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2, 13, dele the sentence beginning The sentiments and language, &c. and read The sentiments and language seem to have been considered as appurtenants of the metre, rather than as essential elements of our poetry.

2, 33, for beed, read been.


7, 28, for dependent, read derivative.


36, for risen, read arisen.


4, for never, read yery seldom. At the time this sentence was writ-
ten, I had not seen the Paris Psalter, quoted in p. 279.
22, for held, read holden.


23, 29, for John, read our first Henry.


3, after sped, insert the accentual mark.

26, 7, Perhaps this verse would have been better scanned,

Eclean driht nes: ac | he bith a rice

27, 12, note 6, here referred to, is omitted. It merely contained a refer
ence to Vol. i. p. 172.

28, 15, dele the mark of accentuation between selfra and ræd.
Angel throngs
Bright with bliss

3, for


Angel throngs
Bliss refulgent!

2, dele the mark of accentuation at the end of o ferhygd. See
note (C).


31, 22, for torture terrors, read torture-terrors. 6, for idell, read id el.



26, for leoht| forth cum an, read leoht| forth | cuman. 34, 14, for ar, read arn.

36, 21, for bebbead, read bebead.

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5, after gedon insert the mark of accentuation.

38, 11, Perhaps we had better read the | wes of eorth|an geworht|. 38, 21, for gwortne, read geworhtne.

38, 23, for sanlum, read saulum.

38, 31, dele note 2.


4, This and the following verse would be better scanned,—

He was Thracia thiod|a al dor: and Re|tie-ric|es hird|e. See
note (E).

6, after wæs, insert the mark of accentuation.

1, for enforas, read eaforas.

4, This line seems to be corrupt, as there is no alliteration.




58, 30, after of, insert the mark of accentuation.


See note (B).

1, This and the following verse had better be read,—


That Mod mon na æniges eal lunga to him æ fre mæg❘ on-
wend an. See note (E).

60, 18, for tot he, read to the.

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80, 85,

67, 12, for Trechour, read treachour.

70, 12, for the sections 1. and 5, read the sections 1. and 2.
26, for Oft in hall he flourished, &c.







4, The notion that sad, satiated, was always spelt with an a, led me
to construe sæd as a substantive. But though the adjective is
often spelt with an a, especially in composition, as win-sad
heavy with wine, yet it also very commonly takes the diphthong.
The passage ought certainly to have been rendered-

There lay many a soldier
By the darts brought low.-Northern men,
Over shield shot-so Scotchman eke,
Weary! war-tired!




Oft in in hall he gat

Memorable largess. Him from among the Myrgings
Nobles rear'd.

Perhaps we might translate onwocon begat, in which case
See p. 78. n. 2.

the Gleeman may have been a noble.
8, There is little doubt this verse is corrupt.
24, for There Guthere gave it me fortune blest,
read There Guthere gave me a precious gift.
dele note 9.

6, for sethe | for e, read Se the fore.

2, for goteoh, read geteoh.

33, for eniht, read cniht.
dele note 1.

132, 19, for obnoxe, read obnixe.

150, 12, for git sunge, read git|sunge].
160, 25, for eehe, read eche.

161, 1, for simple, read simpler.
165, 22, for 1484, read 1384.
166, 24, for

166, 26, for
166, 27, for lord, read lord.
166, 30, for by lyne, read by lyve.
.168, 3, for
168, 24, for

to ryde alle arayd e
to ryde alle araydle.
uchle wyze on his way
uchle wyzle on his way]

cal de him ther outle,
cal de him ther out e.

at uchle wendle under wand] read at uchle wen de under wand.


4, for by lyne, read by lyve. 173, 18, dele has.

174, 10, for Westmerland, read Westmoreland.

179, 31, for the San Graal, read the story of the San Graal.

190, 36, for only four great Gothic races in the north of Europe

the Sweon, the Dene, the Engle, and the Swefe, read only

five great Gothic races in the north of Europe-the Sweon,
the Dene, the Geats, the Engle, and the Swefe.

5, for Westmerland, read Westmoreland.

9, for Glascow, read Glasgow.

1, for though it generally keeps its two syllables, appears to be re-
presented occasionally by ligg, read though sometimes repre-

sented by ligg, seems more generally to take two syllables lice.
6, The words to serve and so to please him should have been printed
in roman letters.


217, 22, for unpaired, read unpained.

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227, 237,


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219, 14, for " rhythm," read "rhythmi." 6, for child, read child.



21, for thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, read fourteenth and fif







teenth centuries.

3, for litil read little.

5, dele the semicolon after Chaucer.

8, for negleet, read neglect.

for Chapter VIII. read Chapter IX.
15, for for [ therein, read for therein.
5, for hollow-ribb'd, read hollow ribb'd.
4, for the light], read the light].
7, for cares, read eares.

6, for candati, read caudati.

8, f


291, 22, for Galuron, read Galaron.

291, 29, for in danger I dwell, read in dongeon I dwell.

291, 33, for gledes, read gledes.

292, 11, for corentes, read coventes.

omnisi mago, read omnis imago.

292, 13, for at, read al.

293, 13, for The Spenser-stave will furnish materials for the sixth chapter, and the broken-stave for the seventh, read The brokenstave will furnish materials for the sixth chapter, and the Spenser-stave for the seventh.

297, 10, dele the semicolon after life. 299, 24, for bless, read bliss.

300, 23, for wilton, read wiltou.

300, 25, for salton, read saltou. 302, 7, for schal, read schort.


312, 19, for verelay, read virelay.

318, 23, In Michael's song, the verses of three accents are brought forwards, and those of four accents put back-the arrangement should have been directly the reverse.

7, for repeated three times, read twice repeated.

326, 15, If this line be rightly construed, we should read friga, instead of


327, 22, for council, read counsel.

328, 14, for gr, read ær.


9, for High Denings, read High-Denings.



Few things appear, at first sight, more easy, or upon trial are found more difficult, than the clear and orderly arrangement of many and varied particulars. To class them according to their several relations, so that they may follow each other in due subordination, would seem rather an exercise of patience than of intellect; to require industry, or at most some little discrimination, rather than depth of thought, or an enlarged comprehension of the subject. But it has ever been by a slow and tedious process, that theory has disentangled itself from mere knowledge of fact; and we soon learn how much easier it is to collect materials, than to form with them a consistent whole. The many systems, which have been hazarded in the exact sciences, may well make us cautious, when we treat of matters, from their very nature, so much more vague and indeterminate.

The systems of the naturalist have been called (with no great accuracy of language) natural or artificial, accordingly as they were founded on more or less extensive analogies. The same terms have been applied to the systems of philology, accordingly as they were based on the gradual developement of language, or accommodated to the peculiarities of a particular dialect. If we may use these terms, when speaking of our literature, I would venture to denounce as artificial, every system, which makes time or place the rule of its classification. The example of



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