Page images


About eight miles east of Oxford is the small village of Waterstock, containing about sixty people. The church has a nave, chancel, tower, and N. aisle, and in the last is an east window, under which, doubtless, formerly stood an altar. On the stone at the bottom of the middle light of this window between the glass and the sill, is carved in high relief an arm-bone, about eleven inches long, and in good condition.

No one seems to know anything about this curious object. The Church was restored about sixty years ago, but no one appears able to say whether there is any relation between that process and the carving. A conjecture has been hazarded that it represents a sacred relic formerly kept in the church, but I have not been able to hear of any corroboration of this.

is there to connect the Georges Thomson, whose books were published at La Rochelle in 1602 and 1611, with the George Thomson, whose books were published at London in 1604 and 1606, except identity of nomenclature? Another George Thomson, Catholic, was the author of De Antiquitate Christianae Religionis apud Scotos, Romae, 1594," 8vo., reprinted in the same year at Douai in 12mo.



It was stated at 10 S. vii. 308, that "before 1700 George is not at all a common Christian This is quite untrue as regards the Lowlands of Scotland, and the North of England. Thomson, too, is very widesspread. So it is, perhaps, hopeless to expect any biographical detail about any George Thomson of the end of the sixteenth (or beginning of the seventeenth) century. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

It may be that some reader of N. &Q WILLIAM DAWSON. In an article on

is able to throw light upon the matter?


BERRY POMEROY: COAT OF ARMS. -In a window in the parish church of Berry Pomeroy, Devonshire, is a coat of arms distinguishable with difficulty as, Gules, a fess vair between 6 crosslets or, i.e., three above and two or three below. I cannot identify the coat in the ' Armory of the

Western Counties' and

am interested to

trace the connection with the Pomeroy family which the arms imply.


[ocr errors]

GEORGE THOMSON.In Bayle's Dictionary (2nd ed., London, 1735), vol. ii. p. 621, it is stated that Claudius Dausqueius (b. 5 Dec., 1566) published two books at Douai in 1616, in 4to., with the titles Scutum D. Mariae Aspricollis' and Justi Lipsii scutum adversus Agricolae Thracii satyricas petitiones;' and Bayle adds, That Agricola Thracius is no other than George Thomson, a Scotchman, who published a Book at London, in the Year 1606, against Lipsius.”

[ocr errors]


This book was Vindex Veritatis: adversus Justum Lipsium: Libri duo' in small 8vo. The same author is credited with Anacephalosis, &c., de Pompa in Jac. I Introitu in Londinum Sylva. Lond. M. Bradwood, 1604," small 8vo., and with "La Chasse de la Beste Romaine, Rochelle, 1611," 8vo. He also published at Rochelle in 1602, in 4to., a French translation of 'A plaine Discovery of the whole Revelation of St. John,' by John Napier (1550-1617), which work had appeared early in 1594. But what

the Progress and Present State of Agriculture' in The Edinburgh Review for January, 1836, it is stated that Mr. William Dawson, Frogden, Roxburghshire, "has an unquestionable title to be considered as the real father of improved Scotch husbandry.' It is noted that in 1759 he commenced raising turnips, in 1760 introduced the practice of ploughing with two horses abreast, and in 1763 set about drilling turnips. Is there any information available about this agricultural improver? He is not mentioned in the D.N.B.'

an article on


THE FRENCH CHURN.-It is stated in English Agriculture in 1852' in The Edinburgh Review for July, 1852, that a Devonshire farmer invented a churn which was shown at the Society of Arts; that the French Minister sent a description of it to Paris, and that from it a model, somewhat altered, was shown at the first French " Exposition." A copy of this exhibited churn was made and taken to Edinburgh and within the next six months all Ayrshire was discussing the wonders of the French churn. I shall be glad of references giving a description of this" French churn” and the excitement caused.

[ocr errors]


1641.-I should be glad to know the origin
and meaning of the following pamphlet:

A Shrove Tuesday Banquet sent to the
Bishops in the Tower. First, a London-
Pancake to the Bishop of Canterbury, pre-

sented by the apprentices of London with the Water-Men's attendance. Then a Lincolnshire pudding, and a Yorkshire Friter to the Bishop of Yorke, a Norfolk Dumplin and a Suffolk Caveshead to Bishop Wren, an old Cudgel-beaton Cocke to the Bishop of Gloucester, a rusty piece of bacon to the Bishop of Rochester, and lastly, a dish of Collops and egges to the Bishop of Bath and Wells. With the cause of the Souldiers Training and their manner of their drinking health to the said Bishops, Printed for Tho. Powel, 1641." It is said to be very rare. Any information respecting it would be gratefully received.

