitaph written for him by his friend, Dr. Parr (Moore's Life of Sheridan,' ii. 16) states that he died on Aug. 14, 1788, in his sixty-ninth year, which bears out the statement that he was born in 1719. His friend and connection Sam Weyte, says that he was born in the Old Mint House, No. 27, Capel Street, Dublin, where his father kept his school (Weyte's Poems,' Dublin, 1785, p. 44), and his grand-daughter gives the date of his marriage to Miss Chamberlaine as 1747 (Life of Mrs. Frances Sheridan,' p. 30). Their eldest child was baptized in St. Mary's Church, Dublin, on March 27, 1748. T. P. LE FANU.

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3. 30 September, 11 Hen. VI (1432). Letters of Attorney of High Cliderhowe of Kingston-on-Hull, merchant, to Thomas Swan and Henry Bakster of Newcastle to deliver seisin to Robert Cliderhowe his son, Thomas Popelay, Thomas Penrith and Robert Newton of a capital messuage in Pilgrim Street, and of other premises,

referred to in a deed of feoffment. Thomas

Marshall, Mayor of Kingston-on-Hull, at the request of Hugh, and because his seal is to many unknown, has affixed the seal of the office of the mayoralty of his town, Kingston-on-Hull.

The next is an instance of a seal other than a Corporation one being used:

4. 20 December, 1431. Grant by Margery de Longforth, widow of Richard Cliderhow, to Hugh Cliderhow of Kingston-on-Hull, merchant, of all lands, rents, &c., which she had of the gift and feoffment of Robert Nevyll and Thomas Langforth in Newcastle to which John Pershay, dean of Scarsdale, at the special request of Margery, and because her seal is to many unknown, has put his seal of office. (This deed was executed at Chesterfield).

It may be mentioned that John Pershay or Percy was Vicar of Dronfield (1429-1438) and rural dean of Scarsdale in the archdeaconry of Derby, in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

Spennymoor.

H. ASKEW.

DOUBLE CHRISTIAN NAMES (12 S. v. 289, vi. 192).—In transcribing the Parish Registers of Badingham, Suffolk, I have come across the following entry :-"Arthurus Rous Russhe, filius Johannis Russhe, baptizatus fuit 30 die decemb. 1564."

Is this an early instance of a double Christian name? A branch of the Rous

family were Squires of Badingham, and this may be a relative of theirs, or possibly an illegitimate son of one of them; but there is no suggestion of illegitimacy. The entry is perfectly clear. Is anythng further known of Arthur Rous Rush? He had a sister Tomisina," bapt. two years earlier; there are none of the name in the Burial Register. Incidentally, I believe that Arthur is very uncommon as a Christian name at this period.

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The Hotel Cecil and the palatial pile known as Whitehall Court were built by a company of which Jabez Balfour was a prominent member. He deserved something better than five years penal servitude for his successful attempt at embellishing London. Hobbs and Whittaker Wright were also concerned in the business. One of the flats in Whitehall Court was occupied by the latter, and still contains a fireplace with granite columns on either side of it, which he placed there. T. PERCY ARMSTRONG.

REG

EGISTERS AND POLL BOOKS WANTED (cxlvii. 446). For the registers of St. Martin's Church, Ironmonger Lane (St. Martin's Pomary) (if any such survived the Fire), reference should be made to St. Margaret's, Lothbury. The small church, as Stow describes it, of St. Martin Pomary was destroyed in the Fire and not rebuilt; and the parish was united with united with St. Margaret's, Lothbury, in St. Olave's, Old Jewry. St. Olave's was 1889, when that interesting church was demolished.

Part of the plate of St. Martin Pomary was saved and passed to St.

Olave's.

These are the flagons of 1628 and 1635 now at St. Margaret's, Lothbury: these flagons were the bequest of Mr. Daniell Romeny.

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currus, et majorem quam tu habeas adversarii exercitus multitudinem."

In the Douay Bible the translation is, "If thou go out to war against thy enemies, and see horsemen and chariots, and the numbers of the enemy's army greater than thine." Is not the missing, or understood, word "hast" not "art"? ROBERT PIERPOINT.

JOHN HOWE (cxlvii. 173, 434).-All that is quoted at the second reference, and much more, may be found in 'Collins's Peerage of England,' continued by Sir Egerton Brydges, 1812, vol. viii. pp. 133-152; Curzon, Baroness Howe.

S. V.

ROBERT PIERPOINT.

COLLEGE D'HARCOURT, PARIS (cxlvii.

337, 362, 378). -- In 'Les Curiositez de Paris Réimprimées d'après l'édition originale de 1716,' Paris, 1883, p. 221, is the following:

Le Collége d'Harcourt, fondé en 1280 par Raoul d'Harcourt, Chanoine de l'Eglise de Paris, avec exercice, rue de la Harpe, quartier de S. André des Arcs.

This appears in a catalogue of over fifty colleges connected with the University of Paris. Most of them are said to be either avec exercice" or sans exercice;" the latter predominating. What do these phrases mean?

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66

Galignani's New Paris Guide,' for 1865, p. 383, gives :

Lycée St. Louis.-A college was founded on this spot as early as 1280, by Raoul d'Harcourt, canon of Notre Dame, from whom it took the name of Collége d'Harcourt. The principal mass of the present building was begun in 1814, and the college opened in 1820; but the whole front facing the Boulevard has now been rebuilt with a monumental façade.

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of the child of King Ban, whom the Lady of the Lake brought up and sent forth to be the flower of chivalry under the title 'Lanc-e-loch' (llanc-y-llwch)=the Childe of the Lake. P. B. M. ALLAN.

TAVERN

SIGNS:

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66

STARS

SEVEN
Possibly this was

(cxlvii. 408, 450). originally "Seven Stairs." In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries stairs " was sometimes spelt "stares (see The New Oxford Dictionary '); and with increasing prosperity the flight of stairs to the water-way, from which the inn took its sign, would be replaced by a stone quay. So that when the signboard was re-painted, "stairs became "stars.' As to why the stairs were seven in number-that enters into the domain of Sir J. G. Frazer. P. B. M. ALLAN.

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CLUSIUS (exlvii. 445). The inscrip

tion reads MAGNUS THOMAS CLUSIUS OXONIENSIS, RENATUS Apl. 8, 1680. This may be translated, "Great Thomas, the door closer of Oxford, recast Apl. 8, 1680."

The allusion is to Clusius, whose duty it was to close the door of heaven. The bell is sounded every evening at 9.7 p.m. for 101 times, as a signal to the students of Christ Church, that the door is being closed. The 101 refers to the number of the students on the original foundation of "The House." E. BEAUMONT.

Oxford.

See Ovid'sFasti,' i. 129-130, where the god Janus says:

Nomina ridebis: modo namque Patulcius idem,

Et modo sacrifico Clusius ore vocor.

Great Tom presumably bears the name Clusius because he gives warning of the closing of the college gates.

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EDWARD BENSLY.

The Historical Handbook of Oxford' (1878) states that Great Tom was originally hung in Osney Abbey, but was removed and recast in 1680 at the cost of Bishop Fell by It bears the Christopher Barker, London. 'Magnus Thomas Clusius inscription: Oxoniensis Renatus, April 8, 1680" (Great Tom, the door closer of Oxford, renewed April 8, 1680). It was used as a curfew bell and a signal for closing the various college gates. H. PROSSER CHANTER.

Whetstone, Middlesex.

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