Essex Lodge, Ewell.


[ocr errors]

MONEY. The Rev. Samuel CLARKE : Clarke, Rector of East Dereham, Norfolk (1741-1761), by his wife, Elizabeth, dau. of the Rev. James Verdon, Rector of the same (1678-1741), had a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Peter Stoughton, of Wymondham, same county, Attorney-at-Law. In Norfolk Families,' Part V., p. 854, by Mr. W. Rye, it is stated that Elizabeth Clarke was first cousin of the eccentric Messenger Money." I should be grateful for information as to how this kinship came about, and · it I could be informed where (if anywhere) is to be found a pedigree or account of the family of the eccentric doctor, afore-mentioned. The Rev. S. Clarke was born, circa 1695, at Froome, Co, Somerset, and was son of Benjamin Clarke.

[ocr errors]


time of Morant's History of Essex' (1768) the manor of Overhall in Gestingthorpe belonged to Thomas Walker. What was his parentage and what arms, if any, did he bear?


L. I.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]



D. I. T. WELSH FUSILIERS.-Can any reader refer me to volumes of reminiscences by officers or men who have served in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers ? Have any works been written relating to the regiment other than the histories by Cary, BroughtonMainwaring, Howell, Cannon, and Tipping, and the Short History,' published for the Regt. in 1913 ? Has any novelist ever chosen the regiment as a subject for his book?

[blocks in formation]

The parish church of AUTHORS Whitechapel is called S. Mary Matfellon. Can any one tell us the meaning of this word, and say why the name is given to this church?

[blocks in formation]

But who am I that I should want
The best of anything.

Let princes dally with the pump;
Peers with the pond make free;
But whisky, beer or even wine
Are good enough for me.

E. S. P. H. 2. Where are these lines to be found: Let me feel the wind on my temples When I answer the Last Great Call: Let my spirit go out on a windstorm, Clear, pure, on my last ride of all.

Salt Library, Stafford.





Jacob's Law Dictionary' (last paragraph under title Executors,' of the section devoted to "with regard to their duty ") states:

Overseers of a will have nothing to do with the execution of it, but are only to give advice to the executors; and if they will not do their duty, to complain of them to the spiritual court, etc.

was very usual, but by no means The reference to the spiritual court is exuniversal, for a testator in the six- plained by the fact that, until the establishtenth and seventeenth centuries to appointment of the Court of Probate in the middle overseers or supervisors as well as executors. of last century, the ecclesiastical courts had They were frequently local magnates or jurisdiction with regard to granting probates clergy as well as relations. The following, and letters of administration of personal from a volume of sixteenth century wills, estate. illustrates the practice. I do not think overseers had any legal status, but they were expected to use their moral influence over the executors and to assist and advise them in their duties, much the same way as the family solicitor nowadays and somewhat more cheaply. Their position must often have been difficult and their real authority and powers slight, until it became the practice to appoint trustees to whom the Court of Chancery assigned definite rights and


1. "W. V. Esquier to be my overseer to see this my last will be fulfilled and kepte." 2. Executors appointed to perform the will "with the advise and councell of my brother whom I also order assign and tenderly desire to be supervisor of my will."

3. Appointment of supervisors "desiring them as my special confidence and trust is in them to be good and kynde to my child ren."

4. Overseers " to oversee justlie this my last will as my trust is in them."

5. Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley in 1553"hartely besought the righte Honerable Edward earle of Darbie, Sir William Paget, lord Paget, Sir Edmond Molyneux Kt," with the parsons of Prestwich, Warrington and Bangor, to be his supervisors.

6. A testator in 1560 desired a titled friend to be overseer and a patron and aider to his wife (sole executrix) that she sustain no wrong, and to decide any disputes between her and the children, giving him full power and authority as much as the law would suffer him therein.

7. Another man in 1563 appoints overSeers "for God's sake," to see the will executed, and "to doe for my sole as they wold be doone by as they shall answere me at the dreadfull Daye of Judgment in another worlde."

R. S. B.



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Richard Burn, LL.D., in his Ecclesiastical Law' (London, 6th edit., 1797), vol. iv., p. 126, has the following remarks as to 'Supervisors or Overseers of a will: Overseers of a will have no power to interadvice, or by complaining in the spiritual meddle, otherwise than by counsel and court (Went. 9, 10). Sir Thomas Ridley takes occasion to wish that they might be made of more use; altho' at present (he says) they be looked upon only as candle holders; having no power to do anything but hold the candle, while the executors tell the deceased's money. (Ridley, Part 4, Ch. 2).

It was certainly not the invariable practice to appoint, as overseers, persons of superior rank and influence. I have before me a copy of the will of John Lempease, a farmer of Weyhill, near Andover, made Oct. 8, 1628. He appointed his son Peter his executor, and he made Peter Bachiller and Richard Walle (to each of whom he had given the legacy of one shilling) his overseers. They were evidently friends of his own station in life.

The appointment of supervisors, or overseers, of a will has gone out of practice for very many years. WM. SELF-WEEKS.

Westwood, Clitheroe.


EORGE STONE, ARCHBISHOP ARMAGH (cxlviii. 10, 65).-In reply to MR. J. B. WHITMORE. On Jan. 19, 1698, when Andrew Stone's eldest daughter, Anne, was baptized, he was merely book-keeper to Richard Smith or Smythe, whose niece he had married. Shortly afterwards he was taken into partnership by his employer, who died in 1699; therefore in the register of St. Mary Woolnoth, May 17, 1700, he appears as goldsmith," that is, banker. The father of the archbishop did not long survive the birth of his youngest child. In the book on 'The Grasshopper' we are told that probate of his (Andrew Stone's) will, dated Feb. 11, 1711, is still in Lombard Street, and that

[ocr errors]

he is therein described as a cloth-maker,


[ocr errors]

(cxlviii. 82).--From Mrs. Paget Toynbee's notes in her edition of Horace Walpole's Letters, vol. viii., p. 127, and vol. x., p. 431, it may be ascertained that John Atherton Hindley had been steward to the last Earl of Radnor of the Robartes family (John, who died on July 15, 1757, and was buried at Twickenham), who left him his house and furniture at Twickenham.

agreeably with the custom then prevalent of STRAWBERRY HILL: MR. HINDLEY being enrolled among one of the city companies.' I have not examined the docuiment, but as there is no Clothmakers' Company in the City of London, I accept provisionally the statement in The Quarterly Queries of the Society of Genealogists for September, 1921, that he was a citizen and The Clockmakers' Company. though it has no hall, still flourishes. Distinguished clock and watch-makers have MR. DRAKE'S query as to the locality of the mostly belonged to it, but it is not essential broken bow-window is answered in another for members to follow the trade. To give letter of Walpole's. Writing to H. S. Conan analogous instance; the last Stone in the banking firm (Christian name George way on Jan. 7, 1772, from admitted to the Livery of the Worship-berry Hill," he informs him that besides the ful Company of Spectacle-Makers," 24 Jan., damage which his own house has suffered "the bow-window of brave old coloured glass, at Mr. Hindley's, is massacred; and all the north sides of Twickenham and Brent




[ocr errors]

The mean

ford are shattered."


[ocr errors]

Late Straw

On June

SHUCKBURGH (SOMERSET) (cxlviii. 81). This name is no doubt identical In a letter to the Countess of Upper with Shuckborough (Glos. and Warw.) and Ossory (June 22, 1779), Walpole informs her Shugborough (Staffs.). The first element that that beautiful spot, Mr. Hindley's, has been identified with O.E. scucca, a demon;" the second is probably here, also, hears that "Mrs. Coke, the mother of him is to be sold by auction next Monday." He O.E. beorg, a mound or barrow. ing of the name is, a barrow haunted by 6, 1780, we learn that it is again to be sold of Norfolk," intends buying it. the ghost of the warrior buried there. A similar combination is Shecklow (Bucks), Mr. Potts, who lives at Mr. Hindley's,' by auction. In a letter of Aug. 16, 1782, the O.E. scuccanhlan in Birch. Cart. Sax., is robbed by five footpads who had two No. 264. Early forms for Shuckborough are given under the names in St. Clair Baddeley and Duignan's monographs on their respective counties.



O. K. S.

CHAMBERS: QUEEN MANSIONS (cxlvii. 316, 376). Queen Anne's Mansions belongs to a Company and is assessed on the Rate-Books under one assessment, so that your correspondent can hardly be correct. I have been told that this building was the first "skyscraper of London, that it was called " Hankey's Folly," in the belief no one would trust himself to live at such a height, and when originally built it had two additional stories, which the authorities made the builder remove. Can any reader confirm this? And when

was it built?

[ocr errors][merged small]
[blocks in formation]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

In 1774 there was a Hindley, in Twickenham, a resident of note evidently, for he erected a tablet of white marble at the corner of the parsonage garden next the river to commemorate the remarkable flood of 12 March, 1774. John Atherton Hindley, Esq., became the owner of the residence in Twickenham of Robartes, Earl of Radnor. On the death of the latter it passed from Mr. Hindley to Sir Francis Bassett. By Samuel Lewis's survey of 1784 the house was apparently where Cross Deep now is.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

"THE TWO BREWERS" (cxlviii. 82).

-In the History of Signboards,' by Larwood and Hotten (London, Chatto, 1898). the authors have the following remarks on this sign:

between them on a pole; it H. S. G.

T. HAYMAN (cxlviii. 81). On p. 140, vol. i., of Mr. T. J. Wise's Bibliography of Swinburne' is a statement of the poet regarding Cleopatra,' taken from a letter of his to Mr. Wise. In the course of this he wrote My impression is that the best thing about the poem is the motto-from an imaginaryFall of Antony,' 1655. This was really a chipping from the first (undergraduate) sketch of Chaste lard.'"


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


LEIGH'S POEMS (cxlviii. 81).-Accord, ing to Wood's Athenae Oxonienses (ed. Bliss, vol. iv., col. 533), Richard Leigh a younger son of Edward Leigh, of Rushall, in Staffordshire, became a commoner of Queen's College in Lent term, 1665, aged 16, took one degree in arts, and then went to London and became one of the players either at the King's theatre or the Duke of York's.

His works are given as :

The Transposer rehearsed; or, the fifth Act of Mr. Baye's Play: Being a Postscript: to the Animadversions on the Preface to Bishop Bramhall's Vindication,' Oxon, 1673,


'A Censure of the Rota: On Mr. Dryden's Conquest of Granada,' Oxon, 1673, in 3 sheets in quarto.

Poems upon several Occasions, and to several Persons,' Lond., 1675, in a thin oct. In Wood's Fasti' (Bliss, Part ii., col. 306), Richard Leigh, of Queen's, is said to have taken his degree of B. A. on June 19, 1669, and is stated to have been a younger son of Edward Leigh [1602-1671], of whom and whose works there is a long account in Athenæ,' vol. iii., p. 926 foll. Both Edward Leigh and Richard have lives in the D. N.B.'


[MR. ARCHIBALD SPARKE, who supplies a reference to The Gentleman's Magazine, 1848, Pt. ii, pp. 270-2, and MR. A. R. BAYLEY thanked for replies.]



The Two Brewers, or the Two Jolly Brewers, used to be very common, but is now becoming obsolete. It represented twe brewer's men carrying a barrel of beer slung was also frequently called the Two Draymen. In the Queen's Head Tavern, Great bar of the Queen Street, is preserved a carved wooden sign, which formerly hung before this house. representing two men standing near a large tun. The Dray and Horses, meaning of course the brewer's dray, has now in some instances superseded the Two Jolly Brewers.

"Jolly" formerly appeared on signboards in connection with other occupations, for example the "Jolly Farmer," near Bagshot. Messrs. Larwood and Hotten (op. cit., p. 352), however, observe:

England," is

The use of this word Jolly, on the signboard, formerly so common in our "Merry now gradually dying away. Whatever be the opinion of our workmen upon the subject of national good humour. be advertised as they no longer desire to

Jolly "; it is vulgar, and they prefer "Arms like their betters-hence those heraldic anomalies of the Glaziers' Arms. the Farmers' Arms, the Chaff-Cutters' Arms. the Puddlers' Arms, the Paviors' Arms, and so forth. WM. SELF-WEEKS.

Westwood, Clitheroe.

AWAYNE AND THE GREEN KNIGHT: 44 'HARLED" (cxlviii. 75). lect, where it signifies "to be knotted" or Harl" is used in the Isle of Wight dia"entangled."

[ocr errors]

The keert roap es all harled up "The cart rope is altogether entangled. It is also used metaphorically for a state of general confusion. In a report, in The Isle of Wight County Press of 17 July, 1897, of a meeting of one of the local public bodies, one of the members is recorded as saying, they were getting into what the Isle of Wight people called a 'harl.' Would it not be well to adjourn and give notice of rescinding the resolution? There were so many different opinions about the matter."

The word occurs with similar meanings in Sir W. H. Cope's Glossary of Hampshire Words' (English Dialect Society).

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